Chapter published in:Argument Selectors: A new perspective on grammatical relations
Edited by Alena Witzlack-Makarevich and Balthasar Bickel
[Typological Studies in Language 123] 2019
► pp. 69–106
Grammatical relations in Sanzhi Dargwa
This chapter analyses grammatical roles in Sanzhi Dargwa, a Nakh-Daghestanian language spoken in central Daghestan (Russian Federation). It also provides an overview on argumenthood and valency patterns. Sanzhi Dargwa combines head marking and dependent marking. It has a rich case inventory and two independently operating agreement systems: gender/number agreement and person agreement. Sanzhi has ergative alignment at the morphological level, namely in the gender/number agreement and the case marking. Outside the realm of morphology there are almost no indications for ergativity. Instead, accusative alignment, neutral alignment and no alignment are found. Person agreement and reflexivization/reciprocalization are neutral. In contrast, relativization largely depends on a suitable context and does not make use of grammatical roles at all.
Published online: 05 March 2019
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Ganenkov, Dimitry, Maisak, Timur & Merdanova, Solmaz
In Press. Gender agreement alternation in Aqusha Dargwa: A case against information structure. Studies in Language.
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Cited by 3 other publications
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