Article published in:English in the Indian Diaspora
Edited by Marianne Hundt and Devyani Sharma
[Varieties of English Around the World G50] 2014
► pp. 85–104
Sociophonetics and the Indian diaspora
The NURSE vowel and other selected features in South African Indian English
This chapter explores the potential of phonetic and sociophonetic research in characterising varieties of English in the Indian diaspora, using South African Indian English (SAIE) as a focal point. We first identify key phonetic features that lend themselves to such comparative study. In this regard we note that retroflexes are recessive in SAIE, aspiration shows patterns that are intermediate between Indian English (IE) and varieties like White South African English (White SAE), and interdental fricatives /ð/ and /θ/ are closer to IE, while differing in respect of aspiration. In characterising the differences between IE as usually described in the literature and SAIE, three factors are crucial: (a) the give-and-take between the English of speakers of North Indian and South Indian origins in South Africa, (b) the influence of varieties of South African English, and (c) internal sociolinguistic developments within the SAIE community relating to age, gender and class. This last aspect is illustrated in detail in the second half of the chapter via a sociophonetic study of the nurse vowel.
Keywords: (th) variation, age, aspiration, gender, NURSE vowel, retroflexion, social class, sociophonetics, South African Indian English
Published online: 28 August 2014
2002 Turbans and Top Hats: Indian Interpreters in the Colony of Natal: 1880–1910. Honours thesis, University of Natal.
1970 An Investigation into the Use of English by the Indians in South Africa, with Special Reference to Natal. PhD dissertation, University of South Africa.
2011 Social Class Differentiation in South African Indian English: A Sociophonetic Study of Three Vowel Variables. MA thesis, Linguistics Section, University of Cape Town.
2006 Aspiration in South African Indian English. MA thesis, Linguistics Section,University of Cape Town.
2007 The Demise of Cockneys?: Language Change in London’s ‘Traditional’ East End. PhD dissertation, University of Essex.
Gimson, Alfred Charles
Mesthrie, Rajend & Bhatt, Rakesh
Mesthrie, Rajend, Chevalier, Alida & Dunne, Timothy
2013 A study of variation in the BATH vowel among white speakers of South African English in five cities. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics 19(2): article 15. <http://repository.upenn.edu/pwpl/vol19/iss2/15/> ( 21 February 2014).
2007 Towards a Corpus of Indian South African English: An Investigation of Lexical and Syntactic Features in a Spoken Corpus of Contemporary ISAE. MA thesis, Rhodes University (Grahamstown).
Robinson, John, Lawrence, Helen & Tagliamonte, Sali
2001 Goldvarb 2001 Users’ Manual. Department of Language and Linguistic Science, University of York. <http://www.york.ac.uk/depts/lang/web-stuff/goldvarb/>
2014. Sociophonetics and class formation: A study of working- and middle-class English in Cape Town’s Coloured Community. PhD Thesis: Linguistic Section,University of Cape Town.
Trudgill, Peter & Hannah, Jean
Rosenfelder, Ingrid, Fruehwald, Joe, Evanini, Keelan & Yuan, Jiahong
2011 FAVE (Forced Alignment and Vowel Extraction) Program Suite. <http://fave.ling.upenn.edu>
Watt, Dominic & Fabricius, Anne
Cited by 1 other publications
Botha, Werner, Bertus Rooy & Susan Coetzee‐van Rooy
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 20 january 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.