Animacy and Reference

A cognitive approach to corpus linguistics

| Doshisha University
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027230492 (Eur) | EUR 110.00
ISBN 9781556199325 (USA) | USD 165.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027298768 | EUR 110.00 | USD 165.00
 
The concept of ‘animacy’ concerns the fundamental and cognitive question of the extent to which we recognize and express living things as saliently human-like or animal-like.
In Animacy and Reference Mutsumi Yamamoto pursues two main objectives: First, to establish a conceptual framework of animacy, and secondly, to explain how the concept of animacy can be reflected in the use of referential expressions. Unlike previous studies on the subject focussing on grammatical manifestations, Animacy and Reference sheds light upon the conceptual properties of animacy itself and its reflection in referential processes.
For the research of this study the author focussed on languages that show completely different tendencies. As a result, English and Japanese ‘parallel corpora’ are analysed yielding salient observations and opening intriguing discussions.
[Studies in Language Companion Series, 46]  1999.  xviii, 278 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
xi
List of Abbreviations
xiii
List of Tables
xv
List of Figures
xvii
Introduction
1
A. The General Animacy Scale
2
B. The Hierarchy of Persons
3
C. The Individuation Scale
3
D. Semantic Roles
4
E. Politeness
5
Chapter 1: What is ‘Animacy’?
9
1.1 General Animacy Scale: Humanness, Animacy and Inanimacy
9
1.2 Models of the ‘Animacy Hierarchy’ and Degree of Animacy within Human Category: with Reference to the Hierarchy of Persons and the Individuation Scale
24
1.3 Concluding Remarks
36
Chapter 2: What Does Animacy Do to Human Language?
41
2.1 Overview: With Reference to Number Distinction
41
2.2 Case Marking
45
2.3 Word Order
52
2.4 Subject Selection
56
2.5 Topicality
60
2.6 Towards a Generalisation: ‘Mind-style’ and Structural Salience of Animacy
67
2.7 Concluding Remarks
70
Chapter 3: Hierarchy of Persons and Animacy in English and Japanese
73
3.1 Overview
73
3.2 Some Remarks on the Pragmatic Characteristics of the Hierarchy of Persons
74
3.3 The Japanese Person System
76
3.4 Corpus Analysis and Treatment of Noun Phrases in Texts
84
3.5 First Person
95
3.6 Second Person
107
3.7 Third Person
116
3.8 Concluding Remarks
126
Chapter 4: Degree of Individuation and Encoding of Animacy
131
4.1 Overview
131
4.2 Persons as Individuals vs. Persons as Roles
132
4.3 Organisations: Borderline Cases between Animate and Inanimate Beings
138
4.4 Concluding Remarks
146
Chapter 5: Agency and Animacy
147
5.1 Overview
147
5.2 Agency
148
5.3 Expression and Suppression of Agency and Animacy
158
5.4 Concluding Remarks
173
Chapter 6: A Neverending Story of Animacy
177
6.1 A Neverending Story of Animacy
177
6.2 Concluding Summary — Contribution to Linguistics
180
References
183
Appendix: Lists of Human/Animate Noun Phrases in Corpus
197
Case Study 1: Yukio Mishima, Hyaku-man Yen Senbei (‘One Million Yen Rice Cracker’ or ‘Three Million Yen’)
197
Case Study 2: Agatha Christie, Murder on the Orient Express
206
Case Study 3: Asahi Shinbun and Asahi Evening News
215
Case Study 4: Newsweek
225
Case Study 5: The Transactions of the Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers and Systems and Computers in Japan
235
Case Study 6: Scientific American
244
Case Study 7: ‘Tetsuko no Heya’
253
Case Study 8: Viewpoints
261
Index
269
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  99011173 | Marc record