Recent Trends in Meaning–Text Theory

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| Universität Stuttgart
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ISBN 9789027230423 (Eur) | EUR 105.00
ISBN 9781556199257 (USA) | USD 158.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027281920 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
 
The present volume contains articles of well-known representatives of the Meaning-Text Theory (MTT) and other related linguistic theories.
Founded by I. Mel’cuk and A. Zholkovsky in the sixties in Moscow, MTT soon became known in the West as a “prominent outsider” theory. The picture changed since then, though. MTT gained importance in several areas of linguistics and computational linguistics. It influenced the design of new grammar formalisms such as Dependency Tree Grammars. Also, specific parts of MTT have been directly overtaken into other theories; consider, for example, the work on integrating Lexical Functions into Pustejovsky’s Generative Lexicon.
The present volume is a further convincing demonstration of MTT’s liveliness and relevance to the field’s “burning” issues. The focus of the volume is on semantics, semantic representation and relation of semantics to surface in MTT. Six out of eight articles (Polguère; Escalier & Fournier; Paducheva; St.-Germain; Beck; Bogulavsky) deal with problems related to these topics, while the last two articles of the volume (Sgall and Rambow; Joshi) throw a bridge between MTT, or, more precisely, between dependency-based theories of which MTT is one instantiation, and other linguistic theories.
[Studies in Language Companion Series, 39]  1997.  xx, 202 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
Leo Wanner
xi
Meaning-Text Semantic Networks as a Formal Language
1
1 Semantic Networks: One of the Languages of Linguistics
1
2 Definition of Nine Basic Semantic Concepts
3
2.1 General Presentation of the Taxonomy of Linguistic 1 Meanings
3
2.2 The Key Concept of MEANING
6
2.3 Concepts Belonging to the Specification of the Semantic Structure of MT-Networks
8
2.4 The case of PRESUPPOSITION: A Concept Belonging to the Specification of the Communicative Structure of MT-Networks
12
3 Specification of the Formal Language of MT-Networks
15
4 Conclusion
20
Towards a Notional Representation of Meaning in the Meaning-Text Model
25
1 Introduction
25
2 Types of Paraphrases and Expression of Causality
26
3 The Information in the ECD
28
4 The Relation of Causality and Description of Fr.SIconj in the ECD
29
4.1 Is SI a Logical Connective?
29
4.2 Nature of the Definition Zone in Lexical Entries
31
4.3 Analysis of SI: Nine Different Lexemes
33
4.4 Description of SI 1 in the extended ECD
40
5 Notions and the Notional Dictionary
48
5.1 Some Characteristics of Notions
48
5.2 Theoretical Status of Notions
50
5.3 Advantages of the Notional Representation
51
5.4 Relations between a Notional Dictionary and the ECD
54
5.5 Notional Representation of the Meaning of Sentences
55
Verb Categorization and the Format of a Lexicographic Definition (Semantic Types of Causative Relations)
61
1 Introduction
61
2 Non-intentional (Non-controlled) Causation
64
3 Intentional (Controlled) Causation
68
4 Partial Control
69
5 Guaranteed Causation
70
6 Conclusion
72
Semantic Communicative Structure of Verbal vs. Conjunctive Causative Expressions ([to] kill/[to] cause to die vs. [to] die because P)
75
1 Introduction
75
2 Verbal vs. Conjunctive Causative Expressions: Specification, Thematization and Focalization
79
2.1 Specification
79
2.2 Thematization
83
2.3 Focalization
84
3 Lexical vs. Syntactic Verbal Causative Expressions: Unitarization
87
4 Conclusion
89
Theme, Rheme, and Communicative Structure in Lushootseed and Bella Coola
93
1 Introduction
93
2 Subject and Predicate
94
2.1 The Canonical Clause
95
2.2 Verbless Sentences
98
3 Theme, Rheme, and Syntactic Structure
103
3.1 Wh-Questions
104
3.2 The Lushootseed Existential Negative
106
4 The Communicative Structure of the Verbless Sentence
108
4.1 The Syntactic and Semantic Representation of Deixis
109
4.2 Sem-Theme, Sem-Rheme, and the DSyntR
118
5 Conclusion: Towards a Communicative Typology of Language
129
Scope of Generic Noun Phrases and Its Correlation with the Verb Meaning in Russian
137
1 Introduction
137
2 Predicates of Change and Conservation of State and the Problem of Coreferentiality
138
3 Coreferentiality of Generic Noun Phrases
140
4 Scope of the Genericity Quantifier
143
5 Conclusion: Lexicographic Implications
147
Valency and Underlying Structure
149
1 Introduction
149
2 Dependency Syntax and Underlying Structure
150
3 Topic-Focus Articulation
154
4 Status of Underlying Structure
157
5 Lexical and Grammatical Information
160
6 Specification of Underlying Representations
161
A Formal Look at Dependency Grammars and Phrase-Structure Grammars, with Special Consideration of Word-Order Phenomena
167
1 Introduction
167
2 Dependency, Phrase Structure and the Lexicon
169
3 Formal Aspects of Word Order Variation
177
3.1 Computational Properties of Dependency Grammars
177
3.2 Word Order Rules and Non-Projectivity
178
3.3 Embedded Wh- Words in English
179
3.4 Embedded Clauses in Dutch
182
3.5 Localizing Syntactic Rules
183
4 Conclusion
187
Subject Index
191
Name Index
201
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Subjects

Linguistics

Semantics
Syntax
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  97047268