Introduction to Healthcare for Arabic-speaking Interpreters and Translators

| Auckland University of Technology
| Auckland University of Technology
| Auckland University of Technology
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027212467 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
PaperbackAvailable
ISBN 9789027212474 | EUR 36.00 | USD 54.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027266217 | EUR 99.00/36.00*
| USD 149.00/54.00*
 
Arabic is a language of substantial cultural and religious importance. It is spoken by about 300 million people, predominantly in the 22 countries of the Arab world, as well as in several other regions where the Arab diaspora has settled. Arabic is also the language of Islam and underpins the religious practice of about 1.5 billion Muslims worldwide.

In view of the above, the authors thought it important to create an easily accessible handbook for interpreters, translators, educators and other practitioners working between Arabic and English in healthcare settings. Introduction to Healthcare for Arabic-speaking Interpreters and Translators follows the seminal publication Introduction to Healthcare for Interpreters and Translators (Crezee, 2013) and has been supplemented with Arabic glossaries and comments about health communication between Anglophones and Arabic speakers. This practical resource book will help inform interpreters and translators about healthcare settings, anatomy, physiology, medical terminology and frequently encountered conditions, diagnostic tests and treatment options.

Arabic is divided into two categories: formal (Classical, Standard or literary) Arabic, and local dialects (colloquial Arabic). Formal Arabic is the official language of all Arab countries. In each of these, there are regional dialects which color formal Arabic and add character to a poetic and expressive language. Poetic nature is found in many daily expressions, and not only in Arabic literature, for example, “Good morning” in Arabic is “Ssabah al khair”, which in essence wishes others a morning of goodness; and, the pan-Arab greeting “Salam Alaykum”, which literally means “may peace be upon you”. Dialects once existed principally in spoken form but these days they are increasingly used in writing in social media and its paraphernalia (mobile phones, tablets, etc.). In this book, formal Arabic is used in the glossaries, simply because it is the recognized language of literacy across the Arabic-speaking world.

[Not in series, 209]  2016.  xxx, 395 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Table of illustrations
xv–xvi
Table of tables
xvii–xviii
Authors’ notes
xix–xxii
Acknowledgments
xxiii–xxiv
Foreword
xxv–xxvi
About this edition
xxix–xxx
Foreword to this edition
xxvii–xxviii
Part I. Interpreting
Chapter 1. Introduction
3–10
Chapter 2. Interpreting in healthcare settings
11–22
Chapter 3. A word about culture
23–32
Part II. Interpreting in healthcare settings
Chapter 4. Healthcare provision and healthcare insurance
35–44
Chapter 5. Primary care physicians
45–54
Chapter 6. Specialty clinics
55–58
Chapter 7. Hospitals
59–70
Chapter 8. Emergency Departments or ERs
71–92
Chapter 9. Informed consent
93–96
Chapter 10. Pre-operative and post-operative procedures
97–106
Chapter 11. Intensive Care
107–114
Chapter 12. Obstetrics
115–124
Chapter 13. Child health
125–150
Chapter 14. Speech-language therapy
151–156
Chapter 15. Mental health
157–168
Chapter 16. Oncology
169–182
Part III. Healthcare specialties
Chapter 17. Neurology: Nerves and the nervous system
185–200
Chapter 18. Cardiology: Heart and the circulatory system
201–218
Chapter 19. Pulmonology: The respiratory system
219–234
Chapter 20. Hematology: Blood and blood disorders
235–248
Chapter 21. Orthopedics: The skeletal system
249–258
Chapter 22. Muscles and the motor system
259–266
Chapter 23. The sensory system
267–280
Chapter 24. Immunology: The immune and lymphatic systems
281–290
Chapter 25. Endocrinology: The endocrine system
291–302
Chapter 26. Gastroenterology: The digestive system
303–316
Chapter 27. Urology and nephrology: The urinary system
317–326
Chapter 28. Urology and gynecology: The reproductive systems
327–354
Appendix
355–358
References
359–374
Useful websites
375–376
Index
377–396
Subjects

Translation & Interpreting Studies

Interpreting
Translation Studies
BIC Subject: CFP – Translation & interpretation
BISAC Subject: LAN023000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Translating & Interpreting
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2016034655
References

References

Adams, F.M. & Osgood, C.E.
(1973) A cross-cultural study of the affective meanings of color. Journal of Cross-ross-Cultural Psychology, 4(2), 135–156. https://doi.org/10.1177/002202217300400201
Andonova, A. & Taylor, H. A.
(2012) Nodding in dis/agreement: A tale of two cultures, Cognitive Process, 13(Suppl 1), S79–S82. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10339‑012‑0472‑x
Angelelli, C.
(2008) The role of the interpreter in the healthcare setting: A plea for a dialogue between research and practice. In C. Valero Garcés & Martin A. (Eds.), Building bridges: The controversial role of the community interpreter (pp. 139–152). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.76.08ang
(2004) Medical interpreting and cross-cultural communication. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511486616
Battle, D.
(Ed.) (2002) Communication disorders in multicultural populations (3rd ed.). London, England: Butterworth.
Bolden, G.
(2000) Toward understanding practices of medical interpreting: Interpreters’ involvement in history taking. Discourse Studies, 2, 387–419. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445600002004001
Bontempo, K.
(2013a) The chicken and egg dilemma: Academizing interpreter education. In E. Winston & C. Monikowski (Eds.). Evolving paradigms in interpreter education (pp. 33–41). Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press.
(2013b) Interpreting by Design: a study of aptitude, ability and achievement in Australian Sign Language interpreters. New Voices in Translation Studies, (10).
Bontempo, K. & Napier, J.
(2011) Evaluating emotional stability as a predictor of interpreter competence and aptitude for interpreting. Interpreting, 13(1), 85–105. https://doi.org/10.1075/intp.13.1.06bon
Bontempo, K., Goswell, D., Levitzke-Gray, P., Napier, J. & Warby, L.
. (in press). Towards the professionalization of Deaf interpreters in Australia: Testing times. In R. Adam, C. Stone, S. Collins, & M. Metzger (Eds.) Deaf interpreters at work: International insights (pp. 51–59). Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press.
Bot, H.
(2007) Gespreksvoering met behulp van een tolk. De Psycholoog 42: 362–367
(2005) Dialogue Interpreting as a specific case of reported speech. Interpreting 7(2), 237–261. https://doi.org/10.1075/intp.7.2.06bot
Bowe, H. & Martin, K.
(2007) Communication across cultures. Mutual understanding in a global world. Melbourne, Australia: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511803925
California Healthcare Interpreters Association
(n.d.). California standards for healthcare interpreters: Ethical principles, protocols, and guidance on roles and intervention. Los Angeles, CA: California Healthcare Interpreters Association. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.70.19ang
Canadian Healthcare
(2007) Canadian Health Care: Canada Health Act. Retrieved December 25, 2015, from www.canadian-healthcare.org/​page2.html
Cambridge, J.
(1999) Information loss in bilingual medical interviews through untrained interpreters. The Translator, 5(2), 201–219. https://doi.org/10.1080/13556509.1999.10799041
Camplin-Welch, V.
(2007) Cross-Cultural Resource for Health Practitioners working with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) clients. Auckland, New Zealand: Waitemata District Health Board and Refugees As Survivors New Zealand Trust.
Candlin, C. & Gotti, M.
(Eds.) (2004a) Intercultural aspects of specialized communication. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang.
(Eds) (2004b) Intercultural discourse in domain-specific English. Special issue of Textus, 17/1, Genoa, Italy: Tilgher.
Candlin, C. & Candlin, S.
(2003) Health care communication: A problematic site for applied linguistics research. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 23, 134–154. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0267190503000230
Chabner, D.E.
(2011) The language of medicine. (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders.
Chen, A.
(2003) In the right words: Addressing language and culture in providing health care. San Francisco, CA: Asian and Pacific Islander American health forum, remarks at Grantmakers in Health Issue Dialogue.
Chen, T. W. 陳子瑋.
(2011) Community Interpreting – A New Horizon in Interpreting Research in Taiwan [社區口譯─臺灣口譯研究新領域]. Compilation and Translation Review, 4(2), 207–214.
Chesher, T.
(1997) Rhetoric and reality: Two decades of community interpreting and translating in Australia. In S.E. Carr, R. Roberts, A. Dufour, & D. Steyn (Eds.), The critical link: Interpreters in the community (pp. 277–289). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.19.29che
Clifford, A.
(2005) Healthcare interpreting and informed consent: What is the interpreter’s role in treatment decision-making. TTR: Traduction, Terminologie, Redaction, 18(2), 225–247. https://doi.org/10.7202/015772ar
Coney, S.
(1988) The unfortunate experiment. The full story behind the inquiry into cervical cancer treatment. Auckland, New Zealand: Penguin Books.
Crezee, I.
(2015) Semi-authentic practices for student health interpreters. Translation & Interpreting, 7(3), 50–62.
(2009a) The development of the interpreting profession. In D. Clark & C. McGrath (Eds.), Interpreting in New Zealand: The pathway forward (pp. 75–80). Wellington: Crown.
(2009b) Interpreting and the New Zealand healthcare system. In D. Clark and C. McGrath (Eds.), Interpreting in New Zealand: The pathway forward (pp. 102–107). Wellington: Crown.
(2003) Health interpreting: The cultural divide. In L. Brunette, G. Bastin, I. Hemlin & H. Clarke (Eds.), The Critical Link 3. Interpreters in the community (pp. 249–259). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.7202/016741ar
Crezee, I., Atkinson, D., Pask, R., Au, P. & Wong S.
(2015) When interpreting leaves interprets negatively affected: Teaching interprets about self-care. International Journal of Interpreter Education, 7 (3)
Crezee, I. & Grant, L.
(2016) Thrown in the deep end. Challenges of interpreting informal paramedic language. Translation and Interpreting, 8,(2), 1–12.
(2013) Missing the plot? Idiomatic language in interpreter education. International Journal of Interpreter Education, 5(1), 17–34.
Crezee, I., Mikkelson, H. & Monzon-Storey, L.
(2015) Introduction to healthcare for Spanish speaking interpreters and translators. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/z.193
Crezee, I. & Sachtleben, A.
(2012) Teaching health interpreting in multilingual and multicultural classrooms: Towards developing special pedagogies. Paper delivered at the AUSIT Jubilation Conference, Sydney, Australia, 1–3 December 2012.
Crezee, I., Jülich, S. & Hayward, M.
(2013) Issues for interpreters and professionals working in refugee settings. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice, 8(3), 254–273. https://doi.org/10.1558/japl.v8i3.253
Department of Health
(2007) Departmental Report 2007. London, England: Department of Health. https://doi.org/10.1037/e558652010‑001
van Dijk, T.
(1977) Text and context. Explorations in the semantics and pragmatics of discourse. London, England: Longman. https://doi.org/10.1017/s002222670000640x
Dysart-Gale, D.
(2007) Clinicians and medical interpreters: Negotiating culturally appropriate care for patients with limited English ability. Family & Community Health, 30(3), 237–246. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.fch.0000277766.62408.96
Eggleston, K.
(2012) Health care for 1.3 billion: An overview of China’s health system. Working paper series on health and demographic change in the Asia-Pacific: Stanford University. Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center Asia Health Policy Program. Retrieved from iis-db.stanford.edu/​pubs/​23668/​AHPPwp_​28.pdf
Faden, R. & Beauchamp, T.
(1986) A history and theory of informed consent. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Ferner, S. & Liu, H.
(2009) Comprehensive strategy towards delivering better communications and better health care to non-English speaking New Zealanders? Journal of the New Zealand Medical Association, 122(1304).
Fischbach, H.
(Ed.) (1998) Translation and medicine. American Translators Association Scholarly Monograph Series. Volume X. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/ata.x
Flores, G.
(2006) Language barriers to health care in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 355(3), 229–231. https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmp058316
(2005) The impact of medical interpreter services on the quality of health care: A systematic review. Medical Care Research and Review, 62(3):255–99. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077558705275416
Flores, G., Barton Laws, M. & Mayo, S.
(2003) Errors in medical interpretation and their potential clinical consequences in paediatric encounters. Pediatrics, 111(1), 6–14. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.111.1.6
Gentile, A., Ozolins, U. & Vasilakakos, M.
(1996) Liaison interpreting: A handbook. Melbourne, Australia: MMMelbourne University Press. https://doi.org/10.7202/001984ar
Gile, D.
(1995) Basic concepts and models for interpreter and translator training. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.7202/002162ar
Gill, P.S., Shankar, A., Quirke, T. & Fremantle, N.
(2009) Access to interpreting services in England: Secondary analysis of national data. BMC Public Health, 9(1), 12. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471‑2458‑9‑12
Ginori, L. & Scimone, E.
(1995), Introduction to interpreting, Sydney, Australia: Lantern Press.
Gonzalez Davies, M.
(2004) Multiple voices in the translation classroom: Activities, tasks and projects. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.54
(1998) Student assessment by medical specialists. In H. Fischbach (Ed.), Translation and medicine. American Translators’ Association Scholarly Monograph Series (Vol. X, pp. 93–102). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/ata.x.11gon
Gray, B., Hilders, J. & Stubbe, M.
(2012) How to use interpreters in general practice: The development of a New Zealand toolkit. Journal of Primary Health Care, 4(1):52–61.
Grice, P.
(1975) Logic and conversation. In P. Cole & J. Morgan (Eds.), Syntax and semantics, 3: Speech acts (pp. 41–58). New York, NY: Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022226700005296
Hale, S.
(2014) Interpreting culture. Dealing with cross-cultural issues in court interpreting. Perspectives: Studies in Translatology, 22(3), 321–331. https://doi.org/10.1080/0907676X.2013.827226
(2012) Are we there yet? Taking stock of where we are up to and where we are heading. Jill Blewett Memorial Lecture delivered at the AUSIT Jubilation Conference, Sydney, Australia, 1–2 December 2012.
(2008) Controversies over the role of the court interpreter. In C. Valero-Garcés & A. Martin (Eds.), Crossing borders in community interpreting. Definitions and dilemmas (pp. 99–122). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.76.06hal
(2007) Community interpreting. research and practice in Applied Linguistics. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan.
(2005) The Interpreter’s identity crisis. In J. House, J.R. Martín Ruano & N. Baumgarten (Eds.), Translation and the construction of identity. IATIS Yearbook 2005 (pp. 14–29). Manchester/Northampton, MA: St Jerome.
(2004) The Discourse of court interpreting: Discourse practices of the law, the witness and the interpreter. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.52
(1996) Pragmatic considerations in court interpreting. The Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, 19(1), 61–72. https://doi.org/10.1075/aral.19.1.04hal
Hale, S. & Napier, J.
(2013) Research Methods in Interpreting: A Practical Resource. London, England: Bloomsbury.
Hall, E.T. & Hall, M.R.
(1990) Understanding cultural differences. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.
Hammell, K.W.
(2009) Self-care, productivity, and leisure, or dimensions of occupational experience? Rethinking occupational “categories”. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 76(2), 107–114. https://doi.org/10.1177/000841740907600208
Health Media
(1988) Counselling with interpreters sexual Assault interviews. Sydney, Australia: Department of Health NSW. (Video resource).
Helman, C.
(1991) Culture, health and illness 2. Oxford, England: Butterworth-Heinemann. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365–2923.2002.01059.x
Hermann, A.
(2002) Interpreting in antiquity. (Translated by Ruth Morris). In F. Pöchhacker & M. Shlesinger (Eds.), The interpreting studies reader (pp. 15–22). London, England: Routledge.
HIN (Healthcare Interpretation Network)
(2007) National standard guide for community interpreting services. Toronto: Healthcare Interpretation Network.
Hofstede, G.H.
(2001) Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Hofstede, G.
(2003) Culture’s consequences, comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations. London, England: Sage Publications. https://doi.org/10.2307/3556622
(1980) Culture’s consequences, comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations. London, England: Sage Publications. https://doi.org/10.1177/017084068300400409
Holmes, S.
(2013) Fresh fruit, broken bodies. Migrant workers in the United States. Berkely, CA: University of California Press. https://doi.org/10.5250/resilience.1.2.013
Holt, R., Crezee, I. & Rasalingam, N.
(2003) The communication gap: Immigrant healthcare in Aotearoa New Zealand. Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University of Technology School of Languages and the New Zealand Federation of Ethnic Councils.
Hsieh, E. & Kramer, E.M.
(2012) Medical interpreters as tools: Dangers and challenges in the utilitarian approach to interpreters’ roles and functions. Patient Education and Counseling, 89(1), 158–162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2012.07.001
Hsieh, E., & Nicodemus, B.
(2015) Conceptualizing emotion in healthcare interpreting: a normative approach to interpreters’ emotion work. Patient Education and Counseling, 98(12), 1474–1481. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2015.06.012
Hunt, L.M. & Voogd, K.B.
(2007) Are good intentions good enough? Informed consent without trained interpreters. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(5), 598–605. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606‑007‑0136‑1
IMIA/MMIA (International Medical Interpreters Association/Massachusetts Medical Interpreters Association) and Education Development Center
(1996) Medical interpreting standards of practice. Boston: IMIA/MMIA.
Crezee, I. & Major, G.
(2016) Interpreting research underpinning interpreter education. International Journal of Interpreter Education, 8(10), 1–2.
Jackson, K.
(2006) Fate, spirits and curses: Mental health and traditional beliefs in some refugee communities. Auckland, New Zealand: Rampart.
Johnston, T. & Napier, J.
(2010) Medical Signbank – bringing deaf people and linguists together in the process of language development. Sign Language Studies, 10(2), 258–275. https://doi.org/10.1353/sls.0.0042
Kaufert, J. & Putsch, R.
(1997) Communication through interpreters in healthcare: ethical dilemmasarising from differences in class, culture, language, and power. Journal of Clinical Ethics, 8(1):71–87.
Keesing, R.
(1981) Cultural Anthropology: A contemporary perspective. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0047404500006023
Ko, W.M.
(2013) HK healthcare is a dual-track system. Remarks by Secretary for Food & Health Dr Ko Wing-man at the Asian ministers panel discussion session of the World Health Summit Regional Meeting – Asia in Singapore on April 9. Retrieved from: www.news.gov.hk/​en/​record/​html/​2013/​04/​20130409_​190409.shtml
Kübler-Ross, E. & Kessler, D.
(2008) On grief and grieving: Finding the meaning of grief through the five stages of loss. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
Kübler-Ross, E.
(1969) On death and dying. New York, NY: Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1177/004057367002700112
Lai, M., Heydon, G. & Mulayim, S.
(2015) Vicarious trauma among interpreters. International Journal of Interpreter Education, 7(1), 3–22.
Langdon, H.
(2002) Interpreters and translators in communication disorders; A practitioner’s handbook. Eau Clair, WI: Thinking Publications.
Langdon H. & Chen, L.L.
(2002) Collaborating with interpreters and translators. Eau Clair, WI: Thinking Publications.
Lave, J.
(1996) Teaching, as learning, in practice. Mind, culture, and activity, 3(3), 149–164. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327884mca0303_2
(1991) Situated Learning in Communities of Practice. In L.B. Resnick, J.M. Levine, & S.D. Teasley (Eds.), Perspectives on socially shared cognition (pp. 64–82). Pittsburgh, PA: Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pitts-burgh/American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/10096‑003
(1990) Views of the classroom: Implications for math and science learning research. In J.W. Stigler, R.A. Schweder, & G. Herdt (Eds), Cultural psychology: Essays on comparative human development (pp. 309–327). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139173728.010
Lave, J. & Wenger, E.
(1991) Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511815355
Lee, T.Y. & Ballard, E.Y.
(2011) Assessing Mandarin speaking clients: cultural and linguistic considerations. Acquiring Knowledge in Speech, Language and Hearing 13(3):132–136
Lee, T., Lansbury, G. & Sullivan, G.
(2005) Health care interpreters: A physical therapy perspective. Australian Journal of Physical Therapy, 51, 161–165. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0004‑9514(05)70022–2
Lim, S., Mortensen, A., Feng, K., Ryu, G. & Cui, C.
(2012) Waitemata DHB cultural responsiveness to its Asian, migrant and refugee populations – cultural competence concepts and initiatives. Paper presented to the Growing Pacific Solutions Conference, Auckland, New Zealand, April 2012.
Low, P.K.C., & Ang, S.L.
(2010) The foundation of traditional Chinese medicine. Journal of Chinese Medicine, Scientific Research, 1, 84–90. Retireved from SSRN: ssrn.com/​abstract=​1760869. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/cm2010.13016
Mairs, R.
(2011) Translator traditor: the interpreter as traitor in classical tradition. Greece & Rome, 58, 1. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0017383510000537.
Major, G., Napier, J., Ferrara, L. & Johnston, T.
(2012) Exploring lexical gaps in Australian Sign Language for the purposes of health communication. Communication & Medicine, 9(1), 7–47.
Mason, I.
(2004) Conduits, mediators, spokespersons: Investigating translator/interpreter. In C. Schäffner (Ed.), Translation research and interpreting research. Traditions, gaps and synergies (pp. 88–87). Clevedon, OH: Multilingual Matters.
Meador, H.E. & Zazove, P.
(2005) Health care interactions with deaf culture. The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice, 18(3), 218–222. https://doi.org/10.3122/jabfm.18.3.218
Merlini, R. & Favaron, R.
(2005) Examining the “voice of interpreting” in speech pathology. Interpreting 7(2), 263–302. https://doi.org/10.1075/intp.7.2.07mer
Meyer, B.
(2000) Medizinische Aufklärungsgespräche: Struktur und Zwecksetzung aus diskursanalytischer Sicht. University of Hamburg, Germany: Sonderforschungsbereich 538 (Mehrsprachigkeit – Working Papers on Multilingualism).
(2001) How untrained interpreters handle medical terms. In I. Mason (Ed.), Triadic exchanges: Studies in dialogue interpreting (pp. 87–106). Manchester/Northampton, MA: St. Jerome.
Meyer, B., Apfelbaum, B., Pöchhacker, F. & Bischoff, A.
(2003) Analysing interpreted doctor-patient communication from the perspectives of linguistics, interpreting studies and health sciences. In L. Brunette, G. Bastin, I. Hemlin, & H. Clarke (Eds.), The critical link 3. Interpreters in the community (pp. 67–80). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.46.11mey
Morris, R.
(1999) The gum syndrome: Predicaments in court interpreting. Forensic Linguistics 6(1), 6–29. https://doi.org/10.1558/sll.1999.6.1.6
Napier, J.
(2010) An historical overview of signed language interpreting research: Featuring highlights of personal research. Cadernos de Tradução, 2(26), 63–97. https://doi.org/10.5007/2175–7968.2010v2n26p63.
(2011) If a tree falls in a forest and no one is there to hear it, does it make a noise? Advances in Interpreting Research: Inquiry in Action, 99, 121. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.99.09nap
Napier, J., Major, G. & Ferrara, L.
(2011) Medical Signbank: A cure-all for the aches and pains of medical sign language interpreting? In L. Leeson, S. Wurm, & M. Vermeerbergen (Eds.), Signed Language Interpreting: Preparation, practice and performance (pp. 110–137). Manchester, England: St Jerome.
National Center for State Courts (NCSC)
(2011) Guide to translation of legal materials. Retrieved from www.ncsc.org/​Topics/​Access-and-Fairness/​Language-Access/​Resource-Guide.aspx.
NCIHC (National Council on Interpreting in Healthcare)
(2004) A national code of ethics for interpreters in health care. Washington, DC: NCIHC.
National Council on Interpreting in Health Care
(2005) National standards of practice for interpreters in health care. San Francisco, CA: NCICH.
National Immigration
(2015) 2015 Outline of the Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved from: www.moi.gov.tw/​outline/​en-11.html.
Ohnuki-Tierney, E.
(1984) Illness and culture in contemporary Japan: An anthropological view. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511621772
O’Neill, M.
(1998) Who makes a better medical translator: The medically knowledgeable linguist or the linguistically knowledgeable medical professional? A physician’s perspective. In H. Fischbach (Ed.). American Translators Association Series: Translation and medicine (pp. 69–80). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/ata.x.09one
Ozolins, U. & Hale, S.
(2009). Introduction: Quality in interpreting – A shared responsibility. In S. Hale, U. Ozolins, & L. Stern (Eds), The Critical Link 5: Quality in Interpreting – A shared responsibility (pp. 1–10). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.87.01ozo
Pan American Health Organization
(September 2005) Regional declaration on the new orientations of primary health care. Retrieved from new.paho.org.
Phelan, M.
(2001) The interpreter’s resource. Clevedon, OH: Multilingual Matters.
Pöchhacker, F.
(2004) Introducing interpreting studies. London, England: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.1075/intp.6.2.14gar
Pöchhacker, F. & Shlesinger, M.
(2007) Healthcare interpreting: Discourse and interaction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/bct.9
(Eds.) (2002) The interpreting studies reader. London, England: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.1075/intp.6.1.11ilg
Pritzker, S., Hui, K. & Zhang, H.
(2014) Considerations in the translation of Chinese medicine. Retrieved January 28, 2016, from cewm.med.ucla.edu/​wp-content/​uploads/​CM-Considerations-4.10.14-FINAL.pdf
Pym, A., Shlesinger, M. & Jettmarová, Z.
(2006) Sociocultural aspects of translating and interpreting. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.67
Risse, G.B.
(1999) Mending bodies, saving souls: A history of hospitals. Oxford, England and New York, NY: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199911043411921
Roat C.
(2000) Healthcare interpreting: An emerging discipline. ATA Chronicle, 29(3), 18–21.
(1999a) Certifying medical interpreters: Some lessons from Washington State. ATA Chronicle, 28(5), 23–26.
Roat, C.
(1999b) Bridging the gap: A basic training for medical interpreters. Seattle, WA: The Cross Cultural Health Care Program, 1995, 1999.
Roat, C.E. & Crezee, I.
(2015) Healthcare interpreting. In H. Mikkelson & R. Jourdenais (Eds.), Handbook of interpreting (pp. 236–253). London, England: Routledge.
Roberts-Smith, L., Frey, R. & Bessell-Browne, S.
(1990) Working with interpreters in law, health & social work. Sydney, Australia: National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters.
Roy, C.
(2002) The problem with definitions, descriptions and the role metaphors of interpreters. In F. Pöchhacker & M. Shlesinger (Eds.), The interpreting studies reader (pp. 344–353). London, England: Routledge.
(2000) Interpreting as a discourse process. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0047404501322054
Rudvin, M.
(2007) Professionalism and ethics in community interpreting: The impact of individualist versus collective group identity. Interpreting, 9(1), 47–69. https://doi.org/10.1075/intp.9.1.04rud
(2004) Professionalism and contradictions in the interpreter’s role. Paper delivered at the Critical Link 4 Conference in Stockholm, 20–23 May 2004.
Sachtleben, A. & Crezee, I.
(2015) Digital innovation serving interpreting education. In: Napier, J. & Ehrrlich, S. (Eds.), Interpreter education in the digital age: Innovation, Access and change. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University.
Samovar, L.A., Porter, R.E., McDaniel, E.R. & Roy, C.S.
(2013) Communication between cultures. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Sarangi, S.
(2004) Towards a communicative mentality in medical and healthcare practice. Communication & Medicine, 1 (1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1515/come.2004.002
Scollon, R. & Scollon, S.
(2001) Intercultural communication: A discourse approach. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0047404503255056
Searle, J.
(1969) Speech Acts. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0012217300029073
(1975) Indirect speech acts. In P. Cole & J. Morgan (Eds.), Syntax and semantics, 3: Speech acts (pp. 59–82). New York, NY: Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022226700005296
Simon, C.M., Zyzanski, S.J. & Durand, E.
(2006) Interpreter accuracy and informed consent among Spanish-speaking families with cancer. Journal of Health Communication, 11(5), 509–522. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730600752043
Stewart, M.A.
(1995) Effective physician-patient communication and health outcomes: A review. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, 152(9), 1423.
Slatyer, H.
(2014) Multilingual interpreter education. Curriculum design and evaluation. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.
Strengthening Access to Primary Healthcare (SAPHC)
(2006) Literature review: Examining Spanish-speaking patients’ satisfaction with interpersonal aspects of care. Medical Care Research and Review, 62(3), 255–299.
Sultz, H.A. & Young, K.M.
(2006) Health care USA: Understanding its organization and delivery. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Swabey, L., & Nicodemus, B.
(2011) Bimodal bilingual interpreting in the US healthcare system. Advances in Interpreting Research: Inquiry in Action, 99, 241. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.99.14swa
Tate, G. & Turner, G.H.
(2002) The code and the culture. Sign language interpreting – in search of the new breed’s ethics. In F. Pöchhacker & M. Shlesinger (Eds.), The interpreting studies reader (pp. 372–383). London, England: Routledge.
Tebble, H.
(2004) Discourse analysis and its relevance to ethical performance in medical interpreting. In C. Wadensjö, B. Dimitrova, & A.L. Nilsson (Eds.), Critical link 4: Professionalisation of interpreting in the community: 4th International Conference on Interpreting in Legal, Health and Social Service Settings (p. 57). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/intp.10.1.12mik
Tebble. H.
(2003) Training doctors to work effectively with interpreters. In L. Brunette, G. Bastin, I. Hemlin, & H. Clarke (Eds.), The critical link 3. Interpreters in the community. Selected papers in legal, health and social service settings (pp. 81–98). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.46.12teb
Tebble, H.
(1998) Medical interpreting: improving communication with your patients. Canberra and Geelong, Australia: Deakin University.
Tellechea Sánchez, M.T.
(2005) El intérprete como obstáculo: Fortalecimiento y emancipación del usuario y para superarlo. In C. Valero Garcés (Ed.), Traducción como mediación entre lenguas culturas (pp. 114–122). Alcalá de Henares, Spain: Universidad de Alcalá de Henares.
Tylor, E.G.
(1871) Primitive culture. New York, NY: J.P. Putnam’s Sons.
US Census Bureau
(2011) State and county quick facts. Retrieved from quickfacts.census.gov/​qfd/​states/​00000.html.
Valero-Garcés, C. & Martin, A.
(Eds.) (2008) Crossing borders in community interpreting: Definitions and dilemmas. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.76
van Dijk, T.
(1977) Discourse as social interaction. Discourse studies: A multidisciplinary introduction (Vol. 2). London, England: Sage. https://doi.org/10.1177/096394709800700206
Vazquez, C. & Javier, R.
(1991) The problem with interpreters: Communications with Spanish speaking patients. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 42, 163–165.
Venuti, L.
(Ed.) (2000) The translation studies reader. London, England: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203446621
Wadensjö, C.
(2002) The double role of a dialogue interpreter. In F. Pöchhacker & M. Shlesinger (Eds.), The interpreting studies reader, pp. 354–370. London, England: Routledge.
(1998) Interpreting as interaction. London, England & New York, NY: Longman. Waitemata District Health Board (WDHB), Asian Health Support Services (AHSS). (2012). CALD 9: Working with Asian clients in mental health. Auckland: Waitemata DHB. Retrieved from www.caldresources.org.nz/​info/​Home.php
Walker, P.F., & Barnett, E.D.
(2007) Immigrant medicine. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders.
Wall, B.M.
Wiseman, N.A.R.
(2000) Translation of Chinese medical terms: A source-oriented approach. Unpublished doctoral thesis. University of Exeter, England. Retrieved January 28, 2016, from www.paradigm-pubs.com/​sites/​www.paradigm-pubs.com/​files/​files/​ex.pdf
Woodward, B.
(2006) State of Denial. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
Wu, T.Y.
(2010) An overview of the healthcare system in Taiwan. London Journal of Primary Care, 2010 (3): 115–19. Retrieved from www.kleykampintaiwan.com/​files/​Social_​Issues/​TaiwanHealthCareSystem2010.pdf. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17571472.2010.11493315
Yang, J.M., Ye, N.Y., & Sha, X.H. 楊金滿、葉念雲、沙信輝.
(2010) A study of the execution of the database platform for translation and interpretation professionals. an internal study by the national immigration agency of the ministry of the interior [通譯人才資料庫使用平台執行情形之研究。內政部入出國及移民署自行研究報告].

Suggested further readings for Parts II and III

Aberg, J. A., Kaplan, J.E., Libman, H., Emmanuel, P., Anderson, J.R., Stone, V.E., Oleske, J.M., Currier, J.S. & Gallant, J.E.
(2009) Primary care guidelines for the management of persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus: 2009 update by the HIV medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clinical infectious diseases, 49(5), 651–681. https://doi.org/10.1086/605292
Abraham, D., Cabral, N. & Tancredi, A.
(Eds.) (2004) A handbook for trainers: Language interpreting in the healthcare sector. Toronto, Canada: Healthcare Interpretation Network.
Alberti, K.G. & Gries, F.A.
(2009) Management of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Europe: A concensus view. Diabetic Medicine, 5(3), 275–281. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464–5491.1988.tb00984.x
Albers, J.R., Hull, S.K. & Wesley, R.M.
(2004) Abnormal uterine bleeding. American Family Physician, 69(8), 1915–1934.
Allman, K. & Wilson, I.
(Eds.) (2011) Oxford handbook of anaesthesia. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199584048.001.0001
American Nurses Association
(2006) Nursing facts: Today’s Registered Nurse – Numbers and demographics. Washington, D.C.: American Nurses Association.
American Psychiatric Association
(2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11019‑013‑9529‑6
Anandan C., Nurmatov, U., van Schayck, O. & Sheikh, A.
(2010) Is the prevalence of asthma declining? Systematic review of epidemiological studies. Allergy, 65(2), 152–167. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398–9995.2009.02244.x
Anatomical Chart Company
. The world’s best anatomical charts (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Apgar, V.
(1953) A proposal for a new method of evaluation of the newborn infant. Current Research in Anesthesia and Analgesia, 32(4), 260–267. https://doi.org/10.1213/00000539‑195301000‑00041
Atkinson, F., Foster-Powell, K. & Brand-Miller, J.
(2008) International tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load values. Diabetes Care, 31(12), 2281–2283. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08‑1239.
Bancroft, M.
(2013) The voice of love. www.volinterpreting.org
Beers, M. & Berkow, R.
(Eds.) (2000) The Merck Manual of Geriatrics (3rd ed.). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Bhattacharya, V.
(2011) Postgraduate vascular surgery The candidate’s guide to the FRCS. Leiden, the Netherlands: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511997297
Biggs, W., Bieck, A., Pugno, P. & Crosley, P.
(2011) Results of the 2011 national resident matching program: Family medicine. Family Medicine, 43(9), 619–624.
Bisno, A. & Stevens, D.
(2009) Streptococcus pyogenes. In: G. Mandell, J. Bennett, & R. Dolin (Eds.), Principles and practice of infectious diseases (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone. https://doi.org/10.1086/655696
Braddom, R.L.
(2011) Physical medicine and rehabilitation (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders.
Burgers, J.S., Fervers, B., Haugh, M., Brouwers, M., Browman, G., Philip, T. & Cluzeau, F.A.
(2004) International assessment of the quality of clinical practice guidelines in oncology using the Appraisal of Guidelines and Research and Evaluation Instrument. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 22(10), 2000–2007. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2004.06.157
Camargo, C.A., Rachelefsky, G., & Schatz, M.
(2009) Managing asthma exacerbations in the emergency department summary of the national asthma education and prevention program expert panel report 3 guidelines for the management of asthma exacerbations. Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society, 6(4), 357–366. https://doi.org/10.1513/pats.p09st2
Camm, A.J., Kirchhof, P., Lip, G.Y., Schotten, U., Savelieva, I., Ernst, S., & Folliguet, T.
(2010) Guidelines for the management of atrial fibrillation The Task Force for the Management of Atrial Fibrillation of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Europace, 12(10), 1360–1420. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euq350
Chabner, D.E.
(2011) The language of medicine (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders.
Christian, S., Kraas, J. & Conway, W.
(2007) Musculoskeletal Infections. Seminars in Roentgenology 42, 92–101. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ro.2006.08.011
Chung, J.H., Phibbs, C.S., Boscardin, W.J., Kominski, G.F., Ortega, A.N. & Needleman, J.
(2010) The effect of neonatal intensive care level and hospital volume on mortality of very low birth weight infants. Medical care, 48(7), 635–644. https://doi.org/10.1097/mlr.0b013e3181dbe887
Cieza, A. & Stucki, G.
(2005) Understanding functioning, disability, and health in rheumatoid arthritis: the basis for rehabilitation care. Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 17(2), 183–189. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.bor.0000151405.56769.e4
Cloherty, J.P., Eichenwald, E.C., Hansen, A.R. & Stark, A.R.
(2012) Manual of neonatal care. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Colledge, N., Walker, B. & Ralston, S.
(Eds.) (2010) Davidson’s principles and practice of medicine (21st ed.). Edinburg, Scotland: Churchill Livingstone. https://doi.org/10.12968/hmed.2011.72.2.117
Craig, D.I.
(2008) Medial tibial stress syndrome: Evidence-based prevention. Journal of Athletic Training, 43(3), 316–318. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062‑6050‑43.3.316
Crezee, I. & Major, G.
(2016) Interpreting research underpinning interpreter education. International Journal of Interpreter Education, 8(10), 1–2.
Crezee, I., Van Haaren, P., Westendorp, H., De Greef, M., Kok, H., Wiersma, J., Van Stam, G., Sijbrands, J., Zum Vörde Sive Vörding, P., Van Dijk, J., Hulshof, M. & Bel, A.
(2009) Improving locoregional hyperthermia delivery using the 3-D controlled AMC-8 phased array hyperthermia system: a preclinical study. International Journal of Hyperthermia, 25(7), 581–592. https://doi.org/10.3109/02656730903213374
Davidson, J. E., Powers, K., Hedayat, K.M., Tieszen, M., Kon, A.A., Shepard, E., Spuhler, V., Todres, I.D, Levy, M., Barr, J., Ghandi, R., Hirsch, G. & Armstrong, D.
(2007) Clinical practice guidelines for support of the family in the patient-centered intensive care unit: American college of critical care medicine task force 2004–2005. Critical Care Medicine, 35(2), 605–622. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ccm.0000254067.14607.eb
Dolk, H., Loane, M. & Garne, E.
(2011) Congenital heart defects in Europe: Prevalence and perinatal mortality, 2000 to 2005. Circulation, 123(8), 841–849. https://doi.org/10.1161/circulationaha.110.958405
Drake, R. L., Vogl, A. W. & Mitchell, A. W. M.
(2010) Gray’s Anatomy for students. Philadelphia, PA: Churchill Livingstone. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978‑0‑443‑06952‑9.00003–5
Eddleston, M. & Pierini, S.
(2000) Oxford handbook of tropical medicine (Vol. 158). NewYork, NY: Oxford University Press.
Eng, D.
(2006) Management guidelines for motor neuron disease patients on non-invasive ventilation at home. Palliative Medicine, 20, 69–79. https://doi.org/10.1191/0269216306pm1113oa
Engstrom, P.F., Benson 3rd, A.B, Chen, Y.J., Choti, M.A., Dilawari, R.A., Enke, C.A., Fakih, M.G., Fuchs, C., Kiel, K., Knol, J.A., Leong, L.A., Ludwig, K.A., Martin, E.W. Jr., Rao, S., Saif, M.W., Saltz, L., Skibber, J.M., Venook, A.P. & Yeatman, T.J.
(2005) Colon cancer clinical practice guidelines in oncology. Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN, 3(4), 468. https://doi.org/10.6004/jnccn.2005.0024
Faucy, A.
(2006) Harrison’s rheumatology. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Finster, M. & Wood, M.
(2005) The Apgar score has survived the test of time. Anesthesiology, 102(4), 855–857. https://doi.org/10.1097/00000542‑200504000‑00022.
Fleisher, G.R., & Ludwig, S.
(Eds.) (2010) Textbook of pediatric emergency medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Fleming, S.M., O’Gorman, T., Finn, J., Grimes, H., Daly, K. & Morrison, J.J.
(2005) Cardiac troponin I in pre-eclampsia and gestational hypertension. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 107(11), 1417–1420. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471–0528.2000.tb11658.x
Fox, G.F., Hoque, N. & Watts, T.
(2010) Oxford handbook of neonatology. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199228843.003.04
Friedman-Rhodes, E. & Hale, S.
(2010) Teaching medical students to work with interpreters. JoTrans, 14.
Gallagher, P.F., Barry, P.J., Ryan, C., Hartigan, I. & O’Mahony, D.
(2008) Inappropriate prescribing in an acutely ill population of elderly patients as determined by Beers’ Criteria. Age and Ageing, 37(1), 96–101. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afm116
Gérvas, J., Starfield, B. & Heath, I.
(2008) Is clinical prevention better than cure? Lancet, 372, 1997–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140‑6736(08)61843–7
Gore, R.M., Levine, M.S. & Laufer, I.
(2008) Textbook of gastrointestinal radiology (Vol. 1). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier.
Gregory, K.D., Niebyl, J.R. & Johnson, T.R.
(2012) Preconception and prenatal care: Part of the continuum. Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies, 101. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978‑0‑443‑06930‑7.50007–4
Griffiths, J., Austin, L., & Luker, K.
(2004) Interdisciplinary teamwork in the community rehabilitation of older adults: An example of flexible working in primary care. Primary Health Care Research and Development, 5(3), 228–239. https://doi.org/10.1191/1463423604pc202oa
Hall, B. & Chantigian, R.
(2003) Anesthesia. A comprehensive review. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978‑0‑323‑06857‑4.10024–6
Hammer, C., Detwiler, J.S., Detwiler, J. Blood, G; Dean Qualls, C.
(2004) Speech-Language Pathologists’ training and confidence in serving Spanish-English Bilingual children. Journal of Communication Disorders, 37(2), 91–108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomdis.2003.07.002
Hampton, J.R., Harrison, M.J., Mitchell, J.R., Prichard, J.S., & Seymour, C.
(1975) Relative contributions of history-taking, physical examination, and laboratory investigation to diagnosis and management of medical outpatients. British Medical Journal, 2(5969), 486. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.5969.486
Harris, B., Lovett, L., Newcombe, R., Read, G., Walker, R. & Riad-Fahmy, D.
(1994) Maternity blues and major endocrine changes: Cardiff puerperal mood and hormone study II. British Medical Journal, 308, 949–953. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.308.6934.949
Hart I., Sathasivam S. & Sharshar T.
(2007) Immunosuppressive agents for myasthenia gravis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 4. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd005224.
Heaney R. & Rafferty K.
(2001) Carbonated beverages and urinary calcium excretion. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 74(3), 343–347.
Hedrick, J.
(2003) Acute bacterial skin infections in pediatric medicine: current issues in presentation and treatment. Pediatric Drugs, 5(Supplement 1), 35–46.
Hwa-Froelich, D. & Westby, C.
(2003) Considerations when working with interpreters. Communication Disorders Quarterly 24, 2, 78–85. https://doi.org/10.1177/15257401030240020401
Isaac, K.
(2002) Speech pathology in cultural and linguistic diversity. London, England: Whurr. International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC). Retrieved from www.globalfamilydoctor.com/​wicc/​icpcstory.html.
Jang, I., Gold, H., Ziskind, A., Fallon, J., Holt, R., Leinbach, R., May, J. & Collen, D.
(1989) Differential sensitivity of erythrocyte-rich and platelet-rich arterial thrombitolysis with recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator. A possible explanation for resistance to coronary thrombolysis. Circulation, 79(4): 920–928. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.79.4.920
Jenkins, D., Kendall, C., McKeown-Eyssen, G., Josse, R., Silverberg, J. & Booth, G.
(2008) Effect of a low–glycemic index or a high–cereal fiber diet on Type 2 Diabetes. Journal of the American Medical Association, 300(23), 2742–2753. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2008.808
Jenkins, D., Wolever, T., Taylor, R., Barker, H., Fielden, H. Baldwin, J., Bowling, A, Newman, H., Jenkins, A. & Goff, D.
(1981) Glycemic index of foods: A physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 34, 362–366.
Johnston, M.
(2011) Encephalopathies. In R. Kliegman, R. Behrman, H. Jenson & B. Stanton (Eds.), Nelson textbook of pediatrics. (19th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978‑1‑4377‑0755‑7.00591‑1
Jones, R., Hunt, C., Stevens, R., Dalrymple, J., Driscoll, R., Sleet, S. & Smith, J.B.
(2009) Management of common gastrointestinal disorders: Quality criteria based on patients’ views and practice guidelines. The British Journal of General Practice, 59(563), e199. https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp09x420761
Kaemmerer H., Meisner H., Hess J. & Perloff J.
(2004) Surgical treatment of patent ductus arteriosus: a new historical perspective. American Journal Of Cardiology, 94(9), 1153–4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2004.07.082
Kambanaros, M. & van Steenbrugge, W.
(2004) Interpreters and language assessment: Confrontation naming and interpreting. Advances in Speech-Language Pathology 6, 4, 247–252. https://doi.org/10.1080/14417040400010009
Kauffman, T., Barr, J. & Moran, M.
(Eds.) (2007) Geriatric rehabilitation manual (2nd ed.). Edinburgh, Scotland & New York, NJ: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
Kemp, C. & Rasbridge, L.
(2004) Refugee and immigrant health: A handbook for health professionals. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Kingsnorth, A.
(2011) Fundamentals of surgical practice: A preparation guide for the Intercollegiate MRCS Examination. Leiden, the Netherlands: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511984785
Kitzmiller, J.L., Wallerstein, R., Correa, A., & Kwan, S.
(2010) Preconception care for women with diabetes and prevention of major congenital malformations. Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology, 88(10), 791–803. https://doi.org/10.1002/bdra.20734
Kussmaul, W.G.
(2012) Guidelines on diagnosis and treatment of stable Ischemic Heart Disease: Keeping up with a constantly evolving evidence base. Annals of Internal Medicine, 157(10), 749–751. https://doi.org/10.7326/0003‑4819‑157‑10‑201211200‑00015
Langdon, H., Quintanar-Sarellana, R.
(2003) Roles and responsibilities of the interpreter in interactions with Speech-Language Pathologists, parents, and students. Seminars in Speech and Language, 24(3), 235–244. https://doi.org/10.1055/s‑2003‑42826
Leeseberg Stamler, L. & Yiu, L.
(2005) Community health nursing: A Canadian perspective. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Longmore, M., Wilkinson, I., Davidson, E., Foulkes, A. & Mafi, A.
(2010) Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199232178.001.0001
Longo, D.
(2012) Harrisons online: Principles of internal medicine. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Mancia, G., Laurent, S., Agabiti-Rosei, E., Ambrosioni, E., Burnier, M., Caulfield, M.J., Cifkova, R., Clément, D., Coca, A., Dominiczak, A., Erdine, S., Fagard, R., Farsang, C., Grassi, G., Haller, H., Heagerty, A., Kjeldsen, S.E., Kiowski, W., Mallion, J.M., Manolis, A., Narkiewicz, K., Nilsson, P., Olsen, M.H., Rahn, K.H., Redon, J., Rodicio, J., Ruilope, L., Schmieder, R.E., Struijker-Boudier, H.AJ., van Zwieten, P.A., Viigimaa, M. & Zanchetti, A.
(2009) Reappraisal of European guidelines on hypertension management: A European Society of Hypertension Task Force document. Journal of Hypertension, 27(11), 2121–2158. https://doi.org/10.1097/hjh.0b013e328333146d
Martinez, G.
(2008) Language-in-healthcare policy, interaction patterns, and unequal care on the U.S.-Mexico border. Language Policy, 7, 345–363. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10993‑008‑9110‑y
Marx, J., Hockberger, R. & Walls, R.
(2009) Rosen’s emergency medicine-concepts and clinical practice, (7th ed.). Maryland Heights, MI: Mosby/Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978‑0‑323‑05472‑0.00205‑x
Mayo Clinic
(2012) Cholesterol levels. Retrieved June 28, 2012, from www.mayoclinic.com/​health/​cholesterol-levels/​CL00001
McLatchie, G., Borley, N. & Chikwe, J.
(2007) Oxford handbook of clinical surgery. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/med/9780198568254.003.0011
McVary K., Roehrborn C., Avins, A.L., Barry, M.J., Bruskewitz, R.C., Donnell, R.F., Foster, H.E. Jr, Gonzalez, C.M., Kaplan, S.A., Penson, D.F., Ulchaker, J.C. & Wei, J.T.
(2011) Update on AUA guideline on the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Journal of Urology, 185(5), 1793–803. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2011.01.074
Melman, A. & Newnham, R.
(2011) A what-comes-next guide to a safe and informed recovery. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Miller D. & Leary S.
(2007) Primary-progressive multiple sclerosis. Lancet Neurology, (6), 903–912. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1474‑4422(07)70243–0
Miller, B.
(2010) General surgical lists and reminders. Brisbane, Australia: University of Queensland Press.
Nicodemus, B.
(2009) Prosodic markers and utterance boundaries in American Sign Language interpretation. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press. https://doi.org/10.1075/sll.16.1.04dac
Nicolaides, K.H., Syngelaki, A., Ashoor, G., Birdir, C. & Touzet, G.
(2012) Noninvasive prenatal testing for fetal trisomies in a routinely screened first-trimester population. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 206 (2012), 322.e1–322.e15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2012.08.033
Nursing and Midwifery Council
(2010) Changes to pre-registration nursing programmes: FAQs. Nursing and Midwifery Council. Retrieved from nmc-uk.org
Qaseem, A., Fihn, S.D., Williams, S., Dallas, P., Owens, D.K. & Shekelle, P.
(2012) Diagnosis of Stable Ischemic Heart Disease: Summary of a Clinical Practice Guideline From the American College of Physicians/American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association/American Association for Thoracic Surgery/Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association/Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Annals of Internal Medicine, 157(10), 729–734. https://doi.org/10.7326/0003‑4819‑157‑10‑201211200‑00010
Qureshi, A.
(2011) Textbook of interventional neurology. Leiden, the Netherlands: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511975844
Ramos, G.A., Chopra, I.J. & Bales, S.R.
(2012) Endocrine disorders in pregnancy. Women’s Health Review: A Clinical Update in Obstetrics-Gynecology (Expert Consult-Online), 226.
Ramsay, N. A., Kenny, M. W., Davies, G., & Patel, J. P.
(2005) Complimentary and alternative medicine use among patients starting warfarin. British Journal of Haematology, 130(5), 777–780. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365‑2141.2005.05689.x
Reiss, U., Zucker, M. & Hanley, J.
(2002) Natural hormone balance for women. New York, NY: Atria Books.
Robertson, A.
(1998) Preparing for birth: Background notes for pre-natal classes (3rd ed.). Glebe, Australia: Ace Graphics.
Roehrborn, C.
(2011) Male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Medical Clinics of North America, 95(1), 87–100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcna.2010.08.013
Roseberry-McKibbin, C.
(2002) Multicultural students with special language needs (2nd ed.). Oceanside, CA: Academic Associates.
Schenker, Y, Wang, F., Selig, S.J., Ng, R. & Fernandez, A.
(2007) The impact of language barriers on documentation of informed consent at a hospital with on-site interpreter services. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(Suppl 2), 294–299. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606‑007‑0359‑1
Sinclair, A., & Dickinson, E.
(1998) Effective practice in rehabilitation: The evidence of systematic reviews. King’s Fund.
Singh, J., Christensen, R., Wells, G., Suarez-Almazor, M., Buchbinder, R., Lopez-Olivo, M., Tanjong Ghogomu, E. & Tugwell, P.
(2012) Update of the 2008 ACR Recommendations for use of DMARDs and biologics in the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis. Arthritis Care & Research, 625–639. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd007848.pub2
Smyth, R. & Openshaw, P.
(2006) Bronchiolitis. Lancet, 3, 368(9532), 312–322. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140‑6736(06)69077–6
Sobin, L., Gospodarowicz, M. & Wittekind, C.
(Eds.) (2009) TNM classification of malignant tumors (7th ed.). Oxford, England: Wiley-Blackwell.
Soper, N. & Kaufman, D.
(2011) Northwestern handbook of surgical procedures. Evanston, IL: North- western University.
Sperry, L.
(2006) Cognitive behavior therapy of DSM-IV-TR personality disorders 2. New York, NY: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203961582
Taibi, M. & Ozolins, U.
(2016) Community Translation. Bloomsbury
Tanner, J.M., Whitehouse, R.H. & Hughes, P.C.R.
(1976) Relative importance of growth hormone and sex steroids for the growth at puberty of trunk length, limb length, and muscle width in growth hormone-deficient children. The Journal of pediatrics, 89(6), 1000–1008. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022‑3476(76)80620–8
Tarrant, A., Ryan, M., Hamilton, P. & Bejaminov, O.
(2008) A pictorial review of hypovolaemic shock in adults. British Journal of Radiology, 81, 252–257. https://doi.org/10.1259/bjr/40962054
Tasker, R.C., McClure, R.J. & Acerini, C.L.
(2013) Oxford handbook of paediatrics. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199608300.001.0001
Tesio, L.
(2007) Functional assessment in rehabilitative medicine: Principles and methods. Europa Medicophysica, 43(4), 515.
Turner, S., Paton, J., Higgins, B. & Douglas, G.
(2011) British guidelines on the management of asthma: What’s new for 2011? Thorax, 66(12), 1104–1105. https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl‑2011‑200213
University of Virginia
Van Tulder, M., Malmivaara, A. & Koes, B.
(2007) Repetitive strain injury. Lancet 369 (9575): 1815–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140‑6736(07)60820–4
Varney, H., Kriebs, J.M. & Gegor, C.L.
(2004) Varney’s Midwifery (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmwh.2003.10.021
Walker, P.F. & Barnett, E.D.
(2007) Immigrant medicine. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders.
Weng, Y.H., Chiu, Y.W. & Cheng, S. W.
(2012) Breast milk jaundice and maternal diet with Chinese herbal medicines. Evidence-Based Complimentary and Alternative Medicine, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/150120
Wiemels, J.
(2012) Perspectives on childhood leukemia. Chemico-biological Interactions, 196(3), 59–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbi.2012.01.007
Wiesel, S.W. & Delahay, J.N.
(Eds.) (2010) Essentials of orthopedic surgery. New York, NY: Springer
Wyatt, J.P., Illingworth, R.N., Graham, C.A., & Hogg, K.
(2012) Oxford handbook of emergency medicine. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199589562.001.0001
Xiong, L.
(2009) Complete lung whiteout. Nursing Critical Care, 4(4), 42–45. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ccn.0000357490.54310.68