Article published in:Noun-Modifying Clause Constructions in Languages of Eurasia: Rethinking theoretical and geographical boundaries
Edited by Yoshiko Matsumoto, Bernard Comrie and Peter Sells
[Typological Studies in Language 116] 2017
► pp. 203–250
Noun-modifying clause constructions in Ainu
The Ainu (Southern Hokkaido) relative clause construction is built on the model of the nominal attributive construction, while the noun-complement construction is based on that of the nominal possessive construction in which the head is marked with a possessive suffix. Also, relative and noun-complement clauses behave differently with regard to island violation constraints: only the latter allow such violations. However, there is a small number of noun-complement clauses without possessive marking on the perception/relational head noun, which makes them look like relative clauses; these are the so-called emergent GNMCCs. I suggest that these head nouns appear in non-possessive form in order to dissociate themselves from the few homonymous possessive heads which are grammaticalized as modal/evidential markers in the relevant constructions.
Keywords: Ainu language, relative clause construction, nominal attributive construction, noun-complement construction, nominal possessive construction, emergent GNMCC
Published online: 28 February 2017
K Nakagawa, Hiroshi, Bugaeva, Anna & Kobayashi, Miki 2016 A Glossed Audio Corpus of Ainu Folklore (English HP) NINJAL. http://ainucorpus.ninjal.ac.jp/en/
KS Bugaeva, Anna, Endō, Shiho & Akasegawa, Shirō 2015 A Topical Dictionary of Conversational Ainu (English HP) NINJAL. http://ainutopic.ninjal.ac.jp/en/
ST Satō, Tomomi 2011 Ainugo chitose hōgen ni okeru suyryō no jodōshi nankor no imi ni tsuite (A semantic analysis of a modal auxiliary verb nankor in the Chitose dialect of Ainu). Hokkaido-ritsu ainu minzoku bunka kenkyū sentā kenkyū kiyō 17: 1–18. Sapporo: Hokkaido-ritsu ainu minzoku bunka kenkyū sentā.
ST3 Satō, Tomomi 1998 Ningen no kigen o monogataru Penanpe to Pananpe no mukashibanashi (A story of Penanpe to Pananpe who told about the origins of humans). In Ainu minzoku bunkazai chōsa hōkokusho 18, Hitoshi Watanabe, Minoru Ōshima, Hideo Kirikae & Tomomi Satō (eds), 120–130. Sapporo: Hokkaidō kyōiku iinkai.
1996 The unity of noun modifying clauses in Asian languages. In Pan-Asiatic Linguistics: Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Languages and Linguistics, January 8–10, Vol. 3, 1077–1088. Salaya, Thailand: Institute of Language, and Culture for Rural Development, Mahidol University at Salaya.
Keenan, Edward L. & Comrie, Bernard