Syntax

An Introduction

Volume I

| University of Oregon
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027225771 (Eur) | EUR 125.00
ISBN 9781588110657 (USA) | USD 188.00
 
PaperbackAvailable
ISBN 9789027225788 (Eur) | EUR 33.00
ISBN 9781588110664 (USA) | USD 49.95
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027297938 | EUR 125.00/33.00*
| USD 188.00/49.95*
 
This new edition of Syntax: A functional-typological introduction is at many points radically revised. In the previous edition (1984) the author deliberately chose to de-emphasize the more formal aspects of syntactic structure, in favor of a more comprehensive treatment of the semantic and pragmatic correlates of syntactic structure. With hindsight the author now finds the de-emphasis of the formal properties a somewhat regrettable choice, since it creates the false impression that one could somehow be a functionalist without being at the same time a structuralist. To redress the balance, explicit treatment is given to the core formal properties of syntactic constructions, such as constituency and hierarchy (phrase structure), grammatical relations and relational control, clause union, finiteness and governed constructions.
At the same time, the cognitive and communicative underpinning of grammatical universals are further elucidated and underscored, and the interplay between grammar, cognition and neurology is outlined. Also the relevant typological database is expanded, now exploring in greater precision the bounds of syntactic diversity. Lastly, Syntax treats synchronic-typological diversity more explicitly as the dynamic by-product of diachronic development or grammaticalization. In so doing a parallel is drawn between linguistic diversity and diachrony on the one hand and biological diversity and evolution on the other. It is then suggested that — as in biology — synchronic universals of grammar are exercised and instantiated primarily as constraints on development, and are thus merely the apparent by-products of universal constraints on grammaticalization.

This title replaces Syntax: A functional-typological introduction. Volume I (1984)

[Not in series, SYN 1]  2001.  xviii, 500 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
xv
1. The functional approach to language and the typological approach to grammar
1
2. The lexicon: Words and morphemes
43
3. Simple verbal clauses and argument structure
105
4. Grammatical relations and case-marking systems
173
5. Word order
233
6. Tense, aspect and modality I: Functional organization
285
7. Tense, aspect and modality II: Typological organization
337
8. Negation
369
9 Referential coherence I: Pronouns and grammatical agreement
399
10. Referential coherence II: Reference and definiteness
437
Bibliography
479
Index
493
“This book is certainly an extremely detailed and thorough examination of language from a functional perspective. The advantages, as I see them, are the detailed typological perspective on phenomena and the sheer range of languages considered. One gets a clear overview of the enormous variation that exists in each restricted area. Especially impressive is the fact that the relative markedness of various options is considered, with frequency data from corpora included. This mixture of detailed syntactic description and a look at actual language use is a trend I for one would like to see more of. I would not hesitate to recommend this book to those who want an in-depth reference work on syntax.”
“Givón’s book is a very useful introduction to syntax. The new edition has gained a lot in clarity, consistency and accurateness of presentation of the material. Although some features of the book are hardly appropriate for a standard textbook, the abundance of illustrative material from languages of diverse structural types, numerous stimulating and intriguing interpretations of linguistic facts, new universals and interesting ideas - an advantage notices by nearly all the reviewers of the first edition - make it well worth reading, both by experienced professional linguists and by any student of syntax or linguistics in general.”
Cited by

Cited by other publications

No author info given
2015.  In Language Proficiency in Native and Non-native Speakers [Language Learning & Language Teaching, 41], Crossref logo
No author info given
2016.  In A Cognitive Grammar of Japanese Clause Structure [Human Cognitive Processing, 53], Crossref logo
Bak, Thomas H., Despina Yancopoulou, Peter J. Nestor, John H. Xuereb, Maria G. Spillantini, Friedemann Pulvermüller & John R. Hodges
2006. Clinical, imaging and pathological correlates of a hereditary deficit in verb and action processing. Brain 129:2  pp. 321 ff. Crossref logo
Bentein, Klaas
2015. Minor Complementation Patterns in Post-classical Greek (I–VI AD): A Socio-historical Analysis of a Corpus of Documentary Papyri. Symbolae Osloenses 89:1  pp. 104 ff. Crossref logo
Biberauer, Theresa, Anders Holmberg & Ian Roberts
2014. A Syntactic Universal and Its Consequences. Linguistic Inquiry 45:2  pp. 169 ff. Crossref logo
Bossaglia, Giulia
2013. Inflected/Non-inflected Infinitive Alternation in Causative and Perception Constructions of Contemporary European Portuguese: A Corpus-based Study. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 95  pp. 220 ff. Crossref logo
Candalija Reina, José Antonio
2015.  In Verb Classes and Aspect [IVITRA Research in Linguistics and Literature, 9],  pp. 98 ff. Crossref logo
Chamoreau, Claudine
2016.  In Finiteness and Nominalization [Typological Studies in Language, 113],  pp. 83 ff. Crossref logo
Cysouw, Michael
2007. Content Interrogatives in Pichis Ashéninca: Corpus Study and Typological Comparison. International Journal of American Linguistics 73:2  pp. 133 ff. Crossref logo
Dahl, Eystein & Krzysztof Stroński
2016.  In Indo-Aryan Ergativity in Typological and Diachronic Perspective [Typological Studies in Language, 112],  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Dobrushina, Nina
2012. Subjunctive complement clauses in Russian. Russian Linguistics 36:2  pp. 121 ff. Crossref logo
Eriksen, Pål K., Seppo Kittilä & Leena Kolehmainen
2012. Weather and Language. Language and Linguistics Compass 6:6  pp. 383 ff. Crossref logo
Estrada Fernández, Zarina
2005. The Pronominal Form ‐a as a Middle Marker in Pima Bajo. International Journal of American Linguistics 71:3  pp. 277 ff. Crossref logo
Gonzáles, Raúl Eduardo & María Belén Carpio
2017. Causativización perifrástica en toba del este y del oeste de la provincia de Formosa (Argentina). Íkala, Revista de Lenguaje y Cultura 22:3  pp. 439 ff. Crossref logo
Green, Clarence
2017.  In Patterns and Development in the English Clause System,  pp. 71 ff. Crossref logo
Guérois, Rozenn & Koen Bostoen
2018. On the origins of passive allomorphy in Cuwabo (Bantu P34). Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies 36:3  pp. 211 ff. Crossref logo
Gärdenfors, Peter
2019. Using Event Representations to Generate Robot Semantics. ACM Transactions on Human-Robot Interaction 8:4  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Iparraguirre, María-Sol
2014. Elementary school students as authors of a description: stages in the learning of writing and linguistic-discursive styles / Alumnos de tercer y séptimo grado de nivel primario como autores de una descripción: etapas en el aprendizaje de la escritura y estilos lingüístico-discursivos. Infancia y Aprendizaje 37:4  pp. 740 ff. Crossref logo
Jany, Carmen
2016.  In Language Contact and Change in the Americas [Studies in Language Companion Series, 173],  pp. 33 ff. Crossref logo
Kanta, Mayuree
2015. Analysis of Passives Constructions in French Based on Functional-typological Grammar by Givón. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 174  pp. 313 ff. Crossref logo
Liljegren, Henrik
2014.  In On Diversity and Complexity of Languages Spoken in Europe and North and Central Asia [Studies in Language Companion Series, 164],  pp. 133 ff. Crossref logo
Miestamo, Matti
2006.  In Handbook of Pragmatics,  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Mikel, Labiano
2017. Greek interjectional ἆ = “Stop doing that!” in Euripides. Glotta 93:1  pp. 36 ff. Crossref logo
Mithun, Marianne
2016.  In Finiteness and Nominalization [Typological Studies in Language, 113],  pp. 297 ff. Crossref logo
Moezipour, Farhad
2015.  In Causation, Permission, and Transfer [Studies in Language Companion Series, 167],  pp. 463 ff. Crossref logo
Perlman, Marcus, Hannah Little, Bill Thompson & Robin L. Thompson
2018. Iconicity in Signed and Spoken Vocabulary: A Comparison Between American Sign Language, British Sign Language, English, and Spanish. Frontiers in Psychology 9 Crossref logo
Rodríguez Rosique, Susana
2015.  In Verb Classes and Aspect [IVITRA Research in Linguistics and Literature, 9],  pp. 412 ff. Crossref logo
Ross, Bella, Janet Fletcher & Rachel Nordlinger
2016. The Alignment of Prosody and Clausal Structure in Dalabon. Australian Journal of Linguistics 36:1  pp. 52 ff. Crossref logo
Seržant, Ilja A.
2016.  In Argument Realization in Baltic [Valency, Argument Realization and Grammatical Relations in Baltic, 3],  pp. 137 ff. Crossref logo
Tickoo, Asha
1992. On preposing and word order rigidity. Pragmatics 2:4  pp. 467 ff. Crossref logo
Velupillai, Viveka
2016. Partitioning the timeline: A cross-linguistic survey of tense. Studies in Language 40:1  pp. 93 ff. Crossref logo
Viti, Carlotta
2008. Coding spatial relations in Homeric Greek: preverbs vs. prepositions. Historical Linguistics 121:1  pp. 114 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 25 may 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2001035857