Chapter published in:Studies at the Grammar-Discourse Interface: Discourse markers and discourse-related grammatical phenomena
Edited by Alexander Haselow and Sylvie Hancil
[Studies in Language Companion Series 219] 2021
► pp. 314–351
The rise of cause/reason adverbial markers in Yaqui (Uto-Aztecan)
This paper deals with three different connectives (betchi’ibo, bwe’ituk, po(r)ke) in Yaqui, which are used to introduce a clause that provides the cause/reason for which the situation denoted in the associated clause is carried out. The goal of this paper is to describe the morphosyntactic diversity present in Yaqui cause/reason adverbial clauses and to explain this diversity considering the evolutionary paths that have originated the three different cause/reason markers in Yaqui. These three markers are associated with three different sources: betchi’ibo originates from a postpositional marker that extended its use from noun phrases to clausal constituents; bwe’ituk comes from discourse via the recruitment of a discourse marker of discontinuity (the discourse marker bwe); and po(r)ke arises from language contact with Spanish.
Keywords: cause/reason adverbial clauses, discourse marker, postposition, switch-reference system, syntactic calque
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