Chapter published in:Studies at the Grammar-Discourse Interface: Discourse markers and discourse-related grammatical phenomena
Edited by Alexander Haselow and Sylvie Hancil
[Studies in Language Companion Series 219] 2021
► pp. 77–100
Chapter 3On divergent paths and functions of ‘background’-based discourse
markers in Korean
This paper analyzes two polyfunctional discourse markers (DMs) in Korean, kulssey and kuntey, which share lexical and grammatical sources, with the meaning of ‘at the time’ for kulssey and ‘at the place’ for kuntey. They denote the background of an action/event (‘in such circumstances’), which is their primary meaning when used as connective adverbs. Despite these source commonalities, when they developed into DMs, their functional differences are pronounced, only with a few shared functions. They show a certain degree of positional preferences by function, but at a more comprehensive level, left- and right-periphery do not show rigid functional dichotomy with respect to subjectification and intersubjectification, often hypothesized in the literature. Instead, the role of prosody is more crucial.
- 2.The development of kulssey and kuntey
- 3.Multiple DM functions of kulssey and
- 3.1.1Uncertainty (“Well, I’m not sure”)
- 3.1.2Pause-filling (“Well, let’s see”)
- 3.1.3Reluctance/Hesitance (“Well, I need time to reveal my stance”)
- 3.1.4(Feigned) surprise (“Guess what happened!; Why on earth”)
- 3.1.5Discontent (“I cannot understand; I’m not happy”)
- 3.1.6Protest (“What are you doing?”)
- 3.1.7Emphatic reassertion (“I’m telling you!; For sure!”)
- 3.1.8Disregard for Emphasis (“No matter what!; Whatever!”)
- 3.1.9Agreement (“You’re right!”)
- 3.2.1Topic presentation (“So”)
- 3.2.2Topic shift (“By the way”)
- 3.2.3Elaboration request (“So?; Then what?”)
- 3.2.4Preface to dispreferred information (“Well.. but”)
- 3.2.5(Feigned) Surprise (“Guess what happened!; Why on earth”)
- 3.2.6Discontent (“I don’t understand!”)
- 3.2.7Protest (“What are you doing?”)
- 4.Functional determinants
- 4.1Functions compared
- 4.2Syntagmatic independence
- 4.3Semantic persistence and periphery
- 4.5Pragmatic inference and functional network
- 5.Summary and conclusion
Published online: 03 June 2021
Beeching, Kate & Detges, Ulrich
Brinton, Laurel J.
Bybee, Joan L., Perkins, Revere D. & Pagliuca, William
Choi, Boyun Jane
Hancil, Sylvie & Hirst, Daniel
Hansen, Maj-Britt Mosegaard
Heine, Bernd, Claudi, Ulrike & Hünnemeyer, Friederike
Heine, Bernd, Kaltenböck, Gunther, Kuteva, Tania & Long, Haiping
Forthcoming. On the rise of discourse markers.
Hopper, Paul J.
Hopper, Paul J. & Traugott, Elizabeth Closs
Jeon, Young-ok & Nam, Killim
Jucker, Andreas H.
Koo, Hyun Jung
Koo, Hyun Jung & Rhee, Seongha
2018 On the emergence of polyfunctionality of discourse markers: The case of kulay ‘it is so’ in Korean. Paper presented at the 36th AESLA Conference, University of Cádiz, Spain, 19–21 April.
Nam, Ki-Shim & Ko, Yong-Kun
2017 Periphery and prosody as determinants of discourse marker functions: A case in Korean. Invited lecture at the Meiji International Symposium 2017: New Directions in Pragmatic Research: Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives, Meiji University, Nakano, Japan, 20 March.
2018 On multiple determinants of discourse marker functions: Peripheral asymmetry revisited. Paper presented at the 20th International Congress of Linguists, Cape Town, South Africa, 2–6 July.
Rhee, Seongha & Koo, Hyun Jung
Sohn, Sung-Ock S.
Song, Inseong & Rhee, Seongha
2017 On the role of prosody in the development of discourse markers: The case of kulssey . Paper presented at the 2017 Winter Conference of Korean Association of Linguistic Science, Pusan National University, Busan, 14 February.
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs & König, Ekkehard