Chapter in:Building Categories in Interaction: Linguistic resources at work
Edited by Caterina Mauri, Ilaria Fiorentini and Eugenio Goria
[Studies in Language Companion Series 220] 2021
► pp. 356–371
Encoding ad hoc categories in Georgian
Three types of echo-word constructions
The chapter is a discussion of Georgian echo-word constructions (non-prototypical reduplication) as a linguistic encoding of ad hoc categories. Based on the empirical data (published texts, corpora, elicited examples), I present a classification of Georgian echo-word constructions into three types with their respective formal and semantic features. With respect to possible parameters of base/reduplicant combinations, such as (a) free/bound form, (b) kind and direction of copying, (c) meaning of resulting formation, the following three types were identified: Type 1: Turkish-like m-reduplication; Type 2: Initial C/cluster deletion; Type 3: Fossilized echo-pairs. Notwithstanding a type, they all, to a certain extent, participate in the encoding of ad hoc categories in Georgian.
Keywords: ad hoc categories, Georgian, echo-word constructions, reduplication, base/reduplicant relation