Chapter published in:Usage-Based Studies in Modern Hebrew: Background, Morpho-lexicon, and Syntax
Edited by Ruth A. Berman
[Studies in Language Companion Series 210] 2020
► pp. 265–330
Chapter 9Parts of speech categories in the lexicon of Modern Hebrew
Parts of speech in Modern Hebrew are analyzed in relation to three categories: Open Class items (Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives), Closed Class paradigmatically organized grammatical items (e.g., Pronouns, Case-Markers, Conjunctions), and Intermediate elements lying between the two (e.g., Prepositions, Adverbs, Floating Operators). The chapter considers what is meant by “a word” in Hebrew, taking into account the contrast between older and more current items as well as between conventional dictionaries and the mental lexicon, and the critical role of morphology in the Hebrew lexicon. The verb lexicon is characterized by types of consonantal roots (full versus defective) and the binyan conjugation patterns or prosodic templates. Nouns and adjectives are described as morphologically less restricted than verbs, including loan words that are partially integrated into the Hebrew phonological system, generally not constructed by the nominal morphological patterns (miškalim ‘weights’). So-called “function words”, traditionally grouped together under the label particles and analyzed here as members of either closed or intermediate classes of items, are also typically morphologically non-derived. The chapter concludes by summarizing current trends in lexical innovation in relation to productivity in the MH lexicon.
- 1.1What’s “a word” in Hebrew?
- 1.2Old versus new words
- 1.3Conventional dictionaries and the mental lexicon
- 1.4Role of morphology in the Hebrew lexicon
- 1.5Sources of data
- 1.6Quantitative breakdowns of parts-of-speech
- 2.Types of lexical categories
- 2.1Open class content words
- The role of binyan patterns in the MH verb system
- Distribution of binyan patterns in MH
- Full versus defective verbs
- Distribution of old versus new denominative verbs
- 2.2Closed class grammatical functors
- 2.2.5Case markers
- 2.3Intermediate elements
- 2.3.3Discourse markers
- 2.1Open class content words
- 3.Productivity and innovation in the MH lexicon
Published online: 18 March 2020
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