Article published in:Valence Changes in Zapotec: Synchrony, diachrony, typology
Edited by Natalie Operstein and Aaron Huey Sonnenschein
[Typological Studies in Language 110] 2015
► pp. 237–280
Chapter 12. Causative morphology in Macuiltianguis Zapotec
Kaufman (1994–2007) reconstructs three different protoZapotec causative morphemes: *(s)se, *o, and *k. Reflexes of all three are found in the modern Northern Zapotec language of Macuiltianguis Zapotec (MacZ). However, in MacZ they are not all valency increasing morphemes associated with causative semantics as evidenced by the fact that they cooccur on verbs marking only a single causative event. In this paper, we argue that in MacZ, only d(i), the reflex of *(s)se, bears causative semantics. The *o reflex is associated with agentive subjects, but not necessarily causativity, while *k’s association with causatives may have derived from protoZapotec *k(i), a potential aspect prefix.
Published online: 16 December 2015
Bartholomew, Doris A.
Bresnan, Joan & Kanerva, Jonni M.
Broadwell, George A. & Zhang, Jie
1998 Macuiltianguis tone paradigms. Ms, SUNY Albany.
Broadwell, George A., Foreman, John & Bickmore, Lee S.
2009 Floating H tones and the tonology of Macuiltianguis Zapotec. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of The Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas, San Francisco, CA, January 2009.
2012 The internal diversification and subgrouping of Chatino. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas, Portland, OR, January 2012.
Fillmore, Charles J.
Foley, William A. & van Valin, Robert D.
2006 The Morphosyntax of Subjects in Macuiltianguis Zapotec. PhD dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles.
2007 Do children still speak Macuiltianguis Zapotec? Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas, Anaheim, CA, January 2007.
Foreman, John & Munro, Pamela
2006 Reconstructing a typologically marked strategy for Zapotec relative clauses. In Proceedings of the Sixth Annual High Desert Linguistic Society Conference, Susan Buescher, Keri Holley, Evan Ashworth, Clay Beckner & Christopher Shank (eds), 141‑153. Albuquerque NM: High Desert Linguistics Society.
Foreman, John & Dooley, Sheila
2012 Back and again in Zapotec. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Association of the Southwest, Ft. Wayne, IN, October 2012.
García García, Angel, et al.
INEGI (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía)
2013 México en cifras. http://www.inegi.org.mx
INEGI (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Infromática)
1994‑2007 Proto‑Zapotec reconstructions. Ms, University of Pittsburgh.
Lewis, M. Paul, Simons, Gary F. & Fennig, Charles D.
(eds) 2015 Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 18th edn. Dallas TX: SIL International. http://www.ethnologue.com/
Nellis, Neil & Nellis, Jane Goodner de
2012 Typology and diachrony: On the origin of the Zapotec causative prefix *k‑ . Paper presented at the UCLA American Indian Seminar, January.
Smith‑Stark, Thomas C.
2007 Algunas isoglosas zapotecas. In Clasificación de las Lenguas Indígenas de México. Memorias del III Coloquio Internacional de Lingüística Mauricio Swadesh, Cristina Buenrostro, Samuel Herrera Castro, Yolanda Lastra, Juan José Rendón, Otto Schumann, Leopoldo Valiñas & María Aydeé Vargas Monroy (eds), 69-133. México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México & Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indígenas.