Grammatical Variation and Change in Jersey English

| University of Bamberg
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027249081 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027270528 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
Situated at the crossroads of dialectology, sociolinguistics and contact linguistics, this volume provides a first comprehensive description of the morphosyntactic inventory of the variety of English spoken on Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands. Based on a specially compiled corpus of spoken material containing both present-day sociolinguistic and archive data, it thereby reveals an intricate network of variation and change in this language-shift variety. The study adopts a cross-varietal approach for its analyses, which enables a first more systematic comparison between the Englishes spoken on Jersey, on its sister island Guernsey and beyond. In addition, it discusses the implications of identity aspects for language use in Jersey. The book will therefore be of major interest to any researcher or student working in the areas of language variation and change, language contact or dialectology and to those interested in sociolinguistic methodology and the relationships between language and identity.
[Varieties of English Around the World, G48]  2014.  xii, 237 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements
ix–x
List of maps, figures and tables
xi–xii
Chapter 1. Introduction
1–6
Chapter 2. Theoretical foundations
7–24
Chapter 3. Jersey English in context
25–42
Chapter 4. Methods and data
43–68
Chapter 5. Discourse marker eh
69–102
Chapter 6. Features of the Jersey English verb phrase
103–146
Chapter 7. Other grammatical features: An overview
147–180
Chapter 8. Standardization, levelling and identity in Jersey: A bird’s eye perspective
181–204
Chapter 9. Conclusion
205–212
References
213–228
Appendix 1. Written questionnaire
229–232
Appendix 2. Excerpt from a transcript
233–234
Index
235–???
“This is an excellent contribution to research in the field, a fine book that will definitely make its mark in the small body of literature on Channel Islands English. Scholars and students interested in the variety spoken on Jersey will be as interested in the book as researchers concerned with more general theoretical concerns of language contact, dialectology, and variationist sociolinguistics.”
“Lamenting the demise of enclave dialects is a romantic indulgence. Instead, we should be thankful when linguists like Anna Rosen get to the enclaves at the transitional time and manage to leave a solid record of what it once was like as well as what it is becoming.”
“This book is a most welcome addition to the World Englishes literature. Rosen uses her succinct overview of the morphosyntactic characteristics of this variety (even though there is no description of phonetics and phonology or the lexicon, which is regrettable) to also discuss issues related to contact linguistics, variationist sociolinguistics and dialect typology. The volume is both documentation and application of sociolinguistic data to various fields of historical and synchronic linguistics — in other words, a wonderful demonstration how immensely valuable lesser-known varieties of English are, for dialectologists and sociolinguists alike.”
Cited by

Cited by other publications

No author info given
2014. PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED. English Language and Linguistics 18:3  pp. 599 ff. Crossref logo
Deshors, Sandra C., Sandra Götz & Samantha Laporte
2016. Linguistic innovations in EFL and ESL. International Journal of Learner Corpus Research 2:2  pp. 131 ff. Crossref logo
Rosen, Anna
2016. The fate of linguistic innovations. International Journal of Learner Corpus Research 2:2  pp. 302 ff. Crossref logo
Rosen, Anna
2019.  In Learner Corpora and Language Teaching [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 92],  pp. 219 ff. Crossref logo
Rupp, Laura & David Britain
2019.  In Linguistic Perspectives on a Variable English Morpheme,  pp. 237 ff. Crossref logo
Schreier, Daniel
2019.  In The Cambridge Handbook of World Englishes,  pp. 384 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 24 november 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

References

References

Andersen, R.W.
1990Models, processes, principles and strategies: Second language acquisition inside and outside the classroom. In Second Language Acquisition/Foreign Language Learning , B. VanPatten & J.F. Lee (eds), 45–66. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. Google Scholar
Anderwald, L.
2001Oral History material as a source for dialectological studies. http://​www2​.anglistik​.uni​-freiburg​.de​/institut​/lskortmann​/FRED​/oral​_history​_material​.htm (2 August 2010).
2002 Negation in Non-Standard British English. Gaps, Regularizations and Asymmetries . London: Routledge.Google Scholar
2009 The Morphology of English Dialects. Verb Formation in Non-Standard English . Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Anderwald, L. & Kortmann, B.
2002Typology and dialectology: A programmatic sketch. In Present-Day Dialectology. Problems and Findings , J. Berns & J. van Marle (eds), 159–171. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Auer, P.
2007Mobility, contact and accommodation. In The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics , C. Llamas, L. Mullany & P. Stockwell (eds), 109–115. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Avis, W.S.
1972So eh? is Canadian, eh? The Canadian Journal of Linguistics 17(2): 89–104.Google Scholar
Bagola, B.
2005 Eskimo vs Inuit Skunks vs. sconse vs. putois ferry vs. traversier web vs. toile. Englisch-französischer Sprachkontakt in Nordamerika und Europa. In Englisch und Romanisch. Romanistisches Kolloquium XVIII , W. Dahmen, G. Holtus, J. Kramer, M. Metzeltin, W. Schweickard & O. Winkelmann (eds), 219–244. Tübingen: Gunter Narr. Google Scholar
Bailey, G.
2004Real and apparent time. In The Handbook of Language Variation and Change , J.K. Chambers, P. Trudgill & N. Schilling-Estes (eds), 312–332. Malden MA: Blackwell. Google Scholar
Bailey, G. & Tillery, J.
2004Some sources of divergent data in sociolinguistics. In Sociolinguistic Variation. Critical Reflections , C. Fought (ed.), 11–30. Oxford: OUP. Google Scholar
Baker, P.
2010 Sociolinguistics and Corpus Linguistics . Edinburgh: EUP.Google Scholar
Barbé, P.
1993Exploring Variation in Guernsey English Syntax. PhD dissertation, University of London.Google Scholar
1995aGuernsey English: A syntax exile? English World-Wide 16(1): 1–36. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1995bGuernsey English: My mother tongue. Report and Transactions of La Société Guernesiaise 23(4): 700–723.Google Scholar
Bauer, L.
1994 Watching English Change. An Introduction to the Study of Linguistic Change in Standard Englishes in the Twentieth Century . London: Longman.Google Scholar
Beeching, K.
2004Pragmatic particles – polite but powerless? Tone-group terminal hein and quoi in contemporary spoken French. Multilingua 23: 61–84. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Biber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S. & Finegan, E.
1999 The Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English . London: Longman.Google Scholar
Birkelund, G.E., Goodman, L.A. & Rose, D.
1996The latent structure of job characteristics of men and women. American Journal of Sociology 102(1): 80–113. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Birt, P.
1985 Lé Jèrriais pour tous. A Complete Course on the Jersey Language . Jersey: Don Balleine.Google Scholar
Bortz, J. & Lienert, G.A.
2008 Kurzgefasste Statistik für die klinische Forschung. Leitfaden für die verteilungsfreie Analyse kleiner Stichproben . 3rd ed. Heidelberg: Springer Medizin Verlag. Google Scholar
Brasseur, P.
1980 Atlas linguistique et ethnographique normand . Paris: Editions du C.N.R.S.Google Scholar
Breivik, L.E.
1983 Existential There. A Synchronic and Diachronic Study . Bergen: Department of English, University of Bergen.Google Scholar
Breivik, L.E. & Martínez Insua, A.E.
2008Grammaticalization, subjectification and non-concord in English existential sentences. English Studies 89(3): 351–362. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Breivik, L.E. & Swan, T.
2000The desemanticisation of existentialthere in a synchronic-diachronic perspective. In Words: Structure, Meaning, Function. A Festschrift for Dieter Kastovsky , C. Dalton-Puffer & N. Ritt (eds), 19–34. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brinton, L.J.
1988 The Development of English Aspectual Systems. Aspectualizers and Post-Verbal Particles . Cambridge: CUP.Google Scholar
1996 Pragmatic Markers in English. Grammaticalization and Discourse Functions . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Britain, D.
2002Diffusion, levelling, simplification and reallocation in past tense BE in the English Fens. Journal of Sociolinguistics 6(1): 16–43. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Britain, D. & Sudbury, A.
2002There’s sheep and there’s penguins: convergence, ‘drift’ and ‘slant’ in New Zealand and Falkland Island English. In Language Change. The Interplay of Internal, External and Extra-Linguistic Factors , M.C. Jones & E. Esch (eds), 209–240. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bucholtz, M. & Hall, K.
2010Locating identity in language. In Language and Identities , C. Llamas & D. Watt (eds), 18–28. Edinburgh: EUP. Google Scholar
Buchstaller, I. & Darcy, A.
2009Localized globalization: a multi-local, multivariate investigation of quotative be like . Journal of Sociolinguistics 13(3): 291–331. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bybee, J. & Hopper, P.
. (eds) 2001 Frequency and the Emergence of Linguistic Structure [Typological Studies in Language 45]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Bybee, J., Perkins, R. & Pagliuca, W.
1994 The Evolution of Grammar. Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the Languages of the World . Chicago IL: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Canu, A.H.
1996 Histoire des Iles de la Manche . Rennes: La Découvrance.Google Scholar
Carré, A.L.
1972 English-Jersey Language Vocabulary . Jersey: Don Balleine.Google Scholar
Carruthers, J.
1999A problem in sociolinguistic methodology: Investigating a rare syntactic form. French Language Studies 9: 1–24. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chambers, J.K.
1995 Sociolinguistic Theory . Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
2004Dynamic typology and vernacular universals. In Dialectology Meets Typology: Dialect Grammar from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective , B. Kortmann (ed.), 127–145. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Cheshire, J.
1991Variation in the use of ain’t in an urban British English dialect. In Dialects of English. Studies in Grammatical Variation , P. Trudgill & J.K. Chambers (eds), 54–73. London: Longman. Google Scholar
1999Taming the vernacular: Some repercussions for the study of syntactic variation and spoken grammar. Cuadernos de Filología Inglesa 8: 59–80.Google Scholar
2003aSocial dimensions of syntactic variation. The case of when clauses. In Social Dialectology. In Honour of Peter Trudgill [Impact: Studies in Language and Society 16], D. Britain & J. Cheshire (eds), 245–261. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Google Scholar
2003bSociolinguistics. Overview. In International Encyclopedia of Linguistics , W.J. Frawley (ed.). Oxford: OUP. E-reference edn. http:www​.oxford​-linguistics​.com​/entry​?entry​=t202​.e0988​.s0001 (4 May 2009).Google Scholar
2009Syntactic variation and beyond. In The New Sociolinguistic Reader , N. Coupland & A. Jaworski (eds), 245–261. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Cheshire, J., Edwards, V. & Whittle, P.
1989Urban British dialect grammar: the question of dialect levelling. English World-Wide 10(2): 185–225. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1993Non-standard English and dialect levelling. In Real English. The Grammar of English Dialects in the British Isles , J. Milroy & L. Milroy (eds), 53–96. London: Longman. Google Scholar
Cheshire, J. & Milroy, J.
1993Syntactic variation in non-standard dialects: background issues. In Real English. The Grammar of English Dialects in the British Isles , J. Milroy & L. Milroy (eds), 3–33. London: Longman. Google Scholar
Cheshire, J. & Stein, D.
. (eds) 1997a Taming the Vernacular. From Dialect to Written Standard Language . London: Longman.Google Scholar
1997bThe syntax of spoken language. In Taming the Vernacular. From Dialect to Written Standard Language , J. Cheshire & D. Stein (eds), 1–12. London: Longman. Google Scholar
Coates, J.
2007Gender. In The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics , C. Llamas, L. Mullany & P. Stockwell (eds), 62–68. London: Routledge. Google Scholar
Coates, R.
1998A bibliography of Channel Islands French and the general linguistic situation in the islands to 1997 (provisional edn). Cognitive Science Research Paper 485. University of Sussex.Google Scholar
Columbus, G.
2010‘Nice day, eh?’: Canadian and New Zealand eh compared. In Proceedings of Methods XIII. Papers from the Thirteenth International Conference on Methods in Dialectology 2008 B. Heselwood & C. Upton (eds), 219–228. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
Coulmas, F.
. (ed) 1997 The Handbook of Sociolinguistics . Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
2005 Sociolinguistics: The Study of Speakers' Choices . Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Coupland, N.
2001Age in social and sociolinguistic theory. In Sociolinguistics and Social Theory , N. Coupland, S. Sarangi & C.N. Candlin (eds), 185–211. London: Pearson. Google Scholar
Coutanche, D.
1978L’île de Jersey: Ses liens avec la Normandie. MA dissertation, Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines de Caen.Google Scholar
Crawford, W.J.
2005Verb agreement and disagreement: a corpus investigation of concord variation in existential there + be constructions. Journal of English Linguistics 33(1): 35–61. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Crossan, R.-M.
2007 Guernsey , 1814–1914: Migration and Modernisation . Woodbridge: Boydell.Google Scholar
Dailey-O’Cain, J.
2000The sociolinguistic distribution of and attitudes toward focuser like and quotative like . Journal of Sociolinguistics 4(1): 60–80. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
De Fina, A., Schiffrin, D. & Bamberg, M.
. (eds) 2006 Discourse and Identity . Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
De Garis, M.
1982 Dictiounnaire Angllais-Guernesiais . Shopwyke Hall: Phillimore.Google Scholar
Demonet, M.-L.
2006 Eh/hé: l’oralité simulée à la renaissance . Langages 161: 57–72. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
De Vos, M.
2005 The Syntax of Verbal Pseudo-Coordination in English and Afrikaans . Utrecht: LOT.Google Scholar
Dicey, T.
1751 An Historical Account of Guernsey, from Its First Settlement before the Norman Conquest to the Present Time. To Which Is Added, Some Proper Remarks on Jersey, and the Other Islands Belonging to the Crown of Great Britain on the French Coast. Dedicated to the Right Hon. Sir John Ligonier . London. http://​galenet​.galegroup​.com​/servlet​/ECCO (4 July 2008).Google Scholar
Dictionnaithe Angliais-Jèrriais 2008 2 Vols. Jersey: Don Balleine.Google Scholar
Dorian, N.C.
1993Internally and externally motivated change in language contact settings: doubts about dichotomy. In Historical Linguistics. Problems and Perspectives , C. Jones (ed.), 131–155. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Dubois, S. & Horvath, B.M.
2000When the music changes, you change too: gender and language change in Cajun English. Language Variation and Change 11: 287–313.Google Scholar
2003Verbal morphology in Cajun Vernacular English: a comparison with other varieties of Southern English. Journal of English Linguistics 31(1): 34–59. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2008Cajun Vernacular English: phonology. In Varieties of English, 2: The Americas and the Caribbean , E. Schneider (ed.), 208–218. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Dubois, S. & Melançon, M.
1997Cajun is dead – Long live Cajun. Shifting from a linguistic to a cultural community. Journal of Sociolinguistics 1(1): 63–93. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Duszak, A.
. (ed) 2002 Us and Others. Social Identities across Languages, Discourses and Cultures [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 98], Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Dyer, J.
2007Language and identity. In The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics , C. Llamas, L. Mullany & P. Stockwell (eds), 101–108. London: Routledge. Google Scholar
Eckert, P.
2000 Linguistic Variation as Social Practice: The Linguistic Construction of Identity in Belten High . Malden MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
2004Variation and a sense of place. In Sociolinguistic Variation. Critical Reflections , C. Fought (ed.), 107–118. Oxford: OUP. Google Scholar
2009Ethnography and the study of variation. In The New Sociolinguistic Reader , N. Coupland & A. Jaworski (eds), 136–151. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Google Scholar
Edwards, J.
1985 Language, Society and Identity . Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
2009 Language and Identity. An Introduction . Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Edwards, V.
1993The grammar of southern British English. In Real English. The Grammar of English Dialects in the British Isles , J. Milroy & L. Milroy (eds), 214–238. London: Longman. Google Scholar
Edwards, W.F.
1992Sociolinguistic behavior in a Detroit inner-city black neighborhood. Language in Society 21: 93–115. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Enkvist, N.
1972Old English adverbial þa – an action marker. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 73: 90–96.Google Scholar
Escure, G.
2008Belize and other central American varieties: morphology and syntax. In Varieties of English, 2: The Americas and the Caribbean , E. Schneider (ed.), 732–762. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Google Scholar
Faarlund, J.T. & Trudgill, P.
1999Pseudo-coordination in English: The ‘try and’ problem. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 47(2): 210–213.Google Scholar
Falle, P.
1734 An Account of the Island of Jersey , 2nd edn. Jersey: Giffard.Google Scholar
Fasold, R. & Tagliamonte, S.
2003Language variation and change. In International Encyclopedia of Linguistics , W.J. Frawley (ed.). Oxford: OUP. E-reference edn. http://​www​.oxford​-linguistics​.com​/entry​?entry​=t202​.e0988​.s0004 (4 May 2009) Google Scholar
Fee, M.
2008French borrowing in Quebec English. Anglistik 19(2): 173–188.Google Scholar
Filppula, M., Klemola, J. & Paulasto, H.
. (eds) 2009a Vernacular Universals and Language Contacts. Evidence from Varieties of English and Beyond . New York NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
2009bDigging for roots: universals and contact in regional varieties of English. In Vernacular Universals and Language Contacts. Evidence from Varieties of English and Beyond , M. Filppula, J. Klemola & H. Paulasto (eds), 231–261. New York NY: Routledge. Google Scholar
Ford, D.
1989‘From Langlois to De Sousa’. A history of immigration into Jersey. Ms.
Fought, C.
. (ed) 2004 Sociolinguistic Variation. Critical Reflections . Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
Garrett, P.
2007Language attitudes. In The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics , C. Llamas, L. Mullany & P. Stockwell (eds), 116–121. London: Routledge. Google Scholar
Gass, S.M. & Selinker, L.
2001 Second Language Acquisition: An Introductory Course , 2nd edn. Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Giles, H.
2009The process of communication accommodation. In The New Sociolinguistic Reader , N. Coupland & A. Jaworski (eds), 276–286. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Google Scholar
Gold, E.
2005Canadian eh?: a survey of contemporary use. In Actes du Congrès annuel de l’Association canadienne de linguistique (ACL) 2004, M.-O. Junker, M. McGinnis & Y. Roberge (eds), 12 pages. http://​www​.eastcree​.org​/mojunker​/ACL​-CLA​/pdf​/Gold​-CLA​-2004​.pdf (20 October 2009).
2008Canadian eh? From eh to zed. Anglistik 19(2): 141–156.Google Scholar
Gold, E. & Tremblay, M.
2006 Eh? and hein?: Discourse particles or national icons? The Canadian Journal of Linguistics 51(2–3): 247–263. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Goldthorpe, J.H.
. (in collaboration with C. Llewellyn & C. Payne) 1980 Social Mobility and Class Structure in Modern Britain . Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
2000 On Sociology. Numbers, Narratives, and the Integration of Research and Theory . Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
González-Díaz, V.
2008 English Adjective Comparison. A Historical Perspective [Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 299]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Gries, S.T.
2008 Statistik für Sprachwissenschaftler . Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.Google Scholar
Gries, S.T. & Wulff, S.
2005Do foreign language learners also have constructions? Evidence from priming, sorting, and corpora. Annual Review of Cognitive Linguistics 3: 182–200. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Guernsey Annual Population Bulletin 2009Guernsey: States of Guernsey Policy and Research Unit. http://​www​.gov​.gg​/CHttpHandler​.ashx​?id​=2330​&p​=0 (10 September 2013).
Guillot, C.
1975 Les îles anglo-normandes . Paris: Presses universitaires de France.Google Scholar
Guy, G.R. & Bayley, R.
1995On the choice of relative pronouns in English. American Speech 70(2): 148–162. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Haberzettl, S.
2007Konstruktionen im Zweitspracherwerb. In Konstruktionsgrammatik. Von der Anwendung zur Theorie , K. Fischer & A. Stefanowitsch (eds), 55–77. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. Google Scholar
Hackert, S.
2004 Urban Bahamian Creole: System and Variation [Varieties of English around the World G32]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Halliday, M.A.K.
2004The spoken language corpus: A foundation for grammatical theory. In Advances in Corpus Linguistics. Papers from the 23rd International Conference on English Language Research on Computerized Corpora (ICAME 23) , K. Aijmer & B. Altenberg (eds), 11–38. Amsterdam: Rodopi. Google Scholar
Harris, A.C. & Campbell, L.
1995 Historical Syntax in Cross-Linguistic Perspective . Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Herrmann, T.
2005Relative clauses in English dialects of the British Isles. In A Comparative Grammar of British English Dialects. Agreement, Gender, Relative Clauses, B. Kortmann, T. Herrmann, L. Pietsch & S. Wagner, 21–123. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Google Scholar
Holmes, J.
1990Hedges and boosters in women’s and men’s speech. Language & Communication 10(3): 185–205. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hopper, P.
2002Hendiadys and auxiliation in English. In Complex Sentences in Grammar and Discourse. Essays in Honor of Sandra A. Thompson, J. Bybee & M. Noonan (eds), 145–173. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Google Scholar
Hublart, C.
1979Le français de Jersey. PhD dissertation, Université de l’Etat à Mons.Google Scholar
Hugo, V.
1985 L’Archipel de la Manche. The Channel Islands . Jersey: La Haule Books.Google Scholar
Hundt, M.
1998 New Zealand English Grammar. Fact or Fiction? A Corpus-Based Study in Morphosyntactic Variation [Varieties of English around the World G23]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Inglis, H.D.
1834 The Channel Islands. Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, &c. The Result of a Two Year’s Residence. In Two Volumes , 4th edn. London: Whittaker & Co.Google Scholar
Inoue, M.
2006Standardization. In Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics , K. Brown (ed.), 121–127. Oxford: Elsevier. Google Scholar
Ito, R. & Preston, D.R.
1998Identity, discourse, and language variation. Journal of Language and Social Psychology 17(4): 465–483. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jersey Annual Social Survey 2008 2008Jersey: States of Jersey Statistics Unit. http://​www​.gov​.je​/SiteCollectionDocuments​/Government%20and%20administration​/R%20JASS2008%20200812%20SU​.pdf (11 August 2011).
Jersey Annual Social Survey 2009 2010Jersey: States of Jersey Statistics Unit. http://​www​.gov​.je​/SiteCollectionDocuments​/Government%20and%20administration​/R%20JASS2009%2020091223%20SU​.pdf (30 June 2010).
The Jersey Express 1887A Jersey Patriot in London. 3 December.
Johansson, S.
1997A corpus study of English existential clauses: register variation and discourse function. In To Explain the Present. Studies in the Changing English Language in Honour of Matti Rissanen , T. Nevalainen & L. Kahlas-Tarkka (eds), 303–318. Helsinki: Société Néophilologique. Google Scholar
Johnstone, B.
2000 Qualitative Methods in Sociolinguistics . Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
Jones, M.C.
2000Swimming against the tide: language planning on Jersey. Language Problems &Language Planning 24(2): 167–196.Google Scholar
2001 Jersey Norman French: A Linguistic Study of an Obsolescent Dialect . Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
2002Mette a haout dauve la grippe des Angllais: convergence on the Island of Guernsey. In Language Change. The Interplay of Internal, External and Extra-Linguistic Factors , M.C. Jones & E. Esch (eds), 143–168. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2003 Jèrriais. Jersey’s Native Tongue . Jersey: Don Balleine.Google Scholar
2005aSome structural and social correlates of single word intrasentential code-switching in Jersey Norman French. French Language Studies 15: 1–23. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2005bTransfer and changing linguistic norms in Jersey Norman French. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 8(2): 159–175. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2007aChannel Island French. In Language in the British Isles , D. Britain (ed.), 358–367. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2007bThe Martin Manuscript: an unexplored archive of Guernsey Norman French. French Studies 66(3): 329–351. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2008 The Guernsey Norman French Translations of Thomas Martin: A Linguistic Study of an Unpublished Archive . Leuven: Peeters.Google Scholar
2009La planification identitaire au sein du normand insulaire. In Sociolinguistique de la langue normande. Pluralité, normes, représentations , M.C. Jones & T. Bulot (eds), 19–40. Paris: L’Harmattan. Google Scholar
2010Channel Island English. In The Lesser-Known Varieties of English. An Introduction , D. Schreier, P. Trudgill, E.W. Schneider & J.P. Williams (eds), 35–56. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jones, M.C. & Bulot, T.
. (eds) 2009 Sociolinguistique de la langue normande. Pluralité, normes, représentations . Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
Jones, M.C. & Esch, E.
. (eds) 2002 Language Change. The Interplay of Internal, External and Extra-Linguistic Factors . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jones, M.C. & Singh, I.
2005 Exploring Language Change . London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Joseph, J.E.
2004 Language and Identity. National, Ethnic, Religious . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
2010Identity. In Language and Identities , C. Llamas & D. Watt (eds), 9–17. Edinburgh: EUP. Google Scholar
Jucker, A. & Ziv, Y.
. (eds) 1998 Discourse Markers: Description and Theory [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 57]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Kelleher, J.D.
1991The Rural Community in Nineteenth Century Jersey. PhD dissertation, University of Warwick.Google Scholar
Kennedy, P.
2010 Local Lives and Global Transformations. Towards World Society . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Kerswill, P.
1996aChildren, adolescents and language change. Language Variation and Change 8: 177–202. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1996bMilton Keynes and dialect levelling in south-eastern British English. In English. History, Diversity and Change , D. Graddol, D. Leith & J. Swann (eds), 292–300. London: Routledge. Google Scholar
2002Models of linguistic change and diffusion: new evidence from dialect levelling in British English. Reading Working Papers in Linguistics 6: 187–216.Google Scholar
2003Dialect levelling and geographical diffusion in British English. In Social Dialectology. In Honour of Peter Trudgill [Impact: Studies in Language and Society 16], D. Britain & J. Cheshire (eds), 223–243. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Google Scholar
2007Standard and non-standard English. In Language in the British Isles , D. Britain (ed.), 34–51. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kerswill, P. & Williams, A.
2002‘Salience’ as an explanatory factor in language change: evidence from dialect levelling in urban England. In Language Change. The Interplay of Internal, External and Extra-Linguistic Factors , M.C. Jones & E. Esch (eds), 81–110. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kortmann, B. & Szmrecsanyi, B.
2004Global synopsis – morphological and syntactic variation in English. In A Handbook of Varieties of English . Vol. 2. Morphology and Syntax , B. Kortmann, K. Burridge, R. Mesthrie, E.W. Schneider & C. Upton (eds), 1142–1202. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Google Scholar
Kortmann, B., Burridge, K., Mesthrie, R., Schneider, E.W. & Upton, C.
. (eds) 2004 A Handbook of Varieties of English, Vol. 2: Morphology and Syntax . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Kortmann, B., Herrmann, T., Pietsch, L. & Wagner, S.
2005 A Comparative Grammar of British English Dialects. Agreement, Gender, Relativ Clauses . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kortmann, B. & Lunkenheimer, K.
. (eds) 2011 The Electronic World Atlas of Varieties of English [eWAVE] . Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. http://​www​.ewave​-atlas​.org/ (10 September 2013).Google Scholar
. (eds) 2012 The Mouton World Atlas of Variation in English . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kortmann, B. & Upton, C.
. (eds) 2008 Varieties of English, Vol. 1: The British Isles . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Krug, M.
1998British English is developing a new discourse marker, innit? A study in lexicalisation based on social, regional and stylistic variation. Arbeiten aus Anglistik und Amerikanistik 23(2): 145–197.Google Scholar
2000 Emerging English Modals. A Corpus-Based Study of Grammaticalization . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Krug, M., Hilbert, M. & Fabri, R.
. Forthcoming. Maltese English morphosyntax: corpus-based and questionnaire-based studies. In Towards a Description of Maltese English . ( Il-Lingwa Taghna, special issue), A. Vella & R. Fabri (eds).
Krug, M. & Rosen, A.
2012Standards of English in Malta and the Channel Islands. In Standards of English – Codified Varieties around the World , R. Hickey (ed.), 117–138. Cambridge: CUP. Google Scholar
Krug, M. & Schlüter, J.
. Forthcoming. Research Methods in Language Variation and Change . Cambridge: CUP.
Krug, M. & Sell, K.
. Forthcoming. Designing and conducting interviews and questionnaires. In Research Methods in Language Variation and Change , M. Krug & J. Schlüter (eds). Cambridge: CUP.
Labov, W.
1963The social motivation of a sound change. WORD: Journal of the International Linguistic Association 19: 273–309.Google Scholar
1972 Sociolinguistic Patterns . Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
1996When intuitions fail. In Papers from the Parasession on Theory and Data in Linguistics , L. McNair, K. Singer, L. Dolbrin & M. Aucon (eds), 77–106. Chicago IL: Chicago Linguistic Society. Google Scholar
2001 Principles of Linguistic Change, Vol. 2: Social Factors . Malden MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Lambert, W.E.
1967A social psychology of bilingualism. Journal of Social Issues 23(2): 91–109. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
L’Amy, J.H.
1983 Jersey Folk Lore , 2nd edn. Jersey: La Haule Books.Google Scholar
Lealess, A.V. & Smith, C.T.
2011Assessing contact-induced language change: the use of subject relative markers in Quebec English. Ottawa Papers in Linguistics 36: 20–38.Google Scholar
Le Dain, J.
1997 Jersey Alphabet . Bradford on Avon: Seaflower Books.Google Scholar
Leech, G., Hundt, M., Mair, C. & Smith, N.
2009 Change in Contemporary English. A Grammatical Study . Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Le Maistre, F.
1947 The Jersey Language in Its Present State. The Passing of a Norman Heritage . London: The Jersey Society in London.Google Scholar
1976 Dictionnaire jersiais-français . Jersey: Don Balleine.Google Scholar
Lemprière, R.
1990 The Channel Islands , 5th edn. London: Robert Hale.Google Scholar
Le nouveau petit Robert. Dictionnaire alphabétique et analogique de la langue française 1993J. Rey-Debove & A. Rey (eds). Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert.Google Scholar
Le Page, R.B. & Tabouret-Keller, A.
1985 Acts of Identity. Creole-Based Approaches to Language and Ethnicity . Cambridge: CUP.Google Scholar
Le Pelley, J.
1975I am Guernsey – Me! The Review of the Guernsey Society 21: 17–19.Google Scholar
Le Pivert, R.
1996 The 1851 Census of Jersey. An All-Island Index . Jersey: The Channel Islands Family History Society.Google Scholar
Le Ruez, N.
2003 Jersey Occupation Diary. Her Story of the German Occupation 1940–1945 Bradford on Avon: Seaflower Books.Google Scholar
Lewis, E.S.
1895 Guernsey – Its People and Dialect . Baltimore MD: Modern Language Association.Google Scholar
Liddicoat, A.
1994 A Grammar of the Norman French of the Channel Islands. The Dialects of Jersey and Sark . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Likeman, J.
1991Ecole élémentaire or elementary school. Société Jersiaise. Annual Bulletin for 1991 25(3): 501–512.Google Scholar
Llamas, C.
2007Age. In The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics , C. Llamas, L. Mullany & P. Stockwell (eds), 69–76. London: Routledge. Google Scholar
Llamas, C. & Watt, D.
. (eds) 2010 Language and Identities . Edinburgh: EUP.Google Scholar
Lösch, H.
2000 Die französischen Varietäten auf den Kanalinseln in Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft . Wien: Edition Praesens.Google Scholar
Lukis, E.F.
1981 An Outline of the Franco-Norman Dialect of Guernsey . Le Camp Trehard: Lukis.Google Scholar
Macaulay, R.K.
S 1989He was some man him: emphatic pronouns in Scottish English. In Synchronic and Diachronic Approaches to Linguistic Variation and Change , T.J. Walsh (ed.), 179–187. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press. Google Scholar
Marquis, Y.
2009Un aperçu de la situation du normand à Guernesey. In Sociolinguistique de la langue normande. Pluralité, normes, représentations , M.C. Jones & T. Bulot (eds), 73–84. Paris: L’Harmattan. Google Scholar
Marshall, G.
1990John Goldthorpe and Class Analysis. In John H. Goldthorpe. Consensus and Controversy, J. Clark, C. Modgil & S. Modgil (eds), 51–62. London: The Falmer Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Marshall, G., Roberts, S. & Burgoyne, C.
1996Social class and underclass in Britain and the USA. British Journal of Sociology 47(1): 22–44.Google Scholar
MartínezInsua, A.E.
2004 Existential There -Constructions in Contemporary British English . A Corpus-Driven Analysis of Their Use in Speech and Writing . München: Lincom.Google Scholar
Matras, Y.
2009 Language Contact . Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Matsumoto, N.
2010The pragmatics of multi-verb sequences: The case of the verb go . Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 6(1): 117–143. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Maugham, R.C.F.
1939 The Island of Jersey Today. Its Scenery, History, People, Administration, and Residential Potentialities . London: Madison.Google Scholar
McMahon, A.
1994 Understanding Language Change . Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Meechan, M. & Foley, M.
1994On resolving disagreement: Linguistic theory and variation – There’s bridges . Language Variation and Change 6: 63–85. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Melchers, G.
1985‘Knappin’, ‘Proper English’, ‘Modified Scottish’. Some language attitudes in the Shetland Islands. In Focus on: Scotland [Varieties of English around the World G5], M. Görlach (ed.), 87–100. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Google Scholar
Mensching, G.
2000 Infinitive Constructions with Specified Subjects: A Syntactic Analysis of the Romance Languages . Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
Méry, R.
2006A propos des constructions existentielles en français et en anglais. In La connexion et les connecteurs. La phrase existentielle , C. Touratier & J.-M. Merle (eds), 131–164. Aix-en-Provence: Publications de l’Université de Provence. Google Scholar
Messervy, G. c
1869 Perrot’s Guide to Jersey . Jersey: Perrot.Google Scholar
Mesthrie, R.
1992 English in Language Shift. The History, Structure and Sociolinguistics of South African Indian English . Cambridge: CUP.Google Scholar
Meyerhoff, M.
1992‘We’ve all got to go one day, eh’: Powerlessness and solidarity in the functions of a New Zealand tag. In Locating Power: Proceedings of the Second Berkeley Women and Language Conference , K. Hall, M. Bucholtz & B. Moonwomon (eds), 409–419. Berkeley CA: Berkeley Women and Language Group. Google Scholar
1994Sounds pretty ethnic, eh?: A pragmatic particle in New Zealand English. Language in Society 23: 367–388. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Milroy, J.
2007The ideology of the standard language. In The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics , C. Llamas, L. Mullany & P. Stockwell (eds), 133–139. London: Routledge. Google Scholar
Miller, J.
2008Scottish English: morphology and syntax. In Varieties of English, Vol. 1: The British Isles , B. Kortmann & C. Upton (eds), 299–327. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Google Scholar
Milroy, J. & Milroy, L.
. (eds) 1993 Real English. The Grammar of English Dialects in the British Isles . London: Longman.Google Scholar
Milroy, L.
1980 Language and Social Networks . Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
1987 Observing and Analysing Natural Language. A Critical Account of Sociolinguistic Method . Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
2004Language ideologies and linguistic change. In Sociolinguistic Variation. Critical Reflections , C. Fought (ed.), 161–177. Oxford: OUP. Google Scholar
Milroy, L. & Gordon, M.
2003 Sociolinguistics. Method and Interpretation . Oxford: Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mondorf, B.
2009. More Support for More -support . The Role of Processing Constraints on the Choice between Synthetic and Analytic Comparative Forms [Studies in Language Variation 4]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Mossé, F.
1952 A Handbook of Middle English . Translated by J.A. Walker. Baltimore MD: The John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Mukherjee, J.
2009 Anglistische Korpuslinguistik. Eine Einführung . Berlin: Erich Schmidt.Google Scholar
Mustanoja, T.F.
1960 A Middle English Syntax, Part I: Parts of Speech . Helsinki: Société Néophilologique.Google Scholar
Nevalainen, T.
2009Number agreement in existential constructions. A sociolinguistic study of eighteenth-century English. In Vernacular Universals and Language Contacts. Evidence from Varieties of English and Beyond , M. Filppula, J. Klemola & H. Paulasto (eds), 80–102. New York NY: Routledge. Google Scholar
Nevalainen, T., Taavitsainen, I., Pahta, P. & Korhonen, M.
. (eds) 2008 The Dynamics of Linguistic Variation. Corpus Evidence on English Past and Present . Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Newman, J. & Rice, S.
2008Asymmetry in English multi-verb sequences: A corpus-based approach. In Asymmetric Events , B. Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk (ed.), 3–23. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Google Scholar
Nicolle, J.S.J.
1991New evidence for the population of Jersey in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Société Jersiaise. Annual Bulletin for 1991 25(3): 463–472.Google Scholar
Nicolle, S.
2007The grammaticalization of tense markers: A pragmatic reanalysis. Cahiers Chronos 17: 47–65.Google Scholar
N.N.
1832 A Brief Description and Historical Notices of the Island of Jersey, with Some Account of Its Military Civil and Ecclesiastical Government of Its Laws and Privileges and a Concise Enumeration of Its Natural Curiosities and Antiquities . Jersey: Le Lievre.Google Scholar
Odlin, T.
2009Methods and inferences in the study of substrate influence. In Vernacular Universals and Language Contacts. Evidence from Varieties of English and Beyond , M. Filppula, J. Klemola & H. Paulasto (eds), 265–279. New York NY: Routledge. Google Scholar
Oxford English Dictionary Online 2011 Oxford: OUP. http://​oed​.com/Google Scholar
Partington, A.
2006 The Linguistics of Laughter: A Corpus-Assisted Study of Laughter-Talk . London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Pittman, R.
2003 Speaking of Jersey. Reflections on the Island’s Past, Present and Future . Bradford on Avon: Seaflower Books.Google Scholar
Poplack, S.
2008Quebec English. Anglistik 19(2): 189–200.Google Scholar
Preston, D.R.
2004Three kinds of sociolinguistics: A psycholinguistic perspective. In Sociolinguistic Variation. Critical Reflections , C. Fought (ed.), 140–158. Oxford: OUP. Google Scholar
Price, G.
1984 The Languages of Britain . London: Arnold.Google Scholar
Pullum, G.K.
1990Constraints on intransitive quasi-serial verb constructions in modern colloquial English. In When Verbs Collide: Papers from the Ohio State Mini-Conference on Serial Verbs (Columbus, Ohio, May 26–27, 1990). Working Papers in Linguistics No. 39, B.D. Joseph & A.M. Zwicky (eds), 218–239. Columbus OH: Ohio State University. Google Scholar
Quirk, R., Greenbaum, S., Leech, G. & Svartvik, J.
1985 A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language . London: Longman.Google Scholar
Ramisch, H.
1989 The Variation of English in Guernsey/Channel Islands . Frankfurt: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
1994English in Jersey. In Proceedings of the International Congress of Dialectologists, Bamberg , 29.7.-4.8 1990, W. Viereck (ed.), 452–462. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner. Google Scholar
1998Aspects of language contact and linguistic variation in Guernsey English. In Sociolinguistics, Language and Society , M.K. Verma (ed.), 97–105. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage. Google Scholar
2004Channel Island English: Phonology. In A Handbook of Varieties of English, Vol. 1: Phonology , E.W. Schneider, K. Burridge, B. Kortmann, R. Mesthrie & C. Upton (eds), 204–216. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Google Scholar
2007English in the Channel Islands. In Language in the British Isles , D. Britain (ed.), 176–182. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Report and proposition on immigration. Lodged au Greffe on 20th February, 1973 by the Immigration Committee 1973 Jersey: States of Jersey.Google Scholar
Report on the 2001 Census Jersey 2002Jersey: States of Jersey. http://​www​.gov​.je​/ChiefMinister​/Statistics​/census/ (22 September 2009).
Rickford, J.R.
1987The haves and have nots: Sociolinguistic surveys and the assessment of speaker competence. Language in Society 16: 149–178. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rickford, J.R. & McNair-Knox, F.
1994Addressee- and topic-influenced styleshift: a quantitative sociolinguistic study. In Sociolinguistic Perspectives on Register , D. Biber & E. Finegan (eds), 235–276. Oxford: OUP. Google Scholar
Riordan, B.
2007 There’s two ways to say it: Modeling nonprestige there’s . Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 3(2): 233–279. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Roberts, K.
2001 Class in Modern Britain . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Rose, D. & Pevalin, D.J.
. (with K. O’Reilly) 2005 The National Statistics Socio-Economic Classification: Origins, Development and Use . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Rosen, A.
2011Channel Island English. In The Electronic World Atlas of Varieties of English [eWAVE], B. Kortmann & K. Lunkenheimer (eds). Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. http://​www​.ewave​-atlas​.org/ (6 September 2013).Google Scholar
2012aChannel Island English. In The Mouton World Atlas of Variation in English , B. Kortmann & K. Lunkenheimer (eds), 98–105. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2012b‘That’s a real Jersey one, eh?’ Discourse marker eh in Channel Island English. In New Trends and Methodologies in Applied English Language Research II, D. Tizón-Couto, B. Tizón-Couto, I. Pastor-Gómez & P. Rodríguez-Puente (eds), 143–181. Bern: Peter Lang. Google Scholar
Sabban, A.
1982 Gälisch-englischer Sprachkontakt. Zur Variabilität des Englischen im gälischsprachigen Gebiet Schottlands. Eine empirische Studie . Heidelberg: Julius Groos.Google Scholar
Salinger, J.D.
1953 Nine Stories . Boston MD: Little, Brown and Company.Google Scholar
Sallabank, J.
2002Writing in an unwritten language: The case of Guernsey French. Reading Working Papers in Linguistics 6: 217–244.Google Scholar
2003‘It won’t be the Guernsey French we know’: Identity issues and language endangerment. Reading Working Papers in Linguistics 7: 181–209.Google Scholar
2005Prestige from the bottom up: a review of language planning in Guernsey. Current Issues in Language Planning 6(1): 44–63. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sand, A.
1999 Linguistic Variation in Jamaica. A Corpus-Based Study of Radio and Newspaper Usage . Tübingen: Gunter Narr.Google Scholar
2005The effect of language contact on the morpho-syntax of English. In Anglistentag 2004 Aachen. Proceedings of the Conference of the German Association of University Teachers of English , L. Moessner & C.M. Schmidt (eds), 449–460. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. Google Scholar
Sankoff, G.
2004Adolescents, young adults, and the critical period: two case studies from ‘Seven up’. In Sociolinguistic Variation. Critical Reflections , C. Fought (ed.), 121–139. Oxford: OUP. Google Scholar
Sato, C.J.
1991Sociolinguistic variation and language attitudes in Hawaii. In English around the World. Sociolinguistic Perspectives , J. Cheshire (ed.), 647–663. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Scargill, M.H.
1974 Modern Canadian English Usage . Toronto: McClelland and Stewart.Google Scholar
Schiffrin, D.
1987 Discourse Markers . Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2003aDiscourse markers. In International Encyclopedia of Linguistics , W.J. Frawley (ed.). Oxford: OUP. E-reference edn. http://​www​.oxford​-linguistics​.com​/entry​?entry​=t202​.e0296 (6 May 2009) Google Scholar
2003bDiscourse markers: Language, meaning, and context. In The Handbook of Discourse Analysis , D. Schiffrin, D. Tannen & H.E. Hamilton (eds), 54–75. Oxford: Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schilling-Estes, N.
2004Exploring intertextuality in the sociolinguistic interview. In Sociolinguistic Variation. Critical Reflections , C. Fought (ed.), 44–61. Oxford: OUP. Google Scholar
Schmid, T.
2010 Then he went and live in Trinity . Change in progress? A study of pseudo-coordinative constructions in Jersey English. Dissertation, University of Bamberg.Google Scholar
Schneider, E.W.
2007 Postcolonial English. Varieties around the World . Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
. (ed) 1996 Focus on the USA [Varieties of English around the World G16]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Schreier, D.
2003 Isolation and Language Change: Contemporary and Sociohistorical Evidence from Tristan da Cunha English . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Sell, K.
. In preparation. A Sociolinguistic Approach to Spoken Irish English in Galway. PhD dissertation, University of Bamberg.
Silva-Corvalán, C.
1996 Language Contact and Change. Spanish in Los Angeles . Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Smith, J.
2007Techniques of analysis, II: Morphosyntactic variation. In The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics , C. Llamas, L. Mullany & P. Stockwell (eds), 28–40. London: Routledge. Google Scholar
Spence, N.C.W.
1960 A Glossary of Jersey-French . Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
1984Channel Island French. In Language in the British Isles , P. Trudgill (ed.), 345–351. Cambridge: CUP. Google Scholar
1993 A Brief History of Jèrriais . Jersey: Don Balleine.Google Scholar
1999Jèrriais in St Martin. The language shift. In St Martin. Jersey. The Story of an Island Parish , C. Blackstone & K. Le Quesne (eds), 244–249. Chichester: Phillimore. Google Scholar
2001The language changes in Jersey. Société Jersiaise Annual Bulletin for 2001 28(1): 133–142.Google Scholar
Spurway Torode, A.M.
2001George d’la Forge. Guardian of the Jersey Norman Heritage. A Study of the Life and Writings of George Francis Le Feuvre (1891–1984). PhD dissertation, University of Leeds.Google Scholar
Starks, D., Thompson, L. & Christie, J.
2008Whose discourse particles? New Zealand eh in the Niuean migrant community. Journal of Pragmatics 40(7): 1279–1295. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Stead, J.
1809 A Picture of Jersey; or, Stranger’s Companion through That Island . Jersey: Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme.Google Scholar
Stefanowitsch, A.
1999The go-and-verb construction in a cross-linguistic perspective: image-schema blending and the construal of events. In Proceedings of the Second Annual High Desert Linguistics Society Conference , D. Nordquist & C. Berkenfield (eds), 123–134. Albuquerque NM: High Desert Linguistics Society. Google Scholar
2000The English GO-(PRT)-AND-VERB construction. In Proceedings of the Twenty-sixth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society , L.J. Conathan, J. Good, D. Kavitskaya, A.B. Wulf & A.C.L. Yu (eds), 259–270. Berkeley CA: Berkeley Linguistics Society. Google Scholar
Stein, D.
1997Syntax and varieties. In Taming the Vernacular. From Dialect to Written Standard Language , J. Cheshire & D. Stein (eds), 35–50. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Stenström, A.-B.
2005It’s very good eh’ – ‘Está muy bien eh’: teenagers’ use of tags – London and Madrid compared. In Contexts – Historical, Social, Linguistic. Studies in Celebration of Toril Swan , K. McCafferty, T. Bull & K. Killie (eds), 279–291. Bern: Peter Lang. Google Scholar
Stenström, A.-B., Andersen, G. & Hasund, I.K.
2002 Trends in Teenage Talk. Corpus Compilation, Analysis and Findings [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 8].. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Stevens, J.
1985 A Short History of Jersey . Jersey: Société Jersiaise.Google Scholar
Stuart-Smith, J.
2007The influence of the media. In The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics , C. Llamas, L. Mullany & P. Stockwell (eds), 140–148. London: Routledge. Google Scholar
Stubbe, M. & Holmes, J.
1995 You know, eh and other ‘exasperating expressions’: An analysis of social and stylistic variation in the use of pragmatic devices in a sample of New Zealand English. Language & Communication 15(1): 63–88. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Stubbs, M.
2005Language Corpora. In The Handbook of Applied Linguistics , A. Davies & C. Elder (eds). Blackwell Reference Online. http://​www​.blackwellreference​.com​/subscriber​/tocnode​?id​=g9781405138093​_chunk​_g97814051380939 (26 July 2011).
Syvret, M. & Stevens, J.
1998 Balleine’s History of Jersey . Shopwyke Manor Barn, Chichester: Phillimore.Google Scholar
Szmrecsanyi, B. & Kortmann, B.
2009Vernacular universals and angloversals in a typological perspective. In Vernacular Universals and Language Contacts. Evidence from Varieties of English and Beyond , M. Filppula, J. Klemola & H. Paulasto (eds), 33–53. New York NY: Routledge. Google Scholar
Tabouret-Keller, A.
1997Language and identity. In The Handbook of Sociolinguistics , F. Coulmas (ed.), 315–326. Oxford: Blackwell. Google Scholar
Tagliamonte, S.A.
1998 Was/were variation across the generations: View from the city of York. Language Variation and Change 10: 153–191. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2006 Analysing Sociolinguistic Variation . Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2009There was universals; then there weren’t: a comparative sociolinguistic perspective on ‘default singulars’. In Vernacular Universals and Language Contacts. Evidence from Varieties of English and Beyond , M. Filppula, J. Klemola & H. Paulasto (eds), 103–129. New York NY: Routledge. Google Scholar
Tagliamonte, S. & Hudson, R.
1999 Be like et al.. beyond America: The quotative system in British and Canadian youth. Journal of Sociolinguistics 3(2): 147–172. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Thomason, S.G.
2001 Language Contact. An Introduction . Edinburgh: EUP.Google Scholar
2003Contact as a source of language change. In The Handbook of Historical Linguistics , B.D. Joseph & R.D. Janda (eds), 687–712. Oxford: Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2009Why universals versus contact-induced change? In Vernacular Universals and Language Contacts. Evidence from Varieties of English and Beyond , M. Filppula, J. Klemola & H. Paulasto (eds), 349–364. New York NY: Routledge. Google Scholar
Thomason, S.G. & Kaufman, T.
1988 Language Contact, Creolization, and Genetic Linguistics . Berkeley CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Tomlinson, H.
1981Le Guernesiais. Etude grammaticale et lexicale du parler norman de l’Ile de Guernesey. PhD dissertation, University of Edinburgh.Google Scholar
Tottie, G.
1997Relatively speaking: Relative marker usage in the British National Corpus. In To Explain the Present. Studies in the Changing English Language in Honour of Matti Rissanen , T. Nevalainen & L. Kahlas-Tarkka (eds), 465–481. Helsinki: Société Néophilologique. Google Scholar
Trudgill, P.
1983 On Dialect. Social and Geographical Perspectives . Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
1986 Dialects in Contact . Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
1999 The Dialects of England . Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
2002 Sociolinguistic Variation and Change . Edinburgh: EUP.Google Scholar
2004 New-Dialect Formation. The Inevitability of Colonial Englishes . Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
Trudgill, P. & Chambers, J.K.
. (eds) 1991 Dialects of English. Studies in Grammatical Variation . London: Longman.Google Scholar
Tuaillon, G.
1974Review of: Simoni-Aurembou, Marie-Rose (1973)  Atlas linguistique et ethnographique de l’Ile-de-France et de l’Orléanais, Vol. I. Paris: CNRS. Revue de Linguistique Romane 38: 575–576.Google Scholar
Tuten, D.N.
2007Koineization. In The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics , C. Llamas, L. Mullany & P. Stockwell (eds), 185–191. London: Routledge. Google Scholar
Upton, C., Parry, D. & Widdowson, J.D.A.
1994 Survey of English Dialects. The Dictionary and Grammar . London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Upton, C. & Widdowson, J.D.
A 2006 An Atlas of English Dialects , 2nd edn. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Uttley, J.
1966 The Story of the Channel Islands . London: Faber & Faber.Google Scholar
Viereck, W.
1983Englisch auf den Britischen Inseln. In Englisch – Formen und Funktionen einer Weltsprache. Katalog zur Ausstellung des Lehrstuhls für Englische Sprachwissenschaft und Mediävistik und der Universitätsbibliothek Bamberg , W. Viereck, S. Köppl, J. Schmied & E. Schneider (eds), 27–30. Bamberg: Universitätsbibliothek Bamberg. Google Scholar
1988The Channel Islands: an Anglicist’s no-man’s land. In Essays on the English Language and Applied Linguistics on the Occasion of Gerhard Nickel’s 60th Birthday , J. Klegraf & D. Nehls (eds), 468–478. Heidelberg: Groos. Google Scholar
Wagner, S.
2003Gender in English pronouns: myth and reality. PhD dissertation, University of Freiburg. http://​www​.freidok​.uni​-freiburg​.de/​/volltexte​/1412Google Scholar
2004‘Gendered’ pronouns in English dialects. A typological perspective. In Dialectology Meets Typology: Dialect Grammar from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective , Bernd Kortmann (ed.), 479–496. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Google Scholar
Wales, K.
2008Regional variation in English in the new millennium: Looking to the future. In Standards and Norms in the English Language , M.A. Locher & J. Strässler (eds), 47–67. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Google Scholar
Walker, J.A.
2007‘There’s bears back there’. Plural existentials and vernacular universals in (Quebec) English. English World-Wide 28(2): 147–166. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Weinreich, U., Labov, W. & Herzog, M.
1968Empirical foundations for a theory of language change. In Directions for Historical Linguistics , W.P. Lehmann & Y. Malkiel (eds), 95–188. Austin TX: University of Texas Press. Google Scholar
Wiklund, A.-L.
2009The syntax of surprise: unexpected event readings in complex predication. Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax 84: 181–224.Google Scholar
Williams, A. & Kerswill, P.
1999Dialect levelling: change and continuity in Milton Keynes, Reading and Hull. In Urban Voices: Accent Studies in the British Isles , P. Foulkes & G. Docherty (eds), 141–162. London: Edward Arnold. Google Scholar
Williams, G.
1992 Sociolinguistics. A Sociological Critique . London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Winford, D.
2003 An Introduction to Contact Linguistics . Malden MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
2009The interplay of ‘universals’ and contact-induced change in the emergence of New Englishes. In Vernacular Universals and Language Contacts. Evidence from Varieties of English and Beyond , M. Filppula, J. Klemola & H. Paulasto (eds), 206–230. New York NY: Routledge. Google Scholar
Wolfram, W. & Fasold, R.W.
1974 The Study of Social Dialects in American English . Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
Wolfram, W.
. & Schilling-Estes, N 1996Dialect change and maintenance in a post-insular island community. In Focus on the USA [Varieties of English around the World G16], E.W. Schneider (ed.), 103–148. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Google Scholar
Wolfram, W. & Schilling-Estes, N.
2006 American English: Dialects and Variation , 2nd edn. Malden MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Woods, H.B.
1991Social differentiation in Ottawa English. In English around the World. Sociolinguistic Perspectives , J. Cheshire (ed.), 134–149. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wulff, S.
2006 Go-V vs. go-and-V in English: A case of constructional synonymy? In Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics. Corpus-Based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis , S.T. Gries & A. Stefanowitsch (eds), 101–125. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Google Scholar
Zwickl, S.
2002 Language Attitudes, Ethnic Identity and Dialect Use across the Northern Ireland Border: Armagh and Monaghan . Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona.Google Scholar
Subjects
BIC Subject: CF/2AB – Linguistics/English
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2013049281 | Marc record