Chapter published in:Uralic Essive and the Expression of Impermanent State
Edited by Casper de Groot
[Typological Studies in Language 119] 2017
► pp. 29–56
The essive in Finnish
This chapter presents an empirical study of the distribution of a marker referred to as the ‘essive’ in Finnish. The description of the properties of this marker follows the linguistic questionnaire that captures the contexts in which essive and/or translative markers may occur in the Uralic languages. The study specifically investigates the opposition between permanent and impermanent state in non-verbal predications. The linguistic domains involved are non-verbal main predication, secondary predication, complementation, and manner, temporal, and circumstantial adverbial phrases. The use of the marker in the essive sense (associated with state) is contrasted with its use in expressing the translative sense (associated with change). Finally, the syntactic position of elements marked by this form is discussed in relation to the position of focus constituents.
Keywords: Finnish, depictive, essive case, impermanent state, non-verbal predication, individual-level predicate, stage-level predicate, focus
Published online: 30 November 2017
Hakulinen, Auli & Karlsson, Fred
Hakulinen, Auli, Vilkuna, Maria, Korhonen, Riitta, Koivisto, Vesa, Heinonen, Tarja Riitta & Alho, Irja
Huumo, Tuomas & Ojutkangas, Krista
2016 Suomen essiivi (Finnish essive). Annales Universitatis Turkuensis C 425. Turku: University of Turku. http://www.doria.fi/handle/10024/124790
2008: Depictive secondary predicates in Finnish. In Secondary Predicates in Eastern European Languages and Beyond, Christoph Schroeder, Gerd Hentschel & Winfried Boeder (eds), 167–188. Oldenburg: BIS-Verlag. http://d-nb.info/995792097/34/
Schultze-Berndt, Eva F. & Himmelmann, Nikolaus P.