Chapter published in:Diverse Scenarios of Syntactic Complexity
Edited by Albert Álvarez González, Zarina Estrada-Fernández and Claudine Chamoreau
[Typological Studies in Language 126] 2019
► pp. 13–26
Switch-reference in Kobon and Haruai
Areal influences within Highland New Guinea
Kobon and Haruai are two neighboring unrelated Papuan languages with similar syntactic typology. Within the overall space of cross-linguistic variation, their switch-reference systems are remarkably similar, though not identical, for instance strictly tracking the referent of the grammatical subject. Kobon uses same-subject marking when the referent of the controller is properly included in that of the target, and also in the inverse configuration when both noun phrases are of the same grammatical person; different-subject marking is only used when the referent of the target is properly included in that of the controller and the two noun phrases are of different persons. Haruai has essentially the same system, but allows more variation to express subjective assessment of degrees of coreferentiality.
Keywords: switch-reference, Papuan languages, experiencer construction, overlapping reference, language contact
Published online: 04 July 2019
Bhatia, Kuldeep, Carol Jenkins, , Prasad Madhuri, George Koki & Julie Lomange
Jenkins, Carol L.
Reesink, Ger P.