Chapter published in:Modeling World Englishes: Assessing the interplay of emancipation and globalization of ESL varieties
Edited by Sandra C. Deshors
[Varieties of English Around the World G61] 2018
► pp. 245–280
A corpus-linguistic account of the history of the genitive alternation in Singapore English
In this paper, we are exploring the history of the genitive alternation (of- vs. s-genitive) in Singapore English based on corpus data covering both British English (as the historical input variety) and Singapore English (as the target variety whose diachronic development we are interested in). Specifically, while earlier research has produced partly diachronic accounts of genitive variability, the diachronic development of the genitive has so far not been studied in ESL contexts, a gap which this study attempts to fill. Nearly 7000 instances of of- and s-genitives were annotated for a large number of predictors including phonetic variables (e.g. final sibilancy of possessor), semantic variables (e.g. animacy of possessor/possessum), syntactic variables (e.g. length of possessor/possessum), and pragmatic variables (e.g. discourse accessibility of possessor/possessum). We then applied the method of Multifactorial Prediction and Deviation Analysis with Regressions/Random Forests to the data to explore (i) how genitive choices in Singapore English differ from those in British English and, after a methodological interlude, (ii) how genitive choices changed over time in Singapore English. We conclude with some important recommendations regarding diachronic studies of structural nativization and their theoretical implications in models such as those of Moag (1982) or Schneider (2003, 2007).
Keywords: genitive alternation, Singapore English, diachrony, probabilistic grammar, MuPDAR
Published online: 13 September 2018
Bernaisch, T., Gries, S. Th. & Mukherjee, J.
Deshors, S. & Gries, S. Th.
Gries, S. Th. & Adelman, A.
Gries, S. Th. & Bernaisch, T.
Gries, S. Th. & Deshors, S.
Gries, S. Th. & Deshors, S.
Heller, B., Bernaisch, T. & Gries, S. Th.
Heller, B., Szmrecsanyi, B. & Grafmiller, J.
Hinrichs, L. & Szmrecsanyi, B.
2013 The Corpus of Historical Singapore English – Practical and methodological issues. UCREL Corpus Research Seminar. http://ucrel.lancs.ac.uk/crs/attachments/UCRELCRS-2013-03-26-Hoffmann-Slides.pdf (26 June 2017).
Hoffmann, S., Hundt, M. & Mukherjee, J.
Hoffmann, S., Sand, A. & Tan, P.
2012 The Corpus of Historical Singapore English – A first pilot study on data from the 1950s and 1960s. Paper presented at ICAME 33 , University of Leuven, Belgium.
2012 Syntactic and variational complexity in British and Ghanaian English. Relative clause formation in the written parts of the International Corpus of English. In Linguistic Complexity. Second Language Acquisition, Indigenization, Contact, B. Kortmann & B. Szmrecsanyi (eds), 218–242. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Mukherjee, J. & Gries, S. Th.
Noël, D., van Rooy, B. & van der Auwera, J.
Schneider, E. W.
Szmrecsanyi, B., Grafmiller, J., Heller, B. & Röthlisberger, M.
Wulff, S. & Gries, S. Th.
Wulff, S., Gries, S. Th. & Lester, N.
Forthcoming. Optional that in complementation by German and Spanish learners: Where and how German and Spanish learners differ from native speakers. In What does Applied Cognitive Linguistics Look Like? Answers from the L2 Classroom and SLA Studies, A. Tyler & C. Moder (eds) Berlin De Gruyter Mouton
Cited by 8 other publications
No author info given
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Kruger, Haidee & Gert De Sutter
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