Iranian Political Satirists
Experience and motivation in the contemporary era
This volume surveys political satire as a journalistic genre in Iran since the latter days of the Qajar dynasty to the present, thus spanning one century and more. It is an important resource, but it also provides an analysis. Moreover, this volume is a rare effort to answer a question that looks simple but is very complicated: “Why would someone produce satire, knowing that this act might be followed by dangerous consequences?”, and to find out what motivates political satirists. For this aim, nine prominent political satirists have been interviewed: writers and cartoonists, men and women, those who live abroad and those who still live in Iran. The author analyses this data in relation to, among other things, the main theories of humor to provide a descriptive report for each satirist’s motivations as well as the strength of each motivational element in a general comparative context.
[Topics in Humor Research, 5] 2017. x, 213 pp.
Publishing status: Available
© John Benjamins
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction: The book, the topic and the author
Chapter 2. Tradition and inheritance: Humor and satire in classical Persian literature
Chapter 3. Modern experience: Political satire in contemporary Iranian media
Chapter 4. Theoretical approaches to humor and satire
Chapter 5. A conceptual and theoretical framework
Chapter 6. Exploring the data: Methodology and process
Chapter 7. Arriving at insights: Findings from research
Chapter 8. Drawing conclusions
Epilogue. Notes and comments on the study
“Dr. Farjami, a talented self-exiled Iranian satirist, has written an interesting and revealing book on the problems that contemporary political satirists face in Iran, and analyzed their motivations in choosing to be the wayfarers on this dangerous road. Apart from surveying a millennia of Persian satire and analyzing the writings of some Iranian satirists in the light of modern theories of satire, he based his research on interviews with nine satirists, of which only four live in Iran. These interviews are extremely interesting and they shed light on the universal fight of satirist in his or her battle for social justice.”
Hasan Javadi, author of Satire in Persian Literature
“Revealing the rich world and traditions of satire in Iranian culture, this book speaks equally to students of satire, politics and humour. It examines the cutting-edge world of contemporary Iranian satire in full and fascinating detail. At the same time, it illuminates the unbroken links in the “tanz” tradition that reaches back to an antiquity largely unknown to the Western world. This invaluable study by a scholar who practises what he studies frames the authentic voices of his fellow practising satirists with the theoretical and analytical approaches developed by humour studies. An excellent contribution to an important book-series.”
Jessica Milner Davis, University of Sydney
Annis, A. D.
Bagley, W. C.
Bal, A. S., Campbell, C. L., Payne, N. J., & Pitt, L.
Baumgartner, J., & Morris, J. S.
(2006a, May 23). Bazdasht-e Tarrah-e Karikator-e Janjali Va Toqif-E Rouzname-Ye Iran [Detaining the Cartoonist Who Drew the Controversial Caricature and the Banning of Iran Newspaper] Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/persian/iran/story/2006/05/060523_mf_cartoon.shtml
(2006b, May 28). Doshmanan’ Amel-e Taharrokat-e Qowmi-ye Akhir-e Manateq-e Tork Neshin-e Iran [‘Enemies’ Directed Recent Ethnic Unrest in the Turk Regions of Iran]. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/persian/iran/story/2006/05/060528_v-khamen-ethnic-issues.shtml
(2006c, July 4). Panj Sal Mahroumiat Az Hoghough-e Ejtemaee Baray-e Rooznameh Negar-e Tamaddon-E Hormozgan [Five Years Deprivation of Social Rights for the Journalist of Tamaddon-E Hormozgan]. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/persian/iran/story/2006/07/060704_mf_afroutan.shtml
(2006d, August 27). Modir-e Mas’ul-e Ruzname-ye Iran Bigonah Shenakhteh Shod [Managind Editor of Iran Newspaper Was Acquitted]. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/persian/iran/story/2006/08/060827_mf_iran_jury.shtml
(2012, September 26). Rouzname-ye Shargh Towghis Shod [Shargh Newspaper Was Closed Down]. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/persian/iran/2012/09/120926_l45_shargh_cartoon.shtml
Berlyne, D. E.
Boyatzis, R. E.
Bremmer, J., & Roodenburg, H.
Brewer, P. R., & Marquardt, E.
Browne, E. G.
Carl, L. M.
Chapel, G. W.
Condren, C., Milner Davis, J., McCausland, S., & Phiddian, R.
Cornelius, R. R.
(2009) Iran is world’s top jailer of journalists. Retrieved from http://www.cpj.org/2009/07/iran-is-worlds-top-jailer-of-journalists.php
(2010) With 47 journalists in jail, Iran sets notorious records. Retrieved from http://cpj.org/2010/02/with-47-journalists-in-jail-iran-sets-notorious-re.php
Crittenden, V. L., Hopkins, L. M., & Simmons, J.
de Burgh, H.
de Zúñiga, H. G., Lewis, S. C., Willard, A., Valenzuela, S., Lee, J. K., & Baresch, B.
Deuze, M., Bruns, A., & Neuberger, C.
Domingo, D., Quandt, T., Heinonen, A., Paulussen, S., Singer, J. B., & Vujnovic, M.
(2008) Shahan va Divanegan-e Attar [Attar’s Kings and Fools]. Gol Agha Yearbook, 17. Retrieved from http://golagha.ir/news/?ty=3&id=1435
El Refaie, E.
Elliottt, R. C.
(2011) Satire. In Britannica Encyclopedia, Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/524958/satire
Farjami, M., & Heidari, H.
Farwell, B., & Henning, R.
Fischer, M. M.
(2010) Freedom of the Press 2009 Survey. Retrieved from http://www.freedomhouse.org/uploads/fop/2009/FreedomofthePress2009_tables.pdf
Fry, W. F.
Garfield, B. Interviewer & Hosseini, K.
(Interviewee) (2011) Political Satire Iranian-American Style [Interview transcript]. Retrieved from http://www.onthemedia.org/2011/jan/14/political-satire-iranian-american-style/transcript/
Gruner, C. R.
(1971) An experimental study of ad hominem editorial satire: Art Hoppe vs. Martha Mitchell. Paper presented at the Speech Communication Association convention, San Francisco.
(1992) Satire as Persuasion. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association, Chicago.
Haig, R. A.
n.d.). In Dehkhoda Online Dictionary. Retrieved from http://www.loghatnaameh.org/dehkhodaworddetail-f56b0744eea7492fb0adb424fb18d6e6-fa.html
Halabi, A. A.
Harris, W. H., & Levey, J. S.
Holbert, R. L., Hmielowski, J., Jain, P., Lather, J., & Morey, A.
Hsieh, H. F., & Shannon, S. E.
Huong, N. L.
Karami, M. H., Riahi Zamin, Z., & Dehghanian, J.
(2011) Liberty and Licence in Persian Literature, 1900–1925. Paper presented at the Imagining Modernity, Leiden.
Kazarian, S. S.
(2000) Matn-e Kamel-e Bayanat-e Maqam-e Moazzam-e Rahbari Dar Didar Ba Javanan Dar Mosalla-ye Bozorg-e Tehran [The Full Text of the Supreme Leader’ Speech in Meeting with Youth in the Great Musalla of Tehran]. Retrieved from http://www.leader.ir/langs/fa/index.php?p=bayanat&id=1897
Khiabany, G. & Sreberny, A.
Knox, R. A.
(2010) Humour. The Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/276309/humour
Foundation (2012) Newsletter Autumn 2012. Retrieved from http://kofiannanfoundation.org/newsletter-issue/autumn-2012
Kord Chagini, F.
LaMarre, H. L., Landreville, K. D., & Beam, M. A.
Levasseur, D. G., & Dean, K. W.
Liamputtong, P., & Ezzy, D.
Littlejohn, S. W., & Foss, K. A.
Lynch, O. H.
Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S.
(1995b) “Pleasant Stories in An Easy Style": Gladwin ‘S Persian Grammar As An Intermediary Between Classical And Popular Literature. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the Second European Conference of Iranian Studies, Bamberg.
(2014) Talebuf, Abd-Al Rahim. In Encyclopaedia Iranica. Retrieved from http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/talebuf
(2000) Qualitative content analysis. Retrieved from http://188.8.131.52/fqs-texte/2-00/2-00mayring-e.pdf
McKechnie, J. L.
Merriam, S. B.
(1998) Humor as communication’s unifying and dividing tool. Paper presented at the Southern States Communication Association Annual Convention, Texas.
Minorsky, V. E.
Mohsenian Rad, M.
Moore, M. P.
Moradi Taemeh, N.
Motamed-Nejad, K., & Badii, N.
(2004, April 30). Kiumars Saberi (Gol Agha) Be Revayat-e Ebrahim Nabavi [Kiumars Saberi (Gol Agha) in Ebrahim Nabavi’s words]. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/persian/arts/story/2004/04/040430_pm-nabavi_saberi.shtml
(2007) Women Without Men. Roozonline. Retrieved from http://www.roozonline.com/english/news3/newsitem/article/women-without-men.html
Nabavi, E., & Abedini, R.
Najjar, O. A.
Nilsen, A. P., & Nilsen, D. L. F.
Nilsen, D. L. F.
Norrick, N. R.
Paletz, D. L.
Pedersen, C. V.
Persian Deutsche Welle
(2009, August 6). Polomb-e Anjoman-e Senfi-ye Rooznameh Negaran Dar Rooz-e Tahlif-e Ahmadinezhad [Journalists Association was Sealed off on the day of Ahmadinezhad’s inauguration]. Retrieved from http://www.dw.com/fa-ir/a-4546152-1
Pokorny, G. F., & Gruner, C. R.
Reporters Without Borders
(2003) Iran Annual Report 2002. Retrieved from http://en.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=1438
(2010) Overview of Reporters Without Borders financial aid to journalists and media in danger in 2009. Retrieved from http://en.rsf.org/overview-of-reporters-without-22-04-2010,37122.html
(2010) World Press Freedom Index 2009 – The rankings. Retrieved from http://en.rsf.org/IMG/pdf/classement_en.pdf
Robinson, K. E.
(2012) I Forgot I Was Black: A Qualitative Content Analysis of Parody Used In The Daily Show And Its Contribution To The Public Sphere (Master thesis). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10211.9/1696
Roeckelein, J. E.
(2006, November 22). Majaraye Ostad Temsah [the Story of Professor Crocodile]. Retrieved from http://www.roozonline.com/persian/opinion/opinion-article/archive/2006/november/22/article/-3807acb111.html
Rosenheim, E. W., Jr.
1963 Swift and The Satirist’s Art Chicago University of Chicago Press
Rossman, G. B., & Rallis, S. F.
2003 Learning in the field: An introduction to qualitative research 2nd ed. Tousand Oaks, CA Sage
Sadr Hashemi, M.
(2008) Tanz Dat Kam [Satire Dot Com]. Retrieved from bbgoal.com/tanzeweblogi.pdf
Schwarz, N., Bless, H., & Bohner, G.
(2011, November 19). Rostam al-Tavarikh va Besharat-e Zohur [Rostam al-Tavarikh and Annunciation of Appearance]. Retrieved from http://www.shahbazi.org/pages/Rustam_Al_Tavarikh_Babism.htm
Sharifi, S., & Keramati Yazdi, S.
Shultz, T. R.
Smith, C. P.
Sokhan, F. M.
(2005, December 3). Mobarezeh Ba Aids Ra Alani Konim: Chegooneh Dar Moghabel-e Aids-e Hokumati Masoon Shavim? [Let’s Make the Campaign against Aids Public: How Do to We Become Immune from State Aids?]. Gooya News, Retrieved from http://mag.gooya.com/politics/archives/040405.php
Statistical Center of Iran
t Hart, M.
Yahaqqi, M. J.
(2002) Habib Esfahani. In Encyclopaedia Iranica. Retrieved from http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/habib-esfahani
Young, D. G.
Zargar Nejad, G. H.
Cited by 2 other publications
Declercq, Dieter & Chihab El Khachab
Lichtenstein, Dennis, Cordula Nitsch & Anna J. M. Wagner
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 13 september 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.
Subjects & Metadata
BIC Subject: CFG – Semantics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General