How to do Linguistics with R

Data exploration and statistical analysis

| Université catholique de Louvain
ISBN 9789027212245 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
ISBN 9789027212252 | EUR 36.00 | USD 54.00
ISBN 9789027268457 | EUR 105.00/36.00*
| USD 158.00/54.00*

This book provides a linguist with a statistical toolkit for exploration and analysis of linguistic data. It employs R, a free software environment for statistical computing, which is increasingly popular among linguists. How to do Linguistics with R: Data exploration and statistical analysis is unique in its scope, as it covers a wide range of classical and cutting-edge statistical methods, including different flavours of regression analysis and ANOVA, random forests and conditional inference trees, as well as specific linguistic approaches, among which are Behavioural Profiles, Vector Space Models and various measures of association between words and constructions. The statistical topics are presented comprehensively, but without too much technical detail, and illustrated with linguistic case studies that answer non-trivial research questions. The book also demonstrates how to visualize linguistic data with the help of attractive informative graphs, including the popular ggplot2 system and Google visualization tools.

This book has a companion website:

[Not in series, 195]  2015.  xi, 443 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. What is statistics? Main statistical notions and principles
Chapter 2. Introduction to R
Chapter 3. Descriptive statistics for quantitative variables
Chapter 4. How to explore qualitative variables: proportions and their visualizations
Chapter 5. Comparing two groups: t-test and Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests for independent and dependent samples
Chapter 6. Relationships between two quantitative variables: Correlation analysis with elements of linear regression modelling
Chapter 7. More on frequencies and reaction times: Linear regression
Chapter 8. Finding differences between several groups: Sign language, linguistic relativity and ANOVA
Chapter 9. Measuring associations between two categorical variables: Conceptual metaphors and tests of independence
Chapter 10. Association measures: collocations and collostructions
Chapter 11. Geographic variation of quite: Distinctive collexeme analysis
Chapter 12. Probabilistic multifactorial grammar and lexicology: Binomial logistic regression
Chapter 13. Multinomial (polytomous) logistic regression models of three and more near synonyms
Chapter 14. Conditional inference trees and random forests
Chapter 15. Behavioural profiles, distance metrics and cluster analysis
Chapter 16. Introduction to Semantic Vector Spaces: Cosine as a measure of semantic similarity
Chapter 17. Language and space: Dialects, maps and Multidimensional Scaling
Chapter 18. Multidimensional analysis of register variation: Principal Components Analysis and Factor Analysis
Chapter 19. Exemplars, categories, prototypes: Simple and multiple correspondence analysis
Chapter 20. Constructional change and motion charts
The most important R objects and basic operations with them
Main plotting functions and graphical parameters in R
Subject Index
Index of R functions and packages
“Levshina’s book achieves something few other books on doing linguistics with R have achieved. She has written a book that makes sense even for novice users of R and for linguists not accustomed to statistical computing. Levshina writes in a pedagogically sensitive style, in friendly language, and with just the right amount of explanatory prose to lead the reader to insightful analyses. Taken together, the chapters introduce the reader to a sparkling variety of statistical methods. Best of all, from the point of view of linguists, real *linguistic *problems take centre stage throughout the book– the statistical methods are the means to answer intriguing linguistic questions, not an end in themselves.”
“This is a fantastic textbook: extremely comprehensive (the book surveys almost all major analysis technique used in the linguistic literature – from descriptive statistics over regression analysis to semantic vector space modeling), well-written, and with a much appreciated emphasis on good data visualization. Both beginning and more experienced quantitative linguists will find this book an invaluable resource.”
Cited by

Cited by 176 other publications

No author info given
2016. Review of Moisl ((2015)): Cluster Analysis for Corpus Linguistics. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 21:4  pp. 581 ff. Crossref logo
No author info given
2018.  In Tag Questions in Conversation [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 83], Crossref logo
No author info given
2018.  In Threatening in English [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 284], Crossref logo
No author info given
2019.  In Sensory Linguistics [Converging Evidence in Language and Communication Research, 20], Crossref logo
No author info given
2019.  In Sensory Linguistics [Converging Evidence in Language and Communication Research, 20],  pp. 235 ff. Crossref logo
No author info given
2021.  In Conjunctive Markers of Contrast in English and French [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 99], Crossref logo
No author info given
2021.  In The Manipulative Disguise of Truth [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 322], Crossref logo
Abed Ibrahim, Lina & István Fekete
2019. What Machine Learning Can Tell Us About the Role of Language Dominance in the Diagnostic Accuracy of German LITMUS Non-word and Sentence Repetition Tasks. Frontiers in Psychology 9 Crossref logo
Ackermann, Tanja
2021. Pre- and postnominal onymic genitives in (Early) New High German. Journal of Historical Linguistics 11:3  pp. 499 ff. Crossref logo
Allassonnière-Tang, Marc & One-Soon Her
2020. Numeral base, numeral classifier, and noun. Language and Linguistics. 語言暨語言學 21:4  pp. 511 ff. Crossref logo
Anthonissen, Lynn, Astrid De Wit & Tanja Mortelmans
2019. (Inter)subjective uses of the Dutch progressive constructions . Linguistics 57:5  pp. 1111 ff. Crossref logo
Arnold, Taylor, Nicolas Ballier, Paula Lissón & Lauren Tilton
2019. Beyond lexical frequencies: using R for text analysis in the digital humanities. Language Resources and Evaluation 53:4  pp. 707 ff. Crossref logo
Badryzlova, Yulia & Polina Panicheva
2018.  In Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language [Communications in Computer and Information Science, 930],  pp. 23 ff. Crossref logo
Blas Arroyo, José Luis
2020. “Madrit nos roba”. Spanish in Context 17:1  pp. 30 ff. Crossref logo
Bolly, Catherine T., Ludivine Crible, Liesbeth Degand & Deniz Uygur-Distexhe
2017.  In Pragmatic Markers, Discourse Markers and Modal Particles [Studies in Language Companion Series, 186],  pp. 71 ff. Crossref logo
Bolyanatz Brown, Mariška A. & Brandon M.A. Rogers
2019.  In Recent Advances in the Study of Spanish Sociophonetic Perception [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 21],  pp. 212 ff. Crossref logo
Brato, Thorsten
2020. Noun phrase complexity in Ghanaian English. World Englishes 39:3  pp. 377 ff. Crossref logo
Buschfeld, Sarah
2021.  In The Dynamics of English in Namibia [Varieties of English Around the World, G65],  pp. 169 ff. Crossref logo
2019. Vowel duration in English adjectives in attributive and predicative constructions. Language and Cognition 11:4  pp. 555 ff. Crossref logo
Chatterjee, Arumoy, Deepika Bais, Axel Brockmann & Divya Ramesh
2021. Search Behavior of Individual Foragers Involves Neurotransmitter Systems Characteristic for Social Scouting. Frontiers in Insect Science 1 Crossref logo
Chen, Qiaoyun
2020. Creating a 3D semantic profile of causative shi and rang: A constructional approach. Australian Journal of Linguistics 40:4  pp. 405 ff. Crossref logo
Chen, Zhuo, Ping Zhang, Yi Lin & Yanxia Li
2021. Interactions of trait emotional intelligence, foreign language anxiety, and foreign language enjoyment in the foreign language speaking classroom. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Childs, Claire
2021. Mechanisms of Grammaticalization in the Variation of Negative Question Tags. Journal of English Linguistics 49:4  pp. 419 ff. Crossref logo
Crowther, Dustin, Susie Kim, Jongbong Lee, Jungmin Lim & Shawn Loewen
2021. Methodological Synthesis of Cluster Analysis in Second Language Research. Language Learning 71:1  pp. 99 ff. Crossref logo
2017. Experimenting on the past: a case study on changing analysability in English ly-adverbs. English Language and Linguistics 21:2  pp. 317 ff. Crossref logo
De Smet, Isabeau & Freek Van de Velde
2019. Reassessing the evolution of West Germanic preterite inflection. Diachronica 36:2  pp. 139 ff. Crossref logo
De Smet, Isabeau & Freek Van de Velde
2020. Semantic differences between strong and weak verb forms in Dutch. Cognitive Linguistics 31:3  pp. 393 ff. Crossref logo
Deibel, Isabel
2020. The contribution of grammar and lexicon to language switching costs: Examining contact-induced languages and their implications for theories of language representation. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 23:5  pp. 992 ff. Crossref logo
Deshors, Sandra C
2021. Contextualizing Past Tenses in L2: Combined Effects and Interactions in the Present Perfect versus Simple Past Alternation. Applied Linguistics 42:2  pp. 269 ff. Crossref logo
Deshors, Sandra C.
2020. English as a Lingua Franca: A random forests approach to particle placement in multi‐speaker interactions. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 30:2  pp. 214 ff. Crossref logo
Diskin‐Holdaway, Chloé
2021.  You know and like among migrants in Ireland and Australia . World Englishes Crossref logo
Divjak, Dagmar
2017. The Role of Lexical Frequency in the Acceptability of Syntactic Variants: Evidence Fromthat-Clauses in Polish. Cognitive Science 41:2  pp. 354 ff. Crossref logo
Divjak, Dagmar
2019.  In Frequency in Language, Crossref logo
Du, Jing, Fuyin Thomas Li & Mengmin Xu
2020.  Pò (‘break’), qiē (‘cut’) and kāi (‘open’) in Chinese. Review of Cognitive Linguistics 18:1  pp. 213 ff. Crossref logo
Engel, Alexandra, Jason Grafmiller, Laura Rosseel, Benedikt Szmrecsanyi & Freek Van de Velde
2021.  In Corpus-based Approaches to Register Variation [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 103],  pp. 51 ff. Crossref logo
Enns, Charlotte, Vera Kolbe & Claudia Becker
2021. Challenges and solutions in test adaption. Sign Language & Linguistics 24:2  pp. 226 ff. Crossref logo
Estellés Arguedas, Maria
2020. The Evolution of Parliamentary Debates in Light of the Evolution of Evidentials: Al Parecer and Por lo Visto in 40 Years of Parliamentary Proceedings from Spain. Corpus Pragmatics 4:1  pp. 59 ff. Crossref logo
Flach, Susanne
2020. Schemas and the frequency/acceptability mismatch: Corpus distribution predicts sentence judgments. Cognitive Linguistics 31:4  pp. 609 ff. Crossref logo
Fronhofer, Nina-Maria
2019.  In Emotion in Discourse [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 302],  pp. 213 ff. Crossref logo
Fuchs, Robert, Bertus van Rooy & Ulrike Gut
2019.  In Corpus Linguistics and African Englishes [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 88],  pp. 38 ff. Crossref logo
Gallant, Jordan & Gary Libben
2021. Power and Positivity: Psycholinguistic Perspectives on Word Valence in Canadian Parliament. Frontiers in Communication 6 Crossref logo
García‐Castro, Laura
2020. Finite and non‐finite complement clauses in postcolonial Englishes. World Englishes 39:3  pp. 411 ff. Crossref logo
Gardner, Matt Hunt, Eva Uffing, Nicholas Van Vaeck, Benedikt Szmrecsanyi & Stefan Th. Gries
2021. Variation isn’t that hard: Morphosyntactic choice does not predict production difficulty. PLOS ONE 16:6  pp. e0252602 ff. Crossref logo
Gerasimova, Anastasia & Ekaterina Lyutikova
2020. Intralingual Variation in Acceptability Judgments and Production: Three Case Studies in Russian Grammar. Frontiers in Psychology 11 Crossref logo
Hartmann, Stefan
2018. Derivational morphology in flux: a case study of word-formation change in German . Cognitive Linguistics 29:1  pp. 77 ff. Crossref logo
Hartmann, Stefan
2021. Diachronic Cognitive Linguistics. Yearbook of the German Cognitive Linguistics Association 9:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Her, One-Soon & Marc Tang
2020. A Statistical Explanation of the Distribution of Sortal Classifiers in Languages of the World via Computational Classifiers. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics 27:2  pp. 93 ff. Crossref logo
Herbeck, Peter
2021. Perspectival factors and pro-drop: A corpus study of speaker/addressee pronouns with creer ‘think/ believe’ and saber ‘know’ in spoken Spanish. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 6:1 Crossref logo
Hilpert, Martin & Susanne Flach
2021. Disentangling modal meanings with distributional semantics. Digital Scholarship in the Humanities 36:2  pp. 307 ff. Crossref logo
Ioannou, Georgios
2017. A corpus-based analysis of the verb pleróo in Ancient Greek. Review of Cognitive Linguistics 15:1  pp. 253 ff. Crossref logo
Ioannou, Georgios
2019. From Athenian fleet to prophetic eschatology. Correlating formal features to themes of discourse in Ancient Greek . Folia Linguistica 53:s40-s2  pp. 355 ff. Crossref logo
Jach, Daniel
2021.  In Constructions in Contact 2 [Constructional Approaches to Language, 30],  pp. 340 ff. Crossref logo
Jach, Daniel
2021. Revisiting German two-way prepositions. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 40:2  pp. 95 ff. Crossref logo
Janda, Laura A.
2019. Quantitative perspectives in Cognitive Linguistics. Review of Cognitive Linguistics 17:1  pp. 7 ff. Crossref logo
Janda, Laura A.
2021.  In Corpus Approaches to Language, Thought and Communication [Benjamins Current Topics, 119],  pp. 7 ff. Crossref logo
Jehlička, Jakub & Eva Lehečková
2020. Multimodal Event Construals: The Role of Co-Speech Gestures in English vs. Czech Interactions. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 68:4  pp. 351 ff. Crossref logo
Jeszenszky, Péter, Carina Steiner & Adrian Leemann
2021. Reduction of Survey Sites in Dialectology: A New Methodology Based on Clustering. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence 4 Crossref logo
Johns, Michael A, Jorge R Valdés Kroff & Paola E Dussias
2019. Mixing things up: How blocking and mixing affect the processing of codemixed sentences. International Journal of Bilingualism 23:2  pp. 584 ff. Crossref logo
Johns, Michael A., Laura Rodrigo, Rosa E. Guzzardo Tamargo, Aliza Winneg & Paola E. Dussias
2021. Priming and persistence in bilinguals: What codeswitching tells us about lexical priming in sentential contexts*. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 24:4  pp. 681 ff. Crossref logo
Kang, Hui & Jiajin Xu
2021. A Multifactorial Analysis of Concessive Clause Positioning. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics 28:4  pp. 356 ff. Crossref logo
Kawahara, Shigeto
2020. Bodo Winter (2019). Statistics for linguists: an introduction using R. New York & London: Routledge. pp. xvi + 310.. Phonology 37:3  pp. 507 ff. Crossref logo
Kim, Agnes & Katharina Korecky-Kröll
2021. Prepositional phrases in German in Austria – identifying patterns of variation. Open Linguistics 7:1  pp. 476 ff. Crossref logo
Kim, YouJin, YeonJoo Jung & Stephen Skalicky
Kim, YouJin, Stephen Skalicky & YeonJoo Jung
2020. The Role of Linguistic Alignment on Question Development in Face‐to‐Face and Synchronous Computer‐Mediated Communication Contexts: A Conceptual Replication Study. Language Learning 70:3  pp. 643 ff. Crossref logo
Kimps, Ditte, Kristin Davidse & Gerard O’Grady*
2019. English tag questions eliciting knowledge or action. Functions of Language 26:1  pp. 86 ff. Crossref logo
Kleiber, Ingo
2019. Brezina, V. (2018). Statistics in Corpus Linguistics: A Practical Guide . International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 24:1  pp. 131 ff. Crossref logo
Kocher, Anna
2018. Epistemic and evidential modification in Spanish and Portuguese. Languages in Contrast 18:1  pp. 99 ff. Crossref logo
Kokorniak, Iwona & Alicja Jajko-Siwek
2018. Expressing i think that in Polish. Review of Cognitive Linguistics 16:1  pp. 229 ff. Crossref logo
Kortmann, Bernd
2020.  In English Linguistics,  pp. 241 ff. Crossref logo
Krause-Lerche, Anne
2019. Conservation in ongoing analogical change: The measurement and effect(s) of token frequency . Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 0:0 Crossref logo
Kruger, Haidee
2019. That Again: A Multivariate Analysis of the Factors Conditioning Syntactic Explicitness in Translated English. Across Languages and Cultures 20:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
2020. A multifactorial analysis of contact-induced change in speech reporting in written White South African English (WSAfE). English Language and Linguistics 24:1  pp. 179 ff. Crossref logo
Kumcu, Alper
2021. Linguistic Synesthesia in Turkish: A Corpus-based Study of Crossmodal Directionality. Metaphor and Symbol 36:4  pp. 241 ff. Crossref logo
Kwame, Abukari & Marit Westergaard
2020. The acquisition of English articles among L1 Dagbani L2 English learners. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue canadienne de linguistique 65:4  pp. 496 ff. Crossref logo
Laitinen, Mikko
2018.  In Modeling World Englishes [Varieties of English Around the World, G61],  pp. 109 ff. Crossref logo
Laitinen, Mikko
2020. Empirical perspectives on English as a lingua franca (ELF) grammar. World Englishes 39:3  pp. 427 ff. Crossref logo
Larsson, Tove, Marcus Callies, Hilde Hasselgård, Natalia Judith Laso, Sanne van Vuuren, Isabel Verdaguer & Magali Paquot
2020. Adverb placement in EFL academic writing. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 25:2  pp. 155 ff. Crossref logo
Leal, Tania
2018.  In Critical Reflections on Data in Second Language Acquisition [Language Learning & Language Teaching, 51],  pp. 63 ff. Crossref logo
Levshina, Natalia
2017. Measuring iconicity. Functions of Language 24:3  pp. 319 ff. Crossref logo
Li, Jialei
2021. An aggregate approach to diachronic variation in modern Chinese writings and translations. Asian Languages and Linguistics 2:1  pp. 110 ff. Crossref logo
Li, Yi, Benedikt Szmrecsanyi & Weiwei Zhang
2021. The theme-recipient alternation in Chinese: tracking syntactic variation across seven centuries. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 0:0 Crossref logo
Lieb, Hans-Heinrich
2018.  In Essays on Linguistic Realism [Studies in Language Companion Series, 196],  pp. 79 ff. Crossref logo
Liesenfeld, Andreas, Meichun Liu & Chu-Ren Huang
2020. Profiling the Chinese causative construction withrang(讓),shi(使) andling(令) using frame semantic features. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 0:0 Crossref logo
Lorenz, Eliane
2018.  In Foreign Language Education in Multilingual Classrooms [Hamburg Studies on Linguistic Diversity, 7],  pp. 331 ff. Crossref logo
Lorenz, Eliane, Richard J Bonnie, Kathrin Feindt, Sharareh Rahbari & Peter Siemund
2019. Cross-linguistic influence in unbalanced bilingual heritage speakers on subsequent language acquisition: Evidence from pronominal object placement in ditransitive clauses. International Journal of Bilingualism 23:6  pp. 1410 ff. Crossref logo
Lorenz, Eliane, Yevheniia Hasai & Peter Siemund
2021. Multilingual lexical transfer challenges monolingual educational norms: not quite!. Multilingua 40:6  pp. 791 ff. Crossref logo
Lorenz, Eliane & Peter Siemund
2019.  In International Research on Multilingualism: Breaking with the Monolingual Perspective [Multilingual Education, 35],  pp. 81 ff. Crossref logo
López-Beltrán, Priscila, Michael A Johns, Paola E Dussias, Cristóbal Lozano & Alfonso Palma
2021. The effects of information structure in the processing of word order variation in the second language. Second Language Research  pp. 026765832199246 ff. Crossref logo
MacKenzie, Laurel
2020. Comparing Constraints on Contraction Using Bayesian Regression Modeling. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence 3 Crossref logo
McConnell, Kyla & Alice Blumenthal-Dramé
2019. Effects of task and corpus-derived association scores on the online processing of collocations . Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 0:0 Crossref logo
Meng, Ran, Ying Chen, Qimiao Zhou & Hongkun Fu
2020.  In 2020 International Conference on Asian Language Processing (IALP),  pp. 125 ff. Crossref logo
Meyers, Charlène
2019. Difficulties in Identifying and Translating Linguistic Metaphors: A Survey and Experiment among Translation Students. English Studies at NBU 5:2  pp. 308 ff. Crossref logo
Mikhailov, Mikhail
2020. Цвет в художественном тексте и в переводе: Опыт корпусного исследования. Scando-Slavica 66:1  pp. 23 ff. Crossref logo
Mostafa, Tamanna, Scott A. Crossley & YouJin Kim
2021. Predictors of English as second language learners’ oral proficiency development in a classroom context. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 31:3  pp. 526 ff. Crossref logo
Naccarato, Chiara
2019. Agentive (para)synthetic compounds in Russian: a quantitative study of rival constructions. Morphology 29:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Naccarato, Chiara, Anastasia Panova & Natalia Stoynova
2021. Word-order variation in a contact setting: A corpus-based investigation of Russian spoken in Daghestan. Language Variation and Change  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Nance, Claire
2020. Bilingual language exposure and the peer group: Acquiring phonetics and phonology in Gaelic Medium Education. International Journal of Bilingualism 24:2  pp. 360 ff. Crossref logo
Nelson, Christina
2020. The younger, the better? Speech perception development in adolescent vs. adult L3 learners. Yearbook of the Poznan Linguistic Meeting 6:1  pp. 27 ff. Crossref logo
Nesset, Tore
2019. Big data in Russian linguistics?. Zeitschrift für Slawistik 64:2  pp. 157 ff. Crossref logo
Nesset, Tore
2020. A long birth. Diachronica 37:4  pp. 514 ff. Crossref logo
Nesset, Tore & Anastasia Makarova
2018. The decade construction rivalry in Russian. Diachronica 35:1  pp. 71 ff. Crossref logo
Neuhaus, Laura
2019. Eine diachrone Korpusanalyse der rhetorischen Figur Litotes. Jahrbuch für Germanistische Sprachgeschichte 10:1  pp. 345 ff. Crossref logo
Neumann, Stella
2020. On the interaction between register variation and regional varieties in English. Language, Context and Text. The Social Semiotics Forum 2:1  pp. 121 ff. Crossref logo
Norde, Muriel & Kristel Van Goethem
2018.  In The Construction of Words [Studies in Morphology, 4],  pp. 475 ff. Crossref logo
Octavio de Toledo y Huerta, Álvaro S.
2019. Large Corpora and Historical Syntax: Consequences for the Study of Morphosyntactic Diffusion in the History of Spanish. Frontiers in Psychology 10 Crossref logo
Panova, Anastasia & Tatiana Philippova
2021. When a cross-linguistic tendency marries incomplete acquisition: Preposition drop in Russian spoken in Daghestan. International Journal of Bilingualism 25:3  pp. 640 ff. Crossref logo
Paquot, Magali & Tove Larsson
2020.  In A Practical Handbook of Corpus Linguistics,  pp. 375 ff. Crossref logo
Paquot, Magali & Luke Plonsky
2017. Quantitative research methods and study quality in learner corpus research. International Journal of Learner Corpus Research 3:1  pp. 61 ff. Crossref logo
Percillier, Michael
2017.  In Data Analytics in Digital Humanities,  pp. 91 ff. Crossref logo
Pettersson-Traba, Daniela
2021. A diachronic perspective on near-synonymy: The concept of sweet-smelling in American English . Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 17:2  pp. 319 ff. Crossref logo
Pijpops, Dirk, Dirk Speelman, Freek Van de Velde & Stefan Grondelaers
2021. Incorporating the multi-level nature of the constructicon into hypothesis testing. Cognitive Linguistics 32:3  pp. 487 ff. Crossref logo
Podhorodecka, Joanna
2021. Real-life pseudo-passives: The usage and discourse functions of adjunct-based passive constructions. Poznan Studies in Contemporary Linguistics 57:1  pp. 33 ff. Crossref logo
Polo Aparisi, Manuel, Eva Maria Schöll & Sabine Marlene Hille
2018. Alpine Marsh Tits Poecile palustris palustris exhibit no clear sexual dimorphism other than in wing length. Ringing & Migration 33:1  pp. 36 ff. Crossref logo
Pérez-Guerra, Javier
2021.  In Corpus-based Approaches to Register Variation [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 103],  pp. 85 ff. Crossref logo
Radu, Malina, Laura Colantoni, Gabrielle Klassen, Matthew Patience, Ana Teresa Pérez-Leroux & Olga Tararova
2020. The perception and interpretation of sentence types by L1 Spanish–L2 English speakers. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 10:4  pp. 499 ff. Crossref logo
Rastelli, Stefano
2019. The discontinuity model: Statistical and grammatical learning in adult second-language acquisition. Language Acquisition 26:4  pp. 387 ff. Crossref logo
Romasanta, Raquel P.
2021. Substrate Language Influence in Postcolonial Asian Englishes and the Role of Transfer in the Complementation System. English Studies 102:8  pp. 1151 ff. Crossref logo
Roothooft, Hanne & Ruth Breeze
2016. A comparison of EFL teachers’ and students’ attitudes to oral corrective feedback. Language Awareness 25:4  pp. 318 ff. Crossref logo
Rosemeyer, Malte
2019. Actual and apparent change in Brazilian Portuguese wh-interrogatives. Language Variation and Change 31:2  pp. 165 ff. Crossref logo
Rosemeyer, Malte
2021. À nouveau and de nouveau in spoken and written French. Journal of French Language Studies  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Rusk, Brian V., Johanne Paradis & Juhani Järvikivi
2020. Comprehension of English plural-singular marking by Mandarin-L1, early L2-immersion learners. Applied Psycholinguistics 41:3  pp. 547 ff. Crossref logo
Röthlisberger, Melanie & Benedikt Szmrecsanyi
2019.  In Handbook of the Changing World Language Map,  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Röthlisberger, Melanie & Benedikt Szmrecsanyi
2020.  In Handbook of the Changing World Language Map,  pp. 131 ff. Crossref logo
Röthlisberger, Melanie & Sali A. Tagliamonte
2020. The social embedding of a syntactic alternation: Variable particle placement in Ontario English. Language Variation and Change 32:3  pp. 317 ff. Crossref logo
Rühlemann, Christoph
2020.  In Visual Linguistics with R, Crossref logo
Schmidtke-Bode, Karsten & Gregor Kachel
2020. Exploring the motivational antecedents of Nepalese learners of L2 English . International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching 58:4  pp. 379 ff. Crossref logo
Schneider, Edgar W.
2020.  In English around the World, Crossref logo
Schneider, Ulrike
2021. How Trump tweets: A comparative analysis of tweets by US politicians. Research in Corpus Linguistics 9:2  pp. 34 ff. Crossref logo
Schneider, Ulrike
2021. Loss of intersective gradience as the lifeboat of a dying construction. An analysis of the diachronic change of causative bring . Folia Linguistica 55:s42-s2  pp. 429 ff. Crossref logo
Schweinberger, Martin
2020.  In Corpora and the Changing Society [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 96],  pp. 223 ff. Crossref logo
Silvennoinen, Olli O.
2018. Constructional schemas in variation. Constructions and Frames 10:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
2021. Constructional competition and network reconfiguration: investigating sum(e) in Old, Middle and Early Modern English. English Language and Linguistics 25:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
2021. Sources of variation at the onset of bilingualism: The differential effect of input factors, AOA, and cognitive skills on HL Arabic and L2 English syntax. Journal of Child Language  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Spina, Stefania
2019. Role of Emoticons as Structural Markers in Twitter Interactions. Discourse Processes 56:4  pp. 345 ff. Crossref logo
Stange, Ulrike
2020. “Holding Grudges Is So Last Century”: The Use of GenX So as a Modifier of Noun Phrases. Journal of English Linguistics 48:2  pp. 107 ff. Crossref logo
Stoynova, Natalia
2021. Нестандартные количественные конструкции в русской речи носителей нанайского и ульчского языков. Russian Linguistics 45:3  pp. 305 ff. Crossref logo
Susanti, Yuni, Takenobu Tokunaga, Hitoshi Nishikawa & Hiroyuki Obari
2017. Controlling item difficulty for automatic vocabulary question generation. Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning 12:1 Crossref logo
Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt, Jason Grafmiller & Laura Rosseel
2019. Variation-Based Distance and Similarity Modeling: A Case Study in World Englishes. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence 2 Crossref logo
Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt & Melanie Röthlisberger
2019.  In The Cambridge Handbook of World Englishes,  pp. 534 ff. Crossref logo
Sönning, Lukas & Valentin Werner
2021. The replication crisis, scientific revolutions, and linguistics. Linguistics 59:5  pp. 1179 ff. Crossref logo
Tagarro, Pablo M. & Nerea Suárez-González
2019. Laurel J. Brinton (ed.). 2017. English historical linguistics: Approaches and perspectives . Studies in Language 43:4  pp. 1038 ff. Crossref logo
Tait, Alastair W., Emma J. Gagen, Siobhan A. Wilson, Andrew G. Tomkins & Gordon Southam
2017. Microbial Populations of Stony Meteorites: Substrate Controls on First Colonizers. Frontiers in Microbiology 8 Crossref logo
2020. Probabilistic indigenization effects at the lexis–syntax interface. English Language and Linguistics 24:2  pp. 413 ff. Crossref logo
Tang, Marc & I-Ping Wan
2020.  In From Minimal Contrast to Meaning Construct [Frontiers in Chinese Linguistics, 9],  pp. 289 ff. Crossref logo
Tantucci, Vittorio
2021.  In Language and Social Minds, Crossref logo
Tantucci, Vittorio & Matteo Di Cristofaro
2021. Pre-emptive interaction in language change and ontogeny: the case of [there is no NP]. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 17:3  pp. 715 ff. Crossref logo
Tantucci, Vittorio & Aiqing Wang
2020. Diachronic change of rapport orientation and sentence-periphery in Mandarin. Discourse Studies 22:2  pp. 146 ff. Crossref logo
Tantucci, Vittorio & Aiqing Wang
2021. Resonance as an Applied Predictor of Cross-Cultural Interaction: Constructional Priming in Mandarin and American English Interaction. Applied Linguistics Crossref logo
Thompson, Arthur Lewis, Thomas Van Hoey & Youngah Do
2021. Articulatory features of phonemes pattern to iconic meanings: evidence from cross-linguistic ideophones. Cognitive Linguistics 32:4  pp. 563 ff. Crossref logo
Tizón-Couto, David
2017. Exploring the Left Dislocation construction by means of multiple linear regression. Belgian Journal of Linguistics 31  pp. 301 ff. Crossref logo
Tizón-Couto, David
2018.  In Explorations in English Historical Syntax [Studies in Language Companion Series, 198],  pp. 203 ff. Crossref logo
Tizón-Couto, David & David Lorenz
2021. Variables are valuable: making a case for deductive modeling. Linguistics 59:5  pp. 1279 ff. Crossref logo
Travis, Catherine E. & Inas Ghina
2021. Gender, mobility and contact. Asia-Pacific Language Variation 7:2  pp. 142 ff. Crossref logo
Trye, David, Andreea S. Calude, Felipe Bravo-Marquez & Te Taka Keegan
2020. Hybrid Hashtags: #YouKnowYoureAKiwiWhen Your Tweet Contains Māori and English. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence 3 Crossref logo
Urdaniz, Raquel Perez & Sophia Skoufaki
2019. Spanish L1 EFL learners’ recognition knowledge of English academic vocabulary: The role of cognateness, word frequency and length . Applied Linguistics Review 0:0 Crossref logo
Van de Velde, Freek & Isabeau De Smet
2021. Markov Models for Multi-state Language Change. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Van Goethem, Kristel & Muriel Norde
2020. Extravagant “fake” morphemes in Dutch. Morphological productivity, semantic profiles and categorical flexibility. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 16:3  pp. 425 ff. Crossref logo
Van Wettere, Niek
2021. Copularity of French and Dutch (semi-)copular constructions: a behavioral profile analysis. Linguistics 59:6  pp. 1359 ff. Crossref logo
Van Wettere, Niek
2021. Productivity of French and Dutch (semi-)copular constructions and the adverse impact of high token frequency. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 26:3  pp. 396 ff. Crossref logo
Vandeweerd, Nathan, Alex Housen & Magali Paquot
2021. Applying phraseological complexity measures to L2 French. International Journal of Learner Corpus Research 7:2  pp. 197 ff. Crossref logo
Velupillai, Viveka
2019. Gendered inanimates in Shetland dialect. English World-Wide. A Journal of Varieties of English 40:3  pp. 269 ff. Crossref logo
Viola, Lorella
2020. From linguistic innovation to language change. Revue Romane. Langue et littérature. International Journal of Romance Languages and Literatures 55:1  pp. 95 ff. Crossref logo
Voelkel, Svenja & Franziska Kretzschmar
2021.  In Introducing Linguistic Research, Crossref logo
Wagner, Susanne
2019. Why very good in India might be pretty good in North America. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 24:4  pp. 445 ff. Crossref logo
Widmer, Manuel, Mathias Jenny, Wolfgang Behr & Balthasar Bickel
2021. Morphological structure can escape reduction effects from mass admixture of second language speakers. Studies in Language 45:4  pp. 707 ff. Crossref logo
Wiemer, Björn, Joanna Wrzesień-Kwiatkowska & Piotr Wyroślak
2020. How morphologically related synonyms come to make up a paradigm. Russian Linguistics 44:3  pp. 231 ff. Crossref logo
Winter, Bodo & Paul‐Christian Bürkner
2021. Poisson regression for linguists: A tutorial introduction to modelling count data with brms. Language and Linguistics Compass 15:11 Crossref logo
Woodin, Greg & Bodo Winter
2018. Placing Abstract Concepts in Space: Quantity, Time and Emotional Valence. Frontiers in Psychology 9 Crossref logo
Xiao, Hongling, Fang Li, Ted J. M. Sanders & Wilbert P. M. S. Spooren
2021.  Suǒyǐ ‘so’, they are different: an integrated subjectivity account of Mandarin RESULT connectives in conversation, microblog and newspaper discourse. Linguistics 59:4  pp. 1103 ff. Crossref logo
Xiao, Hongling, Fang Li, Ted J. M. Sanders & Wilbert P. M. S. Spooren
2021. How subjective are Mandarin reason connectives?. Language and Linguistics. 語言暨語言學 22:1  pp. 166 ff. Crossref logo
Yao, Xinyue & Peter Collins
2019. Developments in Australian, British, and American English Grammar from 1931 to 2006: An Aggregate, Comparative Approach to Dialectal Variation and Change. Journal of English Linguistics 47:2  pp. 120 ff. Crossref logo
Zehentner, Eva
2021. Alternations emerge and disappear: the network of dispossession constructions in the history of English. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 17:3  pp. 525 ff. Crossref logo
Zehentner, Eva
2021. Ambiguity avoidance as a factor in the rise of the English dative alternation. Cognitive Linguistics 0:0 Crossref logo
Zenner, Eline, Laura Rosseel & Dirk Speelman
2021. Starman or Sterrenman: An acquisitional perspective on the social meaning of English in Flanders. International Journal of Bilingualism 25:3  pp. 568 ff. Crossref logo
Çandarlı, Duygu
2020. Changes in L2 writers’ self-reported metalinguistic knowledge of lexical phrases over one academic year. The Language Learning Journal 48:6  pp. 768 ff. Crossref logo
Öksüz, Doğuş, Vaclav Brezina & Patrick Rebuschat
2021. Collocational Processing in L1 and L2: The Effects of Word Frequency, Collocational Frequency, and Association. Language Learning 71:1  pp. 55 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 22 december 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.



Agresti, A.
(2002) Categorical Data Analysis (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Allan, L.G.
(1980) A note on measurement of contingency between two binary variables in judgment tasks. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 15, 147–149. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Anishchanka, A.
(2013) Seeing it in color: A usage-based perspective on color naming in advertising. PhD diss., University of Leuven.
Arppe, A., Han, W., & Newman, J.
(2013) Polytomous logistic regression with Shanghainese topic markers. Vignette, CRAN-R Project. http://​cran​.r​-project​.org​/web​/packages​/polytomous​/vignettes​/shanghainese​.pdf (last access 13.12.2014).
Atkins, B.T.S.
(1987) Semantic ID tags: Corpus evidence for dictionary senses. The uses of large text databases. Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference of the UW Centre for the New Oxford English Dictionary (pp. 17–36). Waterloo, Canada.
Baayen, R.
H (2008) Analyzing Linguistic Data. A Practical Introduction to Statistics Using R. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Balota, D.A., Yap, M.J., & Cortese, M.J.., et al.
(2007) The English Lexicon Project. Behavior Research Methods, 39(3), 445–459. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Barnbrook, G., Mason, O., & Krishnamurthy, R.
(2013) Collocation: Applications and Implications. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bates, E., & Goodman, J.C.
(1997) On the inseparability of grammar and the lexicon: Evidence from acquisition, aphasia and real-time processing. Language and Cognitive Processes, 12(5/6), 507–586. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Berlin, B., & Kay, P.
(1969) Basic Color Terms: Their Universality and Evolution. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Biber, D.
(1988) Variation Across Speech and Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bloomfield, L.
(1935) Language. London: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
Borg, I., & Groenen, P.
(1997) Modern Multidimensional Scaling: Theory and Applications. New York: Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Boroditsky, L.
(2001) Does language shape thought?: Mandarin and English speakers’ conceptions of time. Cognitive Psychology, 43, 1–22. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bowerman, M., & Choi, S.
(2003) Space under construction: Language-specific spatial categorization in first language acquisition. In D. Gentner & S. Goldin-Meadow (Eds.), Language in Mind: Advances in the Study of Language and Thought (pp. 387–427). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Bresnan, J., & Hay, J.
(2008) Gradient Grammar: An effect of animacy on the syntax of give in New Zealand and American English. Lingua, 118(2), 245–259. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brugman, C.
(1988 [1981]) The Story of Over: Polysemy, Semantics and the Structure of the Lexicon. New York: Garland.Google Scholar
Bullinaria, J.A., & Levy, J.P.
(2007) Extracting semantic representations from word co-occurrence statistics: A Computational Study. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 510–526. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bybee, J.
(2001) Phonology and language use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chambers, J.
(2008) Software for Data Analysis: Programming with R. New York: Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chang, W.
(2012) R Graphics Cookbook. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media.Google Scholar
Chomsky, N.
(1957) Syntactic Structures. The Hague: Mouton.Google Scholar
Conover, W.J.
(1999) Practical Nonparametric Statistics (3rd ed.). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
Conover, W.J., Johnson, M.E., & Johnson, M.M.
(1981) A comparative study of tests for homogeneity of variances, with applications to the outer continental shelf bidding data. Technometrics, 23, 351–361. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cox, T.F., & Cox, M.A.A.
(2001) Multidimensional Scaling (2nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: Chapman and Hall/CRC Press.Google Scholar
Crawley, M.J.
(2007) The R Book. Chichester: Wiley. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dąbrowska, E.
(2009) Words as constructions. In V. Evans & S. Pourcel (Eds.), New Directions in Cognitive Linguistics (pp. 201–223). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Davies, M.
(2008) The Corpus of Contemporary American English: 450 million words, 1990 – present. Available online at http://​corpus​.byu​.edu​/coca/.
(2011) N-grams and word frequency data from the Corpus of Historical American English (COHA). Available online at http://​www​.ngrams​.info.
(2013) Corpus of Global Web-Based English: 1.9 billion words from speakers in 20 countries. Available online at http://​corpus2​.byu​.edu​/glowbe/.
de Leeuw, J.
(1977) Applications of convex analysis to multidimensional scaling. In J. Barra, F. Brodeau, G. Romier, & B.V. Cutsem (Eds.), Recent Developments in Statistics (pp. 133–145). Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Company.Google Scholar
Deerwester, S., Dumais, S.T., Furnas, G.W., Landayer, T.K., & Harshman, R.
(1990) Indexing by Latent Semantic Analysis. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 41, 391–407. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Diessel, H.
(2007) Frequency effects in language acquisition, language use, and diachronic change. New Ideas in Psychology, 25, 108–127. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Divjak, D.
(2003) On trying in Russian: A tentative network model for near(er) synonyms. In Belgian Contributions to the 13th International Congress of Slavicists , Ljubljana, 15-21 August 2003. Special issue of Slavica Gandensia . (pp. 25–58).
Divjak, D., & Gries, S. Th
(2006) Ways of trying in Russian: Clustering behavioral profiles. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, 2, 23–60. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2009) Corpus-based cognitive semantics: A contrastive study of phasal verbs in English and Russian. In K. Dziwirek & B. Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk (Eds.), Studies in Cognitive Corpus Linguistics (pp. 273–296). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
Dunning, T.
(1993) Accurate methods for the statistics of surprise and coincidence. Computational Linguistics, 19(1), 61–74.Google Scholar
Ellis, N.
(2006) Language acquisition as rational contingency learning. Applied Linguistics, 27(1), 1–24. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ellis, N., & Ferreira-Junior, F.
G (2009) Constructions and their acquisition: Islands and the distinctiveness of their occupancy. Annual Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 7, 188–221. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ember, C.R., & Ember, M.
(2007) Climate, econiche, and sexuality: Influences on sonority inlanguage. American Anthropologist, 109(1), 180–185. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Everett, D.
(2005) Cultural Constraints on Grammar and Cognition in Pirahã: Another Look at the Design Features of Human Language. Current Anthropology, 46, 621–646. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Evert, S.
(2004) The Statistics of Word Cooccurrences: Word Pairs and Collocations. IMS, University of Stuttgart.Google Scholar
Everitt, B., & Hothorn, T.
(2011) An Introduction to Applied Multivariate Analysis with R. New York: Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Everitt, B.S., Landau, S., Leese, M., & Stahl, D.
(2011) Cluster Analysis (5th ed.). Chichester: Wiley. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Faraway, J.J.
(2009) Linear Models with R. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman and Hall/CRC Press.Google Scholar
Fox, J.
(2008) Applied Regression Analysis and Generalized Linear Models (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Field, A., Miles, J., & Field, Z.
(2012) Discovering Statistics Using R. Los Angeles: Sage.Google Scholar
Firth, J.R.
(1957) A synopsis of linguistic theory 1930–1955. In J.R. Firth (Ed.), Studies in Linguistic Analysis (pp. 1–32). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Friendly, M.
(1996) Paivio, et al. Word List Generator, Online application. Retrieved April 28 2013, from http://​www​.datavis​.ca​/online​/paivio/
Geeraerts, D.
(1999) Idealist and empiricist tendencies in cognitive linguistics. In T. Janssen & G. Redeker (Eds.), Cognitive Linguistics: Foundations, Scope, and Methodology (pp. 163–194). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2010) Theories of Lexical Semantics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Gilquin, G.
(2006) The place of prototypicality in corpus linguistics: Causation in the hot seat. In S. Th. Gries & A. Stefanowitsch (Eds.), Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics: Corpus-Based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis (pp. 159–191). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
(2010) Corpus, Cognition and Causative Constructions. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gipper, H.
(1959) Sessel oder Stuhl? Ein Beitrag zur Bestimmung von Wortinhalten im Bereich der Sachkultur. In H. Gipper (Ed.), Sprache – Schlüssel zur Welt: Festschrift für Leo Weisgerber (pp. 271–92). Düsseldorf: Schwann.Google Scholar
Goldberg, A.E., Casenhiser, D., & Sethuraman, N.
(2004) Learning argument structure generalizations. Cognitive Linguistics, 14(3), 289–316.Google Scholar
Gower, J.C.
(1971) A general coefficient of similarity and some of its properties. Biometrics, 27, 857–874. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Greenacre, M.
(2007) Correspondence Analysis in Practice (2nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: Chapman and Hall/CRC Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gries, S. Th
(2004) Coll.analysis 3. A program for R for Windows 2.x.
(2006) Corpus-based methods and Cognitive Semantics: The many senses of to run . In S. Th. Gries & A. Stefanowitsch (Eds.), Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics. Corpus-based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis (pp. 57–99). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2008) Dispersions and adjusted frequencies in corpora. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 13(4), 403–437. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2009) Quantitative Corpus Linguistics with R: A Practical Introduction. New York/London: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2012) Behavioral Profiles: A fine-grained and quantitative approach in corpus-based lexical semantics. In G. Jarema, G. Libben, & C. Westbury (Eds.), Methodological and Analytic Frontiers in Lexical Research (pp. 57–80). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2013) Statistics for Linguistics with R. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter Mouton. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gries, S. Th., Hampe, B., & Schönefeld, D.
(2005) Converging evidence: Bringing together experimental and corpus data on the association of verbs and constructions. Cognitive Linguistics, 16(4), 635–676. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gries, S. Th., & Stefanowitsch, A.
(2004) Extending collostructional analysis: A corpus-based perspective on ‘alternations’. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 9(1), 97–129. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hanks, P.
(1996) Contextual dependency and lexical sets. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 1(1), 75–98. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Harrell, F.E.
(2001) Regression Modeling Strategies. With Applications to Linear Models, Logistic Regression, and Survival Analysis. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
Harris, Z.
(1954) Distributional structure. Word, 10(2/3), 146–162. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hilpert, M.
(2011) Dynamic visualizations of language change: Motion charts on the basis of bivariate and multivariate data from diachronic corpora. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 16(4), 435–461. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2013) Constructional Change in English: Developments in Allomorphy, Word Formation, and Syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hosmer, D.W., & Lemeshow, S.
(2000) Applied Logistic Regression. New York: Wiley. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hothorn, T., Hornik, K., & Zeileis, A.
(2006) Unbiased recursive partitioning: A conditional inference framework. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 15(3), 651–674. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Huck, S.W.
(2009) Statistical Misconceptions. New York/London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Husson, F., , S., & Pagès, J.
(2010) Exploratory Multivariate Analysis by Example Using R. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman and Hall/CRC Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Itkonen, E.
(1980) Qualitative vs. quantitative analysis in linguistics. In T.A. Perry (Ed.), Evidence and Argumentation in Linguistics (pp. 334–366). Berlin: Mouton.Google Scholar
Johnson, K.
(2008) Quantiative Methods in Linguistics. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
Kaufman, L., & Rousseeuw, P.J.
(1990) Finding Groups in Data: An Introduction to Cluster Analysis. New York: Wiley-Interscience. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kay, P., & McDaniel, C.K.
(1978) The linguistic significance of the meanings of Basic Color Terms. Language, 54(3), 610–646. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kepser, S., & Reis, M.
(2005) Evidence in Linguistics. In S. Kepser & M. Reis (Eds.), Linguistic Evidence: Empirical, Theoretical and Computational Perspectives (pp. 1–6). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Keuleers, E., Lacey, P., Rastle, K., & Brysbaert, M.
(2012) The British Lexicon Project: Lexical decision data for 28,730 monosyllabic and disyllabic English words. Behavior Research Methods, 44(1), 287–304. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kortmann, B., & Lunkenheimer, K.
(Eds.) (2013) The Electronic World Atlas of Varieties of English. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Retrieved from http://​ewave​-atlas​.orgGoogle Scholar
Kruskal, J.B.
(1964) Multidimensional Scaling by optimizing goodness of fit to a nonmetric hypothesis. Psychometrica, 29(1), 1–27. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kučera, H., & Francis, W.N.
(1967) Computational Analysis of Present-day American English. Providence: Brown University Press.Google Scholar
Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M.
(1980) Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Landauer, T.K., & Dumais, S.T.
(1997) A solution to Plato’s problem: The Latent Semantic Analysis theory of the acquisition, induction, and representation of knowledge. Psychological Review, 104, 211–240. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Langacker, R.W.
(1987) Foundations of Cognitive Grammar: Theoretical Prerequisites. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Larson-Hall, J.
(2010) A Guide to Doing Statistics in Second Language Research Using SPSS. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Lehrer, A.
(1974) Semantic Fields and Lexical Structure. Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Company.Google Scholar
Levshina, N.
(2011) Doe wat je niet laten kan [Do what you cannot let]: A usage-based analysis of Dutch causative constructions. PhD diss., University of Leuven.
(2014) Geographic variation of quite + ADJ in twenty national varieties of English: A pilot study. Yearbook of the German Cognitive Linguistics Association, 2, 109–126. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
In preparation). Convergent evidence of divergent knowledge: A study of the associations between the Russian ditransitive construction and its collexemes.
Levshina, N., Geeraerts, D., & Speelman, D.
(2011) Changing the world vs. changing the mind: Distinctive collexeme analysis of the causative construction with doen in Belgian and Netherlandic Dutch. In F. Gregersen, J. Parrot, & P. Quist (Eds.), Language variation - European perspectives III. Selected papers from the 5th International Conference on Language Variation in Europe, Copenhagen, June 2009 (pp. 111–123). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref
(2013) Towards a 3D-Grammar: Interaction of linguistic and extralinguistic factors in the use of Dutch causative constructions. Journal of Pragmatics, 52, 34–48. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Levshina, N., & Heylen, K.
(2014) A radically data-driven construction grammar: Experiments with Dutch causative constructions. In R. Boogaart, T. Colleman, & G. Rutten (Eds.), Extending the Scope of Construction Grammar (pp. 17–46). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Leys, C., Ley, C., Klein, O., Bernard, P., & Licata, L.
(2013) Detecting outliers: Do not use standard deviation around the mean, use absolute deviation around the median. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 764–766. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lijffijt, J., & Gries, S. Th
(2012) Correction to “Dispersions and adjusted frequencies in corpora”. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 17(1), 147–149. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lin, D.
(1998) Automatic retrieval and clustering of similar words. Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computational linguistics , Montreal, Canada, August 1998 (pp. 768–774). Crossref
Louviere, J.J., Hensher, D.A., & Swait, J.D.
(2000) Stated Choice Methods: Analysis and application. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lund, K., & Burgess, C.
(1996) Producing high-dimensional semantic spaces from lexical co-occurrences. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 28, 203–208. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Manning, C., & Schütze, H.
(1999) Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Matloff, N.
(2011) The Art of R Programming: A Tour of Statistical Software Design. San Francisco: No Starch Press.Google Scholar
Michelbacher, L., Evert, S., & Schutze, H.
(2011) Asymmetry in corpus-derived and human word associations. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, 7(2), 245–276. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Miller, G.A., & Charles, W.G.
(1991) Contextual correlates of semantic similarity. Language and Cognitive Processes, 6(1), 1–28. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mitchell, J., & Lapata, M.
(2010) Composition in distributional models of semantics. Cognitive Science, 34(8), 1388–1439. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Newman, J.
(2011) Corpora and cognitive linguistics. Brazilian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 11(2), 521–559.Google Scholar
Núñez, R.E., & Sweetser, E.
(2006) With the future behind them: Convergent evidence from Aymara language and gesture in the crosslinguistic comparison of spatial construals of time. Cognitive Science, 30, 401–450. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pado, S., & Lapata, M.
(2007) Dependency-based construction of Semantic Space Models. Computational Linguistics, 33(2), 161–199. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Peirsman, Y.
(2008) Word Space Models of semantic similarity and relatedness. In Proceedings of the ESSLLI-2008 Student Session , Hamburg, Germany.
Peirsman, Y., Heylen, K., & Geeraerts, D.
(2010) Applying Word Space Models to sociolinguistics. Religion names before and after 9/11. In D. Geeraerts, G. Kristiansen, & Y. Peirsman (Eds.), Recent Advances in Cognitive Sociolinguistics (pp. 111–137). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Paivio, A., Juille, J.C., & Madigan, S.
(1968) Concreteness, imagery, and meaningfulness values for 925 nouns. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 76(1, Pt. 2), 1–25. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Paradis, C.
(1997) Degree Modifiers of Adjectives in Spoken British English. Lund: Lund University Press.Google Scholar
Rosch Heider, E., & Olivier, D.C.
(1972) The structure of the color space in naming and memory for two languages. Cognitive Psychology, 3, 337–345. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rosch, E.
(1975) Cognitive representation of semantic categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 104(3), 192–233. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rosch, E., & Mervis, C.B.
(1975) Family resemblances: Studies in the internal structure of categories. Cognitive Psychology, 7, 573–605. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Salkind, N.J.
(2011) Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics (4th ed.). Los Angeles: Sage.Google Scholar
Schmid, H.-J.
(2000) English Abstract Nouns as Conceptual Shells. From corpus to cognition. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schütze, H.
(1992) Dimensions of meaning. In Proceedings of Supercomputing 92 (pp. 787–796). Minneapolis, MN. Crossref
Senghas, A., & Coppola, M.
(2001) Children creating language: How Nicaraguan Sign Language acquired a spatial grammar. Psychological Science, 12(4), 323–328. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Senghas, A., Kita, S., & Özyürek, A.
(2004) Children creating core properties of language: Evidence from an emerging Sign Language in Nicaragua. Science, 305(5691), 1779–1782. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sheskin, D.J.
(2011) Handbook of Parametric and Nonparametric Statistical Procedures. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman and Hall/CRC Press.Google Scholar
Speelman, D., & Geeraerts, D.
(2009) Causes for causatives: The case of Dutch ‘doen’ and ‘laten’. In T. Sanders & E. Sweetser (Eds.), Causal Categories in Discourse and Cognition (pp. 173–204). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Steels, L.
(Ed.) (2012) Experiments in Cultural Language Evolution. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Steen, G.J., Dorst, A.G., Herrmann, J.B., Kaal, A.A., Krennmayr, T., & Pasma, T.
(2010) A Method for Linguistic Metaphor Identification. From MIP to MIPVU. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Stefanowitsch, A.
(2001) Constructing causation: A construction grammar approach to analytic causatives. PhD diss., Rice University.
(2010) Empirical Cognitive Semantics: Some thoughts. In D. Glynn & K. Fischer (Eds.), Quantitative Methods in Cognitive Semantics: Corpus-driven Approaches (pp. 355–380). Berlin/New York: De Gruyter Mouton. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Stefanowitsch, A., & Gries, S. Th
(2003) Collostructions: Investigating the interaction of words and constructions. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 8(2), 209–243. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2003) Covarying collexemes. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, 1(1), 1–43. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sweetser, E.
(1990) From Etymology to Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Szmrecsanyi, B.
(2010) The English genitive alternation in a cognitive sociolinguistics perspective. In D. Geeraerts, G. Kristiansen, & Y. Peirsman (Eds.), Advances in Cognitive Sociolinguistics (pp. 141–166). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tagliamonte, S., & Baayen, R.H.
(2012) Models, forests and trees of York English: Was/were variation as a case study for statistical practice. Language Variation and Change, 24(2), 135–178. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Talmy, L.
(1985) Lexicalization patterns: Semantic structure in lexical forms. In T. Shopen (Ed.), Grammatical Categories and the Lexicon, Vol. III (pp. 57–149). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
(2000) Toward a Cognitive Semantics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Taylor, J.
(2012) The Mental Corpus. How Language is Represented in the Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Teetor, P.
(2011) R Cookbook. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media.Google Scholar
Turney, P.D., & Pantel, P.
(2010) From frequency to meaning: Vector Space Models of semantics. Journal of Articial Intelligence Research, 37, 141–188.Google Scholar
Urdan, T.C.
(2010) Statistics in Plain English (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Verhagen, A., & Kemmer, S.
(1997) Interaction and causation: Causative constructions in modern standard Dutch. Journal of Pragmatics, 24, 61–82. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Verhoeven, J., De Pauw, G., & Kloots, H.
(2004) Speech rate in a pluricentric language: A comparison between Dutch in Belgium and the Netherlands. Language and Speech, 47(3), 297–308. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wickham, H.
(2009) ggplot2: Elegant Graphics for Data Analysis. New York: Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wiechmann, D.
(2008) On the computation of Collostruction Strength. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, 4(2), 253–290. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wierzbicka, A.
(2006) English: Meaning and Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Winke, P., Gass, S., & Sydorenko, T.
(2010) The effects of captioning videos used for foreign language listening activities. Language Learning and Technology, 14(1), 65–86.Google Scholar
Wolk, C., Bresnan, J., Rosenbach, A., & Szmrecsanyi, B.
(2013) Dative and genitive variability in Late Modern English: Exploring cross-constructional variation and change. Diachronica, 30(3), 382–419. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wulff, S.
(2006) Go-V vs. go-and-V in English: A case of constructional synonymy? In S. Th. Gries & A. Stefanowitsch (Eds.), Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics. Corpus-based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis (pp. 101–125). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Wulff, S., Gries, S. Th., & Stefanowitsch, A.
(2007) Brutal Brits and persuasive Americans: Variety-specific meaning construction in the into-causative. In G. Radden, K.-M. Köpcke, T. Berg, & P. Siemund (Eds.), Aspects of Meaning Construction (pp. 265–281). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Zipf, G.K.
(1935) The Psycho-Biology of Language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
(1949) Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort. An Introduction to Human Ecology. Cambridge, MA: Addison Wesley.Google Scholar
Subjects & Metadata
BIC Subject: CFX – Computational linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
ONIX Metadata
ONIX 2.1
ONIX 3.0
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2015016708 | Marc record