Article published in:Legal and institutional translation: Functions, processes, competences
Edited by Fernando Prieto Ramos
[Target 33:2] 2021
► pp. 341–367
The mediated voice
A discursive study of interpreter-mediated closing statements in Chinese criminal trials
This article examines how the voices of trial participants are mediated by court interpreters. The research focuses on closing statements articulated by defendants in Chinese criminal trials, the last chance for their voices to be heard prior to sentencing. Drawing upon the concept of voice and theories of speech acts and pragmatic equivalence, and based on the discourse analysis of seven authentic trial recordings, this study reveals how the discursive performance of the defendant is constructed, altered, and sometimes undermined through interpreting. The findings reveal that speech acts performed by the defendant are often not maintained in the interpreted renditions and that the concept of closing statements is difficult to convey. It is argued that when interpreters fail to convey the pragmatic force of defendants’ utterances, the voice of the defendants is not fully heard, which places them at a disadvantage and impacts upon their right to equality and justice. The article also reveals system-bound constraints on the effective provision of language assistance and the safeguarding of defendants’ legal rights.
Keywords: court interpreting, closing statements, voice, speech acts, pragmatic equivalence
Published online: 25 May 2021
Austin, John L.
Bai, Bing, and Jincun Cheng
Cheung, Andrew K. F.
Dubslaff, Friedel, and Bodil Martinsen
González, Roseann Dueñas, Victoria Félice Vásquez, and Holly Mikkelson
Gruber, M. Catherine
Hale, Sandra Beatriz
Marszalenko, Jakub E.
Poon, Wai-yee Emily
Sacks, Harvey, Emanuel A. Schegloff, and Gail Jefferson
Searle, John R.
1991 “Interpreter Latitude vs. Due Process: Simultaneous and Consecutive Interpretation in Multilingual Trials.” In Empirical Research in Translation and Intercultural Studies: Selected Papers of the TRANS-SIF Seminar, Savonlinna 1988, edited by Sonja Tirkkonen-Condit, 147–155. Tübingen: Gunter Narr.
Shlesinger, Miriam, and Franz Pöchhacker
Wang, Jian, and Bingjun Yang