Chapter published in:The Dynamics of English in Namibia: Perspectives on an emerging variety
Edited by Anne Schröder
[Varieties of English Around the World G65] 2021
► pp. 135–168
Chapter 7Broadcasting your variety
Namibian English(es) on YouTube
This chapter investigates the viability of YouTube data for the World Englishes research context by introducing a Namibian YouTuber community and presenting challenges and opportunities of this mostly uncharted medium. An acoustic phonetic case study of Namibian English is conducted with a small sample corpus of YouTube data from 2018, in which vowels relevant to the Southern African context (e.g. nurse, kit, dress, trap) of two groups of content creators are analyzed. While researchers face methodological challenges on YouTube during data collection and analysis, the results of the acoustic analyses presented show that the formal and informal speech styles found on YouTube constitute an accessible and rich type of data that can reaffirm and complement findings based on traditional approaches.
- 2.YouTube and World Englishes
- 2.1Digital perspectives in World Englishes research
- 2.2YouTube and World Englishes
- 3.Navigating YouTube for linguistic research
- 4.Namibia on YouTube
- 4.1YouTube in Namibia and Namibian YouTubers
- 4.2A sample corpus of Namibian YouTuber data
- 5.Case study: Acoustic analysis of Namibian YouTube data
- 5.1Data collection
- 5.3.1Speaker NAM1
- 5.3.2Speaker NAM2
- 5.3.3Speaker NAM3
- 5.3.4Speaker NAM4
- 5.3.5Summary of results of NAM data
- 5.3.6NBC reporters
- 5.4Discussion of acoustic analyses
- 6.Discussion and conclusion
- 6.1Discussing YouTube and World Englishes
- 6.2Conclusions for the Namibian context
Published online: 10 September 2021
2008 Potentials and limitations of discourse-centred online ethnography. Language@Internet 5. https://www.languageatinternet.org/articles/2008/1610> (18 February 2019).
Boersma, Paul & Weenink, David
2019 Praat: Doing Phonetics by Computer (Version 6.0.48). http://www.praat.org> (18 February 2019).
Buschfeld, Sarah & Kautzsch, Alexander
2013 Corpus of News on the Web (NOW): 3+ Billion Words from 20 Countries, Updated Every Day. https://www.english-corpora.org/now/> (15 February 2021).
Friedrich, Patricia & Diniz de Figueiredo, Eduardo H.
2011 A critical analysis of Namibia’s English-only language policy. In Selected proceedings of the 40th annual conference on African linguistics: African languages and linguistics today, Eyamba G. Bokamba, Ryan K. Shosted & Bezza T. Ayalew (eds), 178–189. Somerville MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project. http://www.lingref.com/cpp/acal/40/paper2574.pdf> (18 February 2019).
Heyd, Theresa & Mair, Christian
van Hofwegen, Janneke
2016 A day in the life: What self-recordings reveal about “everyday” language. Presented at the New Ways to Analyzing Variation (NWAV) 45, Vancouver. https://linguistics.arts.sfu.ca/nwav45/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/293-VanHofwegen.pdf> (18 February 2019).
Kautzsch, Alexander & Schröder, Anne
Kendall, Tyler & Thomas, Erik R.
2018 Vowels: Vowel Manipulation, Normalization, and Plotting. (Version 1.2–2) [R]. http://blogs.uoregon.edu/vowels/> (18 February 2019).
Kim, Joshua Y., Liu, Chunfeng, Calvo, Rafael A., McCabe, Kathryn, Taylor, Silas, Schuller, Björn W., & Wu, Kaihang
2019 A comparison of online automatic speech recognition systems and the nonverbal responses to unintelligible speech. ArXiv, https://arxiv.org/abs/1904.12403> (19 August 2019).
Maho, Jouni F.
2017, July 21. The vlogger nation. The Namibian. Retrieved from https://www.namibian.com.na/167207/archive-read/The-Vlogger-Nation> (18 February 2019).
2018, April 27. Vlogging it. The Namibian. https://www.namibian.com.na/176911/archive-read/Vlogging-It> (18 February 2019).
2015 Research Ethics in YouTube Research. Presented at the BAAL New Media SIG, University of Cardiff, Wales. https://prezi.com/chtdkdjtjcjz/ethics> (18 February 2019).
2015 YouTube Data Tools (Version 1.10). Retrieved from https://tools.digitalmethods.net/netvizz/youtube> (18 February 2019).
Rieder, Bernhard, Matamoros-Fernández, Ariadna & Coromina, Òscar
van Rooy, Bertus
2019 RStudio: Integrated Development for R. Boston MA: RStudio. http://www.rstudio.com/> (15 February 2021).
Schröder, Anne, Zähres, Frederic & Kautzsch, Alexander
Stell, Gerald & Fuchs, Robert
2015, September 4. YouTube’ing It! The Namibian. https://www.namibian.com.na/index.php?id=141452&page=archive-read#close> (18 February 2019).
Wagner, Petra, Trouvain, Jürgen & Zimmerer, Frank
2016 ggplot2: Elegant Graphics for Data Analysis. New York NY: Springer. https://ggplot2.tidyverse.org.
2016 A case study of code-switching in multilingual Namibian keyboard-to-screen communication. 10plus1 Living Linguistics, 2, 31–46. http://10plus1journal.com/?page_id=596> (18 February 2019).