Discussing a number of examples of language practices in different Asian contexts – from a job advertisement for English teachers in Vietnam, to injunctions to speak good English in Singapore, from mission statements on a Philippine convent wall, to an article about temple elephants in India – this paper argues that it is not so much language as language ideology that is the object of language policy. While ostensibly dealing with the distribution and regulation of languages, language policies are generally about something else entirely, be it educational, ideological or cultural regulation. Local language practices, meanwhile, may appear to be subject to language policies, but since language policies are always about a different understanding of language, it is this understanding rather than the practices themselves, that are at stake. By insisting on the plannability of language, state authorities insist that a sterile and state-serving view of language is the language ideology we should adhere to. State language policies, therefore, have more to do with the regulation of language ideologies than with the regulation of local language practices, which, despite attempts to contain them, always exceed confinement.
Abbas, Nargis, Uzma Ashiq, Muhammad Abrar ul haq & Kar-wai Tong
2018. Gap between acquired and required English learning objectives for the primary school students: Empirical evidence from Sargodha (Pakistan). Cogent Social Sciences 4:1 ► pp. 1457421 ff.
Albury, Nathan John
2016. National language policy theory: exploring Spolsky’s model in the case of Iceland. Language Policy 15:4 ► pp. 355 ff.
Alvarado Pavez, Gabriel
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2017. Nihonjinron, Native-Speakerism, and Recent MEXT Policies on EFL Education. In Ideology, Agency, and Intercultural Communicative Competence [Intercultural Communication and Language Education, ], ► pp. 159 ff.
2023. Sociolinguistics as scientific project: insight from critical realism. Journal of Critical Realism 22:2 ► pp. 173 ff.
Igboanusi, Herbert & Lothar Peter
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2022. ‘Ehh? Order through kiosk? What’s that?’ Public attitudes towards the excessive Anglicisation of commerce in South Korea. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development► pp. 1 ff.
LaDousa, Chaise, Christina P. Davis & Nishaant Choksi
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Paul, Enni & Liz Adams Lyngbäck
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2015. (En)Countering language ideologies: language policing in the ideospace of Facebook. Language Policy 14:4 ► pp. 377 ff.
2016. Local-Global Tension in the Ideological Construction of English Language Education Policy in Nepal. In English Language Education Policy in Asia [Language Policy, 11], ► pp. 199 ff.
2020. Engagement with English as a neoliberal endeavor: reconsidering the notion of language learning. Critical Inquiry in Language Studies 17:4 ► pp. 296 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 5 may 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
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