Substrata versus Universals in Creole Genesis
Papers from the Amsterdam Creole Workshop, April 1985
Two of the most prominent hypotheses about why the structures of the Creole languages of the Atlantic and the Pacific differ are the universalist and he substrate hypotheses. The universalist hypothesis claims, essentially, that the particular grammatical properties of Creole languages directly reflect universal aspects of the human language capacity, and thus Creole genesis involves, then, the stripping away of the accretions of language history. The substrate hypothesis claims, on the other hand, that creole genesis results from the confrontation of two systems, the native languages of the colonized groups, and the dominant colonial language, and that the native language leaves strong traces in the resulting Creole. The contributions of this ground breaking collection present new and historical research on the old debate of substrata versus universals in Creole languages.
[Creole Language Library, 1] 1986. vii, 311 pp.
Publishing status: Available
© John Benjamins Publishing Company
Table of Contents
Introduction: Problems in the Identification of Substratum Features.Pieter Muysken and Norval Smith | p. 1
The Language Bioprogram Hypothesis: Déjà vu?Glenn Gilbert | p. 15
Creoles and West African Languages: a Case of Mistaken Identity?Derek Bickerton | p. 25
Bonnet Blanc and Blanc Bonnet: Adjective-Noun Order, Substratum and Language UniversalsPeter Mühlhäusler | p. 41
Semantic Transparency as a Factor in Creole GenesisPieter A.M. Seuren and Herman Wekker | p. 57
The Domestic Hypothesis, Diffusion and Componentiality. An Account of Atlantic Anglophone Creole OriginsIan F. Hancock | p. 71
Genesis and Development of the Equative Copula in SrananJacques Arends | p. 103
The Universalist and Substrate Hypotheses Complement One AnotherSalikoko S. Mufwene | p. 129
Universals, Substrata and the Indian Ocean CreolesPhilip Baker and Chris Corne | p. 163
Double Negation and the Genesis of AfrikaansHans den Besten
The Genesis of Haitian: Implications of a Comparison of Some Features of the Syntax of Haitian, French, and West african LanguagesHilda Koopman | p. 231
Substrate DiffusionJohn Holm | p. 259
Relexification in creole Genesis Revisited: the Case of Hiatian CreoleClaire Lefebvre | p. 279
Substratum Inflluences — Guilty until Proven InnocentMervyn C. Alleyne | p. 301
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