Part of
Earlier North American Englishes
Edited by Merja Kytö and Lucia Siebers
[Varieties of English Around the World G66] 2022
► pp. 89122
Adams, C.
1838A System of English Grammar; Constructed Upon the Basis of Murray’s Grammar, and Adapted to the Use of Schools, Academies, and Private Learners. Boston: D. S. King.Google Scholar
Agha, A.
2003The social life of cultural value. Language & Communication 23(3–4): 231–273. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2005Voice, footing, enregisterment. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 15(1): 38–59. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2007Language and Social Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Algeo, J.
(ed.) 2001The Cambridge History of the English Language. Volume VI: English in North America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Anderwald, L.
2009The Morphology of English Dialects: Verb-Formation in Non-Standard English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2014 Burned, dwelled, dreamed: The evolution of a morphological Americanism, and the role of prescriptive grammar writing. American Speech 89(4): 408–440. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2016Language between Description and Prescription: Verb Categories in Nineteenth-Century Grammars of English. Oxford: Oxford University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2017 Get, get-constructions and the get-passive in 19th-century English: Corpus analysis and prescriptive comments. In Exploring Recent Diachrony: Corpus Studies of Lexicogrammar and Language Practices in Late Modern English [Studies in Variation, Contacts and Change in English 18], S. Hoffmann, A. Sand & S. Arndt-Lappe (eds), [no pagination]. Helsinki: University of Helsinki, Varieng. [URL] (23 January 2022)
1809On the English language, and propriety of expression. Port Folio 1809: 308–309.Google Scholar
Atlas, J. D.
2004Presupposition. In The Handbook of Pragmatics, L. R. Horn & G. Ward (eds), 29–52. Oxford & Malden, Ma.: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Bailey, R. W.
1855English Grammar: A Simple, Concise, and Comprehensive Manual of the English Language. Designed for the Use of Schools, Academies, and as a Book for General Reference in the Language. In Four Parts. Tenth edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Co. [First published 1853].Google Scholar
Bartlett, J. R.
1859Dictionary of Americanisms. A Glossary of Words and Phrases Usually Regarded as Peculiar to the United States. Second edition, greatly improved and enlarged. Boston, Ma.: Little, Brown and Company. [First published 1848].Google Scholar
Bentley, R.
1825The American Instructer; Calculated to Succeed the English, and Other Spelling-Books; Containing a Selection of the Principal Part of the Words in Common Use, Divided, Accented, Defined, and Their Pronunciation Accurately Pointed Out. Adapted to the Orthography and Pronunciation of Walker Interspersed with Instructive and Entertaining Reading Lessons; to Which Is Added a Comprehensive Abridgment of English Grammar. Troy: E. Platt & Co.Google Scholar
Biber, D., Finegan, E. & Atkinson, D.
1994ARCHER and its challenges: Compiling and exploring A Representative Corpus of Historical English Registers. In Creating and Using English Language Corpora, U. Fries, G. Tottie & P. Schneider (eds), 1–14. Amsterdam: Rodopi.Google Scholar
Biber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S. & Finegan, E.
1999Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Harlow: Longman.Google Scholar
Bingham, W.
1867A Grammar of the English Language: For the Use of Schools and Academies. With Copious Parsing Exercises. Philadelphia: E.H. Butler & Co.Google Scholar
Brown, G.
1851The Grammar of English Grammars, with an Introduction Historical and Critical; the Whole Methodically Arranged and Amply Illustrated; with Forms of Correcting and of Parsing, Improprieties for Correction, Examples for Parsing, Questions for Examination, Exercises for Writing, Observations for the Advanced Student, Decisions and Proofs for the Settlement of Disputed Points, Occasional Strictures and Defences, an Exhibition of the Several Methods of Analysis, and a Key to the Oral Exercises: To Which Are Added Four Appendixes, Pertaining Separately to the Four Parts of Grammar. New York: Samuel S. & William Wood.Google Scholar
1857The Institutes of English Grammar, Methodically Arranged; with Forms of Parsing and Correcting, Examples for Parsing, Questions for Examination, False Syntax for Correction, Exercises for Writing, Observations for the Advanced Student, Five Methods of Analysis, and a Key to the Oral Exercises: To Which Are Added Four Appendixes. Designed for the Use of Schools, Academies, and Private Learners. New stereotype edition, carefully revised by the author. New York: Samuel S. & William Wood. [First published 1823].Google Scholar
Brown, J.
1820An American Grammar, Developing the Principles of Our Language and Impressing Them Upon the Memory by Exercising the Judgment of the Learner. Designed for the Use of Schools in the United States.: Francis Adancourt.Google Scholar
Carpenter, G. R.
1902Principles of English Grammar. For the Use of Schools. New York: Macmillan, and London: Macmillan & Co. [First published 1898].Google Scholar
Colegrove, W.
1879A Complete Scientific Grammar of the English Language, with an Appendix Containing a Treatise on Composition, Specimens of English and American Literature, a Defense of Phonetics, &c., &c., for the Use of Colleges, Schools, and Private Learners. New York: The Authors’ Publishing Company.Google Scholar
Crowell, M. G.
1967Richard Grant White and Americanisms. American Speech 42(2): 122–130. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Curme, G. O.
1927Gotten. American Speech 2 (12): 495–496. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Davies, M.
2010- The Corpus of Historical American English: 400 Million Words, 1810–2009. [URL] (23 January 2022).
Elwyn, A. L.
1859Glossary of Supposed Americanisms. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co.Google Scholar
Farmer, J. S.
1889Americanisms – Old & New: A Dictionary of Words, Phrases and Colloquialisms Peculiar to the United States, British America, the West Indies, &C. &C, Their Derivation, Meaning and Application, Together with Numerous Anecdotal, Historical, Explanatory, and Folk-Lore Notes. E.C.: Privately printed by Thomas Poulter.Google Scholar
Geikie, Reverend A.C.
1857Canadian English. Canadian Journal of Science, Literature, and History: 344–355.Google Scholar
George, M. W. & Murphy, A. C.
1896Revised English Grammar. Sacramento, California: Printed at the State Printing Office.Google Scholar
Gold, E. & McAlpine, J.
(eds) 2010Canadian English: A Linguistic Reader. Kingston, Ontario: Strathy Language Unit, Queens University.Google Scholar
Goodenow, S. B.
1839A Systematic Text-Book of English Grammar, on a New Plan; with Copious Questions and Exercises. Portland: William Hyde.Google Scholar
Görlach, M.
1998An Annotated Bibliography of 19th-Century Grammars of English. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
1999English in Nineteenth-Century England: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gowers, R.
2016Horrible Words: A Guide to the Misuse of English. [London]: Penguin.Google Scholar
Harvey, T. W.
1868A Practical Grammar of the English Language, for the Use of Schools of Every Grade. Cincinnati and New York: van Antwerp, Bragg & Co.Google Scholar
Hundt, M.
2009Colonial lag, colonial innovation or simply language change? In One Language – Two Grammars? Differences between British and American English, G. Rohdenburg & J. Schlüter (eds), 13–37. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jespersen, O.
1942 A Modern English Grammar on Historical Principles . Vol. VI: Morphology. Copenhagen: Ejnar Munksgaard.Google Scholar
Kerl, S.
1868A Common-School Grammar of the English Language. New York: Ivison, Phinney, Blakeman & Co.; and Chicago: S.C. Griggs. [First published 1865].Google Scholar
Kiparsky, P. & Kiparsky, C.
1970Fact. In Progress in Linguistics: A Collection of Papers, M. Bierwisch & K. E. Heidolph (eds), 143–173. The Hague: de Gruyter Mouton. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kittredge, G. L. & Arnold, S. L.
1900The Mother Tongue. Book II: An Elementary English Grammar. Boston, U.S.A.: Ginn & Company, The Athenaeum Press.Google Scholar
Kövecses, Z.
2000American English: An Introduction. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press.Google Scholar
Lyte, E. O.
1899Advanced Grammar and Composition. New York, Cincinnati, Chicago: American Book Company.Google Scholar
Marckwardt, A. H.
1958American English. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Matthews, B.
1891Briticisms and Americanisms. Harper’s New Monthly Magazine: 215–222.Google Scholar
Maurer, D. W.
1972Maximilian Von Schele De Vere, Americanisms: The English of the New World. In Studies in Linguistics in Honor of Raven I. McDavid, Jr, L. M. Davis (ed.), 415–423. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.Google Scholar
Mencken, H. L.
1947The American Language: An Inquiry into the Development of English in the United States. 4th edition. New York: Knopf. [First published 1919].Google Scholar
1948The American Language: Supplement II. Vol. Rouledge & Kegan Paul: London.Google Scholar
1963The American Language: An Inquiry into the Development of English in the United States. 4th ed., abridged, with annotations and new material, by R. I. McDavid, Jr. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
Metcalf, R. C. & Metcalf, T.
1894English Grammar for Common Schools. New York, Cincinnati, Chicago: American Book Company.Google Scholar
2011- Oxford English Dictionary Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [URL].
Pickering, J.
1816A Vocabulary, or Collection of Words and Phrases Which Have Been Supposed to Be Peculiar to the United States of America. To Which Is Prefixed an Essay on the Present State of the English Language in the United States. Originally Published in the Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; and Now Republished with Corrections and Additions. Boston, Ma.: Cummings & Hilliard.Google Scholar
Pue, H. A.
1841A Grammar of the English Language, in a Series of Letters, Addressed to Every American Youth. Philadelphia: Published by the Author.Google Scholar
Quackenbos, G. P.
1868An English Grammar. New York: D. Appleton and Company. [First published 1862].Google Scholar
Ramsey, S.
1892The English Language and English Grammar. An Historical Study of the Sources, Development, and Analogies of the Language and of the Principles Governing Its Usages. Illustrated by Copious Examples from Writers of All Periods. New York and London: G.P. Putnam’s Sons.Google Scholar
Rigdon, J.
1903English Grammar for the Common School. Danville, Indiana: Indiana Publishing Company. [First published 1891].Google Scholar
Romaine, S.
2012“It snuck in so smooth and slippery we didn’t even hear it”: How snuck snuck up on sneaked. Anglistica 16(1–2): 127–145.Google Scholar
Schele de Vere, M.
1872Americanisms; the English of the New World. London: Trubner & Co.; and New York: Charles Scribner.Google Scholar
Schneider, E. W.
2007Postcolonial English: Varieties around the World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Silverstein, M.
2003Indexical order and the dialectics of sociolinguistic life. Language & Communication 23 (3–4): 193–229. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2004‘Cultural’ concepts and the language-culture nexus. Current Anthropology 45(5): 621–652. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Trudgill, P. & Hannah, J.
1982International English: A Guide to Varieties of Standard English. London: Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
2002International English: A Guide to Varieties of Standard English. 4th edition. London: Edward Arnold. [First published 1982].Google Scholar
Webster, N.
1807A Philosophical and Practical Grammar. Newhaven: O. Steele & Co.Google Scholar
White, R. G.
1870Words and Their Uses, Past and Present: A Study of the English Language. New York: Sheldon and Company.Google Scholar
1877Americanisms. The Galaxy 24: 376–383.Google Scholar
Witherspoon, J.
1802The Works of the Rev. John Witherspoon. Vol. IV. 2nd edition. Philadelphia: William W. Woodward.Google Scholar