Language Learners Learning Independently
How Autonomous are they?
Independent language learning is an essential complement to classroom-based learning, both for reasons of efficiency in learning and as a means to develop learner autonomy. In an effort to encourage out-of-class learning, many institutions in the last ten years have established language resource centres where learners are encouraged to learn independently. This article reports on an investigation of the perceptions and practices of a group of learners enrolled in an intensive English course in relation to their out-of-class language learning. The investigation included an evaluation of the self-access resources in terms of their efficiency and effectiveness as welll as an investigation of learners' understanding of the concepts involved in independent learning. It was found that learners hold positive attitudes towards independent learning, and a number of factors contributing to these perceptions were identified. However, it was also found that these attitudes were based on a rather shallow awareness of what independent learning entails.
Published online: 24 March 2014
Cited by 4 other publications
Alzahrani, Sahar Matar
Moussalli, Souheila & Walcir Cardoso
Reinders, Hayo, Penny Hacker & Marilyn Lewis
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