From Grammar to Science

New Foundations for General Linguistics

| University of Chicago
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027221612 (Eur) | EUR 125.00
ISBN 9781556195150 (USA) | USD 188.00
 
PaperbackAvailable
ISBN 9789027221773 (Eur) | EUR 36.00
ISBN 9781556195310 (USA) | USD 54.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027284075 | EUR 125.00/36.00*
| USD 188.00/54.00*
 
Although efforts have been under way for the past two centuries to treat language scientifically, linguists and others who work with language, speech, or communication have not found an adequate scientific foundation in current linguistic theory. Many of the difficulties are caused by longstanding confusions between the logical domain of science and grammar and the physical domain of sound waves and the people who speak and understand.
In this book, therefore, the last impediments of tradition, the ancient semiotic-grammatical foundations of linguistics, are set aside. We move into the physical domain, where theories and hypotheses can be tested against observations of the physical reality. Here new foundations are laid that are fully consonant with modern science as practiced in physics, chemistry, and biology.
On these foundations is built a structure of testable specific dynamic causal laws of communicative behavior that provides support for treating previously recalcitrant context-dependent semantic, pragmatic, interactive, rhetorical, and literary phenomena. The central role of context in the foundations of the theory provides the insights of scientific lawfulness while still honoring the particularity of situations celebrated in the humanities.
[Not in series, 80]  1996.  xii, 350 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
vii
1. People, Sound Waves, and Illusions
1
2. Traditions of Grammar and Science
14
3. Should We Study Language or People?
23
4. The Problem with Theories of Language
34
5. The Depth Hypothesis
47
6. How Can We Know What to Believe?
64
7. Opportunities in the Physical Domain
78
8. Standard Science
93
9. Plans for Emigrating to the New World
107
10. Linguistic Theories of People
121
11. Properties in Theories of People
134
12. Laws of Communicative Behavior
146
13. A Scientifically Justified Notation
161
14. Linguistic Theories of Groups
176
15. Relations between Individuals and Groups
189
16. The Group in Its Environment
202
17. Types of Interaction between Groups
217
18. The Structure of Communities
231
19. Notations for the Control of Selection
246
20. Notations for the Control of Sequence
259
21. Evidence for the Structure of Context
275
22. How Individuals Cope in Communities
294
Summary
308
Notes
312
References
332
Index
340
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  96044622