Chapter published in:Re-Assessing Modalising Expressions: Categories, co-text, and context
Edited by Pascal Hohaus and Rainer Schulze
[Studies in Language Companion Series 216] 2020
► pp. 47–78
The scope of modal categories
An empirical study
This paper investigates the scope of modal categories. While it is hypothesized in many linguistic theories that different modal categories have different scope, there are only very few systematic studies that show differences. The language of investigation is Japanese, which has grammaticalized all cross-linguistically relevant modal categories and has a strict and transparent head-final structure, which is conducive to the study of scope. The results show that different modal categories indeed have different scope. However the scope properties of all modal categories do not all perfectly align to form a “clean” hierarchy. These problems can be solved if one distinguishes between ‘active’ scope (i.e. the categories some category can take scope over) and ‘passive’ scope (i.e. the categories some category can take scope under), and separates volitional (mainly deontic and boulomaic) from non-volitional (mainly epistemic and evidential) modal categories.
Keywords: modality, modal categories, evidentiality, scope, scope ambiguity, Japanese
Published online: 12 November 2020
Beukema, Frits & van der Wurff, Wim
2009 Modality and Negation. A Corpus-Based Study. PhD dissertation, Universiteit Antwerpen.
De Haan, Ferdinand
Hengeveld, Kees & Mackenzie, J. Lachlan
McCready, Eric & Ogata, Norry
Palmer, Frank Robert
Shirakawa, Hiroyuki, et al.
Cited by 1 other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 27 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.