Grammaticalization of the Complex Sentence

A case study in Chadic

| Boulder University, Colorado
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027230355 (Eur) | EUR 154.00
ISBN 9781556198434 (USA) | USD 231.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027281999 | EUR 154.00 | USD 231.00
 
The general objective of the study is systematic examination of the processes involved in the formation and evolution of complex sentence constructions in a group of genetically related languages. The Chadic language group, at about 140 languages, constitutes the largest and most diversified branch of the Afroasiatic family. One of the findings of the present work is that languages starting from the same base may develop quite different morphological and syntactic structures. With respect to issues of general linguistic interest, the book deals with motivations for grammaticalization: It is proposed that one of the most important motivations is satisfaction of the principle of well formedness, that is, that every element in an utterance must have its role transparent to the hearer either by inherent lexical properties or by grammatical means. In the present work both aspects of grammaticalization, viz. the emergence of grammatical constructions and the emergence of grammatical morphemes, are given equal weight. In addition to semantic metaphor and metonymy as mechanisms in the processes of grammaticalization, the present work develops the notion of semiotic metonymy, whereby a part of a sign performs the function of the sign. It is shown that semiotic metonymy plays an important role in the grammaticalization of grammatical morphemes and constructions into other morphemes and constructions. The book also shows that unindirectionality is not a governing principle with respect to the development of grammatical morphemes into other grammatical morphemes; rather, there is considerable evidence and theoretical justification for the bidirectionality principle.
[Studies in Language Companion Series, 32]  1996.  xviii, 501 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
xiii
Abbreviations
xvii
1 Introduction
1.1 Aim and scope of the work
1
1.2 Linguistic framework of the present study
2
1.3 The range of issues with respect to grammaticalization
10
1.4 Chadic branch
13
1.5 A synopsis of simple sentence structure in Chadic
14
1.6 State of the art with respect to complex sentence in Chadic
16
1.7 A synopsis of complex sentence structure in Chadic
17
1.8 Sources and form of data
20
2 Paratactic and Sequential Constructions
2.1 The issues and the scope of the chapter
23
2.2 Hypotheses
24
2.3 Was there a sentential coordinating conjunction in PC?
26
2.4 Sources of sentential coordinating conjunctions
29
2.5 Functions of sequential and coordinate structures
38
2.6 Functions of paratactic clauses
42
2.7 Sources and reconstruction of the P-C sequential marker
59
2.8 Sequential marker as a discourse conjunction
66
2.9 From sequential to inflectional aspect marker
78
2.10 From ‘God’ to conjunction
81
2.11 Conclusions
84
3 Functions of Complementizers
3.1 Introduction
87
3.2 Modal function
89
3.3 Complementizer and the coding of grammatical relations
93
3.4 Identification and grammaticalization of complementizers
98
3.5 The complementizers in Masa
100
3.6 Conclusions
103
4 Complements of Verbs of Saying
4.1 Introduction
105
4.2 Verbs of saying
106
4.3 Clausal structure of sentences with verbs of saying
113
4.4 Omission of verbs of saying
125
4.5 De dicto complementizers
141
4.6 Origin of de dicto complementizers
146
4.7 Absence of complementizer: deletion or omission
163
4.8 Argument marking
165
4.9 Direct versus indirect speech
173
4.10 Doubt-in-truth modality
180
4.11 Deontic modalities
188
4.12 Cross-reference disjoint-reference coding: Logophoricity
200
4.13 Conclusions
203
5 Embedded Interrogatives
5.1 Introduction
207
5.2 The interrogative verbs
208
5.3 Interrogative complements in de dicto domain
211
5.4 Interrogative complementizers
216
5.5 Yes/no questions and interrogative particles
220
5.6 Specific (WH) questions
221
5.7 Deontic complements after verbs of asking
224
5.8 Conclusions
225
6 Complements of Volitional Verbs
6.1 Issues and scope of the chapter
227
6.2 The problem of the infinitival complements
228
6.3 De dicto complementizer
230
6.4 Subjunctive mood
231
6.5 Deontic complementizers
231
6.6 Same-subject coding
233
6.7 Volitional predicates
235
6.8 Complements of the verb ‘please’
251
6.9 Different subject
252
6.10 Third person subject inclusion and exclusion
259
6.11 Problem of ‘raising’
261
6.12 Conclusions
271
7 Complements of Verbs of Perception
7.1 Verbs of perception and complementation: state of the art
273
7.2 Theoretical claims: ‘Raising to object’
274
7.3 De dicto and de re complementizers and subject raising: Lele
276
7.4 Subject raising
281
7.5 Conclusions
287
8 Complements of Cognitive Verbs
8.1 Introduction
289
8.2 The origin of verbs of knowing
290
8.3 Coding of the modality of knowing
292
8.4 Undifferentiated complementation
299
8.5 Conclusions
302
9 Temporal Clauses
9.1 Issues to be discussed
303
9.2 The order of clauses
305
9.3 Temporal clauses through juxtaposition
309
9.4 The relative position of temporal markers
310
9.5 Sources of the general protasis markers
311
9.6 The specific temporal clauses (‘before’, ‘after’)
351
9.7 Functions of apodosis markers
357
9.8 Sources of apodosis markers
362
9.9 Conclusions
371
10 Conditional Clauses
10.1 Issues to be discussed
373
10.2 Origin of the protasis markers
373
10.3 Functions of apodosis markers
404
10.4 Sources of apodosis markers
407
10.5 Conclusions
412
11 Relative Clauses
11.1 Introduction
415
11.2 Major constituents of the relative clause
416
11.3 The relative markers
418
11.4 Existential status
421
11.5 Existential status coding through postrelative markers
431
11.6 Coding the role of the head noun phrase
437
11.7 Other grammatical categories of relative markers
441
11.8 Sources of relative markers
446
11.9 Sources of postrelative markers
454
11.10 ‘Relative tenses’
454
11.11 Reconstruction of the relative clause in Proto-Chadic
455
11.12 Conclusions
459
12 Summary And Implications
12.1 Introduction
461
12.2 Implications for the study of language structure
461
12.3 Implications for the study of grammaticalization
466
12.4 Conclusions
473
References
475
Index of Terms
491
Index of Languages
495
Index of Names
497
“Grammaticalization of the Complex Sentence is a compulsory reading matter for everybody interested in Chadic and/or Afroasiatic syntax and/or grammaticalization processes in general. The book proves once more that Zymunt Frajzyngier is the driving force and leading head in the field of Chadic syntax.”
Grammaticalization of the Complex Sentence is an original contribution to the specialist field of Chadic linguistics, African linguistics as well as general linguistics. It is accessible for linguists wo are not acquainted with Chadic languages or with any other African language families.”
Cited by

Cited by other publications

No author info given
2013.  In Quotatives,  pp. 34 ff. Crossref logo
No author info given
2017.  In Cameroon Pidgin English [London Oriental and African Language Library, 20], Crossref logo
Caron, Bernard
2017.  In Similative and Equative Constructions [Typological Studies in Language, 117],  pp. 167 ff. Crossref logo
Dimmendaal, Gerrit J.
2001. Logophoric Marking and Represented Speech in African Languages as Evidential Hedging Strategies. Australian Journal of Linguistics 21:1  pp. 131 ff. Crossref logo
Dobrushina, Nina
2017. Contact-induced usages of volitional moods in East Caucasian languages. International Journal of Bilingualism 21:5  pp. 559 ff. Crossref logo
Etxepare, Ricardo
2010. From hearsay evidentiality to samesaying relations. Lingua 120:3  pp. 604 ff. Crossref logo
Hopper, Paul J. & Elizabeth Closs Traugott
2003.  In Grammaticalization, Crossref logo
Koulidobrova, Elena
2017. Elide me bare. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 35:2  pp. 397 ff. Crossref logo
Kuteva, Tania, Bernd Heine, Bo Hong, Haiping Long, Heiko Narrog & Seongha Rhee
2019.  In World Lexicon of Grammaticalization, Crossref logo
Mauri, Simone
2017. A typological analysis of the Chained-Aorist construction in Ayt Atta Tamazight (Berber). Studies in Language 41:1  pp. 198 ff. Crossref logo
McConvell, Patrick
2006. Grammaticalization of Demonstratives as Subordinate Complementizers in Ngumpin-Yapa* An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Blackwood Australianist workshop and at the ALS conference in 2003, and thanks go to colleagues who provided comments at those meetings and later, especially Joyce Hudson, Mary Laughren, David Nash, Rachel Nordlinger, Rob Pensalfini, Eirlys Richards, Jane Simpson, Tasaku Tsunoda and David Wilkins. Thanks too to the Max-Planck Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, where as a visiting scholar in 2003 I carried out revisions, and particularly to Holger Diessel, Zygmunt Frayzingier and Eva Schultze-Berndt for discussion there and to Christian Lehmann for comments.. Australian Journal of Linguistics 26:1  pp. 107 ff. Crossref logo
Robert, Stéphane
2018. The challenge of polygrammaticalization for linguistic theory. Cognitive Linguistic Studies 5:1  pp. 106 ff. Crossref logo
Vydrina, Alexandra
2014.  In Modes of Modality [Studies in Language Companion Series, 149],  pp. 379 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 02 may 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  96012358