Chapter published in:Progress in Colour Studies: Cognition, language and beyond
Edited by Lindsay W. MacDonald, Carole P. Biggam and Galina V. Paramei
[Not in series 217] 2018
► pp. 59–82
Spanish basic colour categories are 11 or 12 depending on the dialect
Julio Lillo | Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
Lilia Prado-León | Universidad de Guadalajara, Mexico
Fernando Gonzalez Perilli | Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay
Anna Melnikova | Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
Leticia Álvaro | Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain | Anglia Ruskin University, UK
José Collado | Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
Humberto Moreira | Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
A colour-term elicitation task was used to estimate basic colour terms (BCTs) in three Spanish dialects. In Castilian (spoken in Spain) and Mexican, eleven BCTs were identified, compared to twelve in Uruguayan, including celeste “sky blue”. The six primary BCTs and three derived BCTs appeared identical in all three dialects; however, terms for “brown” and “purple” revealed dialectal variation. An Extremes naming task was used to estimate the equivalence relation between BCT counterparts in the three dialects. A Boundary delimitation task was employed to demarcate boundaries of the basic colour categories in a*b*-plane of CIELAB. The task enabled mapping the denotata of the Uruguayan-specific BCT celeste. Results are discussed in the framework of the debate of universal versus language-specific factors.
Keywords: Spanish, Castilian, Mexican, Uruguayan, basic colour terms, colour transitions, universal factors, language-specific factors
Published online: 26 November 2018
Berlin, Brent, and Paul Kay
Bimler, David, and Mari Uusküla
 “Divergence and Shared Conceptual Organisation: A Points-Of-View Analysis of Colour Listing Data from 14 European Languages.” In Progress in Colour Studies: Cognition, Language and Beyond, ed. by Lindsay W. MacDonald, Carole P. Biggam, and Galina V. Paramei, 223–239. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
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Cited by 3 other publications
Lillo, Julio, Fernando González-Perilli, Lilia Prado-León, Anna Melnikova, Leticia Álvaro, José A. Collado & Humberto Moreira
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