Pragmatic Competence and Relevance

| University of Athens
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027256508 | EUR 90.00 | USD 135.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027270375 | EUR 90.00 | USD 135.00
 
This book probes into under-researched issues in L2 pragmatics. Firstly, pragmatic competence, pragmatic awareness and metapragmatic awareness are re-defined and clearly distinguished on theoretical grounds. Secondly, pragmatic competence and its manifestations are evaluated on empirical grounds by distinct criteria and validated testing measures. More importantly, genuine pragmatic inference is elicited in contexts of online interpretation where figurative speech plays a central role. Genre-specific discourse which occurs in editorials and news reports serves as a natural testbed for examining the role of advanced mind-reading abilities in developing pragmatic competence. Sperber and Wilson’s relevance theory accommodates the findings of empirical assessment and yields new insights in the cognitive procedures activated during interpretation. The comprehensive theoretical and methodological treatment of pragmatic competence makes this book of interest to researchers and students in pragmatics, L2 theory and applications, genre studies, and to those concerned with the cognitive underpinnings of communication in L2.
[Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 245]  2014.  x, 228 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements
ix–x
Introduction
1–8
Chapter 1. The scope of pragmatics
9–30
Chapter 2. Pragmatic meaning in L2
31–58
Chapter 3. Genres and pragmatic competence
59–98
Chapter 4. Relevance theory and communication
99–124
Chapter 5. Pragmatic competence revisited
125–150
Chapter 6. The data
151–190
Chapter 7. Conclusion: From genre(s) to pragmatic inference
191–200
References
201–216
Appendix
217–226
Index
227–228
“This is a ground-breaking and extremely valuable book which strikes an impressive balance between theoretical argument and empirical work. It is full of insightfully analysed practical examples and illustrations showing clearly how a cognitive pragmatic approach can both broaden and deepen our understanding of L2 abilities. It is generous and fair-minded in its treatment of alternative approaches, and provides a wealth of empirical data that should be a goldmine not only for L2 teachers and scholars but for pragmatic theorists. It is the first book I would recommend to anyone with an interest in pragmatic competence in L2.”
“This is a meticulously researched, beautifully written volume, which represents a major contribution to our understanding of L2 pragmatic competence. The author adopts a resolutely cognitive approach to pragmatics and, using concepts and notions from relevance theory, sheds new light on the ways in which L2 pragmatic competence might be fostered. As such, it is a breath of fresh air in the literature in this area and deserves to be very widely read.”
“This work combines cognitive pragmatics (relevance theory) with empirical evidence on genre-based interpretation in an innovative way and thus greatly enhances our understanding of pragmatic competence in L2. Editorials and news reports are used to assess learners’ ability for pragmatic inference and the role of mind-reading abilities in developing pragmatic competence. This area of enquiry marks a significant change from traditional approaches to pragmatic competence which generally focus on examining patterns of behaviours using conversational records of interaction. This is an important emergent area of research in L2 pragmatics, making this monograph an original and timely contribution to the field. Pragmatic Competence and Relevance is an inspiring and absorbing reading for scholars and students of communication and cognition, L2 pedagogy, and genre studies.”
“This monograph will be essential reading for RT researchers in the area of L2 pragmatics, and should be of interest to those investigating this phenomenon from competing theoretical perspectives.”
Cited by

Cited by other publications

Padilla Cruz, Manuel
2016.  In Relevance Theory [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 268],  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Padilla Cruz, Manuel
2016.  In Relevance Theory [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 268],  pp. 307 ff. Crossref logo
Kate Scott, Billy Clark & Robyn Carston
2019.  In Relevance, Pragmatics and Interpretation, Crossref logo
Wałaszewska, Ewa
2020.  In Relevance Theory, Figuration, and Continuity in Pragmatics [Figurative Thought and Language, 8],  pp. 25 ff. Crossref logo
Yuan, Wen, Francis Y. Lin & Richard P. Cooper
2019. Relevance theory, pragmatic inference and cognitive architecture. Philosophical Psychology 32:1  pp. 98 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 25 june 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

References

References

Al-Gahtani, Saad, and Carsten Roever
2012 “Proficiency and Sequential Organization of L2 Requests. Applied Linguistics 33 (1): 42–65. Crossref link
Alberts, Bruce, Dennis Bray, Karen Hopkin, Alexander Johnson, Julian Lewis, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts, and Peter Walter
2003 Essential Cell Biology (second edition). New York: Garland Science.
Alcón Soler, Eva, and María Pilar Safont Jordà
2008 “Pragmatic Awareness in Second Language Acquisition.” In Encyclopedia of Language and Education , ed. by Jasone Cenoz, and Nancy Hornberger, 193–204. (2nd ed. Vol.6, Knowledge about Language.) Berlin: Springer.
Alcón Soler, Eva, and Alicia Martínez-Flor
(eds) 2008 Investigating Pragmatics in Foreign Language Learning, Teaching and Testing . Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Alcón Soler, Eva, and Josep R. Guzmán Pitarch
2010 “The Effect of Instruction on Learners’ Pragmatic Awareness: A Focus on Refusals. International Journal of English Studies 10 (1): 65–80.
Ansary, Hasan, and Esmat Babaii
2009 “A Cross-Cultural Analysis of English Newspaper Editorials: A Systemic-Functional View of Text for Contrastive Rhetoric Research. RELC Journal 40 (2), 211–249. Crossref link
Antonopoulou, Eleni, and Kiki Nikiforidou
2011 “Construction Grammar and Conventional Discourse: A Construction-Based Approach to Discoursal Incongruity. Journal of Pragmatics 43: 2594–2609. Crossref link
Askehave, Inger, and John M. Swales
2001 “Genre Identification and Communicative Purpose: A Problem and a Possible Solution. Applied Linguistics 23 (2): 195–212. Crossref link
Askenhave, Inger, and Anne Ellerup Nielsen
2005 “Digital Genres: A Challenge to Traditional Theory. Information Technology and People 18 (2): 120–141. Crossref link
Averbeck, Joshua M.
2010 “Irony and Language Expectancy Theory: Evaluations of Expectancy Violation Outcomes. Communication Studies 61: 356–372. Crossref link
Averbeck, Joshua M., and Dale Hample
2008 “Ironic Message Production: How and Why We Produce Ironic Messages. Communication Monographs 75: 396–410. Crossref link
Baars, Bernard
1988 A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness . New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bach, Kent
1994 “Conversational Implicature. Mind and Language 9 (2): 124–162. Crossref link
2006 “The Excluded Middle: Semantic Minimalism without Minimal Propositions. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (2): 435–442. Crossref link
Barraja-Rohan, Anne-Marie
2011 “Using Conversation Analysis in the Second Language Classroom to Teach Interactional Competence. Language Teaching Research 15 (4): 479–507. Crossref link
Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen
2003 “Understanding the Role of Grammar in the Acquisition of L2 Pragmatics.” In Pragmatic Competence and Foreign Language Teaching , ed. by Alicia Martínez Floor, Esther Usó Juan, and Ana Fernandez Guerra, 25–44. Castello de la Plana, Spain: Publications de la Universitat Jaume I.
Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen, Beverly A.S. Hartford, Rebecca Mahan-Taylor, Marley J. Morgan, and Dudley W. Reynolds
1991 “Developing Pragmatic Awareness: Closing the Conversation. ELT Journal 45: 4–15. Crossref link
Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen, and Zoltan Dörnyei
1998 “Do Language Learners Recognize Pragmatic Violations? Pragmatic vs. Grammatical Awareness in Instructed L2 Learning. TESOL Quarterly 32: 233–259. Crossref link
Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen, and Rebecca Mahan-Taylor
(eds) 2003 “Teaching Pragmatics.” Washington, DC: US Department of State Office of English Language Programs.
Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen, and Robert Griffin
2005 “L2 Pragmatic Awareness: Evidence from the ESL Classroom. System 33: 401–415. Crossref link
Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen, and Beverly S. Hartford
(eds) 2005 Interlanguage Pragmatics: Exploring Institutional Talk . Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Barron, Anne
2003 Acquisition in Interlanguage Pragmatics. Learning How to Do Things with Words in a Study Abroad Context . Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Barthes, Ronald
1967/1977 Image-Music-Text . London: Fontana Press.
Bawarshi, Anis S., and Mary-Jo Reiff
2010 Genre. An Introduction to History, Theory, Research, and Pedagogy . West Lafayette: Parlor Press and the WAC Clearinghouse.
Bazerman, Charles
1994 “Systems of Genre and the Enactment of Social Intentions.” In Genre and the New Rhetoric , ed. by Aviva Freedman, and Peter Medway, 79–101. London/Bristol: Taylor and Francis.
2009 “Genre and Cognitive Development: Beyond Writing to Learn.” In Genre in a Changing World , ed. by Charles Bazerman, Adair Bonini, and Débora Figueiredo, 279–294. Fort Collins, Colorado: The WAC Clearinghouse and Parlor Press.
Beebe, Leslie M., and Martha C. Cummings
1996 “Natural Speech Act Data versus Written Questionnaire Data: How Data Collection Method Affects Speech Act Performance.” In Speech Acts across Cultures , ed. by Susan M. Gass, and Joyce Neu, 65–86. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Bergs, Alexander T., and Gabriele Diewald
2009 “Contexts and Constructions.” In Contexts and Constructions , ed. by Alexander Bergs, and Gabriele Diewald, 1–14. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Berry, Dianne C.
1994 “Implicit and Explicit Learning of Complex Tasks.” In Implicit and Explicit Learning of Languages , ed. by Nick C. Ellis, 147–164. London: Academic Press.
Bezuidenhout, Anne
2004 “Procedural Meaning and the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface.” In The Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction , ed. by Claudia Bianchi, 101–131. Stanford, CA: CSLI.
Bhatia, Vijay K.
1993 Analysing Genre: Language Use in Professional Settings . London: Longman.
1995 “Genre-Mixing in Professional Communication: The Case of ‘Private Intentions’ v. ‘Socially Recognised Purposes’.” In Explorations in English for Professional Communication , ed. by Paul Bruthiaux, Tim Boswood, and Bertha Du-Babcock, 1–19. Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong.
1997 “Genre-Mixing in Academic Introductions. English for Specific Purposes 16 (3): 181–196. Crossref link
2000 “Genres in Conflict.” In Analysing Professional Genres , ed. by Anna Trosborg, 147–162. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Bhatia, Vijay
Κ 2005 “Generic Patterns in Promotional Discourse.” In Persuasion across Genres: A Linguistic Approach , ed. by Helena Halmari, and Tuija Virtanen, 213–225. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Bianchi, Claudia
2011 “Contextualism.” In Philosophical Perspectives for Pragmatics , ed. by Marina Sbisà, Jan-Ola Östman, and Jef Verschueren, 53–70. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Bialystok, Ellen
1993 “Symbolic Representation and Attentional Control in Pragmatic Competence.” In Interlanguage Pragmatics , ed. by Shoshana S. Blum-Kulka, and Gabriele Kasper, 43–57. New York: Oxford University Press.
1994a “Representation and Ways of Knowing: Three Issues in Second Language Acquisition.” In Implicit and Explicit Learning of Languages , ed. by Nick C. Ellis, 549–569. London: Academic Press.
1994b “Analysis and Control in the Development of Second Language Proficiency. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 16: 157–168. Crossref link
Biber, Douglas
1988 Variation across Speech and Writing . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Billmyer, Kristine
1990 “ ‘I Really Like Your Lifestyle’: ESL Learners Learning How to Compliment. Penn Working Papers in Educational Linguistics 6 (2): 31–48.
Blakemore, Diane
1987 Semantic Constraints on Relevance . Oxford: Blackwell.
1992 Understanding Utterances . Oxford: Blackwell.
2002 Relevance and Linguistic Meaning: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Discourse Markers . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Blass, Regina
1990 Relevance Relations in Discourse . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Blum-Kulka, Shoshana, Juliane House, and Gabriele Kasper
1989 Cross-Cultural Pragmatics: Requests and Apologies . Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex Publishing Corporation.
Borg, Emma
2004 Minimal Semantics . Oxford: Clarendon Press. Crossref link
2007 “Minimalism versus Contextualism in Semantics.” In Context Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism: Essays on Semantics and Pragmatics , ed. by Gerhard Preyer, and Georg Peter, 546–571. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bou Franch, Patricia
2012 “Pragmatic Transfer.” In The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics , Vol. 8, ed. by Carol A. Chapelle, 4622–4626. Oxford: Wiley- Blackwell.
Bouton, Lawrence F.
1988 “A Cross-Cultural Study of Ability to Interpret Implicatures in English. World Englishes 7: 183–196. Crossref link
1990 “The Effective Use of Implicature in English: Why and How it Should Be Taught in the ESL Classroom.” In Pragmatics and Language Learning, Monograph Series, Vol. 1, ed. by Lawrence F. Bouton, and Yamuna Kachru, 43–52. Urbana IL: University of Illinois.
1994a “Can NNS Skill in Interpreting Implicature in American English Be Improved through Explicit Instruction?—A Pilot Study.” In Pragmatics and Language Learning . Monograph Series, Vol. 5, ed. by Lawrence F. Bouton, and Yamuna Kachru, 88–109. Urbana IL: University of Illinois.
1994b “Conversational Implicature in the Second Language: Learned Slowly When Not Deliberately Taught. Journal of Pragmatics 22: 157–167. Crossref link
1996 “Pragmatics and Language Learning.” In Pragmatics and Language Learning, Monograph Series, Vol. 7, ed. by Lawrence F. Bouton, 1–20. Urbana IL: University of Illinois.
Boxer, Diane
2010 “Complaints. How to Gripe and Establish Rapport.” In Speech Act Performance. Theoretical, Empirical and Methodological Issues , ed. by Alicia Martínez-Flor, and Esther Usó-Juan, 163–178. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Bromberek-Dyzman Katarzyna, Karolina Ratah, and Jacek Dylak
2010 “Mentalizing in the Second Language: Is Irony Online Inferencing Any Different in L1 and L2?” In Pragmatic Perspectives on Language and Linguistics, Vol. 1: Speech Actions in Theory and Applied Studies , ed. by Iwona Witczak-Plisiecka, 197–216. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Bromberek-Dyzman, Katarzyna, and Anna Ewert
2010 “Figurative Competence is Better Developed in L1 than in L2, or Is It? Understanding Conversational Implicatures in L1 and L2.” In Cognitive Processing in Second Language Acquisition: Inside the Learner’s Mind , ed. by Martin Pütz, and Laura Sicola, 317–334. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Butler, Christopher S.
1988a “Meeting the Challenge of ‘Pragmatics’.” In Pragmatics, Discourse and Text , ed. by Erich H. Steiner, and Robert Veltman, 3–27. London: Pinter Publishers.
1988b “Pragmatics and Systematic Linguistics. Journal of Pragmatics 12 (1): 83–102. Crossref link
1996 “On the Concept of an Interpersonal Metafunction in English.” In Meaning and Form: Systemic Functional Metafunction of English , ed. by Margaret Berry, Christopher Butler, Robin Fawcett, and Guowen Huang, 151–181. Norwood: Ablex.
Byon, Andrew Sangpil
2006 “Developing KFL Students’ Pragmatic Awareness of Korean Speech Acts: The Use of Discourse Completion Tasks. Language Awareness 15 (4): 244–263. Crossref link
Canale, Michael
1983 “From Communicative Competence to Communicative Language Pedagogy.” In Language and Communication , ed. by Jack C. Richards, and Richard W. Schmidt, 2–27. London: Longman.
Canale, Michael, and Merrill Swain
1980 “Theoretical Bases of Communicative Approaches to Second Language Teaching and Testing. Applied Linguistics 1 (1): 1–48. Crossref link
Cappelen, Herman, and Ernie Lepore
2005 Insensitive Semantics: A Defense of Semantic Minimalism and Speech Act Pluralism . Oxford: Blackwell. Crossref link
Carston, Robyn
1999 “The Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction: A View from Relevance Theory.” In The Semantics/Pragmatics Interface from Different Points of View , ed. by Ken Turner, 85–125. Oxford: Elsevier.
2002 Thoughts and Utterances . Oxford: Blackwell. Crossref link
2009 “The Explicit/Implicit Distinction in Pragmatics and the Limits of Explicit Communication. International Review of Pragmatics 1 (1): 35–62. Crossref link
2012 “Relevance Theory.” In Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Language , ed. by Gillian Russell, and Delia Graff Fara, 163–176. London: Routledge.
Carston, Robyn, and Alison Hall
2012 “Implicature and Explicature.” In Cognitive Pragmatics , ed. by Hans-Jörg Schmid, 47–84. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Crossref link
Charteris-Black, Jonathan
2005 Politicians and Rhetoric: The Persuasive Power of Metaphor . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Chomsky, Noam
1965 Aspects of the Theory of Syntax . Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
1966 Cartesian Linguistics . New York: Harper and Row.
1967/2006 “The Formal Nature of Language.” In Language and Mind 3rd ed., 102–142. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1979 “Linguistics and the Human Sciences.” In Language and Responsibility . Reprinted in On Language , 43–62. New York: The New Press.
1979 “Universal Grammar and Unresolved Questions.” In Language and Responsibility . Reprinted in On Language , 180–194. New York: The New Press.
1980 Rules and Representations . Oxford: Blackwell.
2010 “Some Simple Evo-Devo Theses: How True Might They Be for Language?” In Approaches to the Evolution of Language , ed. by Richard K. Larson, Viviane M. Deprez, and Hiroko Yamakido, 45–62. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Christie, Frances
1999 “Genre Theory and ESL Teaching: A Systemic Functional Perspective. TESOL Quarterly 33 (4): 759–763. Crossref link
Colebrook, Claire
2002 Irony in the Work of Philosophy . Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.
Cook, Misty, and Anthony J. Liddicoat
2002 “The Development of Comprehension in Interlanguage Pragmatics: The Case of Request Strategies in English. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics 25 (1): 19–40.
Council of Europe
2001 Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Crystal, David
1997 Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English language , 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cummings, Louise
2009 Clinical Pragmatics . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
de Paiva, Beatriz M. M.
2003 “Pragmatic Interactions in a Second Language.” In Rethinking Communicative Interaction: New Interdisciplinary Horizons , ed. by Collin B. Grant, 187–206. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
de Paiva, Beatriz M. M., and Susan H. Foster-Cohen
2004 “Exploring the Relationships between Theories of Second Language Acquisition and Relevance Theory. Second Language Research 20 (3): 281–288. Crossref link
Degand, Liesbeth
1994 “Towards an Account of Causation in a Multilingual Text Generation System.” In INLG ‘94 Proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop on Natural Language Generation , 108–116. New Mexico, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics.
Dekeyser, Robert
2003 “Implicit and Explicit Learning.” In The Handbook of Second Language Acquisition , ed. by Catherine J. Doughty, and Michael H. Long, 313–348. Oxford: Blackwell. Crossref link
Dendrinos, Bessie
2006 “Mediation in Communication, Language Teaching and Testing. Journal of Applied Linguistics 22: 9–35.
Devitt, Amy J.
2004 Writing Genres . Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Doughty, Catherine
2003 “Instructed SLA: Constraints, Compensation, and Enhancement.” In The Handbook of Second Language Acquisition , ed. by Catherine J. Doughty, and Michael H. Long, 256–310. Malden, MA: Blackwell. Crossref link
Ehlich, Konrrad, and Jochen Rehbein
1986 Muster und Institution. Untersuchungen zur schulischen Kommunikation . Tübingen: Narr.
Ellis, Barbara G.
2001 The Copy-Editing and Headline Handbook . Cambridge, Mass.: Perseus Publishing.
Ellis, Nick C.
(ed) 1994 Implicit and Explicit Learning of Languages . London: Academic Press.
2001 “Memory for Language.” In Cognition and Second Language Instruction , ed. by Peter Robinson, 33–68. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
2005 “At the Interface: Dynamic Interactions of Explicit and Implicit Language Knowledge. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 27 (2): 305–352. Crossref link
Ellis, Rod
2003 Task-Based Language Learning and Teaching . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ellis, Rod, Shawn Loewen, Catherine Elder, Rosemary Erlam, Jenefer Philip, and Hayo Reinders
2009 Implicit and Explicit Knowledge in Second Language Learning, Testing and Teaching . Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.
Enright, Dennis Joseph
1986 The Alluring Problem: An Essay on Irony . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fairclough, Norman
1989 Language and Power . London: Longman.
1993 “Critical Discourse Analysis and the Marketisation of Public Discourse: The Universities. Discourse and Society 4 (2): 133–168. Crossref link
1995 Critical Discourse Analysis . Boston: Addison Wesley.
Feyaerts, Kurt
2006 “Towards a Dynamic Account of Phraseological Meaning: Creative Variation in Headlines and Conversational Humor. International Journal of English Studies 6 (1): 57–84.
Fillmore, Charles, Paul Kay, and Mary Catherine O’Connor
1988 “Regularity and Idiomaticity in Grammatical Constructions: The Case of Let Alone. Language 64 (3): 501–538. Crossref link
Flowerdew, Lynne
2003 “A Combined Corpus and Systemic-Functional Analysis of the Problem-Solution Pattern in a Student and Professional Corpus of Technical Writing. TESOL Quarterly 37 (3): 489–511. Crossref link
Foster-Cohen, Susan
2000 “Review Article: D. Sperber and D. Wilson (1986, 1995) Relevance: Communication and Cognition. Second Language Research 16 (1): 72–92.
2002 “The Relevance of Relevance Theory to First and Second Language Acquisition.” In Selected Papers on Theoretical and Applied Linguistics from the 14th International Symposium, ed. by Marianthi Makri- Tsilipakou, 9–23. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece: Department of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics.
Francis, Hazel, and Susan Hallam
2000 “Genre Effects on Higher Education Students’ Text Reading for Understanding. Higher Education 39 (3): 279–296. Crossref link
Fried, Mirjam, and Jan-Ola Östman
2005 “Construction Grammar and Spoken Language: The Case of Pragmatic Particles. Journal of Pragmatics 37 (11): 1752–1778. Crossref link
Garcia, Paula
2004a “Pragmatic Comprehension of High and Low Level Language Learners. Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language 8 (2): A-1. http://​tesl​-ej​.org​/ej30​/a1​.html (accessed 17 September 2011).
2004b “Developmental Differences in Speech Act Recognition: A Pragmatic Awareness Study. Language Awareness 13 (2): 96–115. Crossref link
Gibbs, Raymond W.
1994 The Poetics of Mind . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gibbs, Raymond W., and Christin Izett
2005 “Irony as Persuasive Communication.” In Figurative Language Comprehension: Social and Cultural Influences, ed. by Herbert L. Colston, and Albert N. Katz, 131–152. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Grabowski, Kirby, Cook
2008 “Investigating the Construct Validity of a Performance Test Designed to Measure Grammatical and Pragmatic Knowledge. Spann Fellow Working Papers in Second or Foreign Language Assessment 6: 131–179.
Grice, Paul H.
1989 Studies in the Way of Words . Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Grossi, Vittoria
2009 “Teaching Pragmatic Competence: Compliments and Compliment Responses in the ESL Classroom. Prospect Journal (Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia) 24 (2): 53–62. http://​www​.ameprc​.mq​.edu​.au​/docs​/prospect​_journal​/volume24​_no​_2​/Vittoria​_Grossi​.pdf (accessed 19 September 2011)
Hall, Alison
2008 “Free Enrichment or Hidden Indexicals? Mind and Language 23 (4): 426–456. Crossref link
Hall, Joan Kelly
1993 “The Role of Oral Practices in the Accomplishment of Our Everyday Lives: The Sociocultural Dimensions of Interaction with Implications for the Learning of another Language. Applied Linguistics 14: 145–166. Crossref link
Hall, Joan Kelly, Hellermann, John, and Simona Pekarek Doehler
(eds) 2011 L2 Interactional Competence and Development . Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.
Halliday, Michael Alexander Kirkwood
1978 Language as Social Semiotic: The Social Interpretation of Language and Meaning . Baltimore: University Park Press.
2007 Language and Education . The Collected Works of M. A. K. Halliday, Vol. 9, ed. by Jonathan J. Webster. London/New York: Continuum.
Halliday, Michael Alexander Kirkwood, and Christian M. Matthiessen
2004 An Introduction to Functional Grammar . London: Arnold.
Halmari, Helena, and Jan-Ola Östman
2001 “The Soft-Spoken, Angelix Pickax Killer: The Notion of Discourse Pattern in Controversial News Reporting. Journal of Pragmatics 33: 805–823. Crossref link
Harley, Birgit, Jim Cummins, Merrill Swain, and Patrick Allen
1990 “The Nature of Language Proficiency.” In The Development of Second Language Proficiency , ed. by Birgit Harley, Patrick Allen, Jim Cummins, and Merrill Swain, 7–25. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Harmer, Jeremy
2001 The Practice of English Language Teaching , 3rd ed. London: Longman.
Harris, Sandra
1995 “Pragmatics and Power. Journal of Pragmatics 23: 117–135. Crossref link
Hedge, Tricia
2000 Teaching and Learning in the Language Classroom . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hoffman-Hicks, Sheila
1992 “Linguistic and Pragmatic Competence: Their Relationship in the Overall Competence of the Language Learner.” In Pragmatics and Language Learning Monograph Series, Vol. 3, ed. by Lawrence F. Bouton, and Yamuna Kachru, 66–80. Urbana IL: University of Illinois.
Holdcroft, David
1979 “Speech Acts and Conversation—I. Philosophical Quarterly 29: 125–141. Crossref link
House, Juliane
1996 “Developing Pragmatic Fluency in English as a Foreign Language: Routines and Metapragmatic Awareness. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 18: 225–252. Crossref link
1977 “A Model for Assessing Translation Quality. Meta 22 (2): 103–109. Crossref link
House, Juliane, and Gabriele Kasper
1981 “Zur Rolle der Kognition in Kommunikationskursen. Die Neueren Sprachen 80: 42–55.
House, Juliane
1998 “Quality of Translation.” In Encyclopaedia of Translation Studies , ed. by Mona Baker, 197–200. London: Routledge.
House, Juliane, and Gabriele Kasper
2000 “How to Remain a Non-Native Speaker.” In Kognitive Aspekte des Lehrens und Lernens von Fremdsprachen. Cognitive Aspects of Foreign Language Learning and Teaching. Festschrift für Willis j. Edmondson zum 60 . Geburstag , ed. by Claudia Riemer, 101–118. Tübingen: Narr.
House, Juliane
2008 “Towards a Linguistic Theory of Translation as Re- contextualisation and a Third Space Phenomenon. Linguistica Antverpiensia 7: 149–176.
2013 “Developing Pragmatic Competence in English as a Lingua Franca: Using Discourse Markers to Express (Inter) Subjectivity and Connectivity.” In Pragmatic Development in L1, L2, L3: Its Biological and Cultural Foundations , ed. by Elly Ifantidou, and Tomoko Matsui. Journal of Pragmatics Special Issue 59 (Part A): 57–67.
Howe, Nicholas
1988 “Metaphor in Contemporary American Political Discourse. Metaphor and Symbolic Activity 3 (2): 87–104. Crossref link
Hutchinson, Tom, and Allan Waters
1987 English for Specific Purposes . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Hymes, Dell H.
1972 “On Communicative Competence.” In Sociolinguistics , ed. by John B. Pride, and Janet Holmes, 269–293. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Ifantidou, Elly
2001 Evidentials and Relevance . Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
2009 “Newspaper Headlines and Relevance: Ad Hoc Concepts in Ad Hoc Contexts. Journal of Pragmatics 41 (4): 699–720. Crossref link
2011a “Genres and Pragmatic Competence. Journal of Pragmatics 43: 327–346. Crossref link
2011b Genres and Pragmatic Understanding . Athens: Patakis Publications.
2013a “Pragmatic Awareness: An Index of Linguistic Competence.” In Research Trends in Intercultural Pragmatics , ed. by Istvan Kecskes, and Jesús Romero-Trillo, 105–144. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Crossref link
2013b “Pragmatic Competence and Explicit Instruction.” In Pragmatic Development in L1, L2, L3: Its Biological and Cultural Foundations , ed. by Elly Ifantidou, and Tomoko Matsui. Journal of Pragmatics Special Issue 59 (Part A): 93–116.
. Submitted. “Relevance Theory, Epistemic Vigilance and Pragmatic Competence.” In Relevance Theory: Recent Developments, Current Challenges and Future Directions (volume based on the EPICS V conference, Seville 2012), ed. by Manuel Padilla-Cruz.
Ifantidou, Elly, and Angeliki Tzanne
2012 “Levels of Pragmatic Competence in an EFL Academic Context: A Tool for Assessment. Intercultural Pragmatics 9 (1): 47–70. Crossref link
Ishida, Kazuto
2009 “Indexing Stance in Interaction with the Japanese Desu/Masu and Plain Forms.” In Pragmatic Competence , ed. by Naoko Taguchi, 41–68. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Ishihara, Noriko
2007 “Compliments and Responses to Compliments: Learning Communication in Context.” In Speech Act Performance. Theoretical, Empirical and Methodological Issues , ed. by Alicia Martínez-Flor, and Esther Usó-Juan, 179–198. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Jeon, Eun Hee, and Tadayoshi Kaya
2006 “Effects of L2 Instruction on Interlanguage Pragmatic Development.” In Synthesizing Research on Language Learning and Teaching , ed. by John M. Norris, and Lourdes Ortega, 165–211. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Jodłowiec, Maria
2010 “The Role of Relevance Theory in SLA Studies.” In Cognitive Processing in Second Language Acquisition: Inside the Learner’s Mind , ed. by Martin Pütz, and Laura Sicola, 49–66. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Johns, Ann M.
ed 2002 Genre in the Classroom: Multiple Perspectives . Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Kasper, Gabriele
1984 “Pragmatic Comprehension in Leamer-Native Speaker Discourse. Language Learning 34: 1–20. Crossref link
1992 “Pragmatic Transfer”. Second Language Research 8: 203–231. Crossref link
1997 “Can Pragmatic Competence Be Taught?” (Net Work #6) [HTML document]. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i, Second Language Teaching and Curriculum Center. http://​nflrc​.hawaii​.edu​/NetWorks​/NW06/ (accessed 17 September 2011).
2001a “Four Perspectives on L2 Pragmatic Development. Applied Linguistics 22 (4): 502–530. Crossref link
2001b “Classroom Research on Interlanguage Pragmatics.” In Pragmatics in Language Teaching , ed. by Kenneth R. Rose, and Gabriele Kasper, 33–60. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
2006a “Speech Acts in Interaction: Towards Discursive Pragmatics.” In Pragmatics and Language Learning , Vol. 11, ed. by Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig, César J. Félix-Brasdefer, and Alwiya S. Omar, 281–314. National University of Hawai’i at Manoa: Foreign Language Resource Center.
2006b “Beyond Repair: Conversation Analysis as an Approach to SLA. AILA Review 19: 83–99. Crossref link
Kasper, Gabriele, and Shoshana Blum-Kulka
(eds) 1993 Interlanguage Pragmatics . New York: Oxford University Press.
Kasper, Gabriele, and Richard Schmidt
1996 “Developmental Issues in Interlanguage Pragmatics. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 18: 149–169. Crossref link
Kasper, Gabriele, and Kenneth R. Rose
1999 “Pragmatics and SLA”. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 19: 81–104. Crossref link
2002 Pragmatic Development in a Second Language . Oxford: Blackwell.
Kaufman, Sheri, Patricia Prelock, Ernest Weiler, Nancy Creaghead, and Carole Donnelly
1994 “Metapragmatic Awareness of Explanation Adequacy: Developing Skills for Academic Success from a Collaborative Communication Skills Unit. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in the Schools 25: 174–180.
Kay, Paul
1995 “Construction Grammar.” In Handbook of Pragmatics , ed. by Jef Verschueren, Jan-Ola Östman, and Jan Blommaert, 171–177. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Kerekes, Julie A.
1992 Development in Nonnative Speakers’ Use and Perceptions of Assertiveness and Supportiveness in Mixed-Sex Conversations (Occasional Paper Series, Vol. 21). Honolulu: University of Hawai’I, Department of English as a Second Language.
Kern, Richard
2000 Literacy and Language Teaching . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kinginger, Celeste, and Kathleen Farrell
2004 “Assessing Development of Metapragmatic Awareness in Study Abroad. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad 10: 19–42.
Kitis, Eliza
1999 “On Relevance Again: From Philosophy of Language across ‘Pragmatics and power’ to Global Relevance. Journal of Pragmatics 31 (5): 643–667. Crossref link
Knapp, Peter, and Megan Watkins
2005 Genre, Text, Grammar . Sydney: UNSW Press.
Koike, Dale A.
1996 “Transfer of Pragmatic Competence and Suggestions in Spanish Foreign Language Learning.” In Speech Acts across Cultures: Challenges to Communication in a Second Language , ed. by Susan M. Gass, and Joyce Neu, 257–281. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Kondo, Sachiko
2010 “Apologies. Raising Learners’ Cross-Cultural Awareness.” In Speech Act Performance. Theoretical, Empirical and Methodological Issues , Alicia Martínez-Flor, and Esther Usó-Juan, 145–162. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Kozima, Hideki, and Teiji Furugori
1994 “Segmenting Narrative Text into Coherent Scenes. Literary and Linguistic Computing 9 (1): 13–19. Crossref link
Kubota, Mikio
1995 “Teachability of Conversational Implicature to Japanese EFL Learners.” IRLT(Institute for Research in Language Teaching) Bulletin 9: 35–67.
Lakoff, Robin T.
2009 “Conversational Logic”. In Key Notions for Pragmatics , ed. by Jef Verschueren, and Jan-Ola Östman, 102–113. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Langacker, Ronald W.
1987 Foundations of Cognitive Grammar: Theoretical Prerequisites . Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
1993 “Universals of Construal. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 19: 447–463.
1999 Grammar and Conceptualization . Cognitive Linguistics Research 14. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
2003 “Constructional Integration, Grammaticalization, and Serial Verb Constructions. Language and Linguistics 4 (2): 251–278.
Le, Elizabeth
2004 “Active Participation within Written Argumentation: Metadiscourse and Editorialist’s Authority. Journal of Pragmatics 36 (4): 687–714. Crossref link
2010 Editorials and the Power of Media . Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Leech, Geoffrey
1983 Principles of Pragmatics . London: Longman.
Levinson, Stephen
1983 Pragmatics . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2000 Presumptive Meanings: The Theory of Generalized Conversational Implicature . Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
Li, Jie, and Norbert Schmitt
2009 “The Acquisition of Lexical Phrases in Academic Writing: A Longitudinal Case Study. Journal of Second Language Writing 18 (2): 85–102. Crossref link
2010 “The Development of Collocation Use in Academic Texts by Advanced L2 Learners: A Multiple Case Study Approach.” In Perspectives on Formulaic Language , ed. by David Wood, 23–46. London, New York: Continuum.
Littlemore, Jeannette
2010 “Metaphoric Competence in the First and Second Language: Similarities and Differences.” In Cognitive Processing in Second Language Acquisition: Inside the Learner’s Mind , ed. by Martin Pütz, and Laura Sicola, 269–292. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Marmaridou, Sophia
2011 “Pragmalinguistics and Sociopragmatics.” In Foundations of Pragmatics , ed. by Bublitz Wolfram, and Neal R. Norrick, 77–106. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Crossref link
Martin, James R.
1984 “Language, Register and Genre.” In Language Studies: Children Writing: A Reader , ed. by Frances Christie, 21–29. Geelong, Victoria: Deakin University Press.
1992 English Text: System and Structure . Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Martínez Floor, Alicia, Esther Usó Juan, and Ana Fernandez Guerra
(eds) 2003 Pragmatic Competence and Foreign Language Teaching . Castello de la Plana, Spain: Publications de la Universitat Jaume I.
Martínez-Flor, Alicia, and Eva Alcón Soler
2007 “Developing Pragmatic Awareness of Suggestions in the EFL Classroom: A Focus on Instructional Effects. Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics 10 (1): 47–76.
Martínez-Flor, Alicia, and Esther Usó-Juan
2010 Speech Act Performance. Theoretical, Empirical and Methodological Issues . Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Masahiro, Takimoto
2009 “The Effects of Input-Based Tasks on the Development of Learners’ Pragmatic Proficiency”. Applied Linguistics 30 (1): 1–25. Crossref link
Matsumura, Shoichi
2003 “Modelling the Relationships among Interlanguage Pragmatic Development, L2 Proficiency, and Exposure to L2. Applied Linguistics 24 (4): 465–491. Crossref link
McNamara, Tim, and Carsten Roever
2006 Language Testing: The Social Dimension . Malden, MA and Oxford: Blackwell.
Miller, Carolyn R.
1984 “Genre as Social Action. Quarterly Journal of Speech 70: 151–167. Crossref link
Morrow, Keith
1977 “Authentic Texts in ESP.” In English for Specific Purposes , ed. by Susan Holden, 13–17. London: Modern English Publications.
Motta-Roth, Désirée
1998 “Discourse Analysis and Academic Book Reviews: A Study of Text and Disciplinary Cultures.” In Genre Studies in English for Academic Purposes , ed. by Fortanet Immaculada, Santiago Posteguillo, Juan C. Palmer, and Juan F. Coll, 29–58. Castelló: Universitat Jaume I.
Nikiforidou, Kiki, and Rena Torres Cacoullos
2010 “Variably Future-Marked Conditionals in Greek: Integrating Discourse and Grammar. Constructions and Frames 2 (1): 90–123. Crossref link
Nizegorodcew, Anna
2007 Input for Instructed L2 Learners: The Relevance of Relevance . Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Norris, John M., and Lourdes Ortega
2000 “Effectiveness of L2 Instruction: A Research Synthesis and Quantitative Meta-Analysis. Language Learning 50 (3): 417–528. Crossref link
North, Brian
2000 The Development of a Common Framework Scale of Language Proficiency . New York: Peter Lang.
Nunan, David
1989 Designing Tasks for the Communicative Classroom . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Olshtain, Elite, and Andrew D. Cohen
1990 “The Learning of Complex Speech Act Behavior. TESL Canada Journal 7: 45–65.
Origgi, Gloria, and Dan Sperber
2000 “Evolution, Communication, and the Proper Function of Language.” In Evolution and the Human Mind: Modularity, Language, and Meta-Cognition , ed. by Peter Carruthers, and Andrew Chamberlain, 140–169. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Östman, Jan-Ola
1995 “Explicating Implicitness. Pragmatics, Ideology and Contacts Bulletin 2: 4–7. [Department of English, University of Helsinki]
1999 “Coherence through Understanding through Discourse Patterns. Focus on News Reports.” In Coherence in Spoken and Written Discourse: How to Create and How to Describe It , ed. by Wolfram Bublitz, Uta Lenk, and Eija Ventola, 77–100. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
2004 “Construction Discourse: A Prolegomenon.” In Construction Grammars: Cognitive Grounding and Theoretical Extensions , ed. by Jan-Ola Östman, and Mirjam Fried, 121–144. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
2005 “Persuasion as Implicit Anchoring. The Case of Collocations.” In Persuasion across Genres. A Linguistic Approach , ed. by Elena Halmari, and Tuija Virtanen, 183–212. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Östman, Jan-Ola, and Mirjam Fried
2005 “The Cognitive Grounding of Construction Grammar.” In Construction Grammars , ed. by Jan-Ola Östman, and Mirjam Fried, 1–13. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Ottati, Victor C., and Randall A. Renstrom
2010 “Metaphor and Persuasive Communication: A Multifunctional Approach. Social and Personality Psychology Compass 4 (9): 783–794. Crossref link
Paltridge, Brian
1995a “Analyzing Genre: A Relational Perspective. System 23 (4): 503–511. Crossref link
1995b “Working with Genre: A Pragmatic Perspective. Journal of Pragmatics 24: 393–406. Crossref link
Papafragou, Anna, Peggy Li, Youngon Choi, and Chung-Hye Han
2007 “Evidentiality in Language and Cognition. Cognition 103: 253–299. Crossref link
Pedersen, Johan, and Teresa Cadierno
2004 “Construction Grammar and Second Language Acquisition: A Cognitive Understanding of Language in a Contrastive Perspective.” In Disciplines and Interdisciplinarity in Foreign Language Studies , ed. by Hans Lauge Hansen, 151–167. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum.
Perkins, Michael
2007 Pragmatic Impairment . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Popper, Karl
1972/1979 Objective Knowledge . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Purpura, James E.
2004 Assessing Grammar . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Reah, Danuta
1998 The Language of Newspapers . London/New York: Routledge.
Recanati, François
1993 Direct Reference: From Language to Thought . Oxford: Blackwell.
2001 “What Is Said. Synthese 128: 75–91. Crossref link
2004 Literal Meaning . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2010 Truth-Conditional Pragmatics . Oxford: Oxford University Press. Crossref link
Roever, Carsten
2006 “Validation of a Web-Based Test of ESL Pragmalinguistics. Language Testing 23 (2): 229–256. Crossref link
2007 “DIF in the Assessment of Second Language Pragmatics. Language Assessment Quarterly 4 (2): 165–189. Crossref link
2011 “Testing of Second Language Pragmatics: Past and Future. Language Testing 28 (4): 463–481. Crossref link
Rose, Kenneth, and Gabriele Kasper
(eds) 2001 Pragmatics in Language Teaching . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Safont Jordà, Maria Pilar
2003 “Metapragmatic Awareness and Pragmatic Production of Third Language Learners of English: A Focus on Request Acts Realizations. The International Journal of Bilingualism 7 (1): 43–69. Crossref link
Samet, Jerry, and Roger Schank
1984 “Coherence and Connectivity. Linguistics and Philosophy 7: 57–82. Crossref link
Sanz, Cristina, and Ronald P. Leow
2011 Implicit and Explicit Conditions, Processes and Knowledge in SLA and Bilingualism . Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Sauer, Christoph
2002 “Ceremonial Text and Talk: A Functional-Pragmatic Approach.” In Politics as Text and Talk: Analytic Approaches to Political Discourse , ed. by Paul A. Chilton, and Christina Schäffner, 111–142. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Schauer, Gila
2006 “Pragmatic Awareness in ESL and EFL Contexts: Contrast and Development. Language Learning 56 (2): 269–318. Crossref link
Schauer, Gila A.
2009 Interlanguage Pragmatic Development: The Study Abroad Context . London: Continuum.
Schmidt, Richard
1990 “The Role of Consciousness in Second Language Learning. Applied Linguistics 11 (2): 129–158. Crossref link
1995 “Consciousness and Foreign Language Learning: A Tutorial on the Role of Attention and Awareness.” In Attention and Awareness in Foreign Language Teaching and Learning (Technical Report No. 9.), ed. by Richard Schmidt, 1–64, Honolulu: University of Hawai’i.
2001 “Attention.” In Cognition and Second Language Instruction , ed. by Peter Robinson, 3–32. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Scollon, Ron
1998 Mediated Discourse as Social Interaction. A Study of News Discourse . London/New York: Longman.
Shine, Stephanie, and Nancy L. Roser
1999 “The Role of Genre in Preschoolers’ Response to Picture Books. Research in the Teaching of English 34 (2): 197–255.
Siewierska, Anna
1991 Functional Grammar . London: Routledge.
Skehan, Peter
1998 A Cognitive Approach to Language Learning . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Slembrouck, Stef
2009 “Channel.” In Key Notions for Pragmatics , ed. by Jef Verschueren, and Jan-Ola Östman, 48–61. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Sopory, Pradeep, and James Price Dillard
2002 “The Persuasive Effects of Metaphor: A Meta-Analysis. Human Communication Research 28 (3): 382–419. Crossref link
Sperber, Dan
2000 “Metarepresentations in an Evolutionary Perspective.” In Metarepresentation, ed. by Dan Sperber, 117–137. NY: Oxford University Press.
Sperber, Dan, and Deirdre Wilson
1986/1995 Relevance: Communication and Cognition . Oxford: Blackwell.
1998 “The Mapping between the Mental and the Public Lexicon.” In Language and Thought , ed. by Peter Carruthers, and Jill Boucher, 184–200. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2005 “Pragmatics.” In Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy , ed. by Frank Jackson, and Michael Smith, 468–501. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Earlier version published in 2003 UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 17, 353–388.
Sperber, Dan, Fabrice Clément, Christophe Heintz, Olivier Mascaro, Hugo Mercier, Gloria Origgi, and Deirdre Wilson
2010 “Epistemic Vigilance. Mind and Language 25 (4): 359–393. Crossref link
Spooren, Wilbert, and Ted Sanders
2008 “The Acquisition Order of Coherence Relations: On Cognitive Complexity in Discourse. Journal of Pragmatics 40 (12): 2003–2026. Crossref link
Stern, Hans Heinrich
1992 Issues and Options in Language Teaching : Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Swales, John M.
1990 Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2004 Research Genres: Explorations and Applications . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Swales, John M., and Christine B. Feak
2000 English in Today’s Research World: A Writing Guide . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
2004 Academic Writing for Graduate Students: Essential Tasks and Skills . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Taguchi, Naoko
2002 “An Application of Relevance Theory to the Analysis of L2 Interpretation Processes: The Comprehension of Indirect Replies. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching IRAL 40 (2): 151–176.
2007 “Task Difficulty in Oral Speech Production. Applied Linguistics 28 (1): 113–135. Crossref link
(ed) 2009 Pragmatic Competence (Mouton Series in Pragmatics). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Crossref link
2012 Context, Individual Differences and Pragmatic Competence . Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Takahashi, Satomi
2005 “Pragmalinguistic Awareness: Is it Related to Motivation and Proficiency? Applied Linguistics 26: 90–120. Crossref link
2010 “The Effect of Pragmatic Instruction on Speech Act Performance.” In Speech Act Performance: Theoretical, Empirical and Methodological Issues , ed. by Alicia Martínez-Flor, and Esther Usó-Juan, 127–142. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Takimoto, Masahiro
2009 “The Effects of Input-Based Tasks on the Development of Learners’ Pragmatic Proficiency. Applied Linguistics 30 (1): 1–25. Crossref link
Tardy, Christine
2003 “A Genre System View of the Funding of Academic Research.” Written Communication 20 (1): 7–36. Crossref link
Tateyama, Yumiko
2001 “Explicit and Implicit Teaching of Pragmatic Routines: Japanese Sumimasen.” In Pragmatics in Language Teaching , ed. by Kenneth R. Rose, and Gabriele Kasper, 200–222. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Tateyama, Yumiko, Gabriele Kasper, Laura Mui, Hui-Mian Tay, and Ong-On Thananart
1997 “Explicit and Implicit Teaching of Pragmatic Routines.” In Pragmatics and Language Learning , Vol. 8, ed. by Lawrence Bouton, 163–177. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Taylor, David
1994 “Inauthentic Authenticity or Authentic Inauthenticity?TESL- EJ Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language 1 (2): 1–11.
Thibault, Paul J.
1999 “Communicating and Interpreting Relevance through Discourse Negotiation: An Alternative to Relevance Theory—A Reply to Franken. Journal of Pragmatics 31 (4): 557–594. Crossref link
Thibault, Paul J., and Theo Van Leeuwen
1996 “Grammar, Society, and the Speech Act: Renewing the Connections. Journal of Pragmatics 25: 561–585. Crossref link
Thomas, Jenny
1983 “Cross-Cultural Pragmatic Failure. Applied Linguistics 4: 91–112. Crossref link
Tindale, Christopher W., and James Gough
1987 “The Use of Irony in Argumentation. Philosophy and Rhetoric 20 (1): 1–17.
Titscher, Stefan, Michael Meyer, Ruth Wodak, and Eva Vetter
2000 Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis . London: Sage Press.
Trosborg, Anna
1995 Interlanguage Pragmatics: Requests, Complaints and Apologies . Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Crossref link
Tzanne, Angeliki, Elly Ifantidou, and Bessie Mitsikopoulou
2009 “Raising and Assessing Pragmatic Awareness in L2 Academic Language Learning. The International Journal of Learning 16 (9): 297–309.
Unger, Christoph
2006 Genre, Relevance and Global Coherence . Basingstoke: Palgrave. Crossref link
van Compernolle, Rémi A., and Lawrence Williams
2012 “Teaching, Learning, and Developing L2 French Sociolinguistic Competence: A Sociocultural Perspective”. Applied Linguistics 33 (2): 184–205. Crossref link
van Dijk, Teun Adrianus, and Walter Kintsch
1983 Strategies of Discourse Comprehension . Orlando, Florida: Academic Press.
Verschueren, Jef
2000 “Notes on the Role of Metapragmatic Awareness in Language Use. Pragmatics 10 (4): 439–456.
Walters, Scott F.
2007 “A Conversation-Analytic Hermeneutic Rating Protocol to Assess L2 Oral Pragmatic Competence. Language Testing 24 (2): 155–183. Crossref link
Wang, Vincent X.
2011 Making Requests by Chinese EFL Learners . Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Weinert, Regina
2010 “Formulaicity and Usage-Based Language: Linguistic, Psycholinguistic and Acquisitional Manifestations.” In Perspectives on Formulaic Language , ed. by David Wood, 1–20. London/New York: Continuum.
Weizman, Elda
1989 “Requestive Hints.” In Cross-Cultural Pragmatics: Requests and Apologies , ed. by Shoshana Blum-Kulka, Juliane House, and Gabriele Kasper, 71–95. Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex Publishing Corporation.
Wharton, Tim
2009 Pragmatics and Non-Verbal Communication . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Widdowson, Henry G.
1979 Explorations in Applied Linguistics . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wierzbicka, Anna
1985 “Different Cultures, Different Languages, Different Speech Acts: Polish vs. English”. Journal of Pragmatics 9 (2-3): 145–178. Crossref link
Wilawan, Sujunya
2011 “Effects of Lexical Cohesion and Macrorules on EFL Students’ Main Idea Comprehension. Reading Improvement 48 (2): 71–87.
Wildner-Bassett, Mary
1984 Improving Pragmatic Aspects of Learners’ Interlanguage . Tübingen: Narr.
1986 “Teaching and Learning ‘Polite Noises’: Improving Pragmatic Aspects of Advanced Adult Learners’ Interlanguage.” In Learning, Teaching and Communication in the Foreign Language Classroom , ed. by Gabriele Kasper, 163–178. Aarhus, Copenhagen: Aarhus University Press.
1994 “Intercultural Pragmatics and Proficiency: ‘Polite’ Noises for Cultural Appropriateness. International Review of Applied Linguistics 32: 3–17.
Wilkins, David, Arthur
1976 Notional Syllabuses . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Williams, Tennessee
1947/1984 Sweet Bird of Youth, a Streetcar Named Desire, the Glass Menagerie, ed. by E. Martin Brownie, 113–226. Middlesex: Penguin Books.
Wilson, Deirdre
1999 “Relevance and Relevance Theory.” In MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences , ed. by Robert A. Wilson, and Frank C. Keil, 719–722. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
2011 “The Conceptual-Procedural Distinction: Past, Present and Future.” In Procedural Meaning: Problems and Perspectives , ed. by Victoria Escandell-Vidal, Manuel Leonetti, and Aoife Ahern, 3–31. Bingley: Emerald.
Wilson, Deirdre, and Dan Sperber
1993 “Linguistic Form and Relevance. Lingua 90 / Special Issue on Relevance Theory, 1/2 (2): 1–25.
2004 “Relevance Theory.” In The Handbook of Pragmatics , ed. by Laurence Horn, and Gregory Ward, 607–632. Oxford: Blackwell. Longer earlier version published in 2002 UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 14, 249–287.
Wilson, Deirdre, and Tim Wharton
2006 “Relevance and Prosody. Journal of Pragmatics 38 (10): 1559–1579. Crossref link
Wilson, Deirdre, and Robyn Carston
2007 “A Unitary Approach to Lexical Pragmatics: Relevance, Inference and Ad Hoc Concepts.” In Pragmatics , ed. by Noel Burton-Roberts, 230–259. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Wilson, Deirdre, and Dan Sperber
2013Meaning and Relevance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wimsatt, William K., and Monroe C. Beardsley
1946/1954 “The Intentional Fallacy.Sewanee Review 54: 468-488. Revised and republished in The Verbal Icon: Studies in the Meaning of Poetry, William K. Wimsatt, and Monroe C. Beardsley, 3–18. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press.
Wolf, Alain J. E.
1998 “Une étude des capacités inférentielles des élèves en apprentissage d’une langue seconde dans la perspective de la théorie de la pertinence.” [A study of L2 learners’ inferential abilities from a relevance- theoretic perspective.] Cahiers/Langues 1 (1): 70–81.
1999 “Context and Relevance Theory in Language Teaching: An Exploratory Approach. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching/IRAL XXXVII (2): 95–110.
Woodfield, Helen, and Maria Economidou-Kogetsidis
2010 “ ‘I Just Need More Time’: A Study of Native and Non-Native Students’ Requests to Faculty for an Extension. Multilingua Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication 29: 77–118. Crossref link
Yeh, Hui-Chin, Yu-Fen Yang, and Wing-Kwong Wong
2010 “Interaction Chain Patterns of Online Text Construction with Lexical Cohesion. Educational Technology and Society 13 (1): 55–68.
Yoshimi, Dina Rudolph
2001 “Explicit Instruction and JFL Learner’s Use of Interactional Discourse Markers.” In Pragmatics in Language Teaching , ed. by Kenneth R. Rose, and Gabriele Kasper, 223–244. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Young, Richard F., and Elizabeth R. Miller
2004 “Learning as Changing Participation: Discourse Roles in ESL Writing Conferences. The Modern Language Journal 88: 519–535. Crossref link
Žegarac, Vlad
2004 “Relevance Theory and the in Second Language Acquisition. Second Language Research 20 (3): 193–211. Crossref link
Zufferey, Sandrine
2010 Lexical Pragmatics and Theory of Mind . The Acquisition of Connectives . Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Subjects
BIC Subject: CFG – Semantics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2014000550