Chapter published in:Functionalist and Usage-based Approaches to the Study of Language: In honor of Joan L. Bybee
Edited by K. Aaron Smith and Dawn Nordquist
[Studies in Language Companion Series 192] 2018
► pp. 127–153
Cumulative exposure to phonetic reducing environments marks the lexicon
Spanish /d-/ words spoken in isolation
Reduced pronunciation variants of words commonly arise in discourse contexts promoting lenition. Words differ in their likelihood of occurrence in reducing contexts. We test whether words’ cumulative exposure to reducing environments significantly predicts phonological reduction in experimentally elicited data. Cumulative exposure is measured as the proportion of times words arise in phonetic contexts promoting reduced pronunciation variants (FRC). Results of instrumental analyses of the 503 Spanish word-initial /d-/ tokens produced by 18 native speakers show significant correlations between articulatory strength of the onset consonant (d-) and words’ production histories (FRC), independent of the production context. Additionally, linear modeling reveals a significant effect of FRC in predicting onset intensity. Results suggest a cumulative effect on the lexicon of words’ production histories.
Published online: 01 March 2018
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