How executive control predicts early reading development
Eliane Segers |
Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University
Attentional and action control are two levels of executive control that are essential to early reading development. Together these levels enable the construction and monitoring of cognitive representations and of efficient task-behavior, which are both necessary to benefit from reading instruction. The longitudinal and unique contributions of this internal and external level of executive control to early reading are still unclear. We therefore examined how these control capacities facilitate reading development from kindergarten to second-grade. Attentional and action control and multiple early reading skills were assessed at all three time points. Structural Equation Modeling showed a mediation effect for attentional control and an indirect effect for action control to subsequent reading skills via the contributions to the precursor of phonological awareness. From these results it can be concluded that both types uniquely allowed for the emergence of kindergarten preliteracy skills, which in turn provided children with a better starting point for reading development in first- and second-grade.
Keywords: executive control, attentional control, action control, early reading development
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