Edited by Rik van Gijn, Jeremy Hammond, Dejan Matić, Saskia van Putten and Ana Vilacy Galucio
[Typological Studies in Language 105] 2014
► pp. 341–372
The multiple coreference systems in the Ese Ejja subordinate clauses
In Ese Ejja, an ergative Takanan language spoken in Peru and Bolivia, four subordinators with three allomorphs each mark referential congruence or incongruence vis-à-vis their matrix clause. While same-subject/different-subject systems in subordinate clauses are well attested crosslinguistically, this language also makes further, less usual, distinctions. On the one hand, it displays two distinct tripartite systems rather than a (mere) binary one. On the other hand, these systems display alignment features that differ from the straightforward ergative alignment found in main clauses. Interestingly, highly elaborated switch reference systems including a similar subject-object coreferentiality have been reported for a number of Panoan languages with which the five Takanan languages are claimed to be related. Keywords: Ese Ejja; switch-reference; argument alignment; grammaticalization; subordination
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