Article published in:
Task-Based Language Learning – Insights from and for L2 Writing
Edited by Heidi Byrnes and Rosa M. Manchón
[Task-Based Language Teaching 7] 2014
► pp. 137161


Abu Seileek, A.F. & Qatawneh, K.
(2013) Effects of synchronous and asynchronous computer-mediated communication (CMC) oral conversations on English language learners’ discourse functions. Computers & Education, 62, 181–190. Crossref link
Anderson, J.R.
(1995) Learning and memory: An integrated approach. New York: Wiley.
Bereiter, A.F., & Scardamalia, M.
(1987) The psychology of written composition. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Crossref link
Bober, M.J., & Dennen, V.P.
(2001)  Intersubjectivity: Facilitating knowledge construction in online environments . Educational Media International, 38, 241–250. Crossref link
Buraphadeja, V., & Dawson, K.
(2008) Content analysis in computer-mediated communication: Analyzing models for assessing critical thinking through the lens of social constructivism. The American Journal of Distance Education, 22, 130–145. Crossref link
Bygate, M., & Samuda, V.
(2005) Integrative planning through the use of task repetition. In R. Ellis (Ed.), Planning and task performance in second language learning (pp. 37–76). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Cohen, J.
(1988)  Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences . Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Crossref link
Daller, H., van Hout, R., & Treffers-Daller, J.
(2003) Lexical richness in the spontaneous speech of bilinguals. Applied Linguistics, 24, 197–222. Crossref link
Ellis, R.
(1987) Interlanguage variability in narrative discourse: Style shifting in the use of the past tense. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 9, 1–20. Crossref link
(2005)  Planning and task performance in a second language . Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Ellis, R., & Yuan, F.
(2004) The effects of planning on fluency, complexity and accuracy in second language narrative writing. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 26, 59–84. Crossref link
Foster, P.
(1996) Doing the task better: How planning time influences students’ performance. In J. Willis & D. Willis (Eds.), Challenge and change in language teaching (pp. 126–135). London: Heinemann.
Foster, P., & Skehan, P.
(1996) The influence of planning and task type on second language performance. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 18, 299–323. Crossref link
(1999) The influence of source of planning and focus of planning on task-based performance. Language Teaching Research, 3, 215–247. Crossref link
Foster, P., Tonkyn, A., & Wigglesworth, G.
(2000) Measuring spoken language: A unit for all reasons. Applied Linguistics, 21, 354–374. Crossref link
Friedlander, A.
(1990) Composing in English: Effects of a first language on writing in English as a second language. In B. Kroll (Ed.), Second language writing: Research insights from the classroom (pp. 109–125). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Garrison, D.R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W.
(2000) Critical thinking in a textbased environment: Computer conferencing in higher education. Internet and Higher Education, 2, 87–105. Crossref link
Guarda, M.
(2012) Writer visibility and agreement / disagreement strategies in online asynchronous interaction: A learner corpus study. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 34, 84 – 87. Crossref link
Gonzalez-Llorett, M., & Ortega, L.
(2014)  Technology and tasks. Exploring technology-mediated TBLT . Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Grabe, W., & Kaplan, W.
(1996)  Theory and practice of writing: An applied linguistic perspective . London: Longman.
Hawkes, M.
(2006) Linguistic discourse variables as indicators of reflective online interaction. The American Journal of Distance Education, 20, 231–244. Crossref link
Hayes, J.R., & Flower, L.S.
(1980) Identifying the organization of the writing process. In L.W. Gregg & E.R. Steinberg (Eds.), Cognitive processes in writing (pp. 3–30). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Herring, S.C.
(2004) Computer-mediated discourse analysis: An approach to researching online behavior. In S.A. Barab, R. Kling, & J. Gray (Eds.), Designing virtual communities in the service of learning (pp. 338–376). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
(2007) A faceted classification scheme for computer-mediated discourse. Language at Internet, 4(1).
Hunt, K.
(1965)  Grammatical structures written at three grade levels. NCTE research report No. 3. Champaign, IL: NCTE.
Kang, M., & Im, T.
(2013) Factors of learner–instructor interaction which predict perceived learning outcomes in online learning environment. Journal of Computer-assisted Learning, 29, 292–301. Crossref link
Kawauchi, C.
(2005) The effects of strategic planning on the overall narratives of learners with low and high intermediate L2 proficiency. In R. Ellis (Ed.), Planning and task performance in second language learning (pp. 143–164). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Kellogg, R.
(1996) A model of working memory in writing. In C.M. Levy & S. Ransdell (Eds.), The science of writing (pp. 57–71). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Kern, R.
(1996) Computer-mediated communication: Using e-mail exchanges to explore personal histories in two cultures. In M. Warschauer (Ed.), Telecollaboration in foreign language learning: Proceedings of the Hawaii symposium (pp. 105–119). Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai’i Press.
Kim, H., Kim, G.J., Park, H.W., & Rice, R.E.
(2007) Configurations of relationships in different media: FtF, email, instant messenger, mobile phone, and SMS. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication , 12(4), article 3. Crossref link
Kroll, B.
(1990) What does time buy? ESL student performance on home versus class compositions. In B. Kroll (Ed.), Second language writing: Research insights from the classroom (pp. 140–154). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Lai, C.
(2005) The role of communicative practices and talking with and through the computer. In Y. Zhao (Ed.), Research in technology and second language learning developments and directions (pp. 249–285). Charlotte, NC: Information Age.
Levelt, W.
(1992) Accessing words in speech production: Stages, processes and representations. Cognition, 42, 1–22. Crossref link
Mackey, A., & Gass, S.M.
(2005)  Second language research: Methodology and design . Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Crossref link
Malaysian Examinations Council (
n.d.) Malaysian Examinations Council. Retrieved from <http://​www​.mpm​.edu​.my​/bi​/>
Manchón, R.M.
(2011) Tasks, language learning, and L2 writing: Expanding the research agenda. Paper presented at the International Conference on Task-Based Language Teaching, Auckland, New Zealand, November 18. Crossref link
Manchón, R.M., & Roca de Larios, J.
(2007a) Writing-to-learn in instructed language learning contexts. In E. Alcón Soler & M.P. Safont Jordà (Eds.), Intercultural language use and language learning (pp. 101–121). Dordrecht: Springer. Crossref link
(2007b) On the temporal nature of planning in L1 and L2 composing. Language Learning 57, 549–593. Crossref link
Mehnert, U.
(1998) The effects of different lengths of time for planning on second language performance. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 20, 52–83. Crossref link
Nik, N.
(2010) Examining the language learning potential of a task-based approach to synchronous computer-mediated communication. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.
Ong, J., & Zhang, L.J.
(2010) Effects of task complexity on the fluency and lexical complexity in EFL students' argumentative writing. Journal of Second Language Writing, 19, 218–233. Crossref link
Ortega, L.
(1999) Planning and focus on form in L2 oral performance. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 21, 109–148. Crossref link
(2005) What do learners plan? Learner-driven attention to form during pre-task planning. In R. Ellis (Ed.), Planning and task performance in a second language (pp. 77–109). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Osman, G., & Herring, S.C.
(2007) Interaction, facilitation, and deep learning in cross-cultural chat: A case study. Internet and Higher Education, 10, 125–141. Crossref link
Robinson, P.
(2001) Task complexity, task difficulty, and task production: Exploring interactions in a componential framework. Applied Linguistics, 22, 27–57. Crossref link
Roca de Larios, J., Marín, J., & Murphy, L.
(2001)  A temporal analysis of formulation processes in L1 and L2 writing . Language Learning, 51, 479–538. Crossref link
Shang, H.F.
(2007) An exploratory study of e-mail application on FL writing performance. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 20, 79–96. Crossref link
Skehan, P.
(1998)  A cognitive approach to language learning . Oxford: Oxford University Press. Crossref link
(2003) Focus on form, tasks and technology. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 21, 391–411. Crossref link
Skehan, P., & Foster, P.
(1997) Task type and task processing conditions as influences on foreign language performance. Language Teaching Research, 1, 185–211. Crossref link
Smith, B.
(2004) Computer-mediated negotiated interaction and lexical acquisition. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 26, 365–398. Crossref link
(2008) Methodological hurdles in capturing CMC data: The case of the missing self-repair. Language Learning and Technology, 12, 85–103.
Vermeer, A.
(2000) Coming to grips with lexical richness in spontaneous speech data. Language Testing, 17, 65–83. Crossref link
Warschauer, M.
(1996) Comparing face-to-face and electronic communication in the second language classroom. CALICO Journal, 13, 7–25.
(1997) Computer-mediated collaborative learning: Theory and practice. Modern Language Journal, 81, 470–481. Crossref link
Yang, Y.C., Newby, T.J., & Bill, R.L.
(2005) Using Socratic questioning to promote critical thinking skills through asynchronous discussion forums in distance learning environments. The American Journal of Distance Education, 19, 163–181. Crossref link
Young, R.
(1995) Conversational styles in language proficiency interviews. Language Learning, 45, 3–42. Crossref link
Yuan, F., & Ellis, R.
(2003) The effects of pre-task planning and online planning on fluency, complexity and accuracy in L2 oral production. Applied Linguistics, 24, 1–27. Crossref link
Zimmerman, R.
(2000) L2 writing: Subprocesses, a model of formulating and empirical findings. Learning and Instruction, 10, 73–99. Crossref link
Cited by

Cited by other publications

Amiryousefi, Mohammad
2017. The differential effects of collaborative vs. individual prewriting planning on computer-mediated L2 writing: transferability of task-based linguistic skills in focus. Computer Assisted Language Learning 30:8  pp. 766 ff. Crossref logo
Zhang, Lawrence Jun
2018.  In Metacognition in Language Learning and Teaching,  pp. 157 ff. Crossref logo
Çiftçi, Hatime & Erhan Aslan
2019. Computer-Mediated Communication in the L2 Writing Process. International Journal of Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Teaching 9:2  pp. 19 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 21 february 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.