Article published in:
Scientific Study of Literature
Vol. 7:1 (2017) ► pp. 109128
Bandura, A.
(2001) Social cognitive theory of mass communication. Media psychology, 3(3), 265–299. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Branch, S. E., Wilson, K. M., & Agnew, C. R.
(2013) Committed to Oprah, Homer, or House: Using the investment model to understand parasocial relationships. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 2(2), 96. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., & Livi, S.
(1994) Mapping personality dimensions in the Big Five model. European Review of Applied Psychology, 441, 9–15.Google Scholar
Cohen, E. L.
(2010) Expectancy violations in relationships with friends and media figures. Communication Research Reports, 27(2), 97–111. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cohen, J.
(2001) Defining identification: A theoretical look at the identification of audiences with media characters. Mass Communication & Society, 4(3), 245–264. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2009) Mediated Relationships and Media Effects: Parasocial Interaction and Identification. In R. Nabi & M. B. Oliver (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Media Processes and Effects (pp. 223–236). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Cohen, J., Weimann-Saks, D. & Mazor-Tregerman, M.
(2017) Does Character Similarity Increase Identification and Persuasion? Media Psychology, 1–>23, Published online: 04 Apr 2017. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cole, T., & Leets, L.
(1999) Attachment styles and intimate television viewing: Insecurely forming relationships in a parasocial way. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 16(4), 495–511. Crossref.Google Scholar
Costa, P. T. Jr., & McCrae, R. R.
(1992) Revised NEO personality inventory (NEO-PI-P) and NEO five factor inventory (NEO-FFI) professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Costa, P. T., McCrae, R. R., & Dye, D. A.
(1991) Facet scales for agreeableness and conscientiousness: a revision of the NEO personality inventory. Personality and Individual Differences, 12(9), 887–898. Crossref.Google Scholar
De Graaf, A.
(2014) The Effectiveness of Adaptation of the Protagonist in Narrative Impact: Similarity Influences Health Beliefs through Self‐Referencing. Human Communication Research, 40(1), 73–90. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Eyal, K., & Rubin, A. M.
(2003) Viewer aggression and homophily, identification, and parasocial relationships with television characters. Journal of Broadcasting& Electronic Media, 47(1), 77–98. Crossref.Google Scholar
Etzion, D., & Laski, S.
(1998)  The “Big Five” Inventory – Hebrew Version by Permission. Tel Aviv University, Faculty of management, the Institute of Business Research.Google Scholar
Eyal, K., & Dailey, R. M.
(2012) Examining relational maintenance in parasocial relationships. Mass Communication and Society, 15(5), 758–781. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Funder, D. C.
(2001) Annual review of psychology. Personality, 521, 197–221. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Feilitzen, C., and Linné, O.
(1975) Identifying with television characters. Journal of Communication, 25(4), 51–55. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Giles, D. C.
(2002) Parasocial interaction: A review of the literature and a model for future research. Media Psychology, 4(3), 279–305. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hartmann, T., & Goldhoorn, C.
(2011) Horton and Wohl revisited: Exploring viewers’ experience of parasocial interaction. Journal of communication, 61(6), 1104–1121. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hoeken, H., Kolthoff, M., & Sanders, J.
(2016) Story Perspective and Character Similarity as Drivers of Identification and Narrative Persuasion. Article first published online: 2 FEB 2016, Human Communication Research. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hoffner, C.
(1996) Children’s wishful identification and parasocial interaction with favorite television characters. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 40(3), 389–402. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hoffner, C., & Cantor, J.
(1991) Perceiving and responding to mass media characters. In J. Bryant and D. Zillmann (Eds.), Responding to the screen: Reception and reaction processes (pp. 63–101). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Horton, D., & Wohl, R. R.
(1956) Mass communication and para-social interaction: Observations on intimacy at a distance. Psychiatry, 19(3), 215–229. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kahneman, D.
(2011) Thinking, Fast and Slow. London, United Kingdom: Penguin.Google Scholar
Kaufman, G. F., Libby, L. K.
(2012) Changing beliefs and behavior through experience-taking. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(1), 1–19. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Klimmt, C., Hartmann, T., & Schramm, H.
(2006) Parasocial interactions and relationships. In J. Bryant & P. Vorderer (Eds.). Psychology of entertainment, (PP. 291–313), Mawah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Konjin, E. A., Nije Bijvank, M., & Bushman, B. J.
(2007) I wish I were a warrior: the role of wishful identification in the effects of violent video games on aggression in adolescent boys. Developmental Psychology, 43(4), 1038. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Maccoby, E. E. & Wilson, W. C.
(1957) Identification and observational learning from films. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 55(1), 76–87. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T.
(2008) The five-factor theory of personality. In O. P. John, R. W. Robins & L. A. Pervin (eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research (third edition) (pp. 159–181). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
McKinley, C. J.
(2010) Examining dimensions of character involvement as contributing factors in television viewers’ binge drinking perceptions. Doctoral Dissertation, The University of Arizona. Retrieved from http://​arizona​.openrepository​.com​/arizona​/handle​/10150​/194023
McPherson, M., Smith-Lovin, L., & Cook, J. M.
(2001) Birds of a feather: Homophily in social networks. Annual review of sociology, 271, 415–444. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mount, M. K., & Barrick, M. R.
(1995) The Big Five Personality dimensions: Implications for research and practice in human resources management. Research in Personality and Human Resource Management, 131, 153–200.Google Scholar
John, O. P., & Srivastava, S.
(1999) The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. Handbook of personality: Theory and research, 2(1999), 102–138.Google Scholar
Perse, E. M., & Rubin, R. B.
(1989) Attribution in social and parasocial relationships. Communication Research, 16(1), 59–77. Crossref.Google Scholar
Pervin, L. A.
(1989) Personality: Theory and research. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Rubin, R. B., & McHugh, M. P.
(1987) Development of parasocial interaction relationships. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 31(3), 279–292. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rubin, A. M., Perse, E. M., & Powell, R. A.
(1985) Loneliness, parasocial interaction, and local television news viewing. Human Communication Research, 12(2), 155–180. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schramm, H., & Wirth, W.
(2015) Testing a universal tool for measuring parasocial interactions across different situations and media. Journal of Media Psychology, 22(1), pp. 26–36. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Silvia, P. J.
(2005) Deflecting reactance: The role of similarity in increasing compliance and reducing resistance. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 27(3), 277–284. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Simons, H. W., Berkowitz, N. N., & Moyer, R. J.
(1970) Similarity, credibility, and attitude change: A review and a theory. Psychological Bulletin, 73(1), 1. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tian, Q., & Hoffner, C. A.
(2010) Parasocial interaction with liked, neutral, and disliked characters on a popular TV series. Mass Communication and Society, 13(3), 250–269. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tukachinsky, R.
(2014) Experimental Manipulation of Psychological Involvement with Media. Communication Methods and Measures, 8(1), 1–33. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tukachinsky, R., & Tokunaga, R. S.
(2013) The effects of engagement with entertainment. In E. L. Cohen (Ed.), Communication yearbook 37 (pp. 287–321). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
Turner, J. R.
(1991) Interpersonal and psychological predictors of parasocial interaction with different television performers. Communication Quarterly, 41(4), 443–453. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wilson, B. J.
(2007) Designing media messages about health and nutrition: what strategies are most effective? Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 39(2), S13–S19. CrossrefGoogle Scholar


Mediated relationships with TV characters
Cited by

Cited by 6 other publications

Gauld, Christophe, Marielle Wathelet, François Medjkane, Nathalie Pauwels, Thierry Bougerol & Charles-Edouard Notredame
2019. Construction and Validation of an Analytical Grid about Video Representations of Suicide (“MoVIES”). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16:15  pp. 2780 ff. Crossref logo
Guerrero-Martín, Iñigo & Juan-José Igartua
2021. Reduction of prejudice toward unaccompanied foreign minors through audiovisual narratives. Effects of the similarity and of the narrative voice. El profesional de la información Crossref logo
Holladay, Holly Willson & Amanda Nell Edgar
2019. ‘I’m never gonna stop watching it’: The paradox of parasocial break-ups in a post-object era. The Journal of Fandom Studies 7:3  pp. 213 ff. Crossref logo
Igartua, Juan-José & Iñigo Guerrero-Martín
2022. Personal migrant stories as persuasive devices: Effects of audience–character similarity and narrative voice. Journal of Social and Political Psychology 10:1  pp. 21 ff. Crossref logo
Ma, Zexin
2020. The use of immersive stories to influence college students’ attitudes and intentions related to drinking and driving. Journal of American College Health  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Tukachinsky, Riva, Nathan Walter & Camille J Saucier
2020. Antecedents and Effects of Parasocial Relationships: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Communication 70:6  pp. 868 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 23 april 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.