Edited by Alba E. Ruz, Cristina Fernández-Alcaina and Cristina Lara-Clares
[Studies in Language Companion Series 225] 2022
► pp. 319–340
Chapter 12English participles in the derivational paradigm
This chapter surveys the different uses of the English participles and discusses their status with respect to the distinction between derivation and inflection. In the debate about whether participles are verbal or adjectival, or indeed a mix between the two, most scholars have taken the position that ability to undergo further derivation (with affixes like -ness or negative un- for instance) indicates adjectival status. The paper assumes a descriptive focus and, without aiming to take a conclusive position relative to this general debate, explores such derivation further. The patterns covered in the paper are relatively few, but productive. This leads to derivational networks with sparse membership, but generally stable formal and semantic alignment.
- 2.Participles in English: An overview
- 2.1Participial constructions as modifiers
- 3.Participles and the inflection-derivation distinction
- 4.Participial adjectives from complex verbs
- 5.Participles and affixation with -ly
- 6.Suffixation with -ness
- 7.Negative prefixation
- 8.Participles in the derivational paradigm
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