Edited by Camille Denizot and Olga Spevak
[Studies in Language Companion Series 190] 2017
► pp. 17–43
Chapter 2. Illocutionary force and modality
How to tackle the issue in Ancient Greek
The first part of this chapter discusses the linguistic and non-linguistic tools available for studying illocutionary force and modality in Ancient Greek; the second part applies these findings to the study of the diachronic evolution of ó:phelon (ὤφελον) from a verb into an illocutionary particle. As I will try to prove, this diachronic evolution is driven by pragmatic principles and the different steps in this evolution have a formal reflection in the linguistic context (modal attraction of subordinate clauses, use of negations, word order and so on). The chapter follows the model of previous research that shows the usefulness of a pragmatic approach for explaining the linguistic data of so-called dead languages. This chapter adds a diachronic perspective.
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