Article published in:Grammatical Relations and their Non-Canonical Encoding in Baltic
Edited by Axel Holvoet and Nicole Nau
[Valency, Argument Realization and Grammatical Relations in Baltic 1] 2014
► pp. 207–255
Differential object marking in Latgalian
This article discusses variation in object marking in Latgalian, based on sources where this phenomenon is most pronounced. Differential object marking in Latgalian consists in the choice of the genitive instead of the accusative for objects of transitive verbs. Genitive marking regularly appears in negated clauses and in constructions with the supine. It is optionally used in clauses that portray a situation as unreal, unlikely, or undesired from the point of view of the speaker. Apart from these clause-related factors, genitive marking is common though less regular with mass nouns and count nouns in the plural in descriptions of single events, while for habitually occurring events the accusative is used. The use of the partitive genitive is increasingly coupled with prefixing of the verb. A further type is the use of the genitive with cumulative verbs. There is also a small group of non-derived verbs that select the genitive. Those that have a nominative subject tend to become transitive verbs in modern written Latgalian.
Published online: 16 May 2014
Ādama stāsts. Mazsalaciešu dzīve, ieradumi un tikumi Ā. Purmaļa autobiogrāfijā 19. un 20. gs. mijā
IS = texts from Ilze Sperga’s blog at
Kur sauleitei sāta , short story by Ilze Sperga published 2008 on her former web-site at http://saprge.wordpress.com
Marabeju kolns , short story by Ilze Sperga, published 2011 on her web-site at http://www.naktineica.lv/?p=5490.
Miljons-1.0 = corpus of contemporary Latvian, 1 million words
. Access through www.korpuss.lv. [accessed in August 2013]
Miljons-2.0 = corpus of contemporary Latvian, 3.5 million words
. Access through www.korpuss.lv. [accessed April-August 2013]]
MuLa-1.0 = corpus of contemporary written Latgalian, 1 million words
. Access through www.korpuss.lv. [accessed April-August 2013]
UP = Ulanowska, Stefania
VL = texts written by Valentins Lukaševičs
published in a Latvian newspaper ( Latvijas Avīze ) and on the Internet, available at the portal www.lakuga.lv.
Bukšs, Miķelis & Placinskis, Jurs
Hopper, Paul J. & Thompson, Sandra A.
Malchukov, Andrej L.
2012ms A typological perspective to differential object marking. Manuscript, version 24 Aug 2012 <http://people.uta.fi/∼kaius.sinnemaki/dom_web.pdf > (02 March 2013).
Cited by 3 other publications
Arkadiev, Peter M.
Holvoet, Axel & Nicole Nau
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