Präteritumschwund und Diskursgrammatik

Präteritumschwund in gesamteuropäischen Bezügen: areale Ausbreitung, heterogene Entstehung, Parsing sowie diskursgrammatische Grundlagen und Zusammenhänge

| University of Groningen-University of California at Berkeley
| Randse Afrikaanse Universiteit Johannesburg
PaperbackAvailable
ISBN 9789027225764 (Eur) | EUR 65.00
ISBN 9781588110503 (USA) | USD 98.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027297969 | EUR 65.00 | USD 98.00
 
This work demonstrates that what is commonly called ‘preterite decay in Upper German’ (PS; cf. German Präteritumschwund) is in fact a phenomenon common to a great number of European languages, all of which are in areal con-tact. However, the conclusion that this is a phenomenon arising under areal influence appears clearly mistaken — not only so because it would no more than postpone the search for the real trigger of this development. It will be shown, first, that the preterite loss in the languages under inspection comes in different states of completion. It will be seen that the loss of the preterite, under this perspective, German is by no means a completed process. Second, and what is more, it will be argued that the trigger for this decay of the synthetic preterite and its replacement by analytic preterite forms is the specific criteria under which oral (as opposed to written) communication is executed. Counter to the rich, existing literature on the topic, a number of parsing principles will be claimed to be responsible for this diachronic development yielding different results due to a different execution of these principles.
[Not in series, 103]  2001.  xiv, 148 pp.
Publishing status: Available | Language: German
Table of Contents
Einleitung
xi
Abstract
xiii
1. Präteritumschwund in gesamteuropäischen Bezügen
1
2. Präteritumschwund (PS) im frühen Afrikaans
25
3. Der oberdeutsche Präteritumsschwund unter neuer methodischer Sicht
55
4. Parsing- und diskursprominente Eigenschaften des Deutschen
67
5. Die Diskursfunktionen Thema — Rhema: Deutsche Grammatik zwischen Diskursprominanz und Parsingregularitäten
75
6. Basisstruktur des deutschen Satzes unter diskursfunktionalem Gewicht: Inhaltlich-funktionale Kategorien und ableitende funktionale Kategorien
97
7. Das Jiddische mit Präteritumschwund: SVO als Syntaxcalque aus dem Slawischen, SOV als deutsche Diskurstrategie
115
8. Schluß zur parsing-methodischen Exerzitie über den Präteritumschwund allgemein und im Oberdeutschen im besonderen
123
9. Nachtrag: Kurze Erläuterungen zu den Erklärthesen und Ursachenkriterien
127
Literaturnachweise
137
Sachindex
145
“Abraham und Conradie haben eine insgesammt gelungene Arbeit vorgelegt, die den germanistischen Fragehorizont bezüglich Präteritumschwund hin auf eine typologische und allgemeinsprachwissenschaftliche Perspective öffnet und der zukünftige Forschung nicht nur auf diesem Gebiet wichtige Anregungen bieten wird. Es sei insbesondere jedem Germanisten nachdrücklich zur Lektüre empholen.”
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2001025602