Austronesian Root Theory

An essay on the limits of morphology

HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027230201 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027282095 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
 
Since the pioneering analyses of Renward Brandstetter (1860–1942) a quasi-morphological element called the ‘root’ has been recognized in Austronesian linguistics. This monograph confronts many of the methodological and substantive issues raised but never fully resolved by Brandstetter. In an effort to reassess the value of his work for contemporary linguistics the author examines Brandstetter’s methods and results, and applies a modified from of this approach to new material. The study establishes 230 roots based on more than 2,560 root tokens in some 117 languages. It is thus intended to serve as a rudimentary root dictionary and a basic handbook on the subject of the root for future scholars of Austronesian.
[Studies in Language Companion Series, 19]  1988.  xi, 190 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
vi
Tables and Figures
x
Abbreviations used in the text
xi
Introduction
xii
1. On “root theory”
1
2. The morpheme: two operational definitions
3
3. A synoptic history of Austronesian root theory
6
4. A critique of Brandstetter’s theory of the root
10
4.1. Control of chance
10
4.2. Failure to recognize regular sound change
11
4.3. Use of cognates to establish a root
11
4.4. Overgeneralization
12
4.5. Arbitrariness of “root variation”
13
4.6. The non-argument for word-base formatives
13
5. Austronesian root theory revisited
15
5.1. The empirical reality of the root
17
5.2. The characteristics of the root
29
5.3. The root in linguistic comparison: asset or liability?
46
5.4. The psychological reality of the root
50
5.5. The origin of roots
53
6. Related matters
55
6.1. Initial consonant symbolism
55
6.2. Medial consonant symbolism
57
6.3. Final consonant symbolism
58
6.4. Gestalt symbolism
59
6.5. McCune's analysis of Bahasa Indonesia
61
7. Implications for general linguistic theory
65
8. Appendices
69
8.1. Appendix 1
76
8.2. Appendix 2
83
8.3. Appendix 3
165
Notes
171
References
174
Index
184
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  87034137 | Marc record