Article published in:Process and Acquisition of Written Language
Edited by Robert Schreuder and Ludo Verhoeven
[Written Language & Literacy 7:1] 2004
► pp. 119–131
Implications of alphabetic instruction in the conscious and unconscious manipulations of phonological representations in Portuguese-Japanese bilinguals
In the present study, I compared implicit and explicit speech manipulation tasks for individuals who were exposed to an alphabetic system (Portuguese) to individuals exposed to a non-alphabetic system (Japanese). In Experiment I, performance on metaphonological tasks was measured for Japanese-Portuguese bilinguals with different levels of reading and writing skills. Results indicated that bilingual speakers who were not literate in Portuguese did not have phonemic awareness. In Experiment II, Japanese-Portuguese bilinguals, with varying levels of contact with the alphabet, were induced to produce speech errors. Although performance on a phoneme deletion task replicated the previous results, there were no differences between groups in the production of speech errors. The present study supports the proposal that only exposure to explicit alphabetic instruction contributes to the development of phonemic awareness. However, level of alphabetic exposure did not affect implicit knowledge of phonemes as revealed by induced speech errors.
Keywords: bilinguals, phonological representations, reading acquisition, speech errors, phonological awareness, alphabetic instruction
Published online: 30 July 2004
Cited by other publications
Locke, John L.
Mori, Yoshiko & Junko Mori
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