Article published in:The Evolution of Englishes: The Dynamic Model and beyond
Edited by Sarah Buschfeld, Thomas Hoffmann, Magnus Huber and Alexander Kautzsch
[Varieties of English Around the World G49] 2014
► pp. 86–106
Stylistic and sociolinguistic variation in Schneider’s Nativization Phase
T-affrication and relativization in Ghanaian English
Taking educated Ghanaian English (GhE) as an example, this article considers the place of stylistic and sociolinguistic variation in Schneider’s (2003, 2007) Dynamic Model of the evolution of New Englishes. The study examines variation in one phonological and one morphosyntactic variable, investigating t-affrication with regard to variation across the two genders and two speech styles in spoken GhE, and analysing relativizer choice in written texts of differing formality. The results demonstrate that GhE shows robust and consistent stylistic and gender-related variation, although it has only reached Phase 3 of Schneider’s Dynamic Model. This is noteworthy on a theoretical level since the emergence of local sociolinguistic norms would not have been expected until Phase 5.
Keywords: Ghanaian English, Nativization, relativizer choice, stylistic and sociolinguistic variation, t-affrication
Published online: 12 September 2014
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Cited by 6 other publications
Suárez‐Gómez, Cristina, Lucía Loureiro‐Porto & Robert Fuchs
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