Sensory Linguistics

Language, perception and metaphor

HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027203106 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027262622 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
 
One of the most fundamental capacities of language is the ability to express what speakers see, hear, feel, taste, and smell. Sensory Linguistics is the interdisciplinary study of how language relates to the senses. This book deals with such foundational questions as: Which semiotic strategies do speakers use to express sensory perceptions? Which perceptions are easier to encode and which are “ineffable”? And what are appropriate methods for studying the sensory aspects of linguistics? After a broad overview of the field, a detailed quantitative corpus-based study of English sensory adjectives and their metaphorical uses is presented. This analysis calls age-old ideas into question, such as the idea that the use of perceptual metaphors is governed by a cognitively motivated “hierarchy of the senses”. Besides making theoretical contributions to cognitive linguistics, this research monograph showcases new empirical methods for studying lexical semantics using contemporary statistical methods.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
xiii–xiv
Chapter 1. Sensory linguistics: Introduction to the book
1–7
Part I. Theory
Chapter 2. The five senses folk model
11–15
Chapter 3. Sensory semiotics
17–30
Chapter 4. Ineffability
31–49
Chapter 5. The Embodied Lexicon Hypothesis
51–65
Chapter 6. Synesthesia and metaphor
67–77
Chapter 7. Synesthetic metaphors are not metaphorical
79–97
Chapter 8. The hierarchy of the senses
99–103
Chapter 9. Explaining the hierarchy of the senses
105–119
Part II. A case study of sensory adjectives
Chapter 10. Methodological foundations
123–140
Chapter 11. Norming the senses
141–152
Chapter 12. Dominance relations and specialization of sensory words
153–162
Chapter 13. Correlations and clusters
163–174
Chapter 14. Semantic preferences of sensory words
175–186
Chapter 15. Frequency, semantic complexity, and iconicity
187–197
Chapter 16. The evaluative dimension
199–211
Chapter 17. Re-evaluating the hierarchy of the senses
213–232
Part III. Conclusion
Chapter 18. Conclusion
235–247
References
249–285
Subject index
287–289
Sensory Linguistics: Language, perception and metaphor is an amazing, incredibly thoughtful book that paves a brilliant path forward in our scholarly understanding of the sensory, embodied, foundations for perception, thought, and language. Bodo Winter provides a rich set of descriptive, theoretical, and methodological considerations for uncovering the sensory basis of language and linguistic meaning, with particular focus on synesthesia and metaphor. I was impressed by Winter’s numerous novel arguments and insights and how these offer a new vision of the relations between linguistic and sensory experience. This book is cognitive science at its best!”
References

References

Abraham, W.
(1987) Synästhesie als Metapher. Folia Linguistica, 21, 155–190. Crossref link
Agapakis, C. M., & Tolaas, S.
(2012) Smelling in multiple dimensions. Current Opinion in Chemical Biology, 16, 569–575. Crossref link
Ahlner, F., & Zlatev, J.
(2010) Cross-modal iconicity: A cognitive semiotic approach to sound symbolism. Sign Systems Studies, 1, 298–348. Crossref link
Akpinar, E. & Berger, J.
(2015) Drivers of cultural success: The case of sensory metaphors. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109, 20–34. Crossref link
Alais, D., & Burr, D.
(2004) The ventriloquist effect results from near-optimal bimodal integration. Current Biology, 14, 257–262. Crossref link
Alivisatos, A., Jacobson, G., Hendler, T., Malach, R., & Zohary, E.
(2002) Convergence of visual and tactile shape processing in the human lateral occipital cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 12, 1202–1212. Crossref link
Allan, K., & Burridge, K.
(2006) Forbidden words: Taboo and the censoring of language. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Anaki, D., & Henik, A.
(2017) Bidirectionality in synesthesia and metaphor. Poetics Today, 38, 141–161. Crossref link
Amassian, V. E., Cracco, R. Q., Maccabee, P. J., Cracco, J. B., Rudell, A., & Eberle, L.
(1989) Suppression of visual perception by magnetic coil stimulation of human occipital cortex. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 74, 458–462. Crossref link
Amsel, B. D., Urbach, T. P., & Kutas, M.
(2012) Perceptual and motor attribute ratings for 559 object concepts. Behavior Research Methods, 44, 1028–1041. Crossref link
Ankerstein, C. A., Pereira, G. M.
(2013) Talking about taste: Starved for words. In C. Gerhardt, M. Frobenius, & S. Ley (Eds.), Culinary linguistics: The chef’s special (pp. 305–315). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Anderson, M. L.
(2003) Embodied cognition: A field guide. Artificial Intelligence, 149, 91–130. Crossref link
de Araujo, I. E., Rolls, E. T., Kringelbach, M. L., McGlone, F., & Phillips, N.
(2003) Taste-olfactory convergence, and the representation of the pleasantness of flavour, in the human brain. European Journal of Neuroscience, 18, 2059–2068. Crossref link
Arshamian, A., & Larsson, M.
(2014) Same same but different: the case of olfactory imagery. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 34. Crossref link
Athanasopoulos, P., & Bylund, E.
(2013) Does grammatical aspect affect motion event cognition? A cross‐linguistic comparison of English and Swedish speakers. Cognitive Science, 37, 286–309. Crossref link
Auvray, M., & Spence, C.
(2008) The multisensory perception of flavor. Consciousness and Cognition, 17, 1016–1031. Crossref link
Baayen, R. H., & del Prado Martín, F. M.
(2005) Semantic density and past-tense formation in three Germanic languages. Language, 81, 666–698. Crossref link
Baccianella, S., Esuli, A., & Sebastiani, F.
(2010) SentiWordNet 3.0: An enhanced lexical resource for sentiment analysis and opinion mining. Proceedings of the 7th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, 10, 2200–2204.
Backhouse, A. E.
(1994) The lexical field of taste: a semantic study of Japanese taste terms. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Bagli, M.
(2016) “Shaking off so good a wife and so sweet a lady”: Shakespeare’s use of taste words. Journal of Literary Semantics, 45, 141–159. Crossref link
(2017) Tastes we’ve lived by: Taste metaphors in English. Textus, 30, 33–48.
Baker, S. J.
(1950) The pattern of language. The Journal of General Psychology, 42, 25–66. Crossref link
Barcelona, A.
(2003) On the plausibility of claiming a metonymic motivation for conceptual metaphor. In A. Barcelona (Ed.), Metaphor and Metonymy at the Crossroads (pp. 31–58). Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. https://​doi​.org​/10​.1515​/9783110894677​.31. Crossref link
(2008) Metonymy is not just a lexical phenomenon: On the operation of metonymy in grammar and discourse. In C. Alm-Arvius, N., Johannesson, & D. C. Minugh (Eds.), Selected Papers from the Stockholm 2008 Metaphor Festival (pp. 3–42). Stockholm: Stockholm University Press.
Barrós-Loscertales, A., González, J., Pulvermüller, F., Ventura-Campos, N., Bustamante, J. C., Costumero, V., Parcet, M. A., & Ávila, C.
(2011) Reading salt activates gustatory brain regions: fMRI evidence for semantic grounding in a novel sensory modality. Cerebral Cortex, 22, 2554–2563. Crossref link
Barsalou, L. W.
(1999) Perceptual symbol systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 577–660.
Barsalou, L. W., Santos, A., Simmons, W. K., & Wilson, C. D.
(2008) Language and simulation in conceptual processing. In M. De Vega, A. M. Glenberg, & A. C. Graesser (Eds.), Symbols, embodiment, and meaning (pp. 245–283). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Crossref link
Barsalou, L. W.
(2008) Grounded cognition. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 617–645. Crossref link
Barten, S. S.
(1998) Speaking of music: The use of motor-affective metaphors in music instruction. Journal of Aesthetic Education, 32, 89–97. Crossref link
Bartley, S. H.
(1953) The perception of size or distance based on tactile and kinesthetic data. The Journal of Psychology, 36, 401–408. Crossref link
Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B., & Walker, S.
(2015a) lme4: Linear mixed-effects models using Eigen and S4. R package version 1.1–9.
(2015b) Fitting Linear Mixed-Effects Models using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software, 67, 1–48. Crossref link
Baumann, O., & Greenlee, M. W.
(2007) Neural correlates of coherent audiovisual motion perception. Cerebral Cortex, 17, 1433–1443. Crossref link
Baumgärtner, K.
(1969) Synästhesie und das Problem sprachlicher Universalien. Zeitschrift für deutsche Sprache, 25, 1–20.
Basbaum, A. I., Bautista, D. M., Scherrer, G., & Julius, D.
(2009) Cellular and molecular mechanisms of pain. Cell, 139, 267–284. Crossref link
Bednarek, M. A.
(2008) Semantic preference and semantic prosody re-examined. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, 4, 119–139. Crossref link
Bergen, B. K.
(2007) Experimental methods for simulation semantics. In M. Gonzalez-Marquez, I. Mittelberg, S. Coulson, & M. J. Spivey (Eds.), Methods in Cognitive Linguistics (pp. 277–301). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Bergen, B. K.
(2012) Louder than words: The new science of how the mind makes meaning. New York: Basic Books.
Berglund, B., Berglund, U., Engen, T., & Ekman, G.
(1973) Multidimensional analysis of twenty-one odors. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 14, 131–137. Crossref link
Berlin, B.
(2006) The first congress of ethnozoological nomenclature. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 12, S23–S44. Crossref link
Berlin, B., & O’Neill, J. P.
(1981) The pervasiveness of onomatopoeia in Aguaruna and Huambisa bird names. Journal of Ethnobiology, 1, 238–261.
Berlin, B., & Kay, P.
(1969) Basic color terms: Their universality and evolution. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bhushan, N., Rao, A. R., & Lohse, G. L.
(1997) The texture lexicon: Understanding the categorization of visual texture terms and their relationship to texture images. Cognitive Science, 21, 219–246. Crossref link
Birch, J.
(2012) Worldwide prevalence of red-green color deficiency. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 29, 313–320. Crossref link
Blake, R., Sobel, K. V., & James, T. W.
(2004) Neural synergy between kinetic vision and touch. Psychological Science, 15, 397–402. Crossref link
Blasi, D. E., Wichmann, S., Hammarström, H., Stadler, P. F., & Christiansen, M. H.
(2016) Sound-meaning association biases evidenced across thousands of languages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113, 10818–10823. Crossref link
Boroditsky, L., & Ramscar, M.
(2002) The roles of body and mind in abstract thought. Psychological Science, 13, 185–188. Crossref link
Bottini, R. & Casasanto, D.
(2010) Implicit spatial length modulates time estimates, but not vice versa. In S. Ohlsson, & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1348–1353). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
Box, G. E.
(1979) Robustness in the strategy of scientific model building. Robustness in Statistics, 1, 201–236. Crossref link
Bremner, A. J., Caparos, S., Davidoff, J., de Fockert, J., Linnell, K. J., & Spence, C.
(2013) “Bouba” and “Kiki” in Namibia? A remote culture make similar shape – sound matches, but different shape – taste matches to Westerners. Cognition, 126, 165–172. Crossref link
Brower, D.
(1947) The experimental study of imagery: II. The relative predominance of various imagery modalities. The Journal of General Psychology, 37, 199–200. Crossref link
Brown, R. W., & Lenneberg, E. H.
(1954) A study in language and cognition. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 49, 454–462. Crossref link
Brunsdon, C., & Chen, H.
(2014) GISTools: Some further GIS capabilities for R. R package version 0.7–4. https://​CRAN​.R​-project​.org​/package​=GISTools
Brysbaert, M., & New, B.
(2009) Moving beyond Kučera and Francis: A critical evaluation of current word frequency norms and the introduction of a new and improved word frequency measure for American English. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 977–990. Crossref link
Brysbaert, M., New, B., & Keuleers, E.
(2012) Adding part-of-speech information to the SUBTLEX-US word frequencies. Behavior Research Methods, 44, 991–997. Crossref link
Brysbaert, M., Warriner, A. B., & Kuperman, V.
(2014) Concreteness ratings for 40 thousand generally known English word lemmas. Behavior Research Methods, 46, 904–911. Crossref link
Bueti, D., & Walsh, V.
(2009) The parietal cortex and the representation of time, space, number and other magnitudes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 12, 1831–1840. Crossref link
Buck, C. D.
(1949) A dictionary of selected synonyms in the principal Indo-European languages: A contribution to the history of ideas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bylund, E., Athanasopoulos, P., & Oostendorp, M.
(2013) Motion event cognition and grammatical aspect: Evidence from Afrikaans. Linguistics, 51, 929–955. Crossref link
Caballero, R.
(2007) Manner-of-motion verbs in wine description. Journal of Pragmatics, 39, 2095–2114. Crossref link
Caballero, R., & Ibarretxe-Antuñano, I.
(2014) Ways of perceiving, moving, and thinking: Revindicating culture in conceptual metaphor research. Cognitive Semiotics, V, 268–290.
Caballero, R., & Paradis, C.
(2015) Making sense of sensory perceptions across languages and cultures. Functions of Language, 22, 1–19. Crossref link
Cabanac, M.
(1971) Physiological role of pleasure. Science, 173, 1103–1107. Crossref link
Cabanac, M., Pruvost, M., & Fantino, M.
(1973) Alliesthesie negative pour des stimulus sucres apres diverses ingestions de glucose. Physiology & Behavior, 11, 345–348. Crossref link
Cacciari, C.
(2008) Crossing the senses in metaphorical language. In J. Raymond W. Gibbs (Ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of metaphor and thought (pp. 425–443). New York: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Caclin, A., Soto-Faraco, S., Kingstone, A., & Spence, C.
(2002) Tactile “capture” of audition. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 64, 616–630. Crossref link
Cain, W. S.
(1979) To know with the nose: keys to odor identification. Science, 203, 467–470. Crossref link
Callejas, C. M. B.
(2001) Synaesthetic Metaphors in English. Technical report, University of California, Berkeley.
Campbell, J. D., & Katz, A. N.
(2006) On reversing the topics and vehicles of metaphor. Metaphor and Symbol, 21, 1–22. Crossref link
Canobbio, A. T.
(2004) Trattamento delle sensazioni nella poesia di Guido Gozzano. Genova: University of Genova MA thesis.
Caplan, D.
(1973) A note on the abstract readings of verbs of perception. Cognition, 2, 269–277. Crossref link
Carroll, J. M., Bever, T. G., & Pollack, C. R.
(1981) The non-uniqueness of linguistic intuitions. Language, 57, 368–383. Crossref link
Carlson, N. R.
(2010) Physiology of behavior (10th Ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Casagrande, V. A.
(1994) A third parallel visual pathway to primate area V1. Trends in Neurosciences, 17, 305–310. Crossref link
Casati, R., Dokic, J., & Le Corre, F.
(2015) Distinguishing the commonsense senses. In D. Stokes, M. Matthen & S. Biggs (Eds.), Perception and its modalities (pp. 462–479). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Casasanto, D.
(2014) Experiential origins of mental metaphors: Language, culture, and the body. In M. Landau, M. D. Robinson, & B. Meier (Eds.), The power of metaphor: Examining its influence on social life (pp. 249–268). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Books. Crossref link
(2017) The hierarchical structure of mental metaphors. In B. Hampe (Ed.), Metaphor: Embodied cognition and discourse (pp. 46–61). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Casasanto, D., & Jasmin, K.
(2010) Good and bad in the hands of politicians: Spontaneous gestures during positive and negative speech. PLOS ONE, 5, e11805. Crossref link
Casasanto, D., & Boroditsky, L.
(2008) Time in the mind: Using space to think about time. Cognition, 106, 579–593. Crossref link
Casasanto, D., & Chrysikou, E. G.
(2011) When left is “right”: Motor fluency shapes abstract concepts. Psychological Science, 22, 419–422. Crossref link
Cazeaux, C.
(2002) Metaphor and the categorization of the senses. Metaphor and Symbol, 17, 3–26. Crossref link
Chambers, E., Lee, J., Chun, S., & Miller, A. E.
(2012) Development of a lexicon for commercially available cabbage (baechu) kimchi. Journal of Sensory Studies, 27, 511–518. Crossref link
Crisinel, A. S., Cosser, S., King, S., Jones, R., Petrie, J., & Spence, C.
(2012) A bittersweet symphony: Systematically modulating the taste of food by changing the sonic properties of the soundtrack playing in the background. Food Quality and Preference, 24, 201–204. Crossref link
Christiansen, M. H., & Chater, N.
(2008) Language as shaped by the brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31, 489–509. Crossref link
Chu, S., & Downes, J. J.
(2000) Long live Proust: The odour-cued autobiographical memory bump. Cognition, 75, B41–B50. Crossref link
Cienki, A., & Müller, C.
(2008) Metaphor, gesture, and thought. In R. W. Gibbs (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of metaphor and thought (pp. 483–500). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Citron, F. M.
(2012) Neural correlates of written emotion word processing: a review of recent electrophysiological and hemodynamic neuroimaging studies. Brain and Language, 122, 211–226. Crossref link
Citron, F. M., & Goldberg, A. E.
(2014) Metaphorical sentences are more emotionally engaging than their literal counterparts. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26, 2585–2595. Crossref link
Citron, F. M., Güsten, J., Michaelis, N., & Goldberg, A. E.
(2016) Conventional metaphors in longer passages evoke affective brain response. NeuroImage, 139, 218–230. Crossref link
Clark, H. H.
(1996) Using language. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
(2003) Pointing and placing. In S. Kita (Ed.), Pointing: Where language, culture, and cognition meet (pp. 243–268). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Clark, H. H., & Gerrig, R. J.
(1990) Quotations as demonstrations. Language, 66, 764–805. Crossref link
Classen, C.
(1993) Worlds of sense: Exploring the senses in history and across cultures. London: Routledge.
(1997) Foundations for an anthropology of the senses. International Social Science Journal, 49, 401–412. Crossref link
Classen, C., Howes, D., & Synnott, A.
(1994) Aroma: The cultural history of smell. London: Routledge.
Cohen, M. S., Kosslyn, S. M., Breiter, H. C., DiGirolamo, G. J., Thompson, W. L., & Anderson, A. K., Rosen, B. R., & Belliveau, J. W.
(1996) Changes in the cortical activity during mental rotation, a mapping study using functional MRI. Brain, 119, 89–100. Crossref link
Connell, L.
(2007) Representing object colour in language comprehension. Cognition, 102, 476–485. Crossref link
Connell, L., & Lynott, D.
(2009) Is a bear white in the woods? Parallel representation of implied object color during language comprehension. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16, 573–577. Crossref link
(2010) Look but don’t touch: Tactile disadvantage in processing modality-specific words. Cognition, 115, 1–9. Crossref link
(2011) Modality switching costs emerge in concept creation as well as retrieval. Cognitive Science, 35, 763–778. Crossref link
(2012) Strength of perceptual experience predicts word processing performance better than concreteness or imageability. Cognition, 125, 452–465. Crossref link
(2014) I see/hear what you mean: semantic activation in visual word recognition depends on perceptual attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 527–533. Crossref link
(2016) Do we know what we’re simulating? Information loss on transferring unconscious perceptual simulation to conscious imagery. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 42, 1218–1232.
Connell, L. M., Lynott, D. J., & Banks, B.
(2018) Interoception: the forgotten modality in perceptual grounding of abstract and concrete concepts. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 373, 20170143. Crossref link
Coulson, M.
(2004) Attributing emotion to static body postures: Recognition accuracy, confusions, and viewpoint dependence. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 28, 117–139. Crossref link
Cowart, W.
(1997) Experimental syntax: Applying objective methods to sentence judgments. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publishing.
Craig, A. D.
(2003) A new view of pain as a homeostatic emotion. Trends in Neurosciences, 26, 303–307. Crossref link
Crisinel, A. S., Jones, S., & Spence, C.
(2012) ‘The sweet taste of maluma’: Crossmodal associations between tastes and words. Chemosensory Perception, 5, 266–273.
Croijmans, I., & Majid, A.
(2016) Not all flavor expertise is equal: The language of wine and coffee experts. PLOS ONE, 11, e0155845. Crossref link
Croft, W., & Cruse, D. A.
(2004) Cognitive Linguistics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Cruse, D. A.
(1986) Lexical semantics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Curcio, C. A., Sloan Jr., K. R., Packer, O., Hendrickson, A. E., & Kalina, R. E.
(1987) Distribution of cones in human and monkey retina: individual variability and radial asymmetry. Science, 236, 579–583. Crossref link
Cuskley, C.
(2013) Mappings between linguistic sound and motion. Public Journal of Semiotics, 5, 39–62.
Cuskley, C., & Kirby, S.
(2013) Synaesthesia, cross-modality and language evolution. In Simner, J. & Hubbard E. M. (Eds), Oxford handbook of synaesthesia (pp. 869–907). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cytowic, R. E., & Eagleman, D.
(2009) Wednesday is indigo blue: Discovering the brain of synesthesia. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Cytowic, R. E.
(2002) Synesthesia: A union of the senses. Cambridge, MA: MIT press. Crossref link
Dąbrowska, E.
(2010) Naive v. expert intuitions: An empirical study of acceptability judgments. The Linguistic Review, 27, 1–23. Crossref link
(2012) Different speakers, different grammars: Individual differences in native language attainment. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 2, 219–253. Crossref link
(2015) Individual differences in grammatical knowledge. In E. Dąbrowska & D. Divjak (Eds.), Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics (pp. 649–667). Berlin: de Gruyter. Crossref link
(2016a) Cognitive Linguistics’ seven deadly sins. Cognitive Linguistics, 27, 479–491. Crossref link
(2016b) Looking into introspection. In G. Drożdż (Ed.), Studies in lexicogrammar: Theory and applications (pp. 55–74). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Dacremont, C.
(1995) Spectral composition of eating sounds generated by crispy, crunchy and crackly foods. Journal of Texture Studies, 26, 27–43. Crossref link
Dalton, P., Doolittle, N., Nagata, H., & Breslin, P. A. S.
(2000) The merging of the senses: integration of subthreshold taste and smell. Nature Neuroscience, 3, 431–432. Crossref link
Dam-Jensen, H., & Zethsen, K. K.
(2007) Pragmatic patterns and the lexical system – A reassessment of evaluation in language. Journal of Pragmatics, 39, 1608–1623. Crossref link
Dancygier, B., & Sweetser, E.
(2014) Figurative Language. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
van Dantzig, S., Cowell, R. A., Zeelenberg, R., & Pecher, D.
(2011) A sharp image or a sharp knife: Norms for the modality-exclusivity of 774 concept-property items. Behavior Research Methods, 43, 145–154. Crossref link
van Dantzig, S., Pecher, D., Zeelenberg, R., & Barsalou, L. W.
(2008) Perceptual processing affects conceptual processing. Cognitive Science, 32, 579–590. Crossref link
Davies, M.
(2008) The Corpus of Contemporary American English: 450 million words, 1990-present. Available online at http://​corpus​.byu​.edu​/coca/
David, S.
(1997) Représentations sensorielles et marques de la personne: contrastes entre olfaction et audition. In D. Dubois (Ed.), Catégorisation et cognition: de la perception au discours (pp. 209–242). Paris: Editions Kimé.
Davis, R.
(1961) The fitness of names to drawings: A cross-cultural study in Tanganyika. British Journal of Psychology, 52, 259–268. Crossref link
Day, S.
(1996) Synaesthesia and synaesthetic metaphors. Psyche, 2, 1–16.
de Houwer, J., & Randell, T.
(2004) Robust affective priming effects in a conditional pronunciation task: evidence for the semantic representation of evaluative information. Cognition & Emotion, 18, 251–264. Crossref link
Delwiche, J. F., & Heffelfinger, A. L.
(2005) Cross-modal additivity of taste and smell. Journal of Sensory Studies, 20, 512–525. Crossref link
Dennett, D. C.
(2013) Intuition pumps and other tools for thinking. London: Penguin Boos.
Deroy, O., & Spence, C.
(2013) Why we are not all synesthetes (not even weakly so). Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20, 643–664. Crossref link
de Wijk, R. A., & Cain, W. S.
(1994) Odor quality: discrimination versus free and cued identification. Perception & Psychophysics, 56, 12–18. Crossref link
Diederich, C.
(2015) Sensory adjectives in the discourse of food: A frame-semantic approach to language and perception. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Dienes, Z.
(2008) Understanding psychology as a science: An introduction to scientific and statistical inference. New York: Macmillan.
Dijksterhuis, G., Luyten, H., de Wijk, R., & Mojet, J.
(2007) A new sensory vocabulary for crisp and crunchy dry model foods. Food Quality and Preference, i, 37–50. Crossref link
Diffloth, G.
(1994) i: big, a: small. In L. Hinton, J. Nichols, & J. J. Ohala (Eds.), Sound symbolism (pp. 107–114). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Dilts, P., & Newman, J.
(2006) A note on quantifying ‘good’ and ‘bad’ prosodies. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, 2, 233–242. Crossref link
Dingemanse, M.
(2009) The selective advantage of body-part terms. Journal of Pragmatics, 41, 2130–2136. Crossref link
(2011) The meaning and use of ideophones in Siwu. PhD dissertation. Radboud University, Nijmegen.
(2012) Advances in the cross-linguistic study of ideophones. Language and Linguistics Compass, 6, 654–672. Crossref link
(2013) Ideophones and gesture in everyday speech. Gesture, 13, 143–165. Crossref link
(2018) Redrawing the margins of language: Lessons from research on ideophones. Glossa: A Journal of General Linguistics, 3, 4. Crossref link
Dingemanse, M., & Akita, K.
(2017) An inverse relation between expressiveness and grammatical integration: On the morphosyntactic typology of ideophones, with special reference to Japanese. Journal of Linguistics, 53, 501–532. Crossref link
Dingemanse, M., Blasi, D. E., Lupyan, G., Christiansen, M. H., & Monaghan, P.
(2015) Arbitrariness, Iconicity, and Systematicity in Language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19, 603–615. Crossref link
Dingemanse, M., & Majid, A.
(2012) The semantic structure of sensory vocabulary in an African language. In N. Miyake, D. Peebles, & R. P. Cooper (Eds.), Proceedings of the 34th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 300–305). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
Dirven, R.
(1985) Metaphor as a basic means for extending the lexicon. In W. Paprotté & R. Dirven (Eds.), The ubiquity of metaphor: Metaphor in language and thought (pp. 85–119). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Djordjevic, J., Lundstrom, J. N., Clement, F., Boyle, J. A., Pouliot, S., & Jones-Gotman, M.
(2008) A rose by any other name: would it smell as sweet?. Journal of Neurophysiology, 99, 386–393. Crossref link
Dolscheid, S., Shayan, S., Majid, A., & Casasanto, D.
(2013) The thickness of musical pitch: Psychophysical evidence for linguistic relativity. Psychological Science, 24, 613–621. Crossref link
Dominy, N. J., Lucas, P. W., Osorio, D., & Yamashita, N.
(2001) The sensory ecology of primate food perception. Evolutionary Anthropology, 10, 171–186. Crossref link
Drury, H. A., Van Essen, D. C., Anderson, C. H., Lee, C. W., Coogan, T. A., & Lewis, J. W.
(1996) Computerized mappings of the cerebral cortex: a multiresolution flattening method and a surface-based coordinate system. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 8, 1–28. Crossref link
Dubois, D.
(2000) Categories as acts of meaning: The case of categories in olfaction and audition. Cognitive Science Quarterly, 1, 35–68.
(2007) From psychophysics to semiophysics: Categories as acts of meaning. In M. Plümacher & P. Holz (Eds.), Speaking of colors and odors (pp. 167–184). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Dunn, J.
(2015) Modeling abstractness and metaphoricity. Metaphor and Symbol, 30, 259–289. Crossref link
Edwards, R., & Clevenger, T.
(1990) The effects of schematic and affective processes on metaphorical invention. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 19, 91–102. Crossref link
Edelman, S., & Christiansen, M. H.
(2003) How seriously should we take Minimalist syntax?. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7, 60–61. Crossref link
Eklundh, L., & Singh, A.
(1993) A comparative analysis of standardised and unstandardised principal components analysis in remote sensing. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 14, 1359–1370. Crossref link
Elder, R. S., & Krishna, A.
(2009) The effects of advertising copy on sensory thoughts and perceived taste. Journal of Consumer Research, 36, 748–756. Crossref link
Elman, J. L.
(2004) An alternative view of the mental lexicon. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 8, 301–306. Crossref link
Emmorey, K.
(2014) Iconicity as structure mapping. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 369, 20130301. Crossref link
Enfield, N. J.
(2008) The anatomy of meaning. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Engen, T., & Ross, B. M.
(1973) Long-term memory of odors with and without verbal descriptions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 100, 221–227. Crossref link
Engstrom, A. G.
(1946) In defence of synaesthesia in literature. Philological Quarterly, 25, 1–19.
Erzsébet, P. D.
(1974) Synaesthesia and poetry. Poetics, 3, 23–44. Crossref link
Essegbey, J.
(2013) Touch Ideophones in Nyagbo. In O. O. Orie, & K. W. Sanders (Eds.), Selected Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference on African Linguistics (pp. 235–243). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Esuli, A., & Sebastiani, F.
(2006) Sentiwordnet: A publicly available lexical resource for opinion mining. In Proceedings of 5th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (Vol. 6, pp. 417–422).
Etzi, R., Spence, C., Zampini, M., & Gallace, A.
(2016) When sandpaper is ‘kiki’ and satin is ‘bouba’: An exploration of the associations between words, emotional states, and the tactile attributes of everyday materials. Multisensory Research, 29, 133–155. Crossref link
Evans, N., & Wilkins, D.
(2000) In the mind’s ear: The semantic extensions of perception verbs in Australian languages. Language, 76, 546–592. Crossref link
Evans, V.
(2007) A glossary of cognitive linguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Evans, V., & Green, M.
(2006) Cognitive linguistics: An introduction. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Evans, V., Bergen, B., & Zinken, J.
(2007) The cognitive linguistics enterprise: An overview. In V. Evans, B. Bergen & J. Zinken (Eds.), The cognitive linguistics reader (pp. 2–30). London: Equinox.
Everett, D.
(2005) Cultural constraints on grammar and cognition in Pirahã: Another look at the design features of human language. Current Anthropology, 46, 621–646. Crossref link
Fainsilber, L., & Ortony, A.
(1987) Metaphorical uses of language in the expression of emotions. Metaphor and Symbol, 2, 239–250. Crossref link
Fahle, M.
(2007) How can language cope with color? Functional aspects of the nervous system. In Plümacher, M., & P. Holz (Eds.), Speaking of colors and odors (pp. 35–60). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Fazio, R. H., Sanbonmatsu, D. M., Powell, M. C., & Kardes, F. R.
(1986) On the automatic activation of attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 229–238. Crossref link
Featherston, S.
(2005) Magnitude estimation and what it can do for your syntax: Some wh-constraints in German. Lingua, 115, 1525–1550. Crossref link
Fellbaum, C.
(1998) WordNet: An electronic lexical database. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Crossref link
Fenko, A., Otten, J. J., & Schifferstein, H. N.
(2010) Describing product experience in different languages: The role of sensory modalities. Journal of Pragmatics, 42, 3314–3327. Crossref link
Ferreira, F.
(2005) Psycholinguistics, formal grammars, and cognitive science. The Linguistic Review, 22, 365–380. Crossref link
Fiedler, K.
(2017) What constitutes strong psychological science? The (neglected) role of diagnosticity and a priori theorizing. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12, 46–61. Crossref link
Fitch, T.
(1994) Vocal tract length perception and the evolution of language. B.A. Thesis, Brown University.
Firth, J. R.
(1957) Papers in linguistics 1934–1951. London: Oxford University Press.
Fischer, A.
(1999) What, if anything, is phonological iconicity? In O. Fischer & M. Nänny (Eds.), Form miming meaning: Iconicity in language and literature (pp. 123–134). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Fischer, S.
(1922) Über das Entstehen und Verstehen von Namen. Archiv für die gesamte Psychologie, 42, 335–368.
Fischer, M. H., & Zwaan, R. A.
(2008) Embodied language: A review of the role of the motor system in language comprehension. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61, 825–850. Crossref link
Floyd, S., San Roque, L., & Majid, A.
(2018) Smell is coded in grammar and frequent in discourse: Cha’palaa olfactory language in cross‐linguistic perspective. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 28, 175–196. Crossref link
Fodor, J. A.
(1983) The modularity of mind: An essay on faculty psychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Crossref link
Fontana, F.
(2013) Association of haptic trajectories with takete and maluma. In I. Oakley, & S. Brewster (Eds.), Haptic and audio interaction Design (pp. 60–68). Berlin: Springer. Crossref link
Forceville, C.
(2006) Non-verbal and multimodal metaphor in a cognitivist framework: agendas for research. In G. Kristiansen, M. Achard, R. Dirven, F. Ruiz de Mendoza Ibañez (Eds.), Cognitive linguistics: Current applications and future perspectives (pp. 379 – 402). Berlin: de Gruyter.
(2008) Metaphor in pictures and multimodal representations. In R. W. Gibbs (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of metaphor and thought (pp. 462 – 482). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Forceville, C. J., & Urios-Aparisi, E.
(2009) (Eds.) Multimodal metaphor. Berlin: de Gruyter. Crossref link
Foroni, F., & Semin, G. R.
(2009) Language that puts you in touch with your bodily feelings the multimodal responsiveness of affective expressions. Psychological Science, 20, 974–980. Crossref link
Fox, J., & Weisberg, S.
(2011) An R Companion to Applied Regression. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Fryer, L., Freeman, J., & Pring, L.
(2014) Touching words is not enough: How visual experience influences haptic – auditory associations in the “Bouba – Kiki” effect. Cognition, 132, 164–173. Crossref link
Gallace, A., Boschin, E., & Spence, C.
(2011) On the taste of “Bouba” and “Kiki”: An exploration of word – food associations in neurologically normal participants. Cognitive Neuroscience, 2, 34–46. Crossref link
Gallese, V., & Lakoff, G.
(2005) The brain’s concepts: The role of the sensory-motor system in reason and language. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 22, 455–479. Crossref link
Gärdenfors, P.
(2014) The geometry of meaning: Semantics based on conceptual spaces. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Crossref link
Gawel, R., Oberholster, A., & Francis, I. L.
(2000) A ‘Mouth‐feel Wheel’: terminology for communicating the mouth‐feel characteristics of red wine. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 6, 203–207. Crossref link
Geeraerts, D.
(1993) Vagueness’s puzzles, polysemy’s vagaries. Cognitive Linguistics, 4, 223–272. Crossref link
Gelman, A., & Loken, E.
(2013) The garden of forking paths: Why multiple comparisons can be a problem, even when there is no “fishing expedition” or “p-hacking” and the research hypothesis was posited ahead of time. In Technical report, Department of Statistics, Columbia University. [www​.stat​. columbia​.edu​/~gelman​/research​/unpublished​/p​_hacking​.pdf , Retrieved July 31, 2017]
Gentleman, R., & Lang, D.
(2007) Statistical analyses and reproducible research. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 16, 1–23. Crossref link
Gernsbacher, M. A.
(1984) Resolving 20 years of inconsistent interactions between lexical familiarity and orthography, concreteness, and polysemy. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 113, 256–281. Crossref link
Gibbs, R. W.
(1994) The poetics of mind: Figurative thought, language, and understanding. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
(2005) Embodiment and cognitive science. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
(2006) Metaphor interpretation as embodied simulation. Mind & Language, 21, 434–458. Crossref link
(2007) Why cognitive linguists should care more about empirical methods. In M. Gonzalez-Marquez, I. Mittelberg, S. Coulson & M. J. Spivey (Eds.), Methods in cognitive linguistics (pp. 2–18). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Gibbs, R. W., & Matlock, T.
(2008) Metaphor, imagination, and simulation: Psycholinguistic evidence. In Gibbs, R. W. (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of metaphor and thought (pp. 161–176). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Gibson, E., & Fedorenko, E.
(2010) Weak quantitative standards in linguistics research. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14, 233–234. Crossref link
(2013) The need for quantitative methods in syntax and semantics research. Language and Cognitive Processes, 28, 88–124. Crossref link
Gilad, Y., Man, O., Pääbo, S., & Lancet, D.
(2003) Human specific loss of olfactory receptor genes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100, 3324–3327. Crossref link
Gilad, Y., Wiebe, V., Przeworski, M., Lancet, D., & Pääbo, S.
(2004) Loss of olfactory receptor genes coincides with the acquisition of full trichromatic vision in primates. PLOS Biology, 2, e5. Crossref link
Givón, T.
(2001) Syntax: A functional-typological introduction, Vol. 1. Amsterdam-Philadelphia: Benjamins.
Glenberg, A. M.
(1997) What memory is for. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 20, 1–55.
Glenberg, A. M., & Kaschak, M. P.
(2002) Grounding language in action. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9, 558–565. Crossref link
Glenberg, A. M., & Robertson, D. A.
(1999) Indexical understanding of instructions. Discourse Processes, 28, 1–26. Crossref link
(2000) Symbol grounding and meaning: A comparison of high dimensional and embodied theories of meaning. Journal of Memory and Language, 43, 379–401. Crossref link
Goldberg, R. F., Perfetti, C. A., & Schneider, W.
(2006a) Perceptual knowledge retrieval activates sensory brain regions. The Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 4917–4921. Crossref link
(2006b) Distinct and common cortical activations for multimodal semantic categories. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 6, 214–222. Crossref link
Goldinger, S. D., Papesh, M. H., Barnhart, A. S., Hansen, W. A., & Hout, M. C.
(2016) The poverty of embodied cognition. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23, 959–978. Crossref link
Goldin-Meadow, S.
(2003) Hearing gesture: How our hands help us think. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
González, J., Barros-Loscertales, A., Pulvermüller, F., Meseguer, V., Sanjuán, A., Belloch, V., & Ávila, C.
(2006) Reading cinnamon activates olfactory brain regions. Neuroimage, 32, 906–912. Crossref link
Gonzalez-Marquez, M., Mittelberg, I., Coulson, S. & Spivey, M. J.
(2007) Introduction. The many faces of research in Cognitive Linguistics. In M. Gonzalez-Marquez, I. Mittelberg, S. Coulson & M. J. Spivey (Eds.), Methods in Cognitive Linguistics (pp. xi–xxi). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Gori, M., Del Viva, M., Sandini, G., & Burr, D. C.
(2008) Young children do not integrate visual and haptic form information. Current Biology, 18, 694–698. Crossref link
Gori, M., Sandini, G., Martinoli, C., & Burr, D.
(2010) Poor haptic orientation discrimination in nonsighted children may reflect disruption of cross-sensory calibration. Current Biology, 20, 223–225. Crossref link
Grady, J.
(1997) THEORIES ARE BUILDINGS revisited. Cognitive Linguistics, 8, 267–290. Crossref link
(1999) A typology of motivation for conceptual metaphor: correlation vs. resemblance. In R. Gibbs & G. Steen (Eds.), Metaphor in cognitive linguistics (pp. 79–100). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
(2005) Primary metaphors as inputs to conceptual integration. Journal of Pragmatics, 37, 1595–1614. Crossref link
Grady, J., Oakley, T., & Coulson, S.
(1999) Blending and metaphor. In R. W. Gibbs, & G. J. Steen (Eds.), Metaphor in cognitive linguistics (pp. 101–124). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Graumann, A.
(2007) Color names and dynamic imagery. In M. Plümacher, & P. Holz (Eds.), Speaking of colors and odors (pp. 129–140). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Gries, S. T., & Divjak, D. S.
(2010) Quantitative approaches in usage-based cognitive semantics: myths, erroneous assumptions, and a proposal. In D. Glynn & K. Fischer (Eds.), Quantitative methods in cognitive semantics: Corpus-driven approaches (pp. 333–353). Berlin: de Gruyter. Crossref link
Gries, S. T., Hampe, B., & Schönefeld, D.
(2005) Converging evidence: Bringing together experimental and corpus data on the association of verbs and constructions. Cognitive Linguistics, 16, 635–676. Crossref link
Grondelaers, S., Geeraerts, D. & Speelman, D.
(2007) A case for a cognitive corpus linguistics. In M. Gonzalez-Marquez, I. Mittelberg, S. Coulson & M. J. Spivey (Eds.), Methods in Cognitive Linguistics (pp. 149–169). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Grossenbacher, P. G., & Lovelace, C. T.
(2001) Mechanisms of synesthesia: Cognitive and physiological constraints. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 5, 36–41. Crossref link
Grote, K.
(2013) “Modality relativity”: The influence of sign language and spoken language on conceptual categorization. PhD thesis, RWTH Aachen.
Guest, S., Catmur, C., Lloyd, D., & Spence, C.
(2002) Audiotactile interactions in roughness perception. Experimental Brain Research, 146, 161–171. Crossref link
Haenny, P. E., Maunsell, J. H. R., & Schiller, P. H.
(1988) State dependent activity in monkey visual cortex II: Retinal and extraretinal factors in V4. Experimental Brain Research, 69, 245–259. Crossref link
Hagen, M. C., Franzén, O., McGlone, F., Essick, G., Dancer, C., & Pardo, J. V.
(2002) Tactile motion activates the human middle temporal/V5 (MT/V5) complex. European Journal of Neuroscience, 16, 957–964. Crossref link
Halgren, E.
(1992) Emotional neurophysiology of the amygdala within the context of human cognition. In J. P. Aggleton (Ed.), The amygdala: Neurobiological aspects of emotion, memory and mental dysfunction (pp. 191–228). New York: Wiley-Liss.
Harmon, Z., & Kapatsinski, V.
(2017) Putting old tools to novel uses: The role of form accessibility in semantic extension. Cognitive Psychology, 98, 22–44. Crossref link
Hartigan, J. A., & Hartigan, P. M.
(1985) The dip test of unimodality. The Annals of Statistics, 13, 70–84. Crossref link
Haspelmath, M.
(1999) Why is grammaticalization irreversible?. Linguistics, 37, 1043–1068. Crossref link
Hassemer, J., & Winter, B.
(2018) Decoding gestural iconicity. Cognitive Science, 42, 3034–3049. Crossref link
Hauk, O., Johnsrude, I., & Pulvermüller, F.
(2004) Somatotopic representation of action words in human motor and premotor cortex. Neuron, 41, 301–307. Crossref link
Havas, D. A., Glenberg, A. M., & Rinck, M.
(2007) Emotion simulation during language comprehension. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 436–441. Crossref link
Havas, D. A., Glenberg, A. M., Gutowski, K. A., Lucarelli, M. J., & Davidson, R. J.
(2010) Cosmetic use of botulinum toxin-A affects processing of emotional language. Psychological Science, 21, 895–900. Crossref link
Havas, D. A., & Matheson, J.
(2013) The functional role of the periphery in emotional language comprehension. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 294. Crossref link
Havlicek, J., & Roberts, S. C.
(2009) MHC-correlated mate choice in humans: a review. Psychoeuroendocrinology, 34, 497–512. Crossref link
Hay, J. C., & Pick, H. L.
(1966) Visual and proprioceptive adaptation to optical displacement of the visual stimulus. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71, 150–158. Crossref link
Hawkins, J. A.
(2004) Efficiency and complexity in grammars. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Crossref link
Healy, K.
(2017) Fuck nuance. Sociological Theory, 35, 118–127. Crossref link
Heisenberg, W.
(1958) Physics and philosophy: The revolution in modern science. Lectures delivered at University of St. Andrews, Scotland, Winter 1955–56. New York: Harper & Row.
Hermans, D., & Baeyens, F.
(2002) Acquisition and activation of odor hedonics in everyday situations: Conditioning and priming studies. In C. Rouby, B. Schaal, D. Dubois, R. Gervais, & A. Holley (Eds.), Olfaction, taste, and cognition (pp. 119–139). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Herz, R. S.
(2002) Influences of odors on mood and affective cognition. In C. Rouby, B. Schaal, D. Dubois, R. Gervais, & A. Holley (Eds.), Olfaction, taste, and cognition (pp. 160–177). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
(2004) A naturalistic analysis of autobiographical memories triggered by olfactory visual and auditory stimuli. Chemical Senses, 29, 217–24. Crossref link
Herz, R.
(2007) The scent of desire: Discovering our enigmatic sense of smell. New York: Harper Collins.
Herz, R. S., & Engen, T.
(1996) Odor memory: Review and analysis. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 3, 300–313. Crossref link
Herz, R. S., & Schooler, J. W.
(2002) A naturalistic study of autobiographical memories evoked by olfactory and visual cues: Testing the Proustian hypothesis. American Journal of Psychology, 115, 21–32. Crossref link
Hidaka, S., & Shimoda, K.
(2014) Investigation of the effects of color on judgments of sweetness using a taste adaptation method. Multisensory Research, 27, 189–205. Crossref link
Hinton, L., Nichols, J., & Ohala, J.
(1994) Introduction: sound-symbolic processes. In L. Hinton, J. Nichols, & J. Ohala (Eds.), Sound symbolism (pp. 1–12). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Hirata, S., Ukita, J., & Kita, S.
(2011) Implicit phonetic symbolism in voicing of consonants and visual lightness using Garner’s speeded classification task. Perceptual Motor Skills, 113, 929–940. Crossref link
Hockett, C. F.
(1982 [1960]) The origin of speech. Scientific American, 203, 88 – 111. Reprinted in: W. S-Y Wang (1982), Human communication: Language and its psychobiological bases (pp. 4 – 12). San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.
Holz, P.
(2007) Cognition, olfaction and linguistic creativity: Linguistic synesthesia as a poetic device in cologne advertising. In Plümacher, M., & P. Holz (Eds.), Speaking of colors and odors (pp. 185–202). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Howes, D.
(1991) (Ed.). The varieties of sensory experience: A sourcebook in the anthropology of the senses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
(2002) Nose-wise: Olfactory metaphors in mind. In C. Rouby, B. Schaal, D. Dubois, R. Gervais, & A. Holley (Eds.), Olfaction, taste, and cognition (pp. 67–81). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
(2006) Cross-talk between the senses. The Senses & Society, 1, 381–390. Crossref link
Huisman, J. L., & Majid, A.
(2018) Psycholinguistic variables matter in odor naming. Memory & Cognition, 46, 577–588. Crossref link
Hultén, B.
(2015) Sensory marketing: Theoretical and empirical grounds. London: Routledge. Crossref link
Hultén, B., Broweus, N. & van Dijk, M.
(2009) Sensory marketing. Houndmills: Palgrave. Crossref link
Hunston, S., & Francis, G.
(2000) Pattern grammar: A corpus-driven approach to the lexical grammar of English. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Hunston, S.
(2002) Corpora in applied linguistics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
(2007) Semantic prosody revisited. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 12, 249–268. Crossref link
(2010) Corpus approaches to evaluation: Phraseology and evaluative language. London: Routledge. Crossref link
Huumo, T.
(2010) Is perception a directional relationship? On directionality and its motivation in Finnish expressions of sensory perception. Linguistics, 48, 49–97. Crossref link
Ibarretxe-Antuñano, I.
(2008) Vision metaphors for the intellect: Are they really cross-linguistic?. Atlantis, 30, 15–33.
IJzerman, H., & Koole, S. L.
(2011) From perceptual rags to metaphoric riches – Bodily, social, and cultural constraints on sociocognitive metaphors: Comment on Landau, Meier, and Keefer (2010). Psychological Bulletin, 137, 355–361. Crossref link
IJzerman, H., & Semin, G. R.
(2009) The thermometer of social relations mapping social proximity on temperature. Psychological Science, 20, 1214–1220. Crossref link
James, W.
(1891 [1890]) The principles of psychology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Jastrzembski, J. E., & Stanners, R. F.
(1975) Multiple word meanings and lexical search speed. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 14, 534–537. Crossref link
Johnson-Laird, P. N., & Quinn, J. G.
(1976) To define true meaning. Nature, 264, 635–636. Crossref link
Jorgensen, J. C.
(1990) The psychological reality of word senses. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 19, 167–190. Crossref link
Jousmäki, V., & Hari, R.
(1998) Parchment-skin illusion: sound-biased touch. Current Biology, 8, R190–R191. Crossref link
Judd, D. B., & Wyszecki, G.
(1975) Color in business, science and industry. New York: Wiley-Interscience.
Julius, D., & Basbaum, A. I.
(2001) Molecular mechanisms of nociception. Nature, 413, 203–210. Crossref link
Jurafsky, D.
(2014) The language of food. New York: W. W. Norton.
Karns, C. M., & Knight, R. T.
(2009) Intermodal auditory, visual, and tactile attention modulates early stages of neural processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 21, 669–683. Crossref link
Kaschak, M. P., Madden, C. J., Therriault, D. J., Yaxley, R. H., Aveyard, M., Blanchard, A. A., & Zwaan, R. A.
(2005) Perception of motion affects language processing. Cognition, 94, B79–B89. Crossref link
Kaschak, M. P., Zwaan, R. A., Aveyard, M., & Yaxley, R. H.
(2006) Perception of auditory motion affects language processing. Cognitive Science, 30, 733–744. Crossref link
Katz, A. N., & Al-Azary, H.
(2017) Principles that promote bidirectionality in verbal metaphor. Poetics Today, 38, 35–59. Crossref link
Kendon, A.
(2004) Gesture: Visible action as utterance. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
(2014) Semiotic diversity in utterance production and the concept of ‘language’. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 369, 20130293. Crossref link
Keverne, E. B.
(1999) The vomeronasal organ. Science, 286, 716–720. Crossref link
Kiefer, M., Sim, E. J., Herrnberger, B., Grothe, J., & Hoenig, K.
(2008) The sound of concepts: four markers for a link between auditory and conceptual brain systems. Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 12224–12230. Crossref link
Kiritchenko, S., Zhu, X., & Mohammad, S.
(2014) Sentiment analysis of short informal texts. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, 50, 723–762. Crossref link
Kita, S.
(1997) Two-dimensional semantic analysis of Japanese mimetics. Linguistics, 35, 379–415. Crossref link
Klatzky, R. L., Lederman, S. J., & Reed, C.
(1987) There’s more to touch than meets the eye: The salience of object attributes for haptics with and without vision. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 116, 356–369. Crossref link
Köhler, R.
(1986) Zur Linguistischen Synergetik: Struktur und Dynamik der Lexik. Bochum: Brockmeyer.
Köhler, W.
(1929) Gestalt psychology. New York: Liveright.
de Koning, B. B., Wassenburg, S. I., Bos, L. T., & Van der Schoot, M.
(2016) Size does matter: Implied object size is mentally simulated during language comprehension. Discourse Processes, 54, 493–503. Crossref link
Koptjevskaja-Tamm, M.
(2015) (Ed.) The linguistics of temperature. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Kosslyn, S. M., Ball, T. M., & Reiser, B. J.
(1978) Visual images preserve metric spatial information: evidence from studies of image scanning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 4, 47–60.
Kosslyn, S. M., Seger, C., Pani, J. R., & Hillger, L. A.
(1990) When is imagery used in everyday life? A diary study. Journal of Mental Imagery, 14, 131–152.
Köster, E. P.
(2002) The specific characeristics of the sense of smell. In C. Rouby, B. Schaal, D. Dubois, R. Gervais, & A. Holley (Eds.), Olfaction, taste, and cognition (pp. 27–43). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Kousta, S. T., Vinson, D. P., & Vigliocco, G.
(2009) Emotion words, regardless of polarity, have a processing advantage over neutral words. Cognition, 112, 473–481. Crossref link
Kousta, S. T., Vigliocco, G., Vinson, D. P., Andrews, M., & Del Campo, E.
(2011) The representation of abstract words: why emotion matters. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 140, 14–34. Crossref link
Kövecses, Z.
(2002) Metaphor: A practical introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(2013) The metaphor – metonymy relationship: Correlation metaphors are based on metonymy. Metaphor and Symbol, 28, 75–88. Crossref link
Kovic, V., Plunkett, K., & Westermann, G.
(2010) The shape of words in the brain. Cognition, 114, 19–28. Crossref link
Krifka, M.
(2010) A note on the asymmetry in the hedonic implicatures of olfactory and gustatory terms. In S. Fuchs, P. Hoole, C. Mooshammer & M. Zygis (Eds.), Between the regular and the particular in speech and language (pp. 235–245). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
Kunkler-Peck, A. J., & Turvey, M. T.
(2000) Hearing shape. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 26, 279–294.
Kuperman, V., Stadthagen-Gonzalez, H., & Brysbaert, M.
(2012) Age-of-acquisition ratings for 30,000 English words. Behavior Research Methods, 44, 978–990.. Crossref link
Kuperman, V.
(2015) Virtual experiments in megastudies: A case study of language and emotion. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68, 1693–1710. Crossref link
Kuperman, V., Estes, Z., Brysbaert, M., & Warriner, A. B.
(2014) Emotion and language: valence and arousal affect word recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 1065–1081. Crossref link
Lacey, S., Stilla, R., & Sathian, K.
(2012) Metaphorically feeling: comprehending textural metaphors activates somatosensory cortex. Brain and Language, 120, 416–421. Crossref link
Lakoff, G.
(1987) Women, fire, and dangerous things: What categories reveal about the mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Crossref link
(1990) The invariance hypothesis: is abstract reason based on image-schemas?. Cognitive Linguistics, 1, 39–74. Crossref link
Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M.
(1980) Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
(1999) Philosophy in the flesh. New York: Basic Books.
Landau, B., & Gleitman, L. R.
(1985) Language and experience: Evidence from the blind child. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Landau, M. J., Meier, B. P., & Keefer, L. A.
(2010) A metaphor-enriched social cognition. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 1045–1067. Crossref link
Langacker, R. W.
(1987) Foundations of cognitive grammar: Theoretical prerequisites (Vol. 1). Stanford, CA: Stanford university press.
(2008) Cognitive grammar: A basic introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Crossref link
Lascaratou, C.
(2007) The language of pain: Expression or description?. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Lawless, H. T.
(1984) Flavor description of white wine by “expert” and nonexpert wine consumers. Journal of Food Science, 49, 120–123. Crossref link
Lederman, S. J.
(1979) Auditory texture perception. Perception, 8, 93–103. Crossref link
Lee, A. P. J.
(2015) Lexical categories and conceptualization of olfaction in Amis. Language and Cognition, 7, 321–350. Crossref link
Lee, S. W., & Schwarz, N.
(2012) Bidirectionality, mediation, and moderation of metaphorical effects: The embodiment of social suspicion and fishy smells. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, 737–749. Crossref link
Le Guérer, A.
(2002) Olfaction and cognition: A philosophical and psychoanalytic view. In C. Rouby, B. Schaal, D. Dubois, R. Gervais, & A. Holley (Eds.), Olfaction, taste, and cognition (pp. 196–208). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Lehrer, A.
(1978) Structures of the lexicon and transfer of meaning. Lingua, 45, 95–123. Crossref link
(2009) Wine and conversation (2nd Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Crossref link
Lemon, J.
(2006) Plotrix: a package in the red light district of R. R-News, 6, 8–12.
Levänen, S., Jousmäki, V., & Hari, R.
(1998) Vibration-induced auditory-cortex activation in a congenitally deaf adult. Current Biology, 8, 869–872. Crossref link
Levinson, S. C.
(2000) Yélî Dnye and the theory of basic color terms. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 10, 3–55. Crossref link
Levinson, S. C., & Majid, A.
(2014) Differential ineffability and the senses. Mind & Language, 29, 407–427. Crossref link
Levshina, N.
(2015) How to do linguistics with R: Data exploration and statistical analysis. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Liddell, S. K.
(2003) Grammar, gesture and meaning in American sign language. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Lindstrom, M.
(2010) Brand sense: Sensory secrets behind the stuff we buy (2nd Ed.). London: Kogan Limited.
Littlemore, J.
(2015) Metonymy: Hidden shortcuts in language, thought and communication. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Liu, B.
(2012) Sentiment analysis and opinion mining. San Rafael, CA: Morgan & Claypool Publishers. Crossref link
Lockwood, G., & Dingemanse, M.
(2015) Iconicity in the lab: a review of behavioral, developmental, and neuroimaging research into sound-symbolism. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1246.
Lorig, T. S.
(1999) On the similarity of odor and language perception. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 23, 391–398. Crossref link
Louw, B.
(1993) Irony in the text or insincerity in the writer? The diagnostic potential of semantic prosodies. In M. Baker, G. Francis & T. Tognini-Bonelli (Eds.), Text and technology: In honour of John Sinclair (pp. 157–176). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Louwerse, M. M.
(2011) Symbol interdependency in symbolic and embodied cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science, 3, 273–302. Crossref link
Louwerse, M., & Connell, L.
(2011) A taste of words: Linguistic context and perceptual simulation predict the modality of words. Cognitive Science, 35, 381–398. Crossref link
Lu, J., & Goldin-Meadow, S.
(2017) Combining categorical and gradient information in sign and spoken communication. Presentation at the 11th International Symposium on Iconicity in Language and Literature, Brighton, UK.
Lu, J. C., & Goldin-Meadow, S.
(2018) Creating images with the stroke of a hand: Depiction of size and shape in sign language. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1276. Crossref link
Lucy, J. A.
(1992) Language diversity and thought: A reformulation of the linguistic relativity hypothesis. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Lupyan, G., & Clark, A.
(2015) Words and the world: Predictive coding and the language-perception-cognition interface. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24, 279–284. Crossref link
Lupyan, G., & Winter, B.
(2018) Language is more abstract than you think, or, why aren’t languages more iconic? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 373, 20170137. Crossref link
Lynott, D., & Connell, L.
(2009) Modality exclusivity norms for 423 object properties. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 558–564. Crossref link
(2013) Modality exclusivity norms for 400 nouns: The relationship between perceptual experience and surface word form. Behavior Research Methods, 45, 516–526. Crossref link
Macpherson, F.
(Ed.) (2011) The senses: Classic and contemporary philosophical perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Maechler, M.
(2015) diptest: Hartigan’s dip test statistic for unimodality– corrected. R package version 0.75–7.
Mahmut, M. K., & Stevenson, R. J.
(2015) Failure to obtain reinstatement of an olfactory representation. Cognitive Science, 39, 1940–1949. Crossref link
Majid, A.
(2012) Current emotion research in the language sciences. Emotion Review, 4, 432–443. Crossref link
Majid, A., & Burenhult, N.
(2014) Odors are expressible in language, as long as you speak the right language. Cognition, 130, 266–270. Crossref link
Majid, A., Burenhult, N., Stensmyr, M., de Valk, J., & Hansson, B. S.
(2018) Olfactory language and abstraction across cultures. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 373, 20170139. Crossref link
Mahon, B. Z., & Caramazza, A.
(2008) A critical look at the embodied cognition hypothesis and a new proposal for grounding conceptual content. Journal of Physiology, 102, 59–70.
Marantz, A.
(2005) Generative linguistics within the cognitive neuroscience of language. The Linguistic Review, 22, 429–445. Crossref link
Mannaert, L. N. H., Dijkstra, K., & Zwaan, R. A.
(2017) Is color an integral part of a rich mental simulation?. Memory & Cognition, 45, 974–982. Crossref link
Marchand, H.
(1959) Phonetic symbolism in English word formations. Indogermanische Forschungen, 64, 146–168.
Markman, A. B.
(2008) Pluralism, relativism and the proper use of theories. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 20, 247–250. Crossref link
Marks, L. E.
(1974) On associations of light and sound: The mediation of brightness, pitch, and loudness. The American Journal of Psychology, 87, 173–188. Crossref link
(1975) On colored-hearing synesthesia: cross-modal translations of sensory dimensions. Psychological Bulletin, 82, 303–331. Crossref link
(1978) The unity of the senses: Interrelations among the modalities. New York: Academic Press. Crossref link
(1982a) Bright sneezes and dark coughs, loud sunlight and soft moonlight. Journal of Experimental Psychology, Human Perception and Performance, 8, 177–193. Crossref link
(1982b) Synesthetic perception and poetic metaphor. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 8, 15–23.
Marks, L. E., & Stevens, J. C.
(1966) Individual brightness functions. Perception & Psychophysics, 1, 17–24. Crossref link
Martino, G., & Marks, L. E.
(2001) Synesthesia: Strong and weak. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10, 61–65. Crossref link
Matlock, T.
(1989) Metaphor and the grammaticalization of evidentials. In Proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (pp. 215–225). Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistics Society.
Maurer, D., Pathman, T., & Mondloch, C. J.
(2006) The shape of boubas: sound-shape correspondences in toddlers and adults. Developmental Science, 9, 316–322. Crossref link
McElreath, R.
(2016) Statistical rethinking: A Bayesian course with examples in R and Stan. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
McNeill, D.
(1992) Hand and mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Meir, I.
(2010) Iconicity and metaphor: Constraints on metaphorical extension of iconic forms. Language, 86, 865–896. Crossref link
Medler, D. A., Arnoldussen, A., Binder, J. R., & Seidenberg, M. S.
(2005) The Wisconsin Perceptual Attribute Ratings Database.
Mendelson, D.
(1984) Synaesthetic metaphor in the work of Isaak Babel. Russian Literature, 15, 347–362. Crossref link
Mesirov, J. P.
(2010) Computer science. Accessible reproducible research. Science, 327, 5964. Crossref link
Meteyard, L., Bahrami, B., & Vigliocco, G.
(2007) Motion detection and motion verbs language affects low-level visual perception. Psychological Science, 18, 1007–1013. Crossref link
Meteyard, L., Cuadrado, S. R., Bahrami, B., & Vigliocco, G.
(2012) Coming of age: A review of embodiment and the neuroscience of semantics. Cortex, 48, 788–804. Crossref link
Miller, G. A.
(1995) WordNet: a lexical database for English. Communications of the ACM, 38, 39–41. Crossref link
Miller, G. A. & Charles W.
(1991) Contextual correlates of semantic similarity. Language and Cognitive Processes, 6, 1–28. Crossref link
Miller, G. A., & Johnson-Laird, P. N.
(1976) Language and perception. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Crossref link
Miller, I. J., & Reedy, F. E.
(1990) Variations in human taste bud density and taste intensity perception. Physiology & Behavior, 47, 1213–1219. Crossref link
Mitchell, S. D.
(2004) Why integrative pluralism? E:CO, 6, 81–91.
Mitchell, S. D., & Dietrich, M. R.
(2006) Integration without unification: An argument for pluralism in the biological sciences. The American Naturalist, 168, 73–79. Crossref link
McBurney, D. H.
(1986) Taste, smell, and flavor terminology: Taking the confusion out of the fusion. In H. L. Meiselman, & R. S. Rivkin (Eds.), Clinical measurement of taste and smell (pp. 117–125). New York: Macmillan.
McGurk, H., & MacDonald, J.
(1976) Hearing lips and seeing voices. Nature, 264, 746–748. Crossref link
Mohammad, S. M., & Kiritchenko, S.
(2015) Using hashtags to capture fine emotion categories from tweets. Computational Intelligence, 31, 301–326. Crossref link
Mojet, J., Köster, E. P., & Prinz, J. F.
(2005) Do tastants have a smell?. Chemical Senses, 30, 9–21. Crossref link
Moore, T., & Carling, C.
(1988) The limitations of language. London: Macmillan. Crossref link
Moos, A., Simmons, D., Simner, J., & Smith, R.
(2013) Color and texture associations in voice-induced synesthesia. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 568. Crossref link
Møller, A.
(2012) Sensory systems: Anatomy and physiology (2nd Ed.). Richardson: A. R. Møller Publishing.
Monaghan, P., Mattock, K., & Walker, P.
(2012) The role of sound symbolism in language learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 38, 1152–1164.
Morein-Zamir, S., Soto-Faraco, S., & Kingstone, A.
(2003) Auditory capture of vision: examining temporal ventriloquism. Cognitive Brain Research, 17, 154–163. Crossref link
Morley, J., & Partington, A.
(2009) A few frequently asked questions about semantic – or evaluative – prosody. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 14, 139–158. Crossref link
Morrot, G., Brochet, F., & Dubourdieu, D.
(2001) The color of odors. Brain and Language, 79, 309–320. Crossref link
Munafò, M. R., Nosek, B. A., Bishop, D. V., Button, K. S., Chambers, C. D., du Sert, N. P., Simonsohn, U., Wagenmakers, E.-J., Ware, J. J. & Ioannidis, J. P.
(2017) A manifesto for reproducible science. Nature Human Behaviour, 1, 0021. Crossref link
Murphy, G. L.
(1996) On metaphoric representation. Cognition, 60, 173–204. Crossref link
(1997) Reasons to doubt the present evidence for metaphoric representation. Cognition, 62, 99–108. Crossref link
Murphy, M. L.
(2010) Lexical meaning. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Myers, J.
(2009) Syntactic judgment experiments. Language and Linguistics Compass, 3, 406–423. Crossref link
Nagata, H.
(1988) The relativity of linguistic intuition: The effect of repetition on grammaticality judgments. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 17, 1–17. Crossref link
(1989) Effect of repetition on grammaticality judgments under objective and subjective self-awareness conditions. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 18, 255–269. Crossref link
(1992) Anchoring effects in judging grammaticality of sentences. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 75, 159–164. Crossref link
Nakagawa, H.
(2012) The importance of TASTE verbs in some Khoe languages. Linguistics, 50, 395–420. Crossref link
Nakamura, T., Sakamoto, M., & Utsumi, A.
(2010) The role of event knowledge in comprehending synesthetic metaphors. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1898–1903). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
Ngo, M. K., Misra, R., & Spence, C.
(2011) Assessing the shapes and speech sounds that people associate with chocolate samples varying in cocoa content. Food Quality and Preference, 22, 567–572. Crossref link
Nielsen, A., & Rendall, D.
(2011) The sound of round: Evaluating the sound-symbolic role of consonants in the classic Takete-Maluma phenomenon. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65, 115–124. Crossref link
(2012) The source and magnitude of sound-symbolic biases in processing artificial word material and their implications for language learning and transmission. Language and Cognition, 4, 115–125. Crossref link
(2013) Parsing the role of consonants versus vowels in the classic Takete-Maluma phenomenon. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67, 153–163. Crossref link
Nisbett, R. E., & Wilson, T. D.
(1977) Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes. Psychological Review, 84, 231–259. Crossref link
Noble, A. C., Arnold, R. A., Buechsenstein, J., Leach, E. J., Schmidt, J. O., & Stern, P. M.
(1987) Modification of a standardized system of wine aroma terminology. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 38, 143–146.
Novich, S., Cheng, S., & Eagleman, D. M.
(2011) Is synaesthesia one condition or many? A large‐scale analysis reveals subgroups. Journal of Neuropsychology, 5, 353–371. Crossref link
O’Callaghan, C.
(2009) Sounds and events. In M. Nudds & C. O’Callaghan (Eds.), Sounds & perception: New philosophical essays (pp. 26–49). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Crossref link
(2015) Not all perceptual experience is modality specific. In D. Stokes, M. Matthen & S. Biggs (Eds.), Perception and its modalities (pp. 133–165). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
O’Callaghan, C. & Nudds, M.
(2009) Introduction: The philosophy of sounds and auditory perception. In M. Nudds & C. O’Callaghan (Eds.), Sounds & perception: New philosophical essays (pp. 1–25). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Crossref link
O’Grady, W.
(2005) Syntactic carpentry: An emergentist approach to syntax. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum. Crossref link
Ohala, J. J.
(1984) An ethological perspective on common cross-language utilization of F0 of voice. Phonetica, 41, 1–16. Crossref link
(1994) The frequency code underlies the sound symbolic use of voice pitch. In L. Hinton, J. Nichols, & J. J. Ohala (Eds.), Sound symbolism (pp. 325–347). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Olofsson, J. K., & Gottfried, J. A.
(2015) The muted sense: neurocognitive limitations of olfactory language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19, 314–321. Crossref link
O’Malley, G.
(1957) Literary synesthesia. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 15, 391–411. Crossref link
Ortony, A.
(1975) Why metaphors are necessary and not just nice. Educational Theory, 25, 45–53. Crossref link
Ortiz, M. J.
(2011) Primary metaphors and monomodal visual metaphors. Journal of Pragmatics, 43, 1568–1580. Crossref link
Osaka, N., Osaka, M., Morishita, M., Kondo, H., & Fukuyama, H.
(2004) A word expressing affective pain activates the anterior cingulate cortex in the human brain: an fMRI study. Behavioural Brain Research, 153, 123–127. Crossref link
Osgood, C.
(1963) Language universals and psycholinguistics. In J. Greenberg (Ed.), Universals of language (pp. 236–254). Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
Osgood, C. E.
(1981) The cognitive dynamics of synesthesia and metaphor. Review of Research in Visual Arts Education, 7, 56–80.
Osgood, C. E., Suci, G. J., & Tannenbaum, P. H.
(1957) The measurement of meaning. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Paivio, A., Yuille, J. C., & Madigan, S. A.
(1968) Concreteness, imagery and meaningfulness values for 925 words. Journal of Experimental Psychology Monograph Supplement, 76.
Palmer, S. E., Schloss, K. B., Xu, Z., & Prado-León, L. R.
(2013) Music – color associations are mediated by emotion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 8836–8841. Crossref link
Pang, B., & Lee, L.
(2004) A sentimental education: Sentiment analysis using subjectivity summarization based on minimum cuts. In Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics (article 271). Association for Computational Linguistics.
(2008) Opinion mining and sentiment analysis. Foundations and Trends in Information Retrieval, 2, 1–135. Crossref link
Papesh, M. H.
(2015) Just out of reach: On the reliability of the action-sentence compatibility effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144, e116–e141. Crossref link
Paradis, C.
(2000) Reinforcing adjectives: A cognitive semantic approach on grammaticalization. In R. Bermudez-Otero, D. Denison, R. M. Hogg, & C. B. McCully (Eds)., Generative theory and corpus studies (pp. 233–258). Berlin: de Gruyter. Crossref link
(2005) Ontologies and construals in lexical semantics. Axiomathes, 15, 541–573. Crossref link
Paradis, C., & Eeg-Olofsson, M.
(2013) Describing sensory experience: The genre of wine reviews. Metaphor and Symbol, 28, 22–40. Crossref link
Partington, A.
(2004) “Utterly content in each other’s company”: Semantic prosody and semantic preference. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 9, 131–156. Crossref link
Pasnau, R.
(1999) What is sound?. The Philosophical Quarterly, 49, 309–324. Crossref link
Patel, A. D., & Iversen, J. R.
(2003) Acoustic and perceptual comparison of speech and drum sounds in the north indian tabla tradition: An empirical study of sound symbolism. In M. J. Solé, D. Recansens, & J. Romero (Eds.), Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (pp. 925–928). Barcelona.
Pecher, D., van Dantzig, S., Zwaan, R. A., & Zeelenberg, R.
(2009) Language comprehenders retain implied shape and orientation of objects. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62, 1108–1114. Crossref link
Pecher, D., Zeelenberg, R., & Barsalou, L. W.
(2003) Verifying different-modality properties for concepts produces switching costs. Psychological Science, 14, 119–124. Crossref link
Peli, E., Fine, E. M., & Labianca, A. T.
(1996) Evaluating visual information provided by audio description. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 90, 378–385.
Peng, R. D.
(2011) Reproducible research in computational science. Science, 334, 1226–1227. Crossref link
Pennycook, G., & Thompson, V. A.
(2017) Base-rate neglect. In R. F. Pohl (Ed.), Cognitive illusions: Intriguing phenomena in thinking, judgment and memory (pp. 44–61). London: Routledge.
Pérez-Sobrino, P.
(2016) Multimodal metaphor and metonymy in advertising: A corpus-based account. Metaphor and Symbol, 31, 73–90. Crossref link
(2017) Multimodal metaphor and metonymy in advertising. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Pérez-Sobrino, P., & Julich, N.
(2014) Let’s talk music: A corpus-based account of musical motion. Metaphor and Symbol, 29, 298–315. Crossref link
Perlman, M.
(2010) Talking fast: The use of speech rate as iconic gesture. In F. Perrill, V. Tobin, & M. Turner (Eds.), Meaning, form, and body (pp. 245–262). Stanford: CSLI Publications.
Perlman, M., & Cain, A.
(2014) Iconicity in vocalization, comparisons with gesture, and implications for theories on the evolution of language. Gesture, 14, 321–351. Crossref link
Perlman, M., Clark, N., & Johansson Falck, M.
(2014) Iconic prosody in story reading. Cognitive Science, 39, 1348–1368. Crossref link
Perlman, M., Little, H., Thompson, B., & Thompson, R. L.
(2018) Iconicity in signed and spoken vocabulary: A comparison between American Sign Language, British Sign Language, English, and Spanish. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1433. Crossref link
Perry, L. K., Perlman, M., & Lupyan, G.
(2015) Iconicity in English and Spanish and its relation to lexical category and age of acquisition. PLOS ONE, 10, e0137147. Crossref link
Perry, L. K., Perlman, M., Winter, B., Massaro, D. W., & Lupyan, G.
(2018) Iconicity in the speech of children and adults. Developmental Science, 21, e12572. Crossref link
Petersen, W., Fleischhauer, J., Beseoglu, H., & Bücker, P.
(2008) A frame-based analysis of synaesthetic metaphors. Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication, 3, 1–22.
Pfeiffer, J. C., Hollowood, T. A., Hort, J., & Taylor, A. J.
(2005) Temporal synchrony and integration of sub-threshold taste and smell signals. Chemical Senses, 30, 539–545. Crossref link
Phillips, M. L., & Heining, M.
(2002) Neural correlates of emotion perception: From faces to taste. In C. Rouby, B. Schaal, D. Dubois, R. Gervais, & A. Holley (Eds.), Olfaction, taste, and cognition (pp. 196–208). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Pick, H. L., Warren, D. H., & Hay, J. C.
(1969) Sensory conflict in judgments of spatial direction. Perception & Psychophysics, 6, 203–205. Crossref link
Pink, S.
(2011) Multimodality, multisensoriality and ethnographic knowing: social semiotics and the phenomenology of perception. Qualitative Research, 11, 261–276. Crossref link
Plümacher, M., & Holz, P.
(2007) Speaking of colors and odors. In M. Plümacher, & P. Holz (Eds.), Speaking of colors and odors (pp. 1–17). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Plümacher, M.
(2007) Speaking of colors and odors. In M. Plümacher, & P. Holz (Eds.), Speaking of colors and odors (pp. 61–84). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Pomp, J., Bestgen, A. K., Schulze, P., Müller, C. J., Citron, F. M., Suchan, B., & Kuchinke, L.
(2018) Lexical olfaction recruits olfactory orbitofrontal cortex in metaphorical and literal contexts. Brain and Language, 179, 11–21. Crossref link
Popova, Y. B.
(2003) ‘The fool sees with his nose’: metaphoric mappings in the sense of smell in Patrick Süskind’s Perfume. Language and Literature, 12, 135–151. Crossref link
Popova, Y.
(2005) Image schemas and verbal synaesthesia. In B. Hampe (Ed.), From perception to meaning: Image schemas in cognitive linguistics (pp. 395–420). Berlin: de Gruyter. Crossref link
Porat, R., & Shen, Y.
(2017) Metaphor: The journey from bidirectionality to unidirectionality. Poetics Today, 38, 123–140. Crossref link
Porcello, T.
(2004) Speaking of sound: Language and the professionalization of sound-recording engineers. Social Studies of Science, 34, 733–758. Crossref link
Pragglejaz Group, P.
(2007) MIP: A method for identifying metaphorically used words in discourse. Metaphor and Symbol, 22, 1–39. Crossref link
Prandi, M.
(2012) A plea for living metaphors: Conflictual metaphors and metaphorical swarms. Metaphor and Symbol, 27(2), 148–170. Crossref link
Prather, S. C., Votaw, J. R., & Sathian, K.
(2004) Task-specific recruitment of dorsal and ventral visual areas during tactile perception. Neuropsychologia, 42, 1079–1087. Crossref link
Price, J. L.
(1987) The central and accessory olfactory systems. In T. E. Finger & W. L. Silver (Eds.), Neurobiology of taste and smell (pp. 179–204). New York: Wiley.
Pullum, G. K.
(2007) Ungrammaticality, rarity, and corpus use. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, 3, 33–47. Crossref link
Pulvermüller, F.
(2005) Brain mechanisms linking language and action. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 6, 576–582. Crossref link
Rakova, M.
(2003) The extent of the literal: Metaphor, polysemy and theories of concepts. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Crossref link
Ramachandran, V. S., & Hubbard, E. M.
(2001) Synaesthesia – a window into perception, thought and language. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 8, 3–34.
R Core Team
(2016) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL https://​www​.R​-project​.org/.
Regier, T., Carstensen, A., & Kemp, C.
(2016) Languages support efficient communication about the environment: Words for snow revisited. PLOS ONE, 11, e0151138. Crossref link
Richardson, M. P., Strange, B. A., & Dolan, R. J.
(2004) Encoding of emotional memories depends on amygdala and hippocampus and their interactions. Nature Neuroscience, 7, 278–285. Crossref link
Richter, M., Eck, J., Straube, T., Miltner, W. H., & Weiss, T.
(2010) Do words hurt? Brain activation during the processing of pain-related words. Pain, 148, 198–205. Crossref link
Roberts, G., Lewandowski, J., & Galantucci, B.
(2015) How communication changes when we cannot mime the world: Experimental evidence for the effect of iconicity on combinatoriality. Cognition, 141, 52–66. Crossref link
Rock, I., & Victor, J.
(1964) Vision and touch: An experimentally created conflict between the two senses. Science, 143, 594–596. Crossref link
Rolls, E.
(2008) Functions of the orbitofrontal and pregenual cingulate cortex in taste, olfaction, appetite and emotion. Acta Physiologica Hungarica, 95, 131–164. Crossref link
Ronga, I.
(2016) Taste synaesthesias: Linguistic features and neurophysiological bases. In E. Gola & F. Ervas (Eds.), Metaphor and communication (pp. 47–60). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Ronga, I., Bazzanella, C., Rossi, F., & Iannetti, G.
(2012) Linguistic synaesthesia, perceptual synaesthesia, and the interaction between multiple sensory modalities. Pragmatics & Cognition, 20, 135–167. Crossref link
Rouby, C., & Bensafi, M.
(2002) Is there a hedonic dimension to odors? In C. Rouby, B. Schaal, D. Dubois, R. Gervais, & A. Holley (Eds.), Olfaction, Taste, and Cognition (pp. 140–159). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Royet, J. P., Zald, D., Versace, R., Costes, N., Lavenne, F., Koenig, O., & Gervais, R.
(2000) Emotional responses to pleasant and unpleasant olfactory, visual, and auditory stimuli: a positron emission tomography study. The Journal of Neuroscience, 20, 7752–7759. Crossref link
Sadamitsu, M.
(2004) Synaesthesia re-examined: an alternative treatment of smell related concepts. Osaka University Papers in English Linguistics, 8, 109–125.
Sagiv, N., & Ward, J.
(2006) Crossmodal interactions: lessons from synesthesia. Progress in Brain Research, 155, 259–271. Crossref link
Sakamoto, M., & Utsumi, A.
(2014) Adjective metaphors evoke negative meanings. PLOS ONE, 9, e89008. Crossref link
Sakamoto, M., & Watanabe, J.
(2016) Cross-modal associations between sounds and drink tastes/textures: a study with spontaneous production of sound-symbolic words. Chemical Senses, 41, 197–203. Crossref link
(2018) Bouba/Kiki in touch: Associations between tactile perceptual qualities and Japanese phonemes. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 295. Crossref link
Sapir, E.
(1929) A study in phonetic symbolism. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 12, 225–239. Crossref link
San Roque, L., Kendrick, K. H., Norcliffe, E., Brown, P., Defina, R., Dingemanse, M., Dirksmeyer, T., Enfield, N., Floyd, S., Hammond, H., Rossi, G., Tufvesson, S., van Putten, S., & Majid, A.
(2015) Vision verbs dominate in conversation across cultures, but the ranking of non-visual verbs varies. Cognitive Linguistics, 26, 31–60. Crossref link
San Roque, L., Kendrick, K. H., Norcliffe, E., & Majid, A.
(2018) Universal meaning extensions of perception verbs are grounded in interaction. Cognitive Linguistics, 29, 371–406. Crossref link
Sathian, K., & Zangaladze, A.
(2002) Feeling with the mind’s eye: contribution of visual cortex to tactile perception. Behavioural Brain Research, 135, 127–132. Crossref link
Sathian, K., Zangaladze, A., Hoffman, J. M., & Grafton, S. T.
(1997) Feeling with the mind’s eye. Neuroreport, 8, 3877–3881. Crossref link
de Saussure, F.
(1959) [1916] Course in general linguistics. New York: The philosophical library.
Schiffman, S., Robinson, D. E., & Erickson, R. P.
(1977) Multidimensional scaling of odorants: Examination of psychological and physicochemical dimensions. Chemical Senses, 2, 375–390. Crossref link
Schmeidler, E. & Kirchner, C.
(2001) Adding audio description: Does it make a difference?. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 95, 197–212.
Schmidtke, D. S., Conrad, M., & Jacobs, A. M.
(2014) Phonological iconicity. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 80. Crossref link
Schott, D. G.
(2004) Communicating the experience of pain: the role of analogy. Pain, 108, 209–212. Crossref link
Schroeder, C. E., Lindsley, R. W., Specht, C., Marcovici, A., Smiley, J. F., & Javitt, D. C.
(2001) Somatosensory input to auditory association cortex in the macaque monkey. Journal of Neurophysiology, 85, 1322–1327. Crossref link
Schürmann, M., Caetano, G., Jousmäki, V., & Hari, R.
(2004) Hands help hearing: facilitatory audiotactile interaction at low sound-intensity levels. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 115, 830–832. Crossref link
Schütze, C. T.
(1996) The empirical base of linguistics: Grammaticality judgments and linguistic methodology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Scrucca L., Fop, M., Murphy, T. B., & Raftery, A. E.
(2016) mclust 5: clustering, classification and density estimation using Gaussian finite mixture models. The R Journal, 8/1, 205–233. Crossref link
Searle, J.
(1969) Speech acts: An essay in the philosophy of language. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Semino, E.
(2010) Descriptions of pain, metaphor, and embodied simulation. Metaphor and Symbol, 25, 205–226. Crossref link
Sergent, J., Ohta, S., & MacDonald, B.
(1992) Functional neuroanatomy of face and object processing. A positron emission tomography study. Brain, 115, 15–36. Crossref link
Shams, L., Kamitani, Y., & Shimojo, S.
(2002) Visual illusion induced by sound. Cognitive Brain Research, 14, 147–152. Crossref link
Shaoul, C., & Westbury, C.
(2013) A reduced redundancy usenet corpus (2005–2011). Edmonton, AB: University of Alberta. Retrieved from <http://​www​.psych​.ualberta​.ca​/westburylab​/downloads​/usenetcorpus​.download​.html>.
Shepard, R. N., & Cooper, L. A.
(1992) Representation of colors in the blind, color-blind, and normally sighted. Psychological Science, 3, 97–104. Crossref link
Shepard, R. N., & Metzler, J.
(1971) Mental rotation of three-dimensional objects. Science, 171, 701–703. Crossref link
Shen, Y.
(1997) Cognitive constraints on poetic figures. Cognitive Linguistics, 8, 33–71. Crossref link
(1998) How come silence is sweet but sweetness is not silent: a cognitive account of directionality in poetic synaesthesia. Language and Literature, 7, 123–140. Crossref link
(2008) Metaphor and poetic figures. In R. W. Gibbs (Ed.), Cambridge handbook of metaphor and thought (pp. 295–307). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Shen, Y., & Aisenman, R.
(2008) Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard are sweeter: Synaesthetic metaphors and cognition. Language and Literature, 17, 107–121. Crossref link
Shen, Y., & Cohen, M.
(1998) How come silence is sweet but sweetness is not silent: a cognitive account of directionality in poetic synaesthesia. Language and Literature, 7, 123–140. Crossref link
Shen, Y., & Gil, D.
(2007) Sweet fragrances from Indonesia: A universal principle governing directionality in synaesthetic Metaphors. In W. van Peer, & J. Auracher (Eds.), New beginnings in literary studies (pp. 49–71). Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Shen, Y., & Gadir, O.
(2009) How to interpret the music of caressing: Target and source assignment in synaesthetic genitive constructions. Journal of Pragmatics, 41, 357–371. Crossref link
Shen, Y., & Porat, R.
(2017) Metaphorical directionality: The role of language. In B. Hampe (Ed.), Metaphor: Embodied cognition and discourse (pp. 62–81). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Shermer, D. Z., & Levitan, C. A.
(2014) Red hot: The crossmodal effect of color intensity on perceived piquancy. Multisensory Research, 27, 207–223. Crossref link
Shibuya, Y., & Nozawa, H.
(2003) Constraints on synaesthesia. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 403–414). Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistics Society.
Shibuya, Y., Nozawa, H., & Kanamaru, T.
(2007) Understanding synesthetic expressions: Vision and olfaction with the physiological = psychological model. In M. Plümacher, & P. Holz (Eds.), Speaking of colors and odors (pp. 203–226). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Shinohara, K., & Nakayama, A.
(2011) Modalities and directions in synaesthetic metaphors in Japanese. Cognitive Studies, 18, 491–507.
Shintel, H., & Nusbaum, H. C.
(2007) The sound of motion in spoken language: Visual information conveyed by acoustic properties of speech. Cognition, 105, 681–690. Crossref link
Shintel, H., Nusbaum, H. C., & Okrent, A.
(2006) Analog acoustic expression in speech communication. Journal of Memory and Language, 55, 167–177. Crossref link
Sidhu, D. M., & Pexman, P. M.
(2017) Five mechanisms of sound symbolic association. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 1–25.
(2018) Lonely sensational icons: semantic neighbourhood density, sensory experience and iconicity. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 33, 25–31. Crossref link
Silberzahn
et al. (2017) Many analysts, one dataset: Making transparent how variations in analytical choices affect results. Open Science Framework [ https://​osf​.io​/qix4g/ , accessed May 29, 2017 ] Crossref link
Simmons, J. P., Nelson, L. D., & Simonsohn, U.
(2011) False-positive psychology: Undisclosed flexibility in data collection and analysis allows presenting anything as significant. Psychological Science, 22, 1359–1366. Crossref link
Simner, J.
(2012) Defining synaesthesia. British Journal of Psychology, 103, 1–15. Crossref link
Simner, J., Cuskley, C., & Kirby, S.
(2010) What sound does that taste? Cross-modal mappings across gustation and audition. Perception, 39, 553–569. Crossref link
Simner, J., Harrold, J., Creed, H., Monro, L., & Foulkes, L.
(2008) Early detection of markers for synaesthesia in childhood populations. Brain, 132, 57–64. Crossref link
Simner, J., Mulvenna, C., Sagiv, N., Tsakanikos, E., Witherby, S. A., Fraser, C., Scott, K., & Ward, J.
(2006) Synaesthesia: The prevalence of atypical cross-modal experiences. Perception, 35, 1024–1033. Crossref link
Sinclair, J.
(1991) Corpus, concordance, collocation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(1996) The search for units of meaning. Textus, 9, 75–106.
Slobin, D.
(1971) Psycholinguistics. Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman & Co.
Smeets, M. A. M., & Dijksterhuis, G. B.
(2014) Smelly primes – when olfactory primes do or do not work. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 96.
Snefjella, B., & Kuperman, V.
(2016) It’s all in the delivery: Effects of context valence, arousal, and concreteness on visual word processing. Cognition, 156, 135–146. Crossref link
Sorabji, R.
(1971) Aristotle on demarcating the five senses. The Philosophical Review, 80, 55–79. Crossref link
Soto-Faraco, S., Spence, C., & Kingstone, A.
(2004) Congruency effects between auditory and tactile motion: extending the phenomenon of cross-modal dynamic capture. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 4, 208–217. Crossref link
Suárez Toste, E.
(2007) Metaphor inside the wine cellar: On the ubiquity of personification schemas in winespeak. Metaphorik, 12, 53–64.
Speed, L. J., & Majid, A.
(2017) Dutch modality exclusivity norms: Simulating perceptual modality in space. Behavior Research Methods, 49, 1–15. Crossref link
(2018) An exception to mental simulation: No evidence for embodied odor language. Cognitive Science, 42, 1146–1178. Crossref link
Spence, C.
(2007) Audiovisual multisensory integration. Acoustical Science and Technology, 28, 61–70. Crossref link
(2011) Crossmodal correspondences: A tutorial review. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 971–995. Crossref link
(2012) Managing sensory expectations concerning products and brands: Capitalizing on the potential of sound and shape symbolism. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 22, 37–54. Crossref link
(2013) Multisensory flavour perception. Current Biology, 23, R365–R369. Crossref link
(2015) Multisensory flavor perception. Cell, 161, 24–35. Crossref link
(2015) Eating with our ears: Assessing the importance of the sounds of consumption to our perception and enjoyment of multisensory flavour experiences. Flavour, 4, 3. Crossref link
Spence, C., & Bayne, T.
(2015) Is consciousness multisensory? In D. Stokes, M. Matthen & S. Biggs (Eds.), Perception and its modalities (pp. 95–132). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Spence, C., Nicholls, M. E., & Driver, J.
(2001) The cost of expecting events in the wrong sensory modality. Perception & Psychophysics, 63, 330–336. Crossref link
Spence, C., & Piqueras-Fiszman, B.
(2014) The perfect meal: The multisensory science of food and dining. Chichester, UK: Wiley Blackwell. Crossref link
Spence, C., Smith, B., & Auvray, M.
(2015) Confusing tastes and flavours. In D. Stokes, M. Matthen, & S. Biggs (Eds.), Perception and its modalities (pp. 247–274). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Spencer, N. J.
(1973) Differences between linguists and nonlinguists in intuitions of grammaticality-acceptability. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2, 83–98. Crossref link
Spivey, M.
(2007) The continuity of mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sprouse, J. & Hornstein, N.
(2013) Experimental syntax and island effects. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Stadtlander, L. M., & Murdoch, L. D.
(2000) Frequency of occurrence and rankings for touch-related adjectives. Behavior Research Methods, 32, 579–587.
Stanfield, R. A., & Zwaan, R. A.
(2001) The effect of implied orientation derived from verbal context on picture recognition. Psychological Science, 12, 153–156. Crossref link
Staniewski, P.
(2017) Geschmack und smak– sprachliche Aspekte der gustatorischen Wahrnehmung im Deutschen und Polnischen. In J. Szczek & M. Kalasznik (Eds.), Beiträge zur Fremdsprachenvermittlung (pp. 223–248). Landau: Verlag Empirische Pädagogik.
Steen, G. J., Dorst, A. G., Herrmann, J. B., Kaal, A., Krennmayr, T., & Pasma, T.
(2010) A method for linguistic metaphor identification: From MIP to MIPVU. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Stevenson, R. J., Prescott, J., & Boakes, R. A.
(1999) Confusing tastes and smells: how odours can influence the perception of sweet and sour tastes. Chemical Senses, 24, 627–635. Crossref link
Stevens, S. S.
(1975) Psychophysics: Introduction to its perceptual, neural, and social prospects. New York: Wiley.
Stevens, J. C., & Marks, L. E.
(1965) Cross-modality matching of brightness and loudness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 54, 407–411. Crossref link
Stewart, D.
(2010) Semantic prosody: A critical evaluation. London: Routledge. Crossref link
Stoffregen, T. A., & Bardy, B. G.
(2001) On specification and the senses. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24, 195–213. Crossref link
Stokes, D., & Biggs, S.
(2015) The dominance of the visual. In D. Stokes, M. Matthen & S. Biggs (Eds.), Perception and its modalities (pp. 350–378). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Strack, F., Martin, L. L., & Stepper, S.
(1988) Inhibiting and facilitating conditions of the human smile: A nonobtrusive test of the facial feedback hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 768–777. Crossref link
Strik Lievers, F.
(2015) Synaesthesia: A corpus-based study of cross-modal directionality. In R. Caballero, & C. Paradis (Eds.), Functions of language, sensory perceptions in language and cognition (pp. 69–95). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
(2016) Synaesthetic metaphors in translation. Studi e Saggi Linguistici, 54, 43–70.
(2016) Figures and the senses: Towards a definition of synaesthesia. Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 15, 83–101. Crossref link
(2017) Figures and the senses. Towards a definition of synaesthesia. Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 15, 83–101. Crossref link
Strik Lievers, F., & Winter, B.
(2018) Sensory language across lexical categories. Lingua, 204, 45–61. Crossref link
Stubbs, M.
(2001) Words and phrases. Oxford: Blackwell.
Styles, S. J., & Gawne, L.
(2017) When does maluma/takete fail? Two key failures and a meta-analysis suggest that phonology and phonotactics matter. i-Perception, 8. Crossref link
Suárez-Toste, E.
(2013) One man’s cheese is another man’s music: Synaesthesia and the bridging of cultural differences in the language of sensory perception. In R. Caballero & J. Díaz-Vera (Eds.), Sensuous Cognition (pp. 169–191). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Sullivan, K., & Jiang, W.
(2013) When my eyes are on you, do you touch my eyes? A reclassification of metaphors mapping from physical contact to perception. In T. Fuyin Li (Eds.), Compendium of cognitive linguistics research volume 2 (pp. 189–200). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.
Sun, C., Koppel, K., & Chambers, E.
(2014) An initial lexicon of sensory properties for nail polish. International Journal of Cosmetic Science, 36, 262–272. Crossref link
Suzuki, Y., Gyoba, J., & Sakamoto, S.
(2008) Selective effects of auditory stimuli on tactile roughness perception. Brain Research, 1242, 87–94. Crossref link
Sweetser, E.
(1990) From etymology to pragmatics: Metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Synnott, A.
(1991) Puzzling over the senses: From Plato to Marx. In D. Howes (Ed.), The varieties of sensory experience: A sourcebook in the anthropology of the senses (pp. 61–76). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Szarkowska, A.
(2011) Text-to-speech audio description: towards wider availability of AD. Journal of Specialised Translation, 15, 81–98.
Talavera, M., & Chambers, D. H.
(2016) Flavor lexicon and characteristics of artisan goat cheese from the United States. Journal of Sensory Studies, 31, 492–506. Crossref link
Taboada, M.
(2016) Sentiment analysis: An overview from linguistics. Annual Review of Linguistics, 2, 325–347. Crossref link
Taylor, J. R.
(1995) Linguistic categorization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Teghtsoonian, M., & Teghtsoonian, R.
(1965) Seen and felt length. Psychonomic Science, 3, 465–466. Crossref link
Tekiroğlu, S. S., Özbal, G., & Strapparava, C.
(2014) A computational approach to generate a sensorial lexicon. In Proceedings of the COLING 2014 Workshop on Cognitive Aspects of the Lexicon (CogALex), August 2014, Dublin, Ireland. Crossref link
Tekiroğlu, S. S., Özbal, G., & Strapparava, C.
(2015) Exploring sensorial features for metaphor identification. In Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Metaphor in NLP (pp. 31–39). Denver, Colorado: Association for Computational Linguistics. Crossref link
Thagard, P. R.
(1978) The best explanation: Criteria for theory choice. The Journal of Philosophy, 75, 76–92. Crossref link
Thierry, G., Athanasopoulos, P., Wiggett, A., Dering, B., & Kuipers, J. R.
(2009) Unconscious effects of language-specific terminology on preattentive color perception. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, 4567–4570. Crossref link
Thompson, G., & Hunston, S.
(2000) Evaluation: An introduction. In S. Hunston & G. Thompson (Eds.), Evaluation in text: Authorial stance and the construction of discourse (pp. 38–55). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Thompson, P. D., & Estes, Z.
(2011) Sound symbolic naming of novel objects is a graded function. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 2392–2404. Crossref link
Thoret, E., Aramaki, M., Kronland-Martinet, R., Velay, J. L., & Ystad, S.
(2014) From sound to shape: auditory perception of drawing movements. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40, 983–994.
Thorndike, E. L.
(1948) On the frequency of semantic changes in modern English. The Journal of General Psychology, 39, 23–27. Crossref link
Tomasino, B., Fink, G. R., Sparing, R., Dafotakis, M., & Weiss, P. H.
(2008) Action verbs and the primary motor cortex: a comparative TMS study of silent reading, frequency judgments, and motor imagery. Neuropsychologia, 46, 1915–1926. Crossref link
Tracey, I.
(2005) Nociceptive processing in the human brain. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 15, 478–487. Crossref link
Troche, J., Crutch, S. J., & Reilly, J.
(2017) Defining a conceptual topography of word concreteness: Clustering properties of emotion, sensation, and magnitude among 750 English words. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1787. Crossref link
Tsur, R.
(1992) Toward a theory of cognitive poetics. Amsterdam: North Holland.
(2006) Size–sound symbolism revisited. Journal of Pragmatics, 38, 905–924. Crossref link
(2007) Issues in literary synaesthesia. Style, 41, 30–51.
(2008) Toward a theory of cognitive poetics. (2nd edition) Brighton: Sussex Academic Press.
(2012) Playing by ear and the tip of the tongue: Precategorical information in poetry. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Turatto, M., Galfano, G., Bridgeman, B., & Umiltà, C.
(2004) Space-independent modality-driven attentional capture in auditory, tactile and visual systems. Experimental Brain Research, 155, 301–310. Crossref link
Turner, B. H., Mishkin, M., & Knapp, M.
(1980) Organization of the amygdalopetal projections from modality‐specific cortical association areas in the monkey. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 191, 515–543. Crossref link
Ullmann, S.
(1945) Romanticism and synaesthesia: A comparative study of sense transfer in Keats and Byron. Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, 60, 811–827. Crossref link
(1959) The principles of semantics. Glasgow: Jackson, Son & Co.
Ultan, R.
(1978) Size-sound symbolism. In J. H. Greenberg, C. A. Ferguson, & E. A. Moravcsik (Eds.), Universals of human language, Vol 2: Phonology (pp. 525–568). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Urbanek, S.
(2013) png: Read and write PNG images. R package version 0.1–7. https://​CRAN​.R​-project​.org​/package​=png
Usnadze, D.
(1924) Ein experimenteller Beitrag zum Problem der psychologischen Grundlagen der Namengebung. Psychologische Forschung, 5, 24–43. Crossref link
Velasco-Sacristán, M., & Fuertes-Olivera, P. A.
(2006) Olfactory and olfactory-mixed metaphors in print ads of perfume. Annual Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 4, 217–252. Crossref link
Venables, W. N. & Ripley, B. D.
(2002) Modern applied statistics with S (4th Ed.). New York: Springer. Crossref link
Viberg, Å.
(1983) The verbs of perception: a typological study. Linguistics, 21, 123–162. Crossref link
(1993) Crosslinguistic perspectives on lexical organization and lexical progression. In K. Hyltenstam, & Å. Viberg (Eds.), Progression and regression in language: Sociocultural, neuropsychological and linguistic perspectives (pp. 340 – 385). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Vickers, Z. M.
(1984) Crispness and crunchiness  –! A difference in pitch? Journal of Texture Studies, 15, 157–163. Crossref link
Vigliocco, G., Meteyard, L., Andrews, M., & Kousta, S.
(2009) Toward a theory of semantic representation. Language and Cognition, 1, 219–247. Crossref link
Vinson, D. P., Cormier, K., Denmark, T., Schembri, A., & Vigliocco, G.
(2008) The British Sign Language (BSL) norms for age of acquisition, familiarity, and iconicity. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 1079–1087. Crossref link
Volkow, N. D., Wang, G. J., & Baler, R. D.
(2011) Reward, dopamine and the control of food intake: implications for obesity. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15, 37–46. Crossref link
Vukovic, N., Fardo, F., & Shtyrov, Y.
(2019) When words burn  – language processing differentially modulates pain perception in typical and chronic pain populations. Language and Cognition.
Vukovic, N., & Williams, J. N.
(2014) Automatic perceptual simulation of first language meanings during second language sentence processing in bilinguals. Acta Psychologica, 145, 98–103. Crossref link
Wagenmakers, E. J., Beek, T., Dijkhoff, L., Gronau, Q. F., Acosta, A., Adams Jr, R. B., Albohn, D. N., Allard, E. S., Benning, S. D., Blouin-Hudon, E.-M., Bulnes, L. C., Caldwell, T. L., Calin-Jageman, R. J., Capaldi, C. A., Carfagno, N. S., Chasten, K. T., Cleeremans, A., Connell, L., DeCicco, J. M., Dijkstra, K., Fischer, A. H., Foroni, F., Hess, U., Holmes, K. J., Jones, J. L. H., Klein, O., Koch, C., Korb, S., Lewinski, P., Liao, J. D., Lund, S., Lupianez, J., Lynott, D., Nance, C. N., Oosterwijk, S., Ozdoğru, A. A., Pacheco-Unguetti, A. P., Pearson, B., Powis, C., Riding, S., Roberts, T.-A., Rumiati, R. I., Senden, M., Shea-Shumsky, N. B., Sobocko, K., Soto, J. A., Steiner, T. G., Talarico, J. M., van Allen, Z. M., Vandekerckhove, M., Wainwright, B., Wayand, J. F., Zeelenberg, R., Zetzer, E. E., & Zwaan, R. A.
(2016) Registered replication report: Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988). Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11, 917–928. Crossref link
Walker, E., & Cooperrider, K.
(2016) The continuity of metaphor: Evidence from temporal gestures. Cognitive Science, 40, 481–495. Crossref link
Walsh, V.
(2000) Neuropsychology: The touchy, feely side of vision. Current Biology, 10, R34–R35. Crossref link
(2003) A theory of magnitude: common cortical metrics of time, space and quantity. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7, 483–488. Crossref link
Warriner, A. B., Kuperman, V., & Brysbaert, M.
(2013) Norms of valence, arousal, and dominance for 13,915 English lemmas. Behavior Research Methods, 45, 1191–1207. Crossref link
Warriner, A. B., & Kuperman, V.
(2015) Affective biases in English are bi-dimensional. Cognition and Emotion, 29, 1147–1167. Crossref link
Waskul, D. D., Vannini, P., & Wilson, J.
(2009) The aroma of recollection: Olfaction, nostalgia, and the shaping of the sensuous self. The Senses and Society, 4, 5–22. Crossref link
Wasow, T., & Arnold, J.
(2005) Intuitions in linguistic argumentation. Lingua, 115, 1481–1496. Crossref link
Watanabe, J., Utsunomiya, Y., Tsukurimichi, H., & Sakamoto, M.
(2012) Relationship between Phonemes and Tactile-emotional Evaluations in Japanese Sound Symbolic Words. In N. Miyake, D. Peebles, & R. P. Cooper (Eds.), Proceedings of the 34th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2517–2522). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
Welch, R. B., & Warren, D. H.
(1980) Immediate perceptual response to intersensory discrepancy. Psychological Bulletin, 88, 638–667. Crossref link
Werning, M., Fleischhauer, J., & Beseoglu, H.
(2006) The cognitive accessibility of synaesthetic metaphors. In R. Sun, & N. Miyake (Eds.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2365–2370). London: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Whitney, A. H.
(1952) Synaesthesia in twentieth-century Hungarian poetry. The Slavonic and East European Review, 30, 444–464.
Whitsitt, S.
(2005) A critique of the concept of semantic prosody. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 10, 283–305. Crossref link
Wickham, H.
(2017a) stringr: Simple, Consistent Wrappers for Common String Operations. R package version 1.2.0. https://​CRAN​.R​-project​.org​/package​=strin
(2017b) tidyverse: Easily install and load ‘tidyverse’ packages. R package version 1.1.1. https://​CRAN​.R​-project​.org​/package​=tidyverse
Wilce, J. M.
(2009) Language and emotion. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Willander, J., & Larsson, M.
(2006) Smell your way back to childhood: Autobiographical odor memory. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13, 240–244. Crossref link
Willems, R. M., Labruna, L., D’Esposito, M., Ivry, R., & Casasanto, D.
(2011) A functional role for the motor system in language understanding: evidence from theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation. Psychological Science, 22, 849–854. Crossref link
Willems, R. M., & Francken, J. C.
(2012) Embodied cognition: taking the next step. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 582. Crossref link
Williams, J.
(1976) Synaesthetic adjectives: A possible law of semantic change. Language, 52, 461–478. Crossref link
Williams, L. E., & Bargh, J. A.
(2008) Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. Science, 322, 606–607. Crossref link
Wilson, E. O.
(1998) Consilience: The unity of knowledge. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Wilson, M.
(2002) Six views of embodied cognition. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9, 625–636. Crossref link
Wilson, N. L., & Gibbs, R. W.
(2007) Real and imagined body movement primes metaphor comprehension. Cognitive Science, 31, 721–731. Crossref link
Wilson, A. D., & Golonka, S.
(2013) Embodied cognition is not what you think it is. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 58. Crossref link
Winter, B.
(2011) Pseudoreplication in phonetic research. Proceedings of the International Congress of Phonetic Science (pp. 2137–2140). Hong Kong, August 2011.
(2014) Horror movies and the cognitive ecology of primary metaphors. Metaphor and Symbol, 29, 151–170. Crossref link
(2016) Taste and smell words form an affectively loaded part of the English lexicon. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 31, 975–988. Crossref link
(2019) Synesthetic metaphors are neither synesthetic nor metaphorical. In L. Speed, L. San Roque & A. Majid (Eds.), Perception Metaphor (pp. 105–126). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.. Crossref link
Winter, B., & Bergen, B.
(2012) Language comprehenders represent object distance both visually and auditorily. Language and Cognition, 4, 1–16. Crossref link
Winter, B., & Matlock, T.
(2013) Making judgments based on similarity and proximity. Metaphor and Symbol, 28, 219–232. Crossref link
Winter, B. & Matlock, T.
(2017) Primary metaphors are both cultural and embodied. In B. Hampe (Ed.), Metaphor: Embodied cognition and discourse (pp. 99–115). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Winter, B., & Matlock, T., Shaki, S., & Fischer, M.
(2015) Mental number space in three dimensions. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 57, 209–219. Crossref link
Winter, B., Marghetis, T., & Matlock, T.
(2015) Of magnitudes and metaphors: Explaining cognitive interactions between space, time, and number. Cortex, 64, 209–224. Crossref link
Winter, B., Perlman, M., & Majid, A.
(2018) Vision dominates in perceptual language: English sensory vocabulary is optimized for usage. Cognition, 179, 213–220. Crossref link
Winter, B., Perlman, M., & Matlock, T.
(2014) Using space to talk and gesture about numbers: Evidence from the TV News Archive. Gesture, 13, 377–408. Crossref link
Winter, B., Perlman, M., Perry, L. K., & Lupyan, G.
(2017) Which words are most iconic? Iconicity in English sensory words. Interaction Studies, 18, 433–454. Crossref link
Wolff, P., & Gentner, D.
(2011) Structure‐mapping in metaphor comprehension. Cognitive Science, 35, 1456–1488. Crossref link
Wnuk, E., & Majid, A.
(2014) Revisiting the limits of language: The odor lexicon of Maniq. Cognition, 131, 125–138. Crossref link
Wyler, S.
(2007) Color terms between elegance and beauty: The verbalization of color with textiles and cosmetics. In M. Plümacher, & P. Holz (Eds.), Speaking of Colors and Odors (pp. 113–128). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Yaxley, R. H., & Zwaan, R. A.
(2007) Simulating visibility during language comprehension. Cognition, 105, 229–236. Crossref link
Yeshurun, Y., & Sobel, N.
(2010) An odor is not worth a thousand words: from multidimensional odors to unidimensional odor objects. Annual Review of Psychology, 61, 219–241. Crossref link
Yu, N.
(2003) Synesthetic metaphor: A cognitive perspective. Journal of Literary Semantics, 32, 19–34. Crossref link
Zald, D. H., Lee, J. T., Fluegel, K. W., & Pardo, J. V.
(1998) Aversive gustatory stimulation activates limbic circuits in humans. Brain, 121, 1143–1154. Crossref link
Zald, D. H., & Pardo, J. V.
(1997) Emotion, olfaction, and the human amygdala: amygdala activation during aversive olfactory stimulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 94, 4119–4124. Crossref link
Zangaladze, A., Epstein, C. M., Grafton, S. T., & Sathian, K.
(1999) Involvement of visual cortex in tactile discrimination of orientation. Nature, 401, 587–590. Crossref link
Zarzo, M.
(2008) Psychologic dimensions in the perception of everyday odors: pleasantness and edibility. Journal of Sensory Studies, 23, 354–376. Crossref link
Zatorre, R. J., Jones-Gotman, M., Evans, A. C., & Meyer, E.
(1992) Functional localization and lateralization of human olfactory cortex. Nature, 360, 339–340. Crossref link
Zhang, Q.
(1998) Fuzziness – vagueness – generality – ambiguity. Journal of Pragmatics, 29, 13–31. Crossref link
Zhong, C. B., & Leonardelli, G. J.
(2008) Cold and lonely does social exclusion literally feel cold?. Psychological Science, 19, 838–842. Crossref link
Zipf, G. K.
(1945) The meaning-frequency relationship of words. The Journal of General Psychology, 33, 251–256. Crossref link
(1949) Human behavior and the principle of least effort. New York: Addison-Wesley.
Zuur, A. F., Ieno, E. N., Walker, N. J., Saveliev, A. A., & Smith, G. M.
(2009) Mixed effects models and extensions in ecology with R. New York: Springer. Crossref link
Zwaan, R. A.
(2009) Mental simulation in language comprehension and social cognition. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 1142–1150. Crossref link
Zwaan, R. A., & Pecher, D.
(2012) Revisiting mental simulation in language comprehension: Six replication attempts. PLOS ONE, 7, e51382. Crossref link
Zwaan, R. A., Madden, C. J., Yaxley, R. H., & Aveyard, M. E.
(2004) Moving words: Dynamic representations in language comprehension. Cognitive Science, 28, 611–619.
Zwaan, R. A., Stanfield, R. A., & Yaxley, R. H.
(2002) Language comprehenders mentally represent the shapes of objects. Psychological Science, 13, 168–171. Crossref link
Zwicky, A. M., & Sadock, J. M.
(1975) Ambiguity tests and how to fail them. In J. P. Kimball (Ed.), Syntax and semantics (pp. 1–36). New York: Academic Press.
Cited by

Cited by other publications

DINGEMANSE, MARK, MARCUS PERLMAN & PAMELA PERNISS
2020. Construals of iconicity: experimental approaches to form–meaning resemblances in language. Language and Cognition 12:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
DINGEMANSE, MARK & BILL THOMPSON
2020. Playful iconicity: structural markedness underlies the relation between funniness and iconicity. Language and Cognition 12:1  pp. 203 ff. Crossref logo
Li, Heng
2019. Metaphors in the Mind: Sources of Variation in Embodied Metaphor. Metaphor and Symbol 34:4  pp. 258 ff. Crossref logo
Littlemore, Jeannette
2019.  In Metaphors in the Mind, Crossref logo
Lynott, Dermot, Louise Connell, Marc Brysbaert, James Brand & James Carney
2019. The Lancaster Sensorimotor Norms: multidimensional measures of perceptual and action strength for 40,000 English words. Behavior Research Methods Crossref logo
POULTON, THOMAS
2020. The smells we know and love: variation in codability and description strategy. Language and Cognition  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
THOMPSON, BILL, MARCUS PERLMAN, GARY LUPYAN, ZED SEVCIKOVA SEHYR & KAREN EMMOREY
2020. A data-driven approach to the semantics of iconicity in American Sign Language and English. Language and Cognition 12:1  pp. 182 ff. Crossref logo
Zhao, Qingqing
2020.  In Embodied Conceptualization or Neural Realization [Frontiers in Chinese Linguistics, 10],  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 27 april 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects
BIC Subject: CFD – Psycholinguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2018059733