In search of directionality effectsin the translation processand in the end product
This article tackles directionality as one of the most contentious issues in translation studies, still without solid empirical footing. The research presented here shows that, to understand directionality effects on the process of translation and its end product, performance in L2 → L1 and L1 → L2 translation needs to be compared in a specific setting in which more factors than directionality are considered—especially text type. For 26 professional translators who participated in an experimental study, L1 → L2 translation did not take significantly more time than L2 → L1 translation and the end products of both needed improvement from proofreaders who are native speakers of the target language. A close analysis of corrections made by the proofreaders shows that different aspects of translation quality are affected by directionality. A case study of two translators who produced high quality L1 → L2 translations reveals that their performance was affected more by text type than by directionality.
Keywords: directionality, L2 translation, TPR, quality assessment, proofreader’s comments, Polish-English language pair
Available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC) 4.0 license.
For any use beyond this license, please contact the publisher at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Published online: 07 March 2019
Beeby Lonsdale, Allison
Buchweitz, Augusto, and Fabio Alves
Chang, Chia-chien, and Diane L. Schallert
Daems, Joke, Lieve Macken, and Sonia Vandepitte
da Silva, Igor A., Fabio Alves, Marcia Schmaltz, Adriana Pagano, Derek Wong, Lidia Chao, Ana L. Leal, Paulo Quaresma, Caio Garcia, and Gabriel E. da Silva
Ferreira, Aline, and John Schwieter
Ferreira, Aline, John W. Schwieter, Alexandra Gottardo, and Jefferey Jones
Ferreira, Aline, Alexandra Gottardo, and John W. Schwieter
Fonseca, Norma B.
Koby, Geoffrey S., Paul Fields, Daryl Hague, Arle Lommel, and Alan Melby
Krings, Hans P.
Martínez Mateo, Roberto
Mellinger, Christopher D., and Thomas A. Hanson
Pavlović, Natasa, and Kristian T. H. Jensen
Rodríguez Inés, Patricia
Talaván Zanón, Noa, and Pilar Rodríguez Arancón
Tommola, Jorma, and Marketta Helvä
Traxler, Matthew J.
Whyatt, Bogusława, and Tomasz Kosciuczuk