(2007) Learning to spell and learning phonology: The spelling of consonant clusters in Kiswahili. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 20, 643–670.
Annual Status of Education Report (ASER)
(2014) New Delhi: ASER Centre.
Asher, R. E. & Kumari T. C.
(1997) Malayalam. London: Routledge.
Bhide, A., Gadgil, S., Zelinsky, C. M., & Perfetti, C.
(2014) Does reading in an alphasyllabary affect phonemic awareness? Inherent schwa effects in Marathi-English bilinguals. Writing Systems Research, 6, 73–93.
(Ed.) (1992) International encyclopaedia of linguistics. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
(2000) A matter of typology: Alphasyllabaries and abugidas. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences (Urbana), 30, 63–71.
Chili Pili Cheela
(2007) Kannada reading cards. Bangalore, India: The Promise Foundation, National Institute of Advanced Studies and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (Karnataka).
Chen, X., Hao, M., Geva, E., Zhu, J. & Shu, H.
(2009) The role of compound awareness in Chinese children’s vocabulary acquisition and character reading. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 22, 615–631.
Chen, X., & Kao, H. S. R.
(2002) Visual-spatial properties and orthographic processing of Chinese characters. In H. S. R. Kao, C.-K. Leong, & D.-G. Gao (Eds.), Cognitive neuroscience studies of the Chinese language (pp. 175–194). Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
Daniels, P. T.
(1990) Fundamentals of grammatology. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 110, 727–731.
Das T., Kumar U., Bapi R. S., Padakannaya P., & Singh N. C.
(2009) Neural representation of an alphasyllabary: The story of Devanagari. Current Science, 97,1033–1038.
(2008) Early years literacy in Indian urban schools: Structural, social and pedagogical issues. Language and Education, 22,237–253.
Ehri, L. C.
(2005) Learning to read words: theory, findings, and issues. Scientific Studies of Reading, 9, 167–188.
García, R. & Cain, K.
(2014) Decoding and reading comprehension: A meta-analysis to identify which reader and assessment characteristics influence the strength of the relationship in English. Review of Educational Research, 84, 74–111.
(2012) Literacy and reading: A Tamil experiment. Contemporary Education Dialogue, 9, 63–84.
(2000) Dependency Locality Theory: A distance-based theory of linguistic Complexity. In A. Marantz, Y. Miyashita, & W. O’Neil (Eds.), Image, language, brain: Papers from the First Mind Articulation Project Symposium. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
(2004) Reading difficulties of Hindi speaking children with developmental dyslexia. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 17, 79–99.
Husain, S., Vasishth, S. & Narayanan, S.
(2015) Integration and prediction difficulty in Hindi sentence comprehension: Evidence from an eye-tracking corpus. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 8, 1–12.
(2008a) Early Literacy Project: Explorations and reflections. Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives. Contemporary Education Dialogue, 5, 133–174.
(2008b) Early Literacy Project: Explorations and reflections. Part 2: Interventions in Hindi classrooms. Contemporary Education Dialogue, 5, 175–211.
Joshi, M. R.; Padakannaya, P. & Nishanimath, S.
(2010) Dyslexia and hyperlexia in bilinguals. Dyslexia. 16, 99–118.
Kandhadai, P. & Sproat, R.
(2010) Impact of spatial ordering of graphemes in alphasyllabic scripts on phonemic awareness in Indic languages. Writing Systems Research, 2, 105–116.
(2009) The syllable structure of Bangla in Optimality Theory and its application to the analysis of verbal inflectional paradigms in distributed morphology. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of Tubingen, Germany.
(2003) Cross-linguistic study of acquired reading disorders. Dordrecht, Holland: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Karanth, P., Mathew A., & Kurien, P.
(2004) Orthography and reading speed: Data from native readers of Kannada. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 17, 101–120.
Kintsch, W., & Rawson, K. A.
(2005) Comprehension. In M. J. Snowling & C. Hulme (Eds.), The science of reading: A handbook (pp. 209–226). Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Kumar, U., Das, T., Bapi, R. S., Padakannaya, P., Joshi, R. M, & Singh, N. C.
(2010) Reading different orthographies: An fMRI study of phrase reading in Hindi – English bilinguals. Reading and Writing, 23, 239–255.
McBride, C. A.
(2016) Is Chinese special? Four aspects of Chinese literacy acquisition that might distinguish learning Chinese from learning alphabetic orthographies. Educational Psychology Review, 28, 523–549.
Mishra, R. K., Pandey, A., & Srinivasan, N.
(2010) Revisiting the scrambling complexity hypothesis in sentence processing: A self-paced reading study on anomaly detection and scrambling in Hindi, Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 24, 709–727.
Mishra, R., & Stainthorp, R.
(2007) The relationship between phonological awareness and word reading accuracy in Oriya and English: A study of Oriya-speaking fifth-graders. Journal of Research in Reading, 30, 23–37.
Mohanan, K. P.
(1982) Lexical Phonology, Doctoral dissertation, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Distributed by the Indiana University Linguistics Club, Bloomington, Indiana.
(2007) Early reading in Kannada: The pace of acquisition of orthographic knowledge and phonemic awareness. Journal of Research in Reading, 30, 7–22.
(2008) Promoting controlled inferences when reading: Reflections from a Language Programme in India. Paper presented in ESRC Seminar, Sussex, UK.
(2011) The akshara languages: What do they tell us about children’s literacy learning? In R. Mishra & N. Srinivasan (Eds.), Language-Cognition: State of the Art (pp. 291–310). Germany: Lincom Publishers.
(2014) Akshara-phonology mappings: The common yet uncommon case of the consonant cluster. Writing Systems Research, 6, 105–119.
in press). Learning to read Kannada and other languages of South Asia. In C. Perfetti & L. Verhoeven Eds. Reading acquisition across languages and writing systems Cambridge Cambridge University Press
Nag, S., Chiat, S., Torgerson C., & Snowling, M. J.
(2013) Literacy, foundation learning and assessment in developing countries. Report of a rigorous review. Department of International Development, UK.
Nag, S., Snowling, M. J., Quinlan P., & Hulme, C
(2014) Child and symbol factors in learning to read a visually complex writing system, Scientific Studies of Reading, 18, 1–16.
Nag, S., & Sircar, S.
(2008) Learning to read in Bengali: report of a survey in five Kolkata primary schools. The Promise Foundation, Bangalore, India.
Nag, S., & Snowling, M. J.
(June2011a) Reading comprehension, decoding and oral language. The EFLU Journal, English and Foreign Languages University, 2, 75–93.
Nag S., & Snowling M. J.
(July2011b) Cognitive profiles of poor readers of Kannada. Reading and Writing: an Interdisciplinary Journal, 24, 657–676.
Nag, S., & Snowling, M. J.
(2012) Reading in an alphasyllabary: Implications for a language-universal theory of learning to read. Scientific Studies of Reading, 16, 404–423.
Nag, S., Treiman, R., & Snowling, M. J.
(2010) Learning to spell in an alphasyllabary: The case of Kannada. Writing Systems Research, 2, 41–52.
Nakamura, P. R. & de Hoop, T.
(Nov.2014) Facilitating Reading Acquisition in Multilingual Environments in India (FRAME-India): Final report. American Institutes for Research.
Nakamura, P. R., Koda, K., & Joshi, R. M.
(2014) Biliteracy acquisition in Kannada and English: A developmental study. Writing Systems Research, 6, 132–147.
(2014) Akshara-to-sound rules for Hindi. Writing Systems Research, 6, 54–72.
Patel J., Bapi, R. S., & Nag, S.
(2013) Akshara counts in child directed print: A pilot study with 101 texts. Manuscript in preparation.
Patel, P. G.
(2004) Reading acquisition in India: Models of learning and dyslexia. New Delhi: Sage Publishers.
Perfetti, C. A., Landi, N., & Oakhill, J. V.
(2005) The acquisition of reading comprehension skill. In M. J. Snowling & C. Hulme (Eds.), The science of reading: a handbook (pp. 227–247). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Prakash, P., Rekha, D., Nigam, R. & Karanth, P.
(1993) Phonological awareness, orthography and literacy. In R. J. Scholes (Ed.), Literacy and language analysis. (pp. 55–70). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
(2001) Reading vowels in Kannada script. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 23, 198–200.
Ramaa, S., Miles, T. R., & Lalithamma, M. S.
(1993) Dyslexia: Symbol processing difﬁculty in Kannada language. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 5, 29–41.
Reddy, P. P., & Koda, K.
(2013) Orthographic constraints on phonological awareness in biliteracy development. Writing Systems Research, 5, 110–130.
(Spring 2000) Typological observations on the Indic Script Group and its relationship to other alphasyllabaries. Studies on the Linguistic Sciences, 30, 87–103.
Share, D. L. & Daniels, P. T.
(2015) Aksharas, alphasyllabaries, abugidas, alphabets and orthographic depth: Reflections on Rimzhim, Katz and Fowler (2014), Writing Systems Research.
Singh N. C.,& Rao, C.
(2014) Reading in Devanagari: Insights from functional neuroimaging. Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging, 24, 44–50.
Sircar, S. & Nag, S.
(2013) Children’s intuitive syllabification of intervocalic consonant clusters in Bengali: the role of sonority, phonotactics and akshara. The EFL Journal, 4, 35–52.
Sircar, S. & Nag, S.
(2014) Akshara-syllable mappings in Bengali: a language-specific skill for reading. In H. Winskel & P. Padakannaya (Eds), South and Southeast Asian Psycholinguistics (pp. 409–425). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stainthorp, R., Stuart, M., Powell, D., Quinlan, P., & Garwood, H.
(2010) Visual processing deficits in children with slow RAN performance. Scientific Studies of Reading, 14, 266–292.
Tiwari, S., Nair, R., & Krishnan, G.
(2011) A preliminary investigation of akshara knowledge in the Malayalam Alphasyllabary: extension of Nag’s (2007) study. Writing Systems Research, 3, 145–151.
Tong, X., & McBride-Chang, C.
(2010) Developmental models of learning to read Chinese words. Developmental Psychology, 46, 1662–1676.
Treiman, R., Zukowski, A., & Richmond-Welty, E. D.
(1995) What happened to the ‘‘n’’ of sink? Children’s spellings of final consonant clusters. Cognition, 55, 1–38. .
UNESCO Institute for Statistics
(2014) Country profiles of Education System. Retrieved from [URL]
Vaid, J., & Gupta, A.
(2002) Exploring word recognition in a semi-alphabetic script: The case of Devanagari. Brain and Language, 81, 679–690.
Wang, Y., & McBride, C.
(2016) Character reading and word reading in Chinese: unique correlates for Chinese kindergarteners. Applied Psycholinguistics, 37, 371–386.
Wali, A., Sproat, R., Padakannaya, P., & Bhuvaneshwari, B.
(2009) Reading in Thai: The case of misaligned vowels. Reading and Writing. An Interdisciplinary Journal, 22, 1–24.
Winskel, H. & Iemwanthong, K
(2010) Reading and spelling acquisition in Thai children. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 23, 1021–1053.
Winskel, H., & Perea, M.
(2014) Can parafoveal-on-foveal effects be obtained when reading an unspaced alphasyllabic script (Thai)?Writing Systems Research, 6, 94–104.
Wijayathilake, D. & Parrila, R.
(2014) Predictors of word reading in good and struggling readers in Sinhalese. Writing Systems Research, 6, 120–131.
Ziegler, J. C., & Goswami, U.
(2006) Becoming literate in different languages: similar problems, different solutions. Developmental Science, 9, 429–436.
Cited by 17 other publications
Agrawal, Aakash, K. V. S. Hari & S. P. Arun
2019. Reading Increases the Compositionality of Visual Word Representations. Psychological Science 30:12 ► pp. 1707 ff.
Bhide, Adeetee, Wencan Luo, Nivita Vijay, Charles Perfetti, Jingtao Wang, Adrian Maries & Sonali Nag
2019. Improving Hindi decoding skills via a mobile game. Reading and Writing 32:9 ► pp. 2149 ff.
Bhide, Adeetee, Charles A. Perfetti, Wencan Luo, Nivita Vijay, Jingtao Wang, Adrian Maries & Sonali Nag
2021. Spelling Challenges in Hindi. Psychological Studies 66:4 ► pp. 390 ff.
Daniels, Peter T. & David L. Share
2018. Writing System Variation and Its Consequences for Reading and Dyslexia. Scientific Studies of Reading 22:1 ► pp. 101 ff.
Habib, Malikka, Nur Artika Arshad & Beth Ann O’Brien
2022. Acquiring Literacy in the Diglossic Contexts of Malay and Tamil in Singapore: Problems and Prospects in Early Childhood Classrooms. In Handbook of Literacy in Diglossia and in Dialectal Contexts [Literacy Studies, 22], ► pp. 273 ff.
2022. Reading the Akshara Writing System. In The Science of Reading, ► pp. 372 ff.
Nag, Sonali & Balambigai Narayanan
2019. Orthographic Knowledge, Reading and Spelling Development in Tamil: The First Three Years. In Handbook of Literacy in Akshara Orthography [Literacy Studies, 17], ► pp. 55 ff.
O’Brien, Beth A., Malikka Begum Habib Mohamed, Nur Artika Arshad & Nicole Cybil Lim
2020. The Impact of Different Writing Systems on Children’s Spelling Error Profiles: Alphabetic, Akshara, and Hanzi Cases. Frontiers in Psychology 11
Perfetti, Charles & Anne Helder
2022. Progress in Reading Science. In The Science of Reading, ► pp. 5 ff.
Share, David L.
2021. Is the Science of Reading Just the Science of Reading English?. Reading Research Quarterly 56:S1
Singh, Anisha, Min Wang & Yasmeen Faroqi-Shah
2022. The influence of romanizing a non-alphabetic L1 on L2 reading: the case of Hindi-English visual word recognition. Reading and Writing 35:6 ► pp. 1475 ff.
Vagh, Shaher Banu & Sonali Nag
2019. The Assessment of Emergent and Early Literacy Skills in the Akshara Languages. In Handbook of Literacy in Akshara Orthography [Literacy Studies, 17], ► pp. 235 ff.
Vaid, Jyotsna, Hsin-Chin Chen & Chaitra Rao
2022. Biscriptal bilingualism differentially affects segmentation of cross-language homophones: Evidence from Hindi and English users. International Journal of Bilingualism 26:1 ► pp. 13 ff.
Vasudevan, Nirmala, Mithun Haridas, Prema Nedungadi, Raghu Raman, Peter T. Daniels & David L. Share
2023. A multi-dimensional framework for characterizing the role of writing system variation in literacy learning: a case study in Malayalam. Reading and Writing
Wijaythilake, M. A. D. K., R. Parrila, Tomohiro Inoue & Sonali Nag
2019. Cognitive predictors of word reading in Sinhala. Reading and Writing 32:7 ► pp. 1881 ff.
Wijaythilake, Marasinghe A. D. K., Rauno Parrila, Tomohiro Inoue & Sonali Nag
2018. Instruction Matters to the Development of Phoneme Awareness and Its Relationship to Akshara Knowledge and Word Reading: Evidence from Sinhala. Scientific Studies of Reading 22:5 ► pp. 420 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 6 june 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.