Article published in:English in Nordic Universities: Ideologies and practices
Edited by Anna Kristina Hultgren, Frans Gregersen and Jacob Thøgersen
[Studies in World Language Problems 5] 2014
► pp. 165–177
Ideologies in Iceland
the protection of language forms
The author shows that while Iceland’s protectionist language ideologies are deeply rooted as to the forms of Icelandic, Icelanders are more pragmatic when it comes to questions of language choice. It is therefore not contradictory that English is increasingly used in Icelandic academia, even if this is a purist speech community. The chapter draws on data on purist language attitudes and practices concerning the native linguistic code, and on practices that reveal that increased use of English in Iceland, notably in tertiary education and research, is popularly accepted as natural. Therefore, recent official language policies (in 2009) and legislation (in 2011), aiming to restrict the use of English at Icelandic universities, are not likely to be effective in the long run.
Published online: 24 October 2014
(2011). Exposure to English in Iceland. A quantitative and qualitative study. Ráðstefnurit Netlu – Menntakvika 2011. Reykjavik: Menntavísindasvið Háskóla Íslands. Retrieved June11, 2013, from http://netla.hi.is/menntakvika2011/004.pdf.
Dofradóttir, A., Arnalds, Á.A., Sturludóttir, G.J. & Jónsson, F.H.
(2006) English next. Why global English may mean the end of ‘English as a Foreign Language’. Retrieved June11, 2013, from http://www.britishcouncil.org/learning-research-englishnext.htm
Heller, M. & Duchêne, A.
Ingvarsdóttir, Hafdís & Arnbjörnsdóttir, Birna
(2010) Coping with English at tertiary level: Instructors’ views. Ráðstefnurit Netlu – Menntakvika 2010. Reykjavik: Menntavísindasvið Háskóla Íslands. Retrieved June11, 2013, from http://netla.hi.is/menntakvika2010/010.pdf.
Íslenska til alls. Tillögur Íslenskrar málnefndar að íslenskri málstefnu samþykktar á Alþingi 12. mars 2009
[Icelandic for everything. Icelandic language policy proposals drafted by the Icelandic Language Council, and approved by Parliament on March 12, 2009] (2009) Reykjavik: Ministry of Education, Science and Culture. Retrieved June 11 2013, from http://www.islenskan.is/Islenska_til_alls.pdf.
Kristiansen, T. & Vikør, L.S.
Kristinsson, Ari Páll
Kristinsson, Ari Páll & Bernharðsson, Haraldur
2014). Íslenska og enska í íslensku háskólastarfi [Icelandic and English in Icelandic academia]. Orð og tunga, 16, 93–122.
Kristinsson, Ari Páll & Hilmarsson-Dunn, Amanda
Kristoffersen, G., Kristiansen, M. & Røyneland, U.
(2014) Landrapport Norge: Internasjonalisering og parallelspråklighet ved norske universitet og høyskoler [Country report Norway: Internationalization and parallel language use at Norwegian universities and colleges]. In F. Gregersen (Ed.), Hvor parallelt. Om parallelspråkighet på Nordens universitet [How parallel. On parallel language use at the universities in the Nordic countries], TemaNord 2014:535, (pp. 197–259). Copenhagen: Nordisk Ministerråd. Url: http://www.norden.org/da/publikationer/publikationer/2014-535.
Leonard, S.P. & Árnason, Kristján
Lög um stöðu íslenskrar tungu og íslensks táknmáls 61/2011
[Law on the status of Icelandic and Icelandic sign language] (2011) Althingi [Parliament]. Retrieved June 11 2013, from http://www.althingi.is/lagas/140a/2011061.html.
Mortensen, J. & Haberland, H.
Ottósson, Kjartan G.
Sandøy, H. & Kristiansen, T.
Skutnabb-Kangas, T. & Phillipson, R.