In this paper, we provide a quantitative analysis of weak hand holds based on corpus data. We include both a cross-linguistic analysis of these holds in narrative data from Russian Sign Language (RSL) and Sign Language of the Netherlands (NGT), and a language-internal, cross-genre analysis comparing NGT narrative and conversational data. We classified the functions of all holds found in two corpora of RSL and NGT, and analyzed their formal characteristics. We found that holds in RSL and NGT have similar functions. However, holds are significantly more frequent in RSL than in NGT. In addition, we found that the distribution of holds across different functions varies between different genres in NGT. The similarities between RSL and NGT in the domain of holds may be attributed to modality effects. The differences in frequency of holds ask for a language-specific explanation, and we discuss several possible scenarios.
Burkova, Svetlana Igorevna & Olga Aleksandrovna Varinova
2012K voprosu os territorialnom i sotsialnom var’irovanii russkogo zhestovogo jazyka [On the problem of regional and social variation in Russian Sign Language]. In Olga Viktorovna Fedorova (ed.), Russkij Zhestovyj Jazyk: Pervaja Lingvisticheskaja Konferentsija [Russian Sign Language: The first linguistic conference], 127–143. Moscow: Center of Cognitive Studies.
2001Phonetic implementation of phonological categories in Sign Language of the Netherlands. Leiden: University of Leiden dissertation. Utrecht: LOT.
In press. An annotation scheme to investigate the form and function of hand dominance in the Corpus NGT. In Roland Pfau, Markus Steinbach & Annika Herrmann (eds.) A matter of complexity: Subordination in sign languages Berlin De Gruyter Mouton
Crasborn, Onno, Inge Zwitserlood & Johan Ros
2008 Corpus NGT. An open access digital corpus of movies with annotations of Sign Language of the Netherlands. Centre for Language Studies, Radboud University Nijmegen. URL: [URL].
Crasborn, Onno & Inge Zwitserlood
2008The Corpus NGT: an online corpus for professionals and laymen. In Onno Crasborn, Thomas Hanke, Eleni Efthimiou, Inge Zwitserlood & Ernst Thoutenhoofd (eds.),
Construction and exploitation of sign language corpora. Proceedings of the 3
Workshop on the Representation and Processing of Sign Languages
, 44–49. Paris: ELRA.
Dudis, Paul G
2004Body partitioning and real-space blends. Cognitive Linguistics 1521. 223–238.
Emmorey, Karen, Barbara Tversky & Holly A. Taylor
2000Using space to describe space: Perspective in speech, sign, and gesture. Spatial Cognition and Computation 231. 157–180.
1994Some simultaneous constructions in Danish Sign Language. In Mary Brennan & Graham H. Turner (eds.), Word-order issues in sign language, 73–88. Durham: International Sign Linguistics Association.
1950Canary row [film, animated cartoon]. New York: Time Warner.
2014Information structure in Russian Sign Language and Sign Language of the Netherlands. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam dissertation. [[URL]]. DOI:
Kimmelman, Vadim, Anna Sáfár & Onno Crasborn
Under revision. Towards a classification of weak hand holds.
Liddell, Scott K
2003Grammar, gesture and meaning in American Sign Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Liddell, Scott K., Marit Vogt-Svendsen & Brita Bergman
1994aSimultaneous constructions in Quebec Sign Language. In Mary Brennan & Graham H. Turner (eds.), Word-order issues in sign language, 89–112. Durham: International Sign Linguistics Association.
1994bSimultaneous constructions and complex signs in Quebec Sign Language. In Inger Ahlgren, Brita Bergman & Mary Brennan (eds.),
Perspectives on sign language structure. Papers from the Fifth International Symposium on Sign Language Research
, 131–148. Durham: International Sign Linguistics Association.
Nespor, Marina & Wendy Sandler
1999Prosody in Israeli Sign Language. Language and Speech 421. 143–176.
1983Interaction of morphology and syntax in American Sign Language. San Diego, CA: University of California dissertation. [Published 1988, Garland Press, New York.]
Pfau, Roland & Markus Steinbach
2011Grammaticalization in sign languages. In Heiko Narrog & Bernd Heine (eds.), The Oxford handbook of grammaticalization, 683–695. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sandler, Wendy & Diane Lillo-Martin
2006Sign language and linguistic universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sáfár, Anna & Onno Crasborn
2013A corpus-based approach to manual simultaneity. In Laurence Meurant, Aurélie Sinte, Mieke Van Herreweghe & Myriam Vermeerbergen (eds.), Sign language research, uses and practices: Crossing views on theoretical and applied sign language linguistics, 179–203. Berlin & Nijmegen: De Gruyter Mouton & Ishara Press.
Sáfár, Anna, Laurence Meurant, Thierry Haesenne, Ellen Nauta, Danny De Weerdt & Ellen Ormel
2015Mutual intelligibility among the sign languages of Belgium and the Netherlands. Linguistics 531. 353–374.
2004Lexical variation in Sign Language of the Netherlands. In Mieke van Herreweghe & Myriam Vermeerbergen (eds.), To the lexicon and beyond: Sociolinguistics in European Deaf communities, 94–110. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press.
1990Determiners in ASL. In Ceil Lucas (ed.), Sign language research: Theoretical issues, 201–210. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press.
Cited by 2 other publications
2019. Sign Language Phonology,
Papadatou-Pastou, Marietta & Anna Sáfár
2016. Handedness prevalence in the deaf: Meta-analyses. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 60 ► pp. 98 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 28 march 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.