Article published in:Creoles, their Substrates, and Language Typology
Edited by Claire Lefebvre
[Typological Studies in Language 95] 2011
► pp. 271–287
Tone in Singlish
Substrate features from Sinitic and Malay
This paper focuses on aspects of tone in Singlish, the (mesolectal/basilectal) variety of English spoken in Singapore, which take up the claim of tone being a marked feature in contact varieties. While the source of tonal properties may well be the dominant Sinitic substrates, the actual patterning, at both word and phrase level, would appear to actually be a consequence of prosodic patterns found in another, non-tone language substrate, Bazaar/Baba Malay. Such observations support the notion of the founder population in the ecology paradigm: This paper suggests that, as the early English speakers in Singapore, the Peranakans, with Baba Malay as their vernacular, may well have been the community of speakers whose influence on Singlish has been most significant and persistent.
Keywords: Baba Malay, Bazaar Malay, Cantonese, Hokkien, Singapore English, Singlish, tone
Published online: 17 February 2011
Cited by 4 other publications
Goh, Robbie B. H.
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