This study utilizes texts which sit between the literary and non-literary to explore the outcomes and mechanisms
of literariness. Literariness can be activated by (a) linguistic foregrounding and (b) paratextual specification. In a 2 × 2
design, manipulated versions of two soldier narratives were produced (poetry/fiction; poetry/fact; prose/fiction; prose/poetry).
215 participants were randomly assigned to read one of the textual versions and respond to rating scales dealing with perception
of textual features, empathy, sympathy, and cognitive perspective-taking. The results show that poetic form elicits significantly
higher ratings for empathy and sympathy and that paratextual information specifying that a text is factual elicits significantly
higher ratings for empathy and cognitive perspective-taking. Two structural equation models were defined: (a) a literariness model
and (b) a factual accuracy model. The results suggest an additive dual model of processing in which both poetic form and factual
definition contribute to outcomes characteristic of literariness. These results offer some support for the hypotheses of the
Neuro-Cognitive Poetics Model proposed by (Jacobs, 2011).
(1996) Integration of phonetic and graphic features in poetic text categorization judgments. Poetics, 231, 363–380.
(1998a) Reading poetry: An empirical investigation of formalist, stylistic and conventionalist claims. Poetics Today 191, 565–580.
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(2013) Experiencing the Blitz: A poetic representation of a childhood in wartime London. Qualitative Inquiry, 20(5), 584–599.
Hanauer, D. I.
(2015) Being in the Second Iraq War: A poetic ethnography. Qualitative Inquiry, 21(1), 83–106.
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(1999) Cutoff criteria for fit indices in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6(1), 1–55.
Jacobs, A. M.
(2011) Neurokognitive poetik: elemente einesmodells des literarischen lesens (Neurocognitive poetics: Elements of a model of literary reading). In R. Schrottand & A. M. Jacobs (Eds.), Gehirn und Gedicht: Wie Wir Unsere Wirklichkeiten Konstruieren (Brain and poetry: How we construct our realities) (pp. 492–520): München, Germany: Carl Hanser Verlag.
Jacobs, A. M.
(2015a) Towards a neurocognitive poetics model of literary reading. In R. Willems (Ed.), Towards a cognitive neuroscience of natural language use. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
Jacobs, A. M.
(2015b) Neurocognitive poetics: Methods and modals for investigating the neuronal and cognitive-affective bases of literature reception. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 91, 1–22.
, Linguistics and Poetics, in: Thomas Sebeok(ed.)Style in Language, New York 1960, 350–377.
Kidd, D. C., & Castano, E.
(2013) Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind. Science, 342(6156), 377–380.
Koopman, E. M., & Hakemulder, F.
(2015) Effects of literature on empathy and self-reflection: A theoretical-empirical framework. Journal of Literary Theory, 9(1), 79–111.
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(2008) The function of fiction is the abstraction and simulation of social experience. Perspective on Psychological Science, 3(3), 173–192.
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(2005) INDIRECT PERSUASION IN ADVERTISING: How Consumers Process Metaphors Presented in Pictures and Words, Journal of Advertising, 34:2, 7–20.
Miall, David & Kuiken, Don
(1994) Foregrounding, Defamiliarization, and Affect: Response to Literary Stories, Poetics 221, 389–407.
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(1986) Stylistics and psychology: Investigations in foregrounding. London, United Kingdom: Croom Helm.
Zwaan, R. A.
(1996) Toward a model of literary comprehension. In B. K. Britton & A. C. Graesser (Eds.), Models of understanding text (pp. 241–255). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 11 november 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.