Chapter published in:Typological Hierarchies in Synchrony and Diachrony
Edited by Sonia Cristofaro and Fernando Zúñiga
[Typological Studies in Language 121] 2018
► pp. 217–256
From ergative case-marking to hierarchical agreement
A reconstruction of the argument-marking system of Reyesano (Takanan, Bolivia)
This paper reconstructs the history of a set of innovated 1st and 2nd person verbal prefixes in Reyesano which manifest the phenomenon of ‘hierarchical agreement’ in transitive clauses, according to a 2>1>3 hierarchy. I argue that these prefixes come from independent ergative-absolutive pronouns which first became case-neutral enclitics in 2nd position in main clauses and then verb prefixes. And I show that the hierarchical effects that the prefixes manifest in synchrony have nothing to do with the working of a hierarchy during the grammaticalization process. In doing so, the paper contributes to the growing body of diachronic evidence against the idea that the person hierarchy is a universal of human language reflecting a more general principal of human cognition.
Published online: 26 July 2018
Camp, Elizabeth L. & Liccardi, Millicent R.
Córdoba, Lorena, Valenzuela, Pilar M. & Villar, Diego
2002 Why speakers shift and languages die: An account of language death in amazonian Bolivia. In Current Studies on South American Languages [Indigenous Languages of Latin America 3], Mily Crevels, Simon van de Kerke, Sérgio Meira & Hein van der Voort (eds), Leiden: Research School of Asian, African, and Amerindian Studies (CNWS).
Crevels, Mily & Muysken, Pieter
Gildea, Spike & Zúñiga, Fernando
Gildea, Spike & Jansen, Joana
2014 The decay of ergativity in Tacana (Tacanan family, Amazonian Bolivia): A preliminary descriptive and comparative study. Paper presented at the 6th conference Syntax of the World’s Languages, Pavia, Italy.
2015a Second position pronominal clitics in Takanan languages: Descriptive and comparative-historical perspectives. Paper presented at the Workshop “Clitics: Areal and Genealogical Perspectives”, 48th Annual Meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea, Leiden University Centre for Linguistics, Leiden.
2015b Reconstructing the history of a counter-universal pattern of split ergativity in Tacana. Paper presented at the International workshop “Transalpine Typology Meeting” (TTM6), 8–9 October, Laboratoire DDL, CNRS & Université Lumière Lyon 2.
2015c Reconstructing the history of ergative marking and alignment change in core argument pronouns and NPs in Takanan languages (Amazonian Bolivia & Peru). Paper presented at the 22nd International Conference on Historical Linguistics, 27–31 July, Naples, Italy.
2015d Maintenance, loss, and renewal of ergative marking in core argument pronouns in Takanan languages (Amazonian Bolivia & Peru). Paper presented at the International workshop on “Diachronic Morphosyntax in South American Languages” (DiaSAL) Collegium de Lyon & ASLAN, 28–30 May, Laboratoire DDL, CNRS & Université Lumière Lyon 2.
van de Kerke, Simon
Ott, Willis & Burke de Ott, Rebecca
de Ribera, Lazaro
Spencer, Andrew & Luís, Ana R.
Tavo Mayo, Victor
Cited by other publications
Gildea, Spike & Joana Jansen
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