Article published in:Valence Changes in Zapotec: Synchrony, diachrony, typology
Edited by Natalie Operstein and Aaron Huey Sonnenschein
[Typological Studies in Language 110] 2015
► pp. 55–78
Chapter 4. Valence alternations in the Tlacolula Valley Zapotec lexicon
This paper analyzes the formal alternations in a database of more than 150 pairs of verbs from Tlacolula Valley Zapotec (TVZ) that exhibit explicit valence alternations of several types (most commonly intransitive/ transitive, reflecting non-causative/causative or passive/active alternations) or that show the same morphological alternations as valence-alternating pairs. I consider how these verbs reflect proposed sources for such alternations in Proto-Zapotec. On the basis of these data, I conclude that such alternations are not productive in the synchronic grammar of TVZ: the very existence of a second member of a verb pair is not predictable, and the particular form it will take, or its meaning, is similarly unexpected.
Published online: 16 December 2015
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